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1 – 10 of over 2000
Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Li Xiong, Zhenlai Liu and Xinguo Zhang

Lack of optimization and improvement on experimental circuits precludes comprehensive statements. It is a deficiency of the existing chaotic circuit technology. One of the…

Abstract

Purpose

Lack of optimization and improvement on experimental circuits precludes comprehensive statements. It is a deficiency of the existing chaotic circuit technology. One of the aims of this paper is to solve the above mentioned problems. Another purpose of this paper is to construct a 10 + 4-type chaotic secure communication circuit based on the proposed third-order 4 + 2-type circuit which can output chaotic phase portraits with high accuracy and high stability.

Design/methodology/approach

In Section 2 of this paper, a novel third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit is constructed and a new third-order Lorenz-like chaotic system is proposed based on the 4 + 2 circuit. Then some simulations are presented to verify that the proposed system is chaotic by using Multisim software. In Section 3, a fourth-order chaotic circuit is proposed on the basis of the third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit. In Section 4, the circuit design method of this paper is applied to chaotic synchronization and secure communication. A new 10 + 4-type chaotic secure communication circuit is proposed based on the novel third-order 4 + 2 circuit. In Section 5, the proposed third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit and the fourth-order chaotic circuit are implemented in an analog electronic circuit. The analog circuit implementation results match the Multisim results.

Findings

The simulation results show that the proposed fourth-order chaotic circuit can output six phase portraits, and it can output a stable fourth-order double-vortex chaotic signal. A new 10 + 4-type chaotic secure communication circuit is proposed based on the novel third-order 4 + 2 circuit. The scheme has the advantages of clear thinking, efficient and high practicability. The experimental results show that the precision is improved by 2-3 orders of magnitude. Signal-to-noise ratio meets the requirements of engineering design. It provides certain theoretical and technical bases for the realization of a large-scale integrated circuit with a memristor. The proposed circuit design method can also be used in other chaotic systems.

Originality/value

In this paper, a novel third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit is constructed and a new chaotic system is proposed on the basis of the 4 + 2 chaotic circuit for the first time. Some simulations are presented to verify its chaotic characteristics by Multisim. Then the novel third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit is applied to construct a fourth-order chaotic circuit. Simulation results verify the existence of the new fourth-order chaotic system. Moreover, a new 10 + 4-type chaotic secure communication circuit is proposed based on chaotic synchronization of the novel third-order 4 + 2 circuit. To illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, the intensity limit and stability of the transmitted signal, the characteristic of broadband and the requirements for accuracy of electronic components are presented by Multisim simulation. Finally, the proposed third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit and the fourth-order chaotic circuit are implemented through an analog electronic circuit, which are characterized by their high accuracy and good robustness. The analog circuit implementation results match the Multisim results.

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1991

Magnus Paulsson

Analog designers working infields such as aerospace, the defense and nuclear industries, telecommunications and medical electronics have long faced a special problem when…

Abstract

Analog designers working infields such as aerospace, the defense and nuclear industries, telecommunications and medical electronics have long faced a special problem when trying to source application‐specific integrated circuits (ASICs) for their designs. Although digital ASICs have long been available with the degree of radiation hardening normally required for these applications, sourcing radiation‐hardened (‘rad‐hard’) analog ASICs has been much more difficult. In particular, the CMOS/SOS technology used very successfully to produce rad‐hard digital ASICs has long been considered to be fundamentally unsuitable for analog designs. Only now has CMOS/SOS technology been developed to the point where highly integrated, high‐performance rad‐hard analog ASICSs can be made readily available — thanks to a breakthrough by Swedish semiconductor specialists ABB HAFO that is now opening up new opportunities for analog designers everywhere.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 63 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Article
Publication date: 16 June 2021

Kulbhushan Sharma, Anisha Pathania, Jaya Madan, Rahul Pandey and Rajnish Sharma

Adoption of integrated MOS based pseudo-resistor (PR) structures instead of using off-chip passive poly resistors for analog circuits in complementary metal oxide…

Abstract

Purpose

Adoption of integrated MOS based pseudo-resistor (PR) structures instead of using off-chip passive poly resistors for analog circuits in complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology (CMOS) is an area-efficient way for realizing larger time constants. However, issue of common-mode voltage shifting and excess dependency on the process and temperature variations introduce nonlinearity in such structures. So there is dire need to not only closely look for the origin of the problem with the help of a thorough mathematical analysis but also suggest the most suitable PR structure for the purpose catering broadly to biomedical analog circuit applications.

Design/methodology/approach

In this work, incremental resistance (IR) expressions and IR range for balanced PR (BPR) structures operating in the subthreshold region have been closely analyzed for broader range of process-voltage-temperature variations. All the post-layout simulations have been obtained using BSIM3V3 device models in 0.18 µm standard CMOS process.

Findings

The obtained results show that the pertinent problem of common-mode voltage shifting in such PR structures is completely resolved in scaled gate linearization and bulk-driven quasi-floating gate (BDQFG) BPR structures. Among all BPR structures, BDQFG BPR remarkably shows constant IR value of 1 TΩ over −1 V to 1 V voltage swing for wider process and temperature variations.

Research limitations/implications

Various balanced PR design techniques reported in this work will help the research community in implementing larger time constants for analog-mixed signal circuits.

Social implications

The PR design techniques presented in the present piece of work is expected to be used in developing tunable and accurate biomedical prosthetics.

Originality/value

The BPR structures thoroughly analyzed and reported in this work may be useful in the design of analog circuits specifically for applications such as neural signal recording, cardiac electrical impedance tomography and other low-frequency biomedical applications.

Details

Circuit World, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 24 July 2019

Zehra Gulru Cam Taskiran, Murat Taşkıran, Mehmet Kıllıoğlu, Nihan Kahraman and Herman Sedef

In this work, a true random number generator is designed by sampling the double-scroll analog continuous-time chaotic circuit signals.

Abstract

Purpose

In this work, a true random number generator is designed by sampling the double-scroll analog continuous-time chaotic circuit signals.

Methodology

A Chua circuit based on memristance simulator is designed to obtain a non-linear term for a chaotic dynamic system. It is implemented on the board by using commercially available integrated circuits and passive elements. A low precision ADC which is commonly found in the market is used to sample the chaotic signals. The mathematical analysis of the chaotic circuit is verified by experimental results.

Originality

It is aimed to be one of the pioneering studies (including low precision ADC) in the literature on the implementation of memristive chaotic random number generators.

Findings

Two new methods are proposed for post-processing and creating random bit array using XOR operator and J-K flip flop. The bit stream obtained by a full-hardware implementation successfully passed the NIST-800-22 test. In this respect, the availability of the memristance simulator circuit, memristive chaotic double-scroll attractor, proposed random bit algorithm and the randomness of the memristive analog continuous-time chaotic true number generator were also verified.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 38 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

Radhalakshmi Ramakrishnan and Maqsood A. Chaudhry

In this paper, we study the effect on the performance of a single supply low voltage operational amplifier due to such a mismatch.

Abstract

Purpose

In this paper, we study the effect on the performance of a single supply low voltage operational amplifier due to such a mismatch.

Design/methodology/approach

We start with a given set of specifications and design a MOSFET based operational amplifier meeting those specifications. We then compute various parameters of the operational amplifier using PSPICE to verify that the amplifier meets the specifications. We create mismatch in three characteristics of differential pair MOSFETs: zero biased threshold voltage (Vth0), channel length (L) and process transconductance parameter (K). The effect of the mismatch on two performance parameters: (a) differential mode gain and (b) output DC voltage is then studied.

Findings

The effects of mismatch in MOSFET characteristics on the performance of single supply low voltage operational amplifiers are studied. Circuit designers can use the results to design operational amplifiers and other analog circuits to minimize the effects of such a mismatch on the performance of their circuits. In some cases, such a mismatch may even be desirable to obtain a desired performance from the circuit.

Practical implications

Circuit designers can use the results to design operational amplifiers and other analog circuits to minimize the effects of such a mismatch on the performance of their circuits.

Originality/value

Effect of mismatch of the transistor characteristics on the performance of circuits rarely reported in literature. This study is presented to aid circuit designers in designing circuits with enhanced performance.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 January 2004

Alex M. Andrew

191

Abstract

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 33 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 July 2015

Reza Chavoshisani, Mohammad Hossein Moaiyeri and Omid Hashemipour

Current-mode approach promises faster and more precise comparators that lead to high-performance and accurate winner-take-all circuits. The purpose of this paper is to…

Abstract

Purpose

Current-mode approach promises faster and more precise comparators that lead to high-performance and accurate winner-take-all circuits. The purpose of this paper is to present a new high-performance, high-accuracy current-mode min/max circuit for low-voltage applications. In addition, the proposed circuit is designed based on a new efficient high-resolution current conveyor-based fully differential current comparator.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed design detects the min and max values of two analog current signals by means of a current comparator and a logic module. The comparator compares the values of the input current signals accurately and generates two digital control signals and the logic module determines the min and max values based on the controls signals. In addition, an accurate current copy module is utilized to copy the input current signals and convey them to the comparator and the logic module.

Findings

The results of the comprehensive simulations, conducted using HSPICE with the TSMC 90 nm CMOS technology, demonstrate the high-performance and robust operation of the proposed design even in the presence of process, temperature, input current and supply voltage variations. For a case in point, for 5 μA differential input current the average propagation delay and power consumption of the proposed circuit are attained as 150 ps and 150 µW, respectively, which leads to more than 64 percent improvement in terms of power-delay product as compared with the most efficient design, previously presented in the literature.

Originality/value

A new efficient structure for current-mode min-max circuit is proposed based on a novel current comparator design which is accurate, high-performance and robust to process, voltage and temperature variations.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 34 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2004

K. Arshak, E. Jafer, G. Lyons, D. Morris and O. Korostynska

The development of a sensor microsystems containing all the components of data acquisition system, such as sensors, signal‐conditioning circuits, analog‐digital converter…

2667

Abstract

The development of a sensor microsystems containing all the components of data acquisition system, such as sensors, signal‐conditioning circuits, analog‐digital converter, interface circuits and embedded microcontroller (MCU), has become the focus of attention in many biomedical applications. A review of the microsystems technology is presented in this paper, along with a discussion of the recent trends and challenges associated with its developments. A basic description of each sub‐system is also given. This includes the different front end, mixed analog‐digital, power management, and radio transmitter‐receiver circuits. These sub‐system designs are presented and discussed in a comparative study and final remarks are made. The performance of each sub‐system is assessed regarding many aspects related to the overall system performance.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 21 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 March 2021

Muhammad Yasir Faheem, Shun'an Zhong, Xinghua Wang and Muhammad Basit Azeem

There are many types of the ADCs implemented in the mobile and wireless devices. Most of these devices are battery operated and operational at low input voltage. SAR ADC…

Abstract

Purpose

There are many types of the ADCs implemented in the mobile and wireless devices. Most of these devices are battery operated and operational at low input voltage. SAR ADC is popular for its low power operations and simple architecture. Scientists are still working to make its working faster under the same low power area. There are many SAR-ADC implemented in the past two decades, but still, there is a big room for dual SAR-ADC.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors are presenting a dual SAR-ADC with a smaller number of components and blocks. The proposed ultra-low-power circuit of the SAR-ADC consists of four major blocks, which include Bee-bootstrap, Spider-Latch dual comparator, dual SAR-logic and dual digital to analog converter. The authors have used the 90-nm CMOS library for the construction of the design.

Findings

The power breaks down of the comparator are dramatically improved from 0.006 to 0.003 uW. The ultimate design has 5 MHz operating frequency with 25 KS/s sampling frequency. The supply voltage is 1.2 V with 35.724 uW power consumption. Signal-to-noise and distortion ratio and spurious-free dynamic range are 65 and 84 dB, respectively. The Walden's figure of merits calculated 7.08 fj/step.

Originality/value

The authors are proposing two-in-one circuit for SAR-ADC named as “dual SAR-ADC”, which obeys the basic equation of duality, derived and proved under the heading of proposed solution. It shows a clear difference between the performance of two circuit-based ADC and one dual circuit ADC. The number of components is reduced by sharing the work load of some key components.

Article
Publication date: 23 April 2018

Quan Xu, Qinling Zhang, Tao Jiang, Bocheng Bao and Mo Chen

The purpose of this paper is to develop a simple chaotic circuit. The circuit can be fabricated by less discrete electronic components, within which complex dynamical…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a simple chaotic circuit. The circuit can be fabricated by less discrete electronic components, within which complex dynamical behaviors can be generated.

Design/methodology/approach

A second-order non-autonomous inductor-free chaotic circuit is presented, which is obtained by introducing a sinusoidal voltage stimulus into the classical Wien-bridge oscillator. The proposed circuit only has two dynamic elements, and its nonlinearity is realized by the saturation characteristic of the operational amplifier in the classical Wien-bridge oscillator. After that, its dynamical behaviors are revealed by means of bifurcation diagram, Lyapunov exponent and phase portrait and further confirmed using the 0-1 test method. Moreover, an analog circuit using less discrete electronic components is implemented, and its experimental results are measured to verify the numerical simulations.

Findings

The equilibrium point located in a line segment varies with time evolution, which leads to the occurrence of periodic, quasi-periodic and chaotic behaviors in the proposed circuit.

Originality/value

Unlike the previously published works, the significant values of the proposed circuit with simple topology are inductor-free realization and without extra nonlinearity, which make the circuit can be used as a paradigm for academic teaching and experimental illustraction for chaos.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 44 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Keywords

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