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Book part
Publication date: 30 September 2019

Slavko Alčaković

Serbian Generation Z originates from South-east Europe. They are a part of a nation that has always been divided between the East and the West and has experienced a…

Abstract

Serbian Generation Z originates from South-east Europe. They are a part of a nation that has always been divided between the East and the West and has experienced a constant transition (economic, cultural and political) for the last couple of decades. In Serbia, Generation Z has been under the same influences as elsewhere in the world – globalisation, technology and rapid development of the Internet have greatly influenced it and it could be said that the influence has not ceased to exist. Nevertheless, apart from the aforementioned, the representatives of the Generation Z in Serbia have faced some additional challenges during their childhood, and this distinguishes them from all the other European representatives of this generation: family (still being the backbone of Serbian society), religion, wars and their collective memory of it, as well as economy-related turbulences. The research presented in this chapter was carried out with a goal to show the attitudes, opinions and characteristics of this generation. The chapter provides not only an insight into the mentioned phenomena but also some recommendations for parents, teachers, companies and politicians, as well as suggestions for future research.

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Book part
Publication date: 29 November 2019

Helena Bohman, Peter G. Håkansson, Danijel Nestić and Dejan Molnar

The chapter aims to explore the size and evolution of spatial inequality in Croatia and Serbia with emphasis on labour market developments. The analysis focuses on…

Abstract

The chapter aims to explore the size and evolution of spatial inequality in Croatia and Serbia with emphasis on labour market developments. The analysis focuses on municipalities (LAU 2 level) in both countries to explore patterns of change in the labour market. We estimate spatial inequality based on the distribution of population, employment, unemployment rates, and wages. We find that regions with major cities in both countries are leading in the recovery from the recent recession, while rural areas are lagging behind. Further, there is a durable trend of both population and job concentration in the capital city area, or in urban areas generally.

Details

Investigating Spatial Inequalities
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-942-8

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Book part
Publication date: 4 March 2015

György Simon

The study deals with key questions of Serbia’s economic development, including the regularities of transforming self-managed socialism to a standard capitalist system. It…

Abstract

The study deals with key questions of Serbia’s economic development, including the regularities of transforming self-managed socialism to a standard capitalist system. It is based on the concept of endogenous growth and the general theory of market transition. In the empirical part of investigation, the main directions of economic development and transition in Serbia are analysed. Crucial issues of economic policy are also considered with a particular emphasis on the latest phase of transition. Concerning the problems of economic efficiency, an attempt is made to quantify the various types of technical progress and determine their contribution to its overall rate. The macroeconomic role of external factors is quantitatively shown through a globalisation effect related to inflows of FDI. The author believes that the Serbian economy, despite all its problems and difficulties, in principle has the potential necessary for finding adequate answers to the challenges of ‘neo-transition’. Of these challenges, he regards as most serious Serbia’s ability to comply with the standards of accession to the European Union, which, among others, requires closer regional cooperation.

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Neo-Transitional Economics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-681-2

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2010

Miladin Stefanovic, Milan Matijevic and Goran Devedzic

The paper presents current level of the Serbian Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industry, global parameters of ICT in Serbia, as well as some economic…

Abstract

The paper presents current level of the Serbian Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industry, global parameters of ICT in Serbia, as well as some economic indicators. Existing problems and suggest actions necessary for improvement of IT in the Serbian industry are also defined. One approach to improvement of Serbian ITC industry is adopting a general framework policy for the integration of the acquis in the field of quality, standards and technical regulations, developing an updated national Quality Plan for the ICT. This paper will also present development and implementation of Quality Management System (QMS) in Serbian ICT sector.

Details

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-5945

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Article
Publication date: 25 September 2017

Tijana Crnčević and Violeta Orlović Lovren

The purpose of this paper is to present the major gaps in the field of planning policy and its implementation regarding climate change and disaster risk reduction (DRR)…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the major gaps in the field of planning policy and its implementation regarding climate change and disaster risk reduction (DRR), with special reference to the displacement of people, together with the knowledge needed to increase community resilience. The researched relations are illustrated by the example of Serbia. The Republic of Serbia has been faced with increasingly visible impacts of climate change in recent years – floods, heat waves, droughts and others. During the floods that hit Serbia in 2014, over 30,000 people experienced displacement. These events have triggered numerous efforts, both to repair the incurred damage and to analyze opportunities for prevention.

Design/methodology/approach

This research has used document analysis to investigate contemporary approaches defined by policies, programs and research reports regarding climate change and DRR, with special reference to the displacement of people. An analytical framework has been used to evaluate to what extent the planning policy framework in Serbia addresses these issues in the context of achieving resilient development. Secondary analysis of research data has been used to recognize the gaps and identify needs for increasing community resilience.

Findings

Based on the growing trends in projections of climate change as a result of induced natural disasters for the region in the future and international trends in coping with these issues, this paper argues that it is necessary to improve the implementation of the planning policy framework and the capacities of professionals and citizens, to reduce future displacement and increase community resilience to climate change. The key weaknesses found within DRR and the emergency management system in Serbia were the lack of an appropriate information base of the cadastre of risk zones and the lack of information and coordination of actors on the local to the national level. During the “pre-disaster” period, findings stress a weak partnership and capacity development practice at the local level, as well as between local responsible bodies and regional/national entities in charge of emergency management and DRR. The paper singles out the main preconditions for achieving effective resilient planning, so that such a plan can move “people away from marginal areas” and provide living conditions that are resilient.

Originality/value

This paper provides a comprehensive insight analysis of the relations between climate change and DRR, with special reference to the planning policy. Using the lessons learned from the recent climate-induced disaster with its implications on displacement, the paper identifies needs for strengthening capacities to establish more resilient communities in Serbia. The gaps and needs identified, as well as the recommendations provided, may be of value for neighboring countries as well, who face similar challenges in climate change adaptation and who need to increase disaster risk resilience.

Details

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-8692

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Article
Publication date: 16 October 2009

Sladjana Cabrilo, Zorica Uzelac and Ilija Cosic

The purpose of this paper is to provide an appropriate model for IC reporting in the transitional economic system of Serbia.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide an appropriate model for IC reporting in the transitional economic system of Serbia.

Design/methodology/approach

The existing methods of IC reporting as well as the actual needs of organizations in Serbia related to measuring IC (i.e. key influencing factors of IC) and their unique features represent the fundamentals of an adequate model for IC reporting.

Findings

A group of selected IC indicators in Serbia differs from typical relevant indicators mainly due to the specifics of the environment. Preliminary investigation of organizational IC in Serbia was carried out and a number of initiatives for improvement and development of the existing IC have been suggested.

Research limitations/implications

An implementation of the proposed model is limited to the observed environment. The suggested group of indicators should be viewed more as a basis for a general application of IC reporting and management in Serbia, rather than an absolutely accurate model for IC measuring. Despite its limitations, the model can be utilized as a starting point for IC management research.

Practical implications

Selecting a group of relevant indicators that are adapted to particular environmental features simplifies IC measuring and contributes to IC reporting and management in Serbia.

Originality/value

Even though there exist numerous methods for IC measuring, this research provides an insight into the specific features of IC and enables the fine‐tuning of the existing methods. An objective and accurate model for general implementation of IC reporting and management is developed for a transitional environment.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

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Article
Publication date: 14 September 2012

Branka Novčić, Vesna Damnjanović and Mihajlo Popesku

The purpose of this paper is to identify, compare and contrast different perspectives of Serbian residents and diaspora regarding Serbia brand identity.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify, compare and contrast different perspectives of Serbian residents and diaspora regarding Serbia brand identity.

Design/methodology/approach

Attitudinal statements for research design of study were collected within a period of 12 months from national media (TV and newspapers) and ten focus groups. Multiple surveying techniques consisting of on‐the‐filed and on‐line surveys were applied. In total, 900 responses were collected and results were analyzed using principal component; also 740 examinees with Serbian citizenship and permanent residence in Serbia participated in the survey and 160 examinees from diaspora.

Findings

Findings demonstrated that certain differences and similarities exist in the Serbia brand image perceptions between Serbian residents and diaspora. The first difference is reflected in the number of brand identity elements identified by each of the two examined groups. Diaspora identified four brand identity elements which are marked as mild nostalgia, business and pleasure destination, great cuisine and negative media bias; whilst residents identified six elements: people, obsolescence, negative media bias, cultural uniqueness, tourist destination and national treasure. The second difference, reflected in the mere content of the brand elements, is mainly determined by the fact that diaspora's perception is mainly influenced by the nostalgia, whilst residents’ perception is mainly influenced by national pride. These elements constantly interact to fulfil country brand promises to stakeholders.

Research limitations/implications

The main constrains in this research study refer to small sample for diaspora and people living in Serbian countryside; people with a lower education are underrepresented.

Practical implications

The study suggests guidelines for long‐term brand strategy development for Serbia as a brand. Different framework of destination brand identity from resident and diaspora perspective can be of immense use to brand planners for identification of problems for better brand positioning of Serbia as a country.

Originality/value

The research results emphasize perceptions of Serbia brand identity from resident and diaspora perspective and provide better understanding of the main components for communicating country branding strategy for Serbia. Both groups hold the view that Serbia suffers from negative media bias but still stays a recommendable tourist destination and a place to be.

Details

EuroMed Journal of Business, vol. 7 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1450-2194

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 21 March 2017

The Kosovo government has suspended EU-sponsored negotiations with Serbia intended to normalise bilateral relations. The trigger for this was Serbia’s attempts to have…

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Article
Publication date: 5 January 2015

Nada Smigic, Andreja Rajkovic, Ilija Djekic and Nikola Tomic

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the current situation of multidimensional food safety assurance in Serbia, as an official candidate for European Union (EU…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the current situation of multidimensional food safety assurance in Serbia, as an official candidate for European Union (EU) membership, in relation to its EU food law harmonization efforts.

Design/methodology/approach

Serbian assurance scheme was covered in this paper included food safety legislation, control and standards.

Findings

The food safety system in Serbia needs improvements in the area of effectiveness and efficiency of food safety control and inspection services, knowledge and expertise of state inspectors, governmental officials, food safety consultants and auditors. Additionally, problems related to the overlapping responsibilities of various legal authorities and inspection services have to be solved, with an improved transparency and communication between legal authorities, customers, consumers and food business operators.

Originality/value

An overview of current situation in food safety assurance in Serbia is shown.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 117 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Book part
Publication date: 21 October 2013

Sanda Renko

This chapter explains the interrelationships between trade markets of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia, which have experienced the same political, economical…

Abstract

Purpose

This chapter explains the interrelationships between trade markets of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia, which have experienced the same political, economical, and social changes due to their postwar market orientation. Particularly, the research is focused on the relationships between retailers and their suppliers, the effects of 2008 financial crisis, and changes in customer behavior on those markets.

Design/methodology/approach

The chapter builds upon the investigation of the existing literature on trade in selected Southeast European (SEE) countries targeting three time-periods: planned economy era; period after the launch of the economic transition; and the European Union (EU) accession preparation era. The supporting fieldwork is based on qualitative interviews with senior managers in trade companies operating on all investigated markets. Results are compared with other secondary data sources.

Findings

The research has contributed to the understanding of similarities and differences on three markets of former Yugoslavia: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia. Four areas are used as a framework for explaining the level of cooperation and interdependence between trade companies on investigated markets: changes in retail forms, growth in retail operations, increasing importance of the relationships with suppliers, and penetration of private labels.

Practical implications

Results of the study provides some directions for suppliers on the selected markets and for retailers as well. As retailers rely on their key suppliers, local suppliers should offer them elements of differentiation. On the other hand, results give an insight into actual situation on the markets of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia regarding retail structure, number of retail forms, private labels, etc.

Originality/value

Considering an extensive literature review, the analysis of data given in official statistical databases, as well as qualitative study among trade managers, these findings have important managerial implications for retailers and suppliers.

Details

Challenges for the Trade of Central and Southeast Europe
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-833-4

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