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1 – 10 of over 2000
Article
Publication date: 8 May 2017

T.V.V.L.N. Rao, A.M.A. Rani, M. Awang and F.M. Hashim

This paper aims to present stability of a three-layered journal bearing considering magnitude of the layers’ thicknesses and viscosities with slip/partial slip on the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present stability of a three-layered journal bearing considering magnitude of the layers’ thicknesses and viscosities with slip/partial slip on the bearing surface.

Design/methodology/approach

Modified Reynolds equation based on one-dimensional analysis is derived for a three-layered journal bearing with slip/partial slip. Dynamic coefficients are derived based on infinitesimal perturbation method. Linearized stability analysis is presented taking into account slip/partial slip on bearing surface; thicknesses and viscosities of bearing surface layer; and core layer and journal surface layer.

Findings

Results of threshold speed and critical whirl frequency ratio coefficients (Cω, CΩ), stiffness (Kij for i = x,y) and damping (Bij for i = x, y) coefficients and threshold speed (ωs) and critical whirl frequency ratio (Ωs) are presented. The bearing surface is analyzed for slip (total surface with slip) and partial slip (partial surface with slip). The slip-on bearing surface reduces stability, while partial slip improves bearing stability. The threshold speed coefficient (Cω) decreases with slip on bearing surface. The threshold speed (ωs) and critical whirl frequency ratio (Ωs) are influenced by the variation of threshold speed coefficient (Cω) and critical whirl frequency ratio coefficient (CΩ), respectively. A three-layered journal bearing with partial slip and thick high viscosity bearing surface layer results in higher threshold speed coefficient and has a potential to improve stability of journal bearing. The analyses indicate that optimal angular extent of partial slip region (θs) enhances the stability of journal bearing.

Originality/value

The paper presents parametric study of stability coefficients (Cω and CΩ) and evaluation of threshold speed (ωs) and critical whirl frequency ratio (Ωs) of a three-layered journal bearing with slip/partial slip.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 69 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 August 2011

Yvonne Stokes and Graham Carey

The purpose of this paper is to extend the penalty concept to treat partial slip, free surface, contact and related boundary conditions in viscous flow simulation.

523

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to extend the penalty concept to treat partial slip, free surface, contact and related boundary conditions in viscous flow simulation.

Design/methodology/approach

The penalty partialslip formulation is analysed and related to the classical Navier slip condition. The same penalty scheme also allows partial penetration through a boundary, hence the implementation of porous wall boundaries. The finite element method is used for investigating and interpreting penalty approaches to boundary conditions.

Findings

The generalised penalty approach is verified by means of a novel variant of the circular‐Couette flow problem, having partial slip on one of the cylindrical boundaries, for which an analytic solution is derived. Further verificationis provided by consideration of viscous flow over a sphere with partial slip on the surface, and comparison of numerical and classical solutions. Numerical studies illustrate the versatility of the approach.

Research limitations/implications

The penalty approach is applied to some different boundaries: partial slip and partial penetration with no/full slip/penetration as limiting cases; free surface; space‐ and time‐varying boundary conditions which allow progressive contact over time. Application is made to curved and inclined boundaries. Sensitivity of flow to penalty parameters is an avenue for continued research, as is application of the penalty approach for non‐Newtonian flows.

Originality/value

This is the first work to show the relation between penalty formulation of boundary conditions and physical boundary conditions. It provides a method that overcomes past difficulties in implementing partial slip on boundaries of general shape, and which handles progressive contact. It also provides useful benchmark problems for future studies.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 21 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 July 2021

Sang-Do Choi, Tae-Soo Eum, Eun Taek Shin and Chang Geun Song

Complicated motion of vortex is frequently observed in the wake of islands. These kinds of swirling fluid cause the trap of sediments or pollutants, subsequently inducing…

Abstract

Purpose

Complicated motion of vortex is frequently observed in the wake of islands. These kinds of swirling fluid cause the trap of sediments or pollutants, subsequently inducing the dead zone, odor or poor water quality. Therefore, the understanding of flow past a circular cylinder is significant in predicting water quality and positioning the immersed structures. This study aims to investigate the flow properties around a structure using Navier-slip boundary conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

Boundary conditions are a major factor affecting the flow pattern because the magnitude of flow detachment on a surface can redistribute the tangential stress on the wall. Therefore, the authors performed an analysis of laminar flow passing through a circular structure to investigate the effect of boundary conditions on the flow pattern.

Findings

The authors examined the relationship between the partial-slip boundary conditions and the flow behavior at low Reynolds number past a circular cylinder considering velocity and vorticity distributions behind the cylinder, lift coefficient and Strouhal number. The amplitude of lift coefficient by the partial slip condition had relatively small value compared with that of no-slip condition, as the wall shear stress acting on the cylinder became smaller by the velocity along the cylinder surface. The frequency of the asymmetrical vortex formation with partial slip velocity was increased compared with no-slip case due to the intrinsic inertial effect of Navier-slip condition.

Originality/value

The ability to engineer slip could have dramatic influences on flow, as the viscous dominated motion can lead to large pressure drops and large axial dispersion. By the slip length control, no-slip, partial-slip and free-slip boundary conditions are tunable, and the velocity distributions at the wall, vortex formation and wake pattern including the amplitude of lift coefficient and frequency were significantly affected by slip length parameter.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 19 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 January 2012

R. Ellahi and M. Hameed

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of nonlinear partial slip on the walls for steady flow and heat transfer of an incompressible, thermodynamically…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of nonlinear partial slip on the walls for steady flow and heat transfer of an incompressible, thermodynamically compatible third grade fluid in a channel. The principal question the authors address in this paper is in regard to the applicability of the no‐slip condition at a solid‐liquid boundary. The authors present the effects of slip, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) and heat transfer for the plane Couette, plane Poiseuille and plane Couette‐Poiseuille flows in a homogeneous and thermodynamically compatible third grade fluid. The problem of a non‐Newtonian plane Couette flow, fully developed plane Poiseuille flow and Couette‐Poiseuille flow are investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

The present investigation is an attempt to study the effects of nonlinear partial slip on the walls for steady flow and heat transfer of an incompressible, thermodynamically compatible third grade fluid in a channel. A very effective and higher order numerical scheme is used to solve the resulting system of nonlinear differential equations with nonlinear boundary conditions. Numerical solutions are obtained by solving nonlinear ordinary differential equations using Chebyshev spectral method.

Findings

Due to the nonlinear and highly complicated nature of the governing equations and boundary conditions, finding an analytical or numerical solution is not easy. The authors obtained numerical solutions of the coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations with nonlinear boundary conditions using higher order Chebyshev spectral collocation method. Spectral methods are proven to offer a superior intrinsic accuracy for derivative calculations.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors' knowledge, no such analysis is available in the literature which can describe the heat transfer, MHD and slip effects simultaneously on the flows of the non‐Newtonian fluids.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 22 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 October 2018

Prabhugouda Mallanagouda Patil and Shashikant A.

The purpose of this paper is to consider the influence of slip flow and thermal jump and to investigate its effects on unsteady mixed convection along an exponentially…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to consider the influence of slip flow and thermal jump and to investigate its effects on unsteady mixed convection along an exponentially stretching surface. It is also intended to explore the influence of suction/injection and volumetric heat source/sink on the fluid flow.

Design/methodology/approach

The assumed problem is modelled into governing equations which are dimensional non-linear partial differential equations in nature. To obtain solutions, initially the governing equations were made non-dimensional by the suitable non-similar transformations. Then, the dimensionless non-linear partial differential equations are linearized with the aid of Quasilinearization technique. The so obtained equations are discretized by the implicit finite difference method.

Findings

The detailed analysis of the considered problem displays that the non-similarity variable reduces the velocity and temperature profiles. For higher values of mixed convection parameter, the magnitude of velocity profile as well as the Nusselt number increase. The unsteady variable diminishes the fluid flow. The higher values of velocity ratio parameter reduce the skin-friction coefficient. Further, the magnitude of skin-friction coefficient and heat transfer rate are to minimize for increasing values of partial slip and thermal jump parameters, respectively. Volumetric heat source and injection parameters are to rise the flow behavior within the momentum and thermal boundary layers significantly.

Originality/value

To the best of authors’ knowledge, no such investigation has been found in the literature.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 28 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 November 2020

Yun-lei Wang, Jiu-hui Wu, Zhen-tao Li and Lu-shuai Xu

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of slip position on the performance of liquid film seal.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of slip position on the performance of liquid film seal.

Design/methodology/approach

A mathematical model of liquid film seal with slip/no-slip surface was established based on the Navier slip model and JFO boundary condition. Liquid film governing equation was discretized by the finite difference method and solved by the SOR relaxation iterative algorithm and the effects of slip position on sealing performance are discussed.

Findings

The results indicate that boundary slip plays an important role in the overall performance of a seal and a reasonable arrangement of slip position can improve the steady-state performance of liquid film seal.

Originality/value

Based on the mathematical model, the optimal parameters for liquid film seal with boundary slip at groove are obtained. The results presented in this study are expected to provide a theoretical basis to improve the design method of liquid film seal.

Peer review

The peer review history for this article is available at: https://publons.com/publon/10.1108/ILT-03-2020-0082/

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 73 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 December 2019

Mengjiao Wang, Yunxia Wang, Hao Liu and Fengyuan Yan

This paper aims to study the influence of load and environment medium on the fretting behavior of SAF 2507 SDSS.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the influence of load and environment medium on the fretting behavior of SAF 2507 SDSS.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, the effect of load on the fretting behavior of SAF 2507 SDSS in air and sea water were studied. The fretting wear tests under different loads were conducted with a ball-on-flat contact configuration. The friction coefficient, wear volume, surface morphology and oxidation component were determined.

Findings

With the increase of applied load, the friction coefficient decreases both in air and sea water. The fretting mechanism is gradually transformed from partial slip regime to slip regime in air while the fretting counterparts are all in the state of gross slip in sea water. In sea water, the friction coefficient is lower while the wear loss is higher compared with that in air.

Research limitations/implications

This research suggests that the fretting behavior of SAF 2507 SDSS is related to load and environment medium.

Practical implications

The results may help us to choose the appropriate load under different environments.

Originality/value

The main originality of the research is to reveal the fretting behavior of SAF 2507 SDSS under different loads in air and sea water, which would help us to realize fretting behavior of SAF 2507 SDSS is controlled by the combination of applied load and lubricating environment.

Peer review

The peer review history for this article is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/ILT-08-2019-0335.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 72 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 November 2017

Zhixiang Song, Fei Guo, Ying Liu, Songtao Hu, Xiangfeng Liu and Yuming Wang

This paper aims to present the slip/no-slip design in two-dimensional water-lubricated tilting pad thrust bearings (TPTBs) considering the turbulence effect and shifting…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present the slip/no-slip design in two-dimensional water-lubricated tilting pad thrust bearings (TPTBs) considering the turbulence effect and shifting of pressure centers.

Design/methodology/approach

A numerical model is established to analyze the slip condition and the effect of turbulence according to a Reynolds number defined in terms of the slip condition. Simulations are carried out for eccentrically and centrally pivoted bearings and the influence of different slip parameters is discussed.

Findings

A considerable enhancement in load capacity, as well as a reduction in friction, can be achieved by heterogeneous slip/no-slip surface designs for lubricated sliding contacts, especially for near parallel pad configurations. The optimized design largely depends on the pivot position. The load capacity increases by 174 per cent for eccentrically pivoted bearings and 159 per cent for centrally pivoted bearings for a suitable design. When slip zone locates at the middle of the radial direction or close to the inner edge, the performance of the TPTB is better.

Research limitations/implications

The simplification of slip effect on the turbulence (definition of Reynolds number) can only describe the trend of the increasing turbulence due to slip condition. The accurate turbulence expression considering the boundary slip needs further explorations.

Originality/value

The shifting of pressure center due to the slip/no-slip design for TPTBs is investigated in this study. The turbulence effect and influence of slip parameters is discussed for large water-lubricated bearings.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 69 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 24 August 2021

Ziao Huang, Xiaoshan Liu, Guoqiu He, Zhiqiang Zhou, Bin Ge, Peiwen Le, Jiaqi Pan and Xiaojun Xu

This study aims to understand the multiaxial fretting fatigue, wear and fracture characteristics of 35CrMoA steel under the elliptical loading path.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to understand the multiaxial fretting fatigue, wear and fracture characteristics of 35CrMoA steel under the elliptical loading path.

Design/methodology/approach

By keeping the contact pressure and torsional shear cyclic stress amplitude unchanged; the axial cyclic stress amplitude varied from 650 MPa to 850 MPa. The fretting fatigue test was carried out on MTS809 testing machine, and the axial cyclic strain response and fatigue life of the material were analyzed. The fretting zone and fracture surface morphology were observed by scanning electron microscope. The composition of wear debris was detected by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer.

Findings

In this study, with the increase of axial stress amplitude, 35CrMoA steel will be continuously softened, and the cyclic softening degree increases. The fretting fatigue life decreases unevenly. The fretting scars in the stick region are elongated in the axial direction. The area of fracture crack propagation zone decreases. In addition, the results indicate that wear debris in the slip region is spherical and has higher oxygen content.

Originality/value

There were few literatures about the multiaxial fretting fatigue behavior of 35CrMoA steel, and most scholars focused on the contact pressure. This paper reveals the effect of axial cyclic stress on fretting fatigue and wear of 35CrMoA steel under the elliptical loading path.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 73 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 April 2017

Onur Arslan

Frictional sliding contact problems between laterally graded orthotropic half-planes and a flat rigid stamp are investigated. The presented study aims at guiding…

170

Abstract

Purpose

Frictional sliding contact problems between laterally graded orthotropic half-planes and a flat rigid stamp are investigated. The presented study aims at guiding engineering applications in the prediction of the contact response of orthotropic laterally graded members.

Design/methodology/approach

The solution procedure is based on a finite element (FE) approach which is conducted with an efficient FE analysis software ANSYS. The spatial gradations of the orthotropic stiffness constants through the horizontal axis are enabled utilizing the homogeneous FE approach. The Augmented Lagrangian contact algorithm is used as an iterative non-linear solution method in the contact analysis.

Findings

The accuracy of the proposed FE solution method is approved by using the comparisons of the results with those computed using an analytical technique. The prominent results indicate that the surface contact stresses can be mitigated upon increasing the degree of orthotropy and positive lateral gradations.

Originality/value

One can infer from the literature survey that, the contact mechanics analysis of orthotropic laterally graded materials has not been investigated so far. In this study, an FE method-based computational solution procedure for the aforementioned problem is addressed. The presented study aims at guiding engineering applications in the prediction of the contact response of orthotropic laterally graded members. Additionally, this study provides some useful points related to computational contact mechanics analysis of orthotropic structures.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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