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Article
Publication date: 6 March 2017

José Aurelio Medina-Garrido, José María Biedma-Ferrer and Antonio Rafael Ramos-Rodríguez

The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of the existence of and access to different work-family policies on employee well-being (EWB) and job performance.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of the existence of and access to different work-family policies on employee well-being (EWB) and job performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Hypothesis testing was performed using a structural equation model based on a PLS-SEM approach applied to a sample of 1,511 employees of the Spanish banking sector.

Findings

The results obtained demonstrate that the existence and true access to different types of work-family policies such as flexible working hours (flexi-time), long leaves, and flexible work location (flexi-place) are not directly related to job performance, but indirectly so, when mediated by the well-being of employees generated by work-family policies. In a similar vein, true access to employee and family support services also has an indirect positive impact on job performance mediated by the well-being produced. In contrast, the mere existence of employee and family support services does not have any direct or indirect effect on job performance.

Originality/value

This study makes a theoretical and empirical contribution to better understand the impact that of the existence of and access to work-family policies on job performance mediated by EWB. In this sense, the authors posited and tested an unpublished theoretical model where the concept of EWB gains special relevance at academic and organizational level due to its implications for human resource management.

Propósito

Este trabajo analiza los efectos de la existencia y accesibilidad de diferentes tipos de políticas trabajo-familia (WFP) sobre el bienestar y el desempeño laboral.

Diseño/Metodología/Enfoque

Para contrastar las hipótesis propuestas se aplicó un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales, utilizando el enfoque PLS-SEM, a una muestra de 1.511 trabajadores del sector financiero español.

Resultados

Los resultados del análisis muestran que la existencia y accesibilidad de las WFP relativas a flexibilidad temporal, permisos largos y el lugar de trabajo no producen directamente mejoras en el desempeño, pero sí indirectamente a través del bienestar laboral que dichas políticas generan. Del mismo modo, la accesibilidad de las WFP relativas a servicios de apoyo al empleado y a su familia tiene también un efecto positivo indirecto sobre el desempeño, mediado por el bienestar generado. Sin embargo, la mera existencia de servicios de apoyo no incide ni directa ni indirectamente sobre el desempeño.

Originalidad/Valor

Este trabajo constituye una novedosa aportación teórica y empírica sobre el impacto de la existencia y accesibilidad de las WFP en el desempeño, considerando el papel mediador del bienestar laboral en esta relación. En este sentido, se propone y comprueba empíricamente un modelo teórico inédito en la literatura, en el que el concepto de bienestar laboral cobra especial relevancia tanto a nivel académico como por sus implicaciones prácticas para la dirección.

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Article
Publication date: 23 August 2013

Ana María Lucia‐Casademunt, J. Antonio Ariza‐Montes and Alfonso Carlos Morales‐Gutiérrez†

Employee well‐being (WB) is a strategic reference of prime importance due to its impact on human capital, employee health and quality in working life, factors that are key…

Abstract

Purpose

Employee well‐being (WB) is a strategic reference of prime importance due to its impact on human capital, employee health and quality in working life, factors that are key to achieving successful organisations. The purpose of the current study is to assess the WB of female managers in the European workplace. The research analyses three dimensions (job satisfaction, comfort and enthusiasm) and the effect of job‐related factors on each one of these.

Design/methodology/approach

The Mental Health and Vitamin models (Warr, 1987) were taken as the starting‐point of the research. An alternative econometric method – an artificial neural network known as extreme learning machine was applied to a sample of 99 female managers collected from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey‐2010

Findings

The results obtained confirm that this methodology is valid to efficiently classify European female managers into those who feel satisfied with their jobs, calm and relaxed, and cheerful and in good spirits, and those who do not. Furthermore, the resulting model identifies the strongest factors important in determining the varied dimensions of occupational WB achieved.

Originality/value

Even today, despite the important contribution women managers make to the management of organisations, they have to face many challenges and overcome serious barriers in achieving and staying in positions of leaderships when compared to their male counterparts.

Propósito

El bienestar laboral constituye un referente estratégico de primer orden por su impacto sobre el capital humano – salud y calidad de vida laboral de los empleados –, en aras de alcanzar organizaciones exitosas. El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar el bienestar laboral a partir de sus tres dimensiones (satisfacción, confort y entusiasmo) de las mujeres que ocupan puestos de dirección en Europa y el efecto de ciertos factores laborales.

Diseño/metodología/enfoque

Se adopta como punto de partida los modelos teóricos de salud mental y vitamínico (Warr, 1987), aplicando un método econométrico novedoso – redes neuronales artificiales –, a una muestra de 99 mujeres directivas extraída de la V Encuesta Europea de Condiciones de Trabajo (2010).

Resultados

Los resultados obtenidos confirman la validez de esta novedosa metodología para clasificar eficazmente a las mujeres directivas que presentan un elevado grado de bienestar laboral. Por otra parte, con el modelo resultante se identifican los factores más determinantes para el logro de cada una de las dimensiones que constituyen el bienestar laboral.

Originalidad

Las mujeres directivas, quienes a pesar de lo mucho que tienen que aportar en la gestión de las organizaciones, aún hoy encuentran que su acceso y permanencia en los puestos de dirección está colmado de desafíos y barreras difíciles de superar en comparación con sus homólogos masculinos.

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Article
Publication date: 23 August 2013

Enrique Ogliastri

This edition of the journal presents five papers from nine research institutions in Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia and Spain. The first uses the Johansen cointegration test to…

Abstract

This edition of the journal presents five papers from nine research institutions in Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia and Spain. The first uses the Johansen cointegration test to predict Argentinian spot steer prices on the basis of Brazilian futures market for live cattle. The second uses an innovative biological model (artificial neural networks) to study the workplace well‐being of female managers in Europe. The third examines the reasons why 100 Spanish companies operating in Latin America have opted to offset the risk of exchange rate fluctuations by hedging with foreign currency debt. The fourth investigates the factors affecting the long‐term survival of gazelle companies which, following periods of extraordinary growth, need to develop and consolidate their market position. The fifth involves a literature review, analysing consumer perceptions of price fairness and the concept of price fairness itself. The journal is planning a special issue on family enterprises.

Resumen

En este número no especializado se presentan cinco artículos provenientes de nueve instituciones de Brasil, Bulgaria, Colombia y España. El primero utiliza el test de cointegración de Johansen para predecir los precios de ganado vacuno argentino con base en el mercado de futuros brasileño. El segundo utiliza un novedoso modelo de la biología (redes neuronales artificiales) para estudiar el bienestar laboral de mujeres directivas en Europa. El tercero analiza las razones por las cuales cien empresas españolas que operan en América Latina toman la decisión de cubrirse del riesgo de fluctuaciones del valor de la moneda adquiriendo deuda en divisa. El cuarto estudia los factores que inciden en la sobrevivencia a largo plazo de las empresas gacela, aquellas que tras un período de extraordinario crecimiento se deben desarrollar y consolidar en el mercado. El quinto es una revisión de la literatura que analiza la percepción de justicia de los compradores y el concepto de precio justo. La revista propone un número futuro sobre empresas de familia.

Details

Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración, vol. 26 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1012-8255

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2020

Sergio Madero Gómez, Oscar Eliud Ortiz Mendoza, Jacobo Ramírez and Miguel R. Olivas-Luján

The purpose of this paper is to know the implications that COVID-19 has presented in the workplace to develop research strategies related to issues of human and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to know the implications that COVID-19 has presented in the workplace to develop research strategies related to issues of human and organizational behavior on the business perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

Quantitative, exploratory based on primary and secondary sources, an online questionnaire was designed and applied with 33 items that was applied in the Mexican work environment, during the period from March 7 to 16, that is, in the same week as WHO made the pandemic declaration for COVID-19, obtaining a total of 332 responses.

Findings

With the descriptive analyzes carried out, it was possible to know the perception that people have of various aspects related to COVID-19, and subsequently the corresponding reliability tests were carried out, obtaining Cronbach’s alpha indexes greater than 0.8. At the beginning of the declaration of pandemic by COVID-19, a relationship was shown between stress and the aspects related to the arrival of COVID-19, showing evidence of its impact on the workforce.

Research limitations/implications

This work has contributed ideas for academics, managers and areas of human resources that can promote the growth and development of people with the aim of achieving comprehensive well-being in the workplace, generating better working conditions owing to the proposal to make remote work a successful strategy in the function of human resources in the workplace and in the improvement of society in general.

Originality/value

This research, in addition to being carried out with information obtained in the first weeks of March 2020, presents a model with ideas and themes to design future research projects and to analyze the post-COVID-19 effects in the workplace, with a business perspective, human behavior and organization.

Objetivo

Conocer las implicaciones que tiene el COVID-19 en el entorno laboral para desarrollar estrategias de investigación relacionadas con temas de comportamiento humano y organizacional en la perspectiva empresarial.

Diseño/Metodología

De tipo cuantitativa, exploratoria basada en fuentes primarias y secundarias, se diseñó y aplicó un cuestionario en línea con 33 ítems que fue aplicado en el entorno laboral mexicano, durante el período del 7 al 16 de marzo, es decir, en la misma semana que la OMS hizo la declaración de pandemia por el COVID-19, obteniendo un total de 332 respuestas.

Resultados/Hallazgos

Con los análisis descriptivos realizados se pudo conocer la percepción que tienen las personas sobre diversos aspectos relacionados con el COVID-19, posteriormente se realizaron las pruebas de confiabilidad correspondientes, obteniendo índices alfa cronbach mayores de 0.8. Al inicio de la declaración de la pandemia de COVID-19, se demostró una relación entre el estrés y varios aspectos relacionados con la llegada del COVID-19, evidenciando su impacto en los trabajadores.

Implicaciones

El desarrollo de esta investigación aporta ideas para los académicos, responsables de las empresas y en particular de las áreas de recursos humanos para que puedan fomentar el crecimiento y el desarrollo de las personas con la finalidad de lograr bienestar integral en su lugar de trabajo, generando mejores condiciones laborales debido a la propuesta de lograr que el trabajo a distancia sea una estrategia exitosa en la función de recursos humanos, en el ámbito laboral y en el mejoramiento de la sociedad en general.

Originalidad/valor

Esta investigación además de que se realiza con información obtenida en las primeras semanas del mes de marzo de 2020, presenta un modelo con ideas y temas para diseñar futuros proyectos de investigación y poder analizar los efectos post COVID en el entorno laboral, con una perspectiva empresarial, de comportamiento humano y organizacional.

Objetivo

Conhecer as implicações do COVID-19 no local de trabalho para desenvolver estratégias de pesquisa relacionadas a questões do comportamento humano e organizacional desde uma perspectiva de negócios.

Desenho/Metodologia

Quantitativo, exploratório, e baseado em fontes primárias e secundárias. Um questionário online com 33 itens foi elaborado e aplicado no ambiente de trabalho mexicano, durante o período de 7 a 16 de março, ou seja, na mesma semana em que a OMS fez a declaração da pandemia de COVID-19, obtendo um total de 332 respostas.

Resultados

Com as análises descritivas realizadas, foi possível conhecer a percepção que as pessoas têm sobre diversos aspectos relacionados ao COVID-19. Posteriormente foram realizados os correspondentes testes de confiabilidade, obtendo-se índices alfa de Cronbach superiores a 0,8. No início da declaração da pandemia do COVID-19, havia uma relação entre o estresse e vários aspectos relacionados à chegada do COVID-19, evidenciando seu impacto nos trabalhadores.

Implicações

O desenvolvimento desta pesquisa fornece ideias para acadêmicos, gestores e áreas de recursos humanos promovendo o crescimento e desenvolvimento de pessoas. O objetivo é alcançar o bem-estar integral no local de trabalho, gerando melhores condições de trabalho através do trabalho remoto como estratégia de sucesso na função de recursos humanos, no local de trabalho e na melhoria da sociedade em geral.

Originalidade/valor

Esta pesquisa, além de ser realizada com informações obtidas nas primeiras semanas de março de 2020, apresenta um modelo com ideias e tópicos para desenhar futuros projetos de pesquisa e poder analisar os efeitos pós-COVID no ambiente de trabalho com uma perspectiva empresarial, humana e organizacional.

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1994

José Luis Alvaro and Colin Fraser

Unemployment has been a major economic, political and social problem in many countries over the past two decades, as it was also in the inter‐war years. One of the…

Abstract

Unemployment has been a major economic, political and social problem in many countries over the past two decades, as it was also in the inter‐war years. One of the strengths of social and psychological research on unemployment in the 1930s was that findings became available from a range of countries throughout continental Europe as well as from English‐speaking countries, especially Britain and the United States. Evidence for this is contained in the well‐documented reviews by Eisenberg and Lazarsfeld (1938) and Garraty (1978).

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 14 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Abstract

Details

Families in Economically Hard Times
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-071-4

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Book part
Publication date: 23 November 2020

Pablo Adrian Garlati-Bertoldi

I evaluate how the tax reform of 2012 reduced informality in Colombia both theoretically and empirically. Theoretically, I develop a labor market model and obtain…

Abstract

I evaluate how the tax reform of 2012 reduced informality in Colombia both theoretically and empirically. Theoretically, I develop a labor market model and obtain simulations indicating that the reform should reduce informality significantly. Empirically, I obtain difference-in-difference estimates from two household surveys. Estimates from the repeated cross-sections data indicate small, short-term effects and large long-term effects. Estimates from the household survey panel data are in line with these results. I also simulate difference-in-difference estimates with different combinations of changes in payroll taxes and enforcement indicating that large improvements would have been needed to obtain the corresponding econometric estimates.

Details

Change at Home, in the Labor Market, and On the Job
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-933-5

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 10 November 2016

Núria Puig and Anna Vilanova

The chapter begins by examining the origins of sociology of sport in Spain, which dates back to the transition to democracy, during which period sport became transformed…

Abstract

The chapter begins by examining the origins of sociology of sport in Spain, which dates back to the transition to democracy, during which period sport became transformed progressively from an object of social concern into an object of sociological study. It then goes on to analyse the main factors of activation in particular processes of university teaching staff accreditation which acted as catalysts for the set of processes that fostered the emergence of sociology of sport in Spain. Lastly, the principal study fields are analysed by grouping them into three areas: sport and society, social attitudes to sport and sport facilities and organisations. In the conclusion, an assessment is made of contributions made to the speciality as well as of sociology of sport’s progressive internationalisation, a rare phenomenon prior to 2005 which is now regarded as a major indicator of the maturity of the discipline.

Details

Sociology of Sport: A Global Subdiscipline in Review
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-050-3

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

Alessandro Anastasi

1. En guise d’introduction.‐ 2. Droit du tra vail, droit social et (des)ordre international.‐ 3. Droit du tra vail, droit social, légalité et droits sociaux.‐ 4. Droit du…

Abstract

1. En guise d’introduction.‐ 2. Droit du tra vail, droit social et (des)ordre international.‐ 3. Droit du tra vail, droit social, légalité et droits sociaux.‐ 4. Droit du travail, droit social, légalité et correction des inégalités.‐ 5. Quelques mots á propos du rôle du Droit dutravail.‐ 6. Réflexions (supplémentaires) sur le droit du tra vail: les domaines possibles de spéculation théorique et de re cher che appliquée.‐ 7. En matière des orientations générales du droit du travail á l’époque contemporaine. ‐ 8. Le défi de la mondialisation.‐ 9. èour un modèle économique et so cial européen.‐ 10. A propos de Constitution européenne et ..... alentours.‐ 11. Le traitement juridique de la ques tion économique et sociale en Eu rope.‐ 12. Le mythe de la li bre concurrence.‐ 13. Quelques conclusions, pas conclusives.‐

Details

Managerial Law, vol. 47 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0558

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1987

Eric M. Larson

National population census data were used to analyse patterns of labour absorption by occupation at the national level: by sex and five‐year group, and by urban and rural…

Abstract

National population census data were used to analyse patterns of labour absorption by occupation at the national level: by sex and five‐year group, and by urban and rural zones. The technique used is the Absorption Ratio relating percentage change in a structural variable to percentage change as a demographic variable.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Keywords

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