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Determinants of occupational well‐being among executive women

Ana María Lucia‐Casademunt (Economy, Legal Sciences and Sociology Department, University of Loyola Andalucia, Faculty of Economics, Córdoba, Spain)
J. Antonio Ariza‐Montes (Economy, Legal Sciences and Sociology Department, University of Loyola Andalucia, Faculty of Economics, Córdoba, Spain)
Alfonso Carlos Morales‐Gutiérrez† (Economy, Legal Sciences and Sociology Department, University of Loyola Andalucia, Faculty of Economics, Córdoba, Spain)

Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración

ISSN: 1012-8255

Article publication date: 23 August 2013

Abstract

Purpose

Employee well‐being (WB) is a strategic reference of prime importance due to its impact on human capital, employee health and quality in working life, factors that are key to achieving successful organisations. The purpose of the current study is to assess the WB of female managers in the European workplace. The research analyses three dimensions (job satisfaction, comfort and enthusiasm) and the effect of job‐related factors on each one of these.

Design/methodology/approach

The Mental Health and Vitamin models (Warr, 1987) were taken as the starting‐point of the research. An alternative econometric method – an artificial neural network known as extreme learning machine was applied to a sample of 99 female managers collected from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey‐2010

Findings

The results obtained confirm that this methodology is valid to efficiently classify European female managers into those who feel satisfied with their jobs, calm and relaxed, and cheerful and in good spirits, and those who do not. Furthermore, the resulting model identifies the strongest factors important in determining the varied dimensions of occupational WB achieved.

Originality/value

Even today, despite the important contribution women managers make to the management of organisations, they have to face many challenges and overcome serious barriers in achieving and staying in positions of leaderships when compared to their male counterparts.

Propósito

El bienestar laboral constituye un referente estratégico de primer orden por su impacto sobre el capital humano – salud y calidad de vida laboral de los empleados –, en aras de alcanzar organizaciones exitosas. El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar el bienestar laboral a partir de sus tres dimensiones (satisfacción, confort y entusiasmo) de las mujeres que ocupan puestos de dirección en Europa y el efecto de ciertos factores laborales.

Diseño/metodología/enfoque

Se adopta como punto de partida los modelos teóricos de salud mental y vitamínico (Warr, 1987), aplicando un método econométrico novedoso – redes neuronales artificiales –, a una muestra de 99 mujeres directivas extraída de la V Encuesta Europea de Condiciones de Trabajo (2010).

Resultados

Los resultados obtenidos confirman la validez de esta novedosa metodología para clasificar eficazmente a las mujeres directivas que presentan un elevado grado de bienestar laboral. Por otra parte, con el modelo resultante se identifican los factores más determinantes para el logro de cada una de las dimensiones que constituyen el bienestar laboral.

Originalidad

Las mujeres directivas, quienes a pesar de lo mucho que tienen que aportar en la gestión de las organizaciones, aún hoy encuentran que su acceso y permanencia en los puestos de dirección está colmado de desafíos y barreras difíciles de superar en comparación con sus homólogos masculinos.

Keywords

Citation

Lucia‐Casademunt, A.M., Ariza‐Montes, J.A. and Morales‐Gutiérrez†, A.C. (2013), "Determinants of occupational well‐being among executive women", Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 229-257. https://doi.org/10.1108/ARLA-06-2013-0064

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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