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Article
Publication date: 11 October 2020

Muhammad Umair, Faisal Khan and Wasiq Ullah

Field excited flux switching machines (FEFSM) are preferred over induction and synchronous machines due to the confinement of all excitation sources on the stator leaving…

Abstract

Purpose

Field excited flux switching machines (FEFSM) are preferred over induction and synchronous machines due to the confinement of all excitation sources on the stator leaving a robust rotor. This paper aims to perform coupled electromagnetic thermal analysis and stress analysis for single phase FEFSM as, prolonged high-speed operational time with core and copper losses makes it prone to stress and thermal constraints as temperature rise in machine lead to degraded electromagnetic performance whereas the violation of the principle stress limit may result in mechanical deformation of the rotor.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper presents the implementation of coupled electromagnetic-thermal and rotor stress analysis on single-phase FEFSM with non-overlap winding configurations using finite element analysis (FEA) methodology in JMAG V. 18.1. three-dimensional (3D) magnetic loss analysis is performed and extended to 3D thermal analysis to predict temperature distribution on various parts of the machine whereas Stress analysis predicts mechanical stress acting upon edges and faces of the rotor.

Findings

Analysis reveals that temperature distribution and rotor stress on the machine is within acceptable limits. A maximum temperature rise of 37.7°C was noticed at armature and field windings, temperature distribution in stator near pole proximity was 35°C whereas no significant change in rotor temperature was noticed. Furthermore, principal stress at the speed of 3,000 rpm and 30,000 rpm was found out to be 0.0305 MPa 3.045 MPa, respectively.

Research limitations/implications

The designed machine will be optimized for improvement of electromagnetic performance followed by hardware implementation and experimental testing in the future.

Practical implications

The model is developed for axial fan applications.

Originality/value

Thermal analysis is not being implemented on FEFSM for axial fan applications which is an important analysis to ensure the electromagnetic performance of the machine.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 17 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1959

V. Oakes

THE use of organic compounds containing chlorine and/or sulphur as extreme pressure additives is well established and numerous such substances of widely differing chemical…

Abstract

THE use of organic compounds containing chlorine and/or sulphur as extreme pressure additives is well established and numerous such substances of widely differing chemical types possess EP activity. Until recent years, however, little was known of the mode of action of these substances and of the reasons why chemically related compounds exhibit different EP properties.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 11 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Article
Publication date: 7 July 2020

Wasiq Ullah, Faisal Khan and Muhammad Umair

The purpose of this paper is to investigate an alternative simplified analytical approach for the design of electric machines. Numerical-based finite element method (FEM…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate an alternative simplified analytical approach for the design of electric machines. Numerical-based finite element method (FEM) is a powerful tool for accurate modelling and electromagnetic performance analysis of electric machines. However, computational complexity, magnetic saturation, complex stator structure and time consumption compel researchers to adopt alternate analytical model for initial design of electric machine especially flux switching machines (FSMs).

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, simplified lumped parameter magnetic equivalent circuit (LPMEC) model is presented for newly developed segmented PM consequent pole flux switching machine (SPMCPFSM). LPMEC model accounts influence of all machine parts for quarter of machine which helps to reduce computational complexity, computational time and drive storage without affecting overall accuracy. Furthermore, inductance calculation is performed in the rotor and stator frame of reference for accurate estimation of the self-inductance, mutual inductance and dq-axis inductance profile using park transformation.

Findings

The developed LPMEC model is validated with corresponding FEA using JMAG Commercial FEA Package v. 18.1 which shows good agreement with accuracy of ∼98.23%, and park transformation precisely estimates the inductance profile in rotor and stator frame of reference.

Practical implications

The model is developed for high-speed brushless AC applications.

Originality/value

The proposed SPMCPFSM enhance electromagnetic performance owing to partitioned PMs configuration which make it different than conventional designs. Moreover, the developed LPMEC model reduces computational time by solving quarter of machine.

Article
Publication date: 1 September 1958

ELECTRONICS are moving into the accounting functions of business—fast.

Abstract

ELECTRONICS are moving into the accounting functions of business—fast.

Details

Work Study, vol. 7 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Article
Publication date: 4 January 2011

Zi‐Qiang Zhu

Fractional slot permanent magnet (PM) brushless machines having concentrated non‐overlapping windings have been the subject of research over last few years. They have…

1441

Abstract

Purpose

Fractional slot permanent magnet (PM) brushless machines having concentrated non‐overlapping windings have been the subject of research over last few years. They have already been employed in the commercial hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) due to high‐torque density, high efficiency, low‐torque ripple, good flux‐weakening and fault‐tolerance performance. The purpose of this paper is to overview recent development and research challenges in such machines in terms of various structural and design features for electric vehicle (EV)/HEV applications.

Design/methodology/approach

In the paper, fractional slot PM brushless machines are overviewed according to the following main and sub‐topics: first, machine topologies: slot and pole number combinations, all and alternate teeth wound (double‐ and single‐layer windings), unequal tooth structure, modular stator, interior magnet rotor; second, machine parameters and control performance: winding inductances, flux‐weakening capability, fault‐tolerant performance; and third, parasitic effects: cogging torque, iron loss, rotor eddy current loss, unbalanced magnetic force, acoustic noise and vibration.

Findings

Many fractional slot PM machine topologies exist. Owing to rich mmf harmonics, fractional slot PM brushless machines exhibit relatively high rotor eddy current loss, potentially high unbalanced magnetic force and acoustic noise and vibration, while the reluctance torque component is relatively low or even negligible when an interior PM rotor is employed.

Originality/value

This is the first overview paper which systematically reviews the recent development and research challenges in fractional‐slot PM machines. It summarizes their various structural and design features for EV/HEV applications.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 30 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 August 2021

Sumeet Khalid, Faisal Khan, Zahoor Ahmad and Basharat Ullah

For compactness and ease in assembling, a novel miniature size tubular moving magnet linear oscillating actuator (MT-MMLOA) design for miniature linear compressor…

Abstract

Purpose

For compactness and ease in assembling, a novel miniature size tubular moving magnet linear oscillating actuator (MT-MMLOA) design for miniature linear compressor application is proposed in this paper.

Design/methodology/approach

This MT-MMLOA design possesses a modular C-core stator structure having separation at the middle. Axially magnetized tubular permanent magnets are accommodated on the mover. To improve the output parameters of the linear oscillating actuators (LOA), all the design parameters are optimized using a parametric sweep. Finite element analysis of the proposed design is performed to examine the magnetic flux density as well as thrust force under both static and dynamic analysis within the intended stroke range.

Findings

Compared to conventional LOA for miniature compressors, the motor constant of the proposed LOA is 37 N/A that is 85% greater while keeping the same size of LOA. Permanent magnet volume used in the investigated topology of LOA is 26% reduced. Additionally, the overall volume of the machine is 10.3% decreased. Furthermore, the proposed topology is simple, inexpensive and easy to manufacture.

Originality/value

Electromagnetic performance comparison with different topologies proposed earlier in literature is carried out to prove the performance superiority of the proposed design.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 April 2022

Sumeet Khalid, Faisal Khan, Basharat Ullah, Zahoor Ahmad and Siddique Akbar

This paper aims to provide an overview of the recent developments and new topologies of single-phase moving magnet linear oscillating actuators (MMLOAs). The key advantage…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide an overview of the recent developments and new topologies of single-phase moving magnet linear oscillating actuators (MMLOAs). The key advantage of the MMLOA when compared with conventional LOA is the absence of screws, gears and crankshaft mechanism, which results in fewer mechanical parts, simple structure, easy fabrication, lower noise levels and negligible frictional losses.

Design/methodology/approach

The review included papers up to August 2021. The structural designs of alternative topologies are deliberated in detail, and their relative merits and demerits are evaluated. Specific design issues, including pole and tooth number combinations, stroke length, magnet pole ratio and split ratio, are investigated. The imperative phenomena of the resonance, as well as the adjustable stroke, are also discussed in detail.

Findings

The electromagnetic performance in terms of thrust force of selected MMLOA topologies is compared. It is observed that the MMLOA with flux bridge topology has the highest thrust force of 365 N because of the large volume of the permanent magnets (PMs) used, which consequently increased the mass of the mover but based on overall performance analysis, single-phase end ferromagnetic Halbach surface-mounted PM LOA has the highest efficiency around 92%.

Originality/value

This review provides a comparative analysis for different tubular MMLOA topologies based on design construction and their electromagnetic performances.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 May 2017

Mohamed Omar Younsi, Olivier Ninet, Fabrice Morganti, Jean-Philippe Lecointe, Farid Zidat and Matthieu Buire

This paper aims to study the influence of supply voltage variations on the external magnetic field emitted by grid-powered induction machines (IMs).

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the influence of supply voltage variations on the external magnetic field emitted by grid-powered induction machines (IMs).

Design/methodology/approach

Two models are developed in the paper to analyse, for different supply voltage values, the influence of the variations of the magnetizing voltage for which there is a link with the tangential component of the external flux. The first is an analytical model based on the IM single-phase-equivalent circuit with variable magnetizing reactance to take into account the saturation of the magnetic circuit. The second is a numerical finite element simulation to model the same phenomenon. Results of both models are analysed with experimental measures of the external flux.

Findings

The study shows that the amplitude of the external field strongly depends on supply voltage values.

Research limitations/implications

The investigation is mainly focused on the tangential component of the external magnetic field which is of high importance concerning the applicability of non-invasive methods of diagnosis, as electromagnetic torque estimation developed by the authors or internal fault determination.

Originality/value

The originality of the paper concerns the characterization of the external flux with the supply voltage for IMs. It is shown that the magnetic circuit radiates external flux differently with the load and with the supply voltage.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 36 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 2013

M.F.J. Kremers, J.J.H. Paulides, T.E. Motoasca and E.A. Lomonova

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the performance of a proposed machine design for an in‐wheel motor with the required torque‐speed characteristic.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the performance of a proposed machine design for an in‐wheel motor with the required torque‐speed characteristic.

Design/methodology/approach

Calculation of the winding factor of the machine with the star of slots theory is performed first. The field weakening capability of the machine is investigated and the operating speed range is determined. The tooth contour modeling method for calculating the performance of the machine with a limited number of elements is introduced. The method is used to construct two models of different complexity and the results obtained with the models are compared with the results obtained by finite element models.

Findings

The 14 pole 12 slot in‐wheel PMSM discussed in this paper is able to meet the stringent performance requirements. The results obtained with the tooth contour models show good agreement with the results obtained with finite element models despite the limited number of elements. Increasing the number of elements in the model allows for modeling of armature reaction and increases the accuracy of the model.

Research limitations/implications

This work can be continued with investigating the possibilities to model the armature reaction more accurately.

Originality/value

This paper proposes a modeling method which accurately describes the performance of a PMSM with limited number of elements. With this method, the calculation procedure can be easily used for optimization of the machine design.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 32 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 June 2007

C. Schlensok, B. Schmülling, M. van der Giet and K. Hameyer

Disturbing vibrations and noise of electrical machines are gaining impact. The paper aims to focus on the necessity of estimating the electromagnetic, structure‐dynamical…

Abstract

Purpose

Disturbing vibrations and noise of electrical machines are gaining impact. The paper aims to focus on the necessity of estimating the electromagnetic, structure‐dynamical, and acoustic behaviour of the machine during designing and before proto‐typing.

Design/methodology/approach

An adequate tool is numerical simulation applying the finite‐element method (FEM) and the boundary‐element method (BEM) allowing for the structured analysis and evaluation of audible noise also caused by manufacturing tolerances.

Findings

The simulated results show good accordance to measurement results. The methods and simulation tools allow the analysis and evaluation of every type of energy converter with respect to its electromagnetic, structure‐dynamical and acoustic behaviour.

Originality/value

The methods developed and proved can be applied to any electromagnetic device in general.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 26 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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