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Article
Publication date: 19 July 2013

Clement Oury and Roswitha Poll

The purpose of this paper is to describe the aims and contents of the ISO Report ISO/TR 14873.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe the aims and contents of the ISO Report ISO/TR 14873.

Design/methodology/approach

For more than a decade, libraries have started to “collect the web”. National libraries in particular select, collect and store publications and websites from their national domain, seeing this as a task similar to traditional legal deposit. The collection policies and collecting methods vary, so that it is difficult to compare the quantity and quality of the respective web archives.

Findings

In order to harmonize the evaluation of web archives, ISO TC 46 SC 8 has produced a Technical Report that standardizes the terminology and statistics and offers tested indicators for assessing the quality of web archiving.

Originality/value

This paper describes the shortly to be published ISO/TR 14873, a potentially vital guide to harmonize web archive collection internationally.

Details

Performance Measurement and Metrics, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-8047

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Article
Publication date: 2 October 2009

Edgar Crook

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the current state of web archiving in Australia, and how libraries are adapting their services in recognition of the expanding role…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the current state of web archiving in Australia, and how libraries are adapting their services in recognition of the expanding role that online material plays in their collections.

Design/methodology/approach

The National Library of Australia is the lead institution for digital archiving and preservation in Australia. Its PANDORA Archive has been the repository for archived web resources in Australia for over ten years and is a mature but continually developing system. The archival management system PANDAS that underpins the Archive, is as of 2007, in its third major revision. Other web archiving activities also now include annual Australian Domain Harvests and the usage of Archive‐It, both of which are conducted in conjunction with the Internet Archive.

Findings

For many years it was considered that archiving could only ever completely capture a small, albeit representative, sample of the internet. Today the gap between what is available and what can be archived is decreasing. But as our archives and our archiving abilities increase, we are still confronted by new technologies and Web 2.0 applications.

Originality/value

Using as an example the 2007 Federal Election in which a large number of interactive sites such as Kevin07, MySpace and YouTube were archived the paper shows how Australian web archivers continue to adapt to and meet new challenges.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 27 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 4 July 2016

Liladhar R. Pendse

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the web-archiving as a tool for possible collection development in a research level academic library. The paper highlights the web

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the web-archiving as a tool for possible collection development in a research level academic library. The paper highlights the web-archiving project that dealt with the contemporary Ukraine conflict. Currently, as the conflict in Ukraine drags on, the need for collecting and preserving the information from various web-based resources with different ideological orientations acquires a special importance. The demise of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the emergence of independent republics were heralded by some as a peaceful transition to the “free-market” style economies. This transition was nevertheless nuanced and not seamless. Besides the incomplete market liberalization, rent-seeking behaviors of different sort, it was also accompanied by the almost ubiquitous use of and access to the internet and the internet communication technologies. Now 24 years later, the ongoing conflict in Ukraine also appears to be unfolding on the World Wide Web. With the Russian annexation of Crimea and its unification to the Russian Federation, the governmental and non-governmental websites of the Ukrainian Crimea suddenly came to represent a sort of “an endangered archive”.

Design/methodology/approach

The main purpose of this project was to make the information that is contained in Ukrainian and Russia websites available to the wider body of scholars and students over the longer period of time in a web archive. The author does not take any ideological stance on the legal status of Crimea or on the ongoing conflict in Ukraine. There are currently several projects that are devoted to the preservation of these websites. This article also focuses on providing a survey of the landscape of these projects and highlights the ongoing web-archiving project that is entitled, “the Ukraine Crisis: 2014-2015” at the UC Berkeley Library.

Findings

The UC Berkeley’s Ukraine Conflict Archive was made available to public in March of 2015 after enough materials were archived. The initial purpose of the archive was to selectively harvest, and archive those websites that are bound to either disappear or change significantly during the evolution of Crimea’s accession to Russia. However, in the aftermath of the Crimean conflict, the ensuing of military conflict in Ukraine had forced to reevaluate the web-archiving strategy. The project was never envisioned to be a competing project to the Ukraine Conflict project. Instead, it was supposed to capture complimentary data that could have been missed by other similar projects. This web archive has been made public to provide a glimpse of what was happening and what is happening in Ukraine.

Research limitations/implications

Now 24 years later, the ongoing conflict in Ukraine also appears to be unfolding on the World Wide Web. With the Russian annexation of Crimea and its unification to the Russian Federation, the governmental and non-governmental websites of the Ukrainian Crimea suddenly came to represent a sort of “an endangered archive”. The impetus for archiving the selected Ukrainian websites came as a result of the changing geopolitical realities of Crimea. The daily changes to the websites and also loss of information that is contained within them is one of the many problems faced by the users of these websites. In some cases, the likelihood of these websites is relatively high. This in turn was followed by the author’s desire to preserve the information about the daily lives in Ukraine’s east in light of the unfolding violent armed conflict.

Originality/value

Upon close survey of the Library and Information Sciences currently published articles on Ukraine Conflict, no articles that are currently dedicated to archiving the Crimean and Ukrainian situations were found.

Details

Collection Building, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0160-4953

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Article
Publication date: 2 August 2019

Márton Németh and László Drótos

National Széchényi Library is introducing a new blended learning-based curriculum model on Web archiving for public collection professionals. The purpose of this paper is…

Abstract

Purpose

National Széchényi Library is introducing a new blended learning-based curriculum model on Web archiving for public collection professionals. The purpose of this paper is to describe this curriculum concept together with its international context.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative case study is being offered. The concept of the curriculum applying the results of an international questionnaire of the International Internet Preservation Consortium. A detailed curriculum structure is being presented together with a brief description of the major professional/ methodological concepts. It is based on constructive pedagogical approach. Based on the same general approach, some major methodological differences among the on-site and e-learning elements of curriculum design are also being described.

Findings

There is a high need to offer trainings in Web archiving filed to digital library professionals throughout Europe. A complex curriculum is highly needed to different target groups by various course delivery forms. The course concept offers a solid base; however, the structure of the curriculum has to reflect to the differences of specific methodological requirements in on-site and e–learning environments. A main goal of the study is describing the possibility to build-up that kind of hibrid blended learning-based training structure. Based on the described curriculum trainings are starting on April 2019. Sharing practical experiences about practical training activities based on this course structure can initiate further discussion on web archiving education field in the future.

Research limitations/implications

This paper would like to imitate some further discussions about methodological issues by developing education and training curricula on Web archiving in various European countries. By the framework of the Training Working Group of the International Internet Preservation Consortium, these proposed discussions can be elaborated.

Practical implications

The main practical implications are to encourage other partner libraries by the framework of the Training Working Group of International Internet Preservation Consortium to build-up similar training programmes and to plan various collaborative activities in this field.

Social implications

The proposed curriculum aims to acquire some major skills and competences on web archiving field by librarians from both the research library and public library sectors. The course can be available to museum professionals and archivists […]. The main goal is to learn to build-up small-scale web archiving projects in local, institutional environments in Hungary. It is quite necessary to preserve Web documents and other materials that are reflecting to the life of the local society. The social impact of preserving the local Web history can be overwhelming in the future.

Originality/value

Much untapped potential exists for librarians, archivists and museum professionals to plan and realize Web archiving projects in their own local institutional environments. This paper describes a new type of national model to offer them getting the necessary skills and competences in this field. There is a significant gap of describing education concepts in Web archiving.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2004

Juha Hakala

Preserving the published cultural heritage of a country is a major concern of any national library, and the challenge of archiving and preserving information published on…

Abstract

Preserving the published cultural heritage of a country is a major concern of any national library, and the challenge of archiving and preserving information published on the Web is great. A short history of Web archiving in Europe from the Swedish Kulturarw3 project to the Nordic Web Archive initiative is provided, together with a generic discussion on the technical challenges of and the solutions developed for Web harvesting and archiving. Experiences from Helsinki University Library in Finland in the use and co‐operative development of the NEDLIB (Networked European Deposit Library) harvester are given.

Details

Program, vol. 38 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

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Article
Publication date: 26 September 2008

Mirna Willer, Tanja Buzina, Karolina Holub, Jasenka Zajec, Miroslav Milinović and Nebojša Topolščak

The purpose of this paper is to assess costs in the National and University Library of Croatia for processing Croatian web resources and the maintenance and development of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess costs in the National and University Library of Croatia for processing Croatian web resources and the maintenance and development of the service, and to analyse the present organisation and workflow of their processing, and to propose improvements.

Design/methodology/approach

The assessment period was two months, during which the members of staff involved minutely monitored their tasks. The results were compared to the same exercise reported by the National Library of Australia and processing costs of cataloguing Croatian print publications.

Findings

The bottom‐up analysis of processing web resources shows that a balanced description of tasks and their distribution over staff members was established, and that the present workflow meets the requirements of efficient processing of web resources. As a general finding, approximately the same time was spent on archiving new items, as on the control and maintenance of the already archived ones due to the change of web resource properties, URL instability and the changes of technology. The comparative analysis showed: less time is spent on identification and selection and publishers' contacts on the part of the Croatian National Library compared to the Australian one; almost twice as much time was spent on gathering, quality assurance, and archiving instances in the Australian case than in the Croatian one; practically the same time was spent on cataloguing in both cases; and compared to cataloguing of print publications, significantly less time was spent on the print ones.

Originality/value

The paper is one of the two published articles on the in depth analysis of the workflow and processing costs of managing and selectively archiving legal deposit copies of web resources in a national library. Its potential value is in drawing attention of library managers of those institutions that deal with selective web archiving to assess costs and services in view of the legal obligations of libraries for preserving national cultural web heritage and meeting present and future users' needs.

Details

Program, vol. 42 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

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Article
Publication date: 18 May 2012

Emily Gresham and Sarah Higgins

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects Web 2.0 has on users' ability to browse online archive catalogues effectively.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects Web 2.0 has on users' ability to browse online archive catalogues effectively.

Design/methodology/approach

Methods used included a review of the relevant scholarly literature, content analysis and semi‐structured interviews with purposive samples of online catalogues and archive staff, respectively.

Findings

The Web 2.0 technologies likely to improve browsability were identified. Web 2.0 use was expected to be low, the results confirmed this. Results from the interviews showed that although Web 2.0 may improve browsability for certain user groups, more fundamental improvements such as improved catalogue data were expected to be more effective. Interviewees did not see any clear benefits to Web 2.0 implementation and had struggled to collect data on usage of some of the Web 2.0 tools they used.

Research limitations/implications

The results provided confirmation of many points made in existing research. Data need to be collected from users if Web 2.0 use and its effects on browsability are to be understood. At present the effects of Web 2.0 on the browsability of online catalogues remains unclear.

Originality/value

This paper provides a starting point for further investigation into the effect of Web 2.0 on the browsability of online catalogues. Web 2.0 tools which could potentially improve browsability have been identified and a snapshot has been taken of their use across the sample catalogues.

Details

Library Review, vol. 61 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2004

Hsiang‐Fu Yu, Yi‐Ming Chen and Li‐Ming Tseng

An archive is a file containing several related files. Many Internet resources, such as freeware, shareware and trail software, are often packaged into archives for easy…

Abstract

An archive is a file containing several related files. Many Internet resources, such as freeware, shareware and trail software, are often packaged into archives for easy installation and taking. Additionally, thousands of users search for archives and download them from different sources everyday. In this paper, previous research on archive downloading is extended via proxy cache to support archive searching. Internet proxy cache servers are used to gather a significant number of Web pages, detect those that contain archive links, and then use the obtained data to search archives by description or filename. Two schemes, iterative and backtracking, are proposed to obtain Web pages with archive links. The experimental results indicate that the precision that both of the schemes can achieve is about the same; however, the backtracking scheme reduces the number of checked pages by a factor of 26. Finally, a real system was implemented to demonstrate the proposed approaches.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

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Article
Publication date: 8 January 2018

Miel Vander Sande, Ruben Verborgh, Patrick Hochstenbach and Herbert Van de Sompel

The purpose of this paper is to detail a low-cost, low-maintenance publishing strategy aimed at unlocking the value of Linked Data collections held by libraries, archives

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to detail a low-cost, low-maintenance publishing strategy aimed at unlocking the value of Linked Data collections held by libraries, archives and museums (LAMs).

Design/methodology/approach

The shortcomings of commonly used Linked Data publishing approaches are identified, and the current lack of substantial collections of Linked Data exposed by LAMs is considered. To improve on the discussed status quo, a novel approach for publishing Linked Data is proposed and demonstrated by means of an archive of DBpedia versions, which is queried in combination with other Linked Data sources.

Findings

The authors show that the approach makes publishing Linked Data archives easy and affordable, and supports distributed querying without causing untenable load on the Linked Data sources.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed approach significantly lowers the barrier for publishing, maintaining, and making Linked Data collections queryable. As such, it offers the potential to substantially grow the distributed network of queryable Linked Data sources. Because the approach supports querying without causing unacceptable load on the sources, the queryable interfaces are expected to be more reliable, allowing them to become integral building blocks of robust applications that leverage distributed Linked Data sources.

Originality/value

The novel publishing strategy significantly lowers the technical and financial barriers that LAMs face when attempting to publish Linked Data collections. The proposed approach yields Linked Data sources that can reliably be queried, paving the way for applications that leverage distributed Linked Data sources through federated querying.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 74 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2006

Elizabeth Yakel

The purpose of this paper is to discuss ways that Web 2.0 features are being used in archival access systems and how more might be incorporated in the future.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss ways that Web 2.0 features are being used in archival access systems and how more might be incorporated in the future.

Design/methodology/approach

This article uses a modified content analysis to highlight archives and special collections using features and functionalities associated with Web 2.0 and social navigation.

Findings

A limited number of archives and manuscript collections have made forays into the world of the Web 2.0 and included interactive features on their web sites as well as tried to foster social navigation. The examples in the article do not represent all repositories employing these features, but demonstrate how they can be used to build different relationships with researchers and even among the researchers themselves.

Practical implications

This article discusses ways that Web 2.0 features are being used in archival access systems and how these might be incorporated into other sites the future.

Originality/value

This article identifies archival web sites that support social navigation.

Details

OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1065-075X

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