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Article
Publication date: 4 April 2016

Vanessa Ratten

Sports marketing is a dynamic subject area linking academic research, marketing practitioners and public policy planners. This special issue of Marketing Intelligence and…

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Abstract

Purpose

Sports marketing is a dynamic subject area linking academic research, marketing practitioners and public policy planners. This special issue of Marketing Intelligence and Planning focusses on “The Dynamics of Sports Marketing” by including a number of articles on this topic. The purpose of this paper is to discuss these issues by highlighting the growing area of sports marketing, sport entrepreneurship and sport management.

Design/methodology/approach

Sports marketing contributes to the future of the global economy because of its linkage to other industries including manufacturing, tourism, education and technology. The role of marketing intelligence and planning for the sport sector is crucial for sport and related organizations as a way to drive the global economy and spur growth. In sport organizations, marketing consists of planning and forecasting for future demand.

Findings

The findings of this introduction paper to the special journal issue highlight how it is interesting to see how sports marketing will continue to be dynamic due to its importance in building marketing practice with theory.

Originality/value

This paper discusses the main sports marketing issues raised by the articles in this special issue and suggest directions for future research.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 34 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1999

Tony Meenaghan and Paul O’Sullivan

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2646

Abstract

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 33 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

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Case study
Publication date: 1 January 2011

Donelda S. McKechnie

Sport marketing, sponsorship, marketing strategy, event management.

Abstract

Subject area

Sport marketing, sponsorship, marketing strategy, event management.

Study level/applicability

Undergraduate and Postgraduate Business and Management.

Case overview

This case discusses sport marketing within an emerging market business environment. PromoSeven Sports Marketing is the focus company. PromoSeven name is synonymous with major events particularly Emirates Airline Rugby 7s and the Olympic Council of Asia. The case highlights the challenges facing sponsorship, event management, sport marketing and PromoSeven's own business strategy after the 2009 economic downturn drew attention to Dubai's financial situation.

Expected learning outcomes

This case can be used to teach sport marketing, sponsorship, event management, and marketing strategy. It can also be used to identify target market segments for sports and the positioning that may appeal to those segments.

Supplementary materials

A teaching note is available on request.

Details

Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Case Study
ISSN: 2045-0621

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Book part
Publication date: 28 December 2016

Crystal C. Lewis and Cristina H. Jönsson

It is observed that many destinations are implementing sport tourism offerings to enhance their ability to attract visitors through satisfying their desires of new…

Abstract

Purpose

It is observed that many destinations are implementing sport tourism offerings to enhance their ability to attract visitors through satisfying their desires of new experiences. This has led to a highly competitive sport tourism market and as a result destinations engage in various marketing techniques and promotional tools to gain an advantage. For that reason this research was undertaken to acquire a greater understanding of the importance of promotional tools to successfully and efficiently market sport tourism experiences.

Methodology/approach

The construct of this study comprises of two stages. The aim of the first stage is to evaluate the specific tools used to promote sport tourism and sport tourism experiences in Barbados by examining the responses of various sporting and tourism bodies. The second stage of this research was conducted to present and analyze how marketing/promotional tools could contribute to better market sport tourism experiences.

Findings

The research found that many of the promotional tools implemented in Barbados during their marketing process correspond with those used internationally. However, problems of poor and insufficient sporting facilities as well as little collaboration between tourism and sporting entities, hamper the success of Barbados as a sport tourism destination. This further minimized Barbados’ ability to market favorable tourism experiences. This therefore shows that while promotional tools are essential in attracting tourists, other elements must also be taken into consideration to ensure sport tourists have positive experiences which would lead to a successful sport tourism destination.

Originality/value

Few studies in this area have been undertaken in the Caribbean. This study attempts to fill this gap by examining the implementation of sport tourism offerings to attract visitors to Barbados.

Details

The Handbook of Managing and Marketing Tourism Experiences
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-289-7

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Article
Publication date: 27 April 2010

Mehrdad Estiri, Hashem Aghazadeh, Hamzeh Rayej and Tannaz Raoufi

Preparing and presenting proper marketing programs are of paramount importance in establishing and developing sport activities in any country. The reasons behind the…

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4806

Abstract

Purpose

Preparing and presenting proper marketing programs are of paramount importance in establishing and developing sport activities in any country. The reasons behind the apparent lack of such programs in Iran are not the result of unwillingness of sport institutions to adopt these programs but are mainly because of numerous barriers and problems facing these organizations. This paper aims to clarify and examine these barriers.

Design/methodology/approach

By extensively studying electronic databases of Iran and some other countries, we recognized that there were two kinds of problems: internal problems and external ones. The internal problems were deemed more important and were further categorized into problems and barriers involving: management (five factors), goals and strategies (three factors), marketing policy (six factors), culture structure (three factors), employees (three factors) and finally organizational structure (three factors). After all the 23 obstructive factors were determined, sport and marketing experts were asked for their inputs in order to determine the validity, importance and ranking of these factors. For analyzing the data t‐test was utilized and determination of priorities was done by Freidman test.

Findings

The findings from this study reveal that, 23 internal factors that can act as barriers to hinder the progress of sport marketing were almost unanimously confirmed by the experts. The experts also agreed that removing these barriers will significantly improve both general and championship sport activities in Iran.

Originality/value

The approach and results have significant implications for sport institution managers in Iran.

Details

Business Strategy Series, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-5637

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Book part
Publication date: 11 June 2021

Vanessa Ratten and Ashleigh-Jane Thompson

This chapter aims at bringing a sport-centric approach to the study of digital marketing. This is important as most of the existing research on digital marketing takes an…

Abstract

This chapter aims at bringing a sport-centric approach to the study of digital marketing. This is important as most of the existing research on digital marketing takes an industry-neutral perspective that generalises theory to all contexts. The sport industry has been a major recipient of digital marketing so it is important to recognise its impact on the evolution of digital marketing practices. To do so requires an analysis of what digital marketing is and how it has changed as a result of technological innovations. This enables a better understanding about the growth trajectory of digital sport marketing that integrates a sport-specific theory to digital marketing practices.

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1999

J. Richard Shannon

Looks at the sports industry and addresses the current situation for authors seeking to publish in the area of sports marketing. Sports currently represents the eleventh…

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21760

Abstract

Looks at the sports industry and addresses the current situation for authors seeking to publish in the area of sports marketing. Sports currently represents the eleventh largest industry in the USA. Despite this, there are few mainstream marketing journals willing to publish manuscripts on sports marketing. In an effort to circumvent this problem, some sports marketing authors have “disguised” their research under the guise of “servicescapes” or leisure services. Looks at the topical content of the leading outlet for sports marketing manuscripts, Sport Marketing Quarterly. The author classifies the articles into 18 categories. Sponsorship is the most frequent topic for sport marketing papers, followed by general research and research on fans, spectators, and participants. Provides an extensive bibliography of sportmarketing articles published in academic journals. While a few of these are in marketing journals, the vast majority are published “out of field”.

Details

Journal of Services Marketing, vol. 13 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0887-6045

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Article
Publication date: 12 September 2016

Gerd Nufer

The purpose of this paper is to comprehensively characterise the interdisciplinary phenomenon of ambush marketing in sports, structure its manifestations, illustrate the…

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3124

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to comprehensively characterise the interdisciplinary phenomenon of ambush marketing in sports, structure its manifestations, illustrate the consequences associated with ambush marketing and provide a critical evaluation from an objective perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

Various approaches to the definition of ambush marketing are presented and the objectives pursued with ambush marketing are identified. In this paper a new approach has been developed to structure the strategies and manifestations of ambush marketing.

Findings

It is a fine line between creative marketing and infringing on sponsorship rights. So the interdisciplinary phenomenon ambush marketing is discussed controversially. Ambush marketing is situated at the intersection of two opposing spheres of interest conducting a battle for shares of the marketing potential of a sports event. On one side there is the disparaging view of ambush marketing founded on legal and/or ethical considerations. On the other, the author has the respectful assessment of ambushers characterised by their innovative, creative marketing.

Practical implications

The analysis conducted in this paper leads to the conclusion that a general evaluation or condemnation of ambush marketing is not feasible. A four-field matrix emerges from the combination of a legal-statutory consideration on one hand and an ethical-moral assessment on the other.

Originality/value

The paper describes and structures ambush marketing in a novel form and discusses illustrating examples from major sporting events. Ambush marketing is evaluated from a neutral perspective by summarising the opportunities and threats of ambush marketing which leads to a nuanced contemplation of ambush marketing.

Details

Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-678X

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Article
Publication date: 11 October 2011

Tim Benijts, Wim Lagae and Benedict Vanclooster

This study seeks to examine how a sport league, a unique feature of professional sport, influences the business‐to‐business marketing of teams participating in the sport league.

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3080

Abstract

Purpose

This study seeks to examine how a sport league, a unique feature of professional sport, influences the business‐to‐business marketing of teams participating in the sport league.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses a qualitative research design based on a single case study, the UCI ProTour in professional road cycling. The primary sources consist of 27 semi‐structured interviews complemented by written sources and controlled for construct validity, external validity and reliability.

Findings

From a theoretical point of view, a sport league is a marketing channel network (a specific type of an intentionally developed business network or IDBN). Theoretical analysis also reveals that the teams' business‐to‐business marketing is positively related to the network's value‐creating system. Empirically, it is argued that the introduction of a marketing channel network has a positive influence on the financial value of the teams' business‐to‐business market but does not result in a change in the business demographics of corporate sponsors.

Research limitations

The study has possible sport‐specific limitations.

Practical implications

Business‐to‐business marketers and sport league managers should pay attention to the characteristics of the sport league as these influence the teams' business‐to‐business market. This is especially valid for sports in which teams rely strongly on sport sponsoring and, to a lesser extend, on gate revenues, television rights and prize money.

Originality/value

For the first time, this study examines and provides data on the business‐to‐business environment of teams in professional road cycling. It contributes to the literature of international sport marketing and professional road cycling, a sport gaining momentum in various countries and which is understudied in comparison to other sports.

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2011

Yu Kyoum Kim, Galen T Trail, Boyun Woo and James Zhang

The purpose of this research was to develop the Sports Consumer-Team Relationship Quality Scale (SCTRQS). In Study I, content validity was established through a…

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to develop the Sports Consumer-Team Relationship Quality Scale (SCTRQS). In Study I, content validity was established through a comprehensive review of literature and tests of content validity, including expert review. Based on the assessment of psychometric properties, theoretical relevance of the items and parsimoniousness of the scale, items were refined for two following studies. Results indicated that the SCTRQS would be a valid tool for marketers and managers to assess relationship quality with their consumers for marketing strategies, effectiveness of advertising campaigns, sponsorship value and value for stakeholders.

Details

International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1464-6668

Keywords

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