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Article
Publication date: 19 June 2017

Yoshiteru Amemiya and Shin Yokoyama

This paper aims to develop ring resonator type optical sensors for high-sensitive detection of biomaterials and a solution concentration surrounding sensor devices. The…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to develop ring resonator type optical sensors for high-sensitive detection of biomaterials and a solution concentration surrounding sensor devices. The sensing characteristics of a proposed device are investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed device structure is multi-slot ring resonator where the horizontal slots are arranged in vertical direction called as stacked multi-slot ring resonator. The ring resonator consists of silicon nitride because of several advantages such as easy integration of Si photo-detectors. A high sensitivity is expected in this structure because the slot height is precisely controlled by the thickness of stacked silicon nitride and etched silicon oxide layers. Sensing characteristics are evaluated from the simulated effective refractive index using the finite element method and sucrose solution sensing is confirmed using polydimethylsiloxane fluid channel.

Findings

In the simulation for the solution concentration sensor, the detection sensitivity is enhanced with increasing the slot height and the number of slots. On the other hand, for the biomaterial sensor such as the adsorbed antigen-antibody reaction, the sensitivity increases with decreasing the slot height. In this case, more than four times higher sensitivity is expected compared with the slot ring resonator sensor with vertical single slot and 0.1-0.2 μm slot width.

Originality/value

This paper presents an improved new structure of ring resonator type sensors and its optimum design parameters. The sensing characteristics are evaluated, and, for the biomaterial sensor, the sensitivity is high in comparison to the previous slot ring resonator.

Article
Publication date: 9 January 2018

Robert Bogue

This paper aims to provide a technical insight into recent molecular sensor developments involving nanophotonic materials and phenomena.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide a technical insight into recent molecular sensor developments involving nanophotonic materials and phenomena.

Design/methodology/approach

Following an introduction, this highlights a selection of recent research activities involving molecular sensors based on nanophotonic technologies. It discusses chemical sensors, gas sensors and finally the role of nanophotonics in Raman spectroscopy. Brief concluding comments are drawn.

Findings

This shows that nanophotonic technologies are being applied to a diversity of molecular sensors and have the potential to yield devices with enhanced features such as higher sensitivity and reduced size. As several of these sensors can be fabricated with CMOS technology, potential exists for mass-production and significantly reduced costs.

Originality/value

This article illustrates how emerging nanophotonic technologies are set to enhance the capabilities of a diverse range of molecular sensors.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 38 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1996

F. Yalcinkaya and E.T. Powner

Reviews intelligent structures through surface‐ and bulk‐micromachining. Examines the merits of these techniques and their past, present and future applications to…

259

Abstract

Reviews intelligent structures through surface‐ and bulk‐micromachining. Examines the merits of these techniques and their past, present and future applications to real‐life problems.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 16 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2005

Jaroslav Mackerle

Ceramic materials and glasses have become important in modern industry as well as in the consumer environment. Heat resistant ceramics are used in the metal forming…

5101

Abstract

Purpose

Ceramic materials and glasses have become important in modern industry as well as in the consumer environment. Heat resistant ceramics are used in the metal forming processes or as welding and brazing fixtures, etc. Ceramic materials are frequently used in industries where a wear and chemical resistance are required criteria (seals, liners, grinding wheels, machining tools, etc.). Electrical, magnetic and optical properties of ceramic materials are important in electrical and electronic industries where these materials are used as sensors and actuators, integrated circuits, piezoelectric transducers, ultrasonic devices, microwave devices, magnetic tapes, and in other applications. A significant amount of literature is available on the finite element modelling (FEM) of ceramics and glass. This paper gives a listing of these published papers and is a continuation of the author's bibliography entitled “Finite element modelling of ceramics and glass” and published in Engineering Computations, Vol. 16, 1999, pp. 510‐71 for the period 1977‐1998.

Design/methodology/approach

The form of the paper is a bibliography. Listed references have been retrieved from the author's database, MAKEBASE. Also Compendex has been checked. The period is 1998‐2004.

Findings

Provides a listing of 1,432 references. The following topics are included: ceramics – material and mechanical properties in general, ceramic coatings and joining problems, ceramic composites, piezoceramics, ceramic tools and machining, material processing simulations, fracture mechanics and damage, applications of ceramic/composites in engineering; glass – material and mechanical properties in general, glass fiber composites, material processing simulations, fracture mechanics and damage, and applications of glasses in engineering.

Originality/value

This paper makes it easy for professionals working with the numerical methods with applications to ceramics and glasses to be up‐to‐date in an effective way.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 September 2009

Robert Bogue

The purpose of this paper is to provide a technical review of recent nanosensor research.

2286

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a technical review of recent nanosensor research.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper describes a number of nanosensor research themes and recent development activities, with an emphasis on work conducted or reported since 2006. It considers a range of emerging nanosensing technologies and two specific areas of application.

Findings

This paper shows that nanosensor technology is developing rapidly and is the subject of a global research effort. Technologies such as nano‐electromechanical system, nano‐opto‐electromechanical system, nanophotonics and the combination of nanotechnology with microtechnology offer prospects to yield sensors for a wide range of chemical, biochemical and physical variables in applications which include healthcare, defence and homeland security, environmental monitoring and light sensing and imaging.

Originality/value

This paper provides a technically detailed, up‐to‐date account of recent nanosensor research.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 December 2018

A. Vivek, K. Shambavi and Zachariah C. Alex

This paper aims to focus on research work related to metamaterial-based sensors for material characterization that have been developed for past ten years. A decade of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to focus on research work related to metamaterial-based sensors for material characterization that have been developed for past ten years. A decade of research on metamaterial for sensing application has led to the advancement of compact and improved sensors.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, relevant research papers on metamaterial sensors for material characterization published in reputed journals during the period 2007-2018 were reviewed, particularly focusing on shape, size and nature of materials characterized. Each sensor with its design and performance parameters have been summarized and discussed here.

Findings

As metamaterial structures are excited by electromagnetic wave interaction, sensing application throughout electromagnetic spectrum is possible. Recent advancement in fabrication techniques and improvement in metamaterial structures have led to the development of compact, label free and reversible sensors with high sensitivity.

Originality/value

The paper provides useful information on the development of metamaterial sensors for material characterization.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 39 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 27 March 2020

George-Konstantinos Gaitanakis, George Limnaios and Konstantinos Zikidis

Modern fighter aircraft using active electronically scanned array (AESA) fire control radars are able to detect and track targets at long ranges, in the order of 50…

Abstract

Purpose

Modern fighter aircraft using active electronically scanned array (AESA) fire control radars are able to detect and track targets at long ranges, in the order of 50 nautical miles or more. Low observable or stealth technology has contested the radar capabilities, reducing detection/tracking ranges roughly to one-third (or even less, for fighter aircraft radar). Hence, infrared search and track (IRST) systems have been reconsidered as an alternative to the radar. This study aims to explore and compare the capabilities and limitations of these two technologies, AESA radars and IRST systems, as well as their synergy through sensor fusion.

Design/methodology/approach

The AESA radar range is calculated with the help of the radar equation under certain assumptions, taking into account heat dissipation requirements, using the F-16 fighter as a case study. Concerning the IRST sensor, a new model is proposed for the estimation of the detection range, based on the emitted infrared radiation caused by aerodynamic heating.

Findings

The maximum detection range provided by an AESA radar could be restricted because of the increased waste heat which is produced and the relevant constraints concerning the cooling capacity of the carrying aircraft. On the other hand, IRST systems exhibit certain advantages over radars against low observable threats. IRST could be combined with a datalink with the help of data fusion, offering weapons-quality track.

Originality/value

An original approach is provided for the IRST detection range estimation. The AESA/IRST comparison offers valuable insight, while it allows for more efficient planning, at the military acquisition phase, as well as at the tactical level.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 92 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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