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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2002

Sajjad Zahir, Brian Dobing and M. Gordon Hunter

When new technologies become available and cultures adopt them, the result can be either convergence, cultures becoming more similar as a result, or divergence, when…

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3690

Abstract

When new technologies become available and cultures adopt them, the result can be either convergence, cultures becoming more similar as a result, or divergence, when cultures adopt technology in different ways that maintain or even further accentuate their differences. An analysis of full‐service national Web portals from different countries, typically offering a search engine, directories of links on a set of selected topics, news items (including weather, sports, entertainment, and stock market results), advertisements and shopping, and free e‐mail, shows evidence of both trends. While most national portals closely resemble the basic structure of Yahoo!, the original free full‐service portal, there are also differences in appearance and features offered that can be attributed to cultural variations based on Hofstede’s framework.

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Internet Research, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

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Article
Publication date: 11 January 2016

Sylvia Rohlfer and Yingying Zhang

This paper aims to unfold the path of how the complexity of culture issues leads to a rising pressure for paradigm changes in the research on culture in international…

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5739

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to unfold the path of how the complexity of culture issues leads to a rising pressure for paradigm changes in the research on culture in international management. In terms of academic debate about culture, the crucial paradigm shift has not yet happened. Research and writing are still dominated by a mechanistic-rational approach which does not quite know to handle cultural phenomena which by nature are mutuable, often transient and invariably context-specific. Rising pressure is observed for paradigm changes through three main trends: integration of West-East dichotomy, coexistence of convergence and divergence; and dynamic vs static perspectives. It is argued that the unresolved debate on the culture construct and its measurement, the epistemological stance by researchers and associated methodological choices in culture studies reinforce these trends pressuring for a paradigm shift.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper reviews the knowledge based on culture studies to establish the contributions of culture studies in international business and the foundation of its knowledge base. The conceptual foundation of culture, its multi-level and multi-dimensionality and critical issues in research epistemology and methodology are analyzed to discuss emerging trends in the process of an imminent paradigm change.

Findings

By unfolding the nature of abstract and high-order definition of culture, the focus is on deciphering the complex construct and multi-level and multi-dimensionality in measurement, which, in turn, interact with the epistemology of culture researchers and the choice of methodology used to carry out culture studies. Eventually the interaction of the three studied elements drives the proposed three paradigmatic changes in the evolving business environment.

Research limitations/implications

The identified trends in existing culture research keep the importance of culture studies in international business management thriving as we point to their relevance for the envisaged paradigm shift.

Practical implications

The three paradoxes discussed challenge researchers who aim to contribute to the knowledge base of culture in international business. In addition, the debate cannot be ignored by international business managers as culture is a key informal institutional driver that influences international business performance.

Originality/value

The review of the knowledge base on culture studies in management contributes to a better understanding of the envisaged paradigmatic shift of the discipline. The debate on the complexity of culture studies is extended to three tendencies for potential paradigmatic change, with implications discussed to suggest future research.

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European Business Review, vol. 28 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-534X

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Book part
Publication date: 23 July 2015

Szilvia Gyimóthy, Christine Lundberg, Kristina N. Lindström, Maria Lexhagen and Mia Larson

Tourism in the wake of films, literature, and music is gaining interest among academics and practitioners alike. Despite the significance of converging tourism and media…

Abstract

Tourism in the wake of films, literature, and music is gaining interest among academics and practitioners alike. Despite the significance of converging tourism and media production and popcultural consumption, theorizing in this field is weak. This chapter explores complex relationships among popcultural phenomena, destination image creation, and tourism consumption. By taking a broader social science approach, it revisits and connects research themes, such as symbolic consumption, negotiated representations, fans and fandom, technology mediation, and media convergence. The chapter concludes with an integrative model, or “popcultural placemaking loop,” which is qualified through six propositions.

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Tourism Research Frontiers: Beyond the Boundaries of Knowledge
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-993-5

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Article
Publication date: 14 November 2019

Nilüfer Geysi, Selin Türkel and Ebru Uzunoğlu

The purpose of this paper is to compare corporate values of companies that exist in a volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous environment via semantic network analysis…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to compare corporate values of companies that exist in a volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous environment via semantic network analysis (SNA) approach. A secondary aim is to juxtapose these values with the expected values in turmoil from a cross-cultural perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper examines values statements of companies in Fortune 500 rankings of Turkey and the USA in 2016. The data regarding expected values in turmoil are obtained through expert appraisal from 20 public relations scholars from each country. SNA method is applied in both stages of the study.

Findings

Findings show several common values for Turkish and American companies (e.g. customer focused and honest). However, Turkey reflects developing country values, such as “development oriented,” while American companies have post-materialist values, such as “respectful.” According to academicians’ perspectives, ideal corporate values should represent long-term orientation and relationship building.

Practical implications

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first comparative study to take a network approach in the systematic examination corporate values in a business world that is threatened by crisis. Therefore, the results will generate implications for the corporate literature in addition to providing guidelines for corporate communication professionals.

Originality/value

This study is innovative in both context and methodology, comparing corporate values that exist in different sociocultural contexts via SNA, an approach which allows in-depth cultural analysis based on quantitative data.

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Corporate Communications: An International Journal, vol. 25 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-3289

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

Lars‐Gunnar Mattsson

Globalization of markets is a phenomenon that has received much attention and been extensively debated both at general societal/institutional/cultural levels and at market…

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9996

Abstract

Globalization of markets is a phenomenon that has received much attention and been extensively debated both at general societal/institutional/cultural levels and at market and business levels. In any globalization process, distribution of goods and services between and within local industrial and consumer markets is of great importance. Globalization of markets and reorganization of distribution are mutually dependent processes that involve changes in market structures. Contemporary examples of this are the emergence of global supply chains, internationalization of wholesale, retail and transportation firms and the development of sales via the Internet. The nature of the interdependence between globalization of markets and the reorganization of distribution is discussed, applying a network view of markets with reference to the cultural dimensions. Supply chain management issues are intimately related to these general development trends. The article concludes with some observations on the need, in practice and in research, to consider supply chain management in its dynamic context.

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Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, vol. 8 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-8546

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Article
Publication date: 12 December 2019

Ina Reichenberger

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the relevance of popular culture in a tourism context, highlighting how it can impact the future of tourism.

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1727

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the relevance of popular culture in a tourism context, highlighting how it can impact the future of tourism.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing upon existing research, the popularity of popular culture is discussed, and future developments are transferred to the field of tourism.

Findings

It is expected that the demand for popular culture related tourism activities and experiences will continue to increase, providing opportunities for destinations for visitor dispersal, the distribution of economic benefits across regions, and the tackling of industry-based challenges.

Originality/value

The paper draws attention to the potential of popular culture in positive and tourism development that reduces negative impacts.

Details

Journal of Tourism Futures, vol. 7 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2055-5911

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Book part
Publication date: 31 July 2018

Francesca Comunello and Simone Mulargia

Abstract

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Social Media in Earthquake-Related Communication
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-792-8

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Book part
Publication date: 28 August 2020

Matthew Spokes

Abstract

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Gaming and the Virtual Sublime: Rhetoric, Awe, Fear, and Death in Contemporary Video Games
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-431-1

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1997

Everett E. Adam, Lawrence M. Corbett, Benito E. Flores, Norma J. Harrison, T.S. Lee, Boo‐Ho Rho, Jaime Ribera, Danny Samson and Roy Westbrook

Investigates what approaches to quality lead to best quality and financial performance across different regions of the world. Reports a survey of 977 firms in Asia/South…

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4402

Abstract

Investigates what approaches to quality lead to best quality and financial performance across different regions of the world. Reports a survey of 977 firms in Asia/South Pacific, Europe, and North America. Fifty‐two items that suggest how a firm might improve quality were factor analysed and grouped into 11 factors, each factor a broader approach to quality improvement than any one item. Actual quality was measured eight different ways. Each approach to quality improvement (factor) was correlated to each quality measure, as well as to several financial measures. The results suggest that a company’s approach to quality correlates to actual quality and to a lesser extent to financial performance. The major factors found to influence actual quality were the organization’s knowledge of quality management, its degree of customer focus, and management involvement. When the task was to predict performance outcomes in any region, the specific factors that best predict performance were found to vary from region to region. That is, there were specific models within a region that better predicted performance than the model which predicted performance across all regions.

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International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 17 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Article
Publication date: 25 January 2011

Sanjeev Tripathi

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359

Abstract

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Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 28 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0736-3761

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