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Executive Burnout
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-285-9

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1994

Jacob Weisberg

Identifies workers′ burnout as an important factor influencingproductivity, commitment, and intentions to leave a job, which disruptorganizational operation and costs…

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6533

Abstract

Identifies workers′ burnout as an important factor influencing productivity, commitment, and intentions to leave a job, which disrupt organizational operation and costs. Examines the relationship between the burnout of female school teachers and its effect on their intentions to leave their jobs. Based on a comparative analysis of three measures of burnout, shows two major findings. First, the best burnout predictor of intention to leave a job was obtained when 21 items measuring burnout level were factorily analysed and consolidated into three factors, which were then employed as independent variables in a regression analysis. This was superior to the utilization of the mean score of the 21 items or to a single direct measure. Explained variances were 66.5 per cent, 55.7 per cent, and 44.5 per cent, respectively. Second, a more detailed identification of types of burnout obtained by the first method showed that physical and mental burnout components are significant in explaining workers′ intention to leave, while emotional burnout was not. Discusses the crucial importance of accurate identification of burnout components and their dimensions with regard to management strategies to prevent and/or provide treatment for workers suffering from burnout.

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International Journal of Manpower, vol. 15 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

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Article
Publication date: 14 October 2021

Neuza Ribeiro, Ana Suzete Semedo, Daniel Gomes, Rita Bernardino and Sharda Singh

This study aims to examine the impact of workplace bullying on employees’ burnout by investigating the mediating effect of affective well-being (AWB).

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the impact of workplace bullying on employees’ burnout by investigating the mediating effect of affective well-being (AWB).

Design/methodology/approach

Data of 532 employees from diverse organizations in Portugal were collected. These data were collected using anonymously completed structured questionnaires available online.

Findings

The results support the research hypotheses proposed, confirming that workplace bullying is related to both AWB and burnout. Moreover, affective workplace bullying partially mediates the relationship between workplace bullying and burnout, indicating that the victims have their AWB reduced, and, consequently, increase their burnout levels.

Practical implications

The findings suggest that organizations can foster employees’ AWB and reduce the level of burnout by encouraging organizations to develop preventive policies and practices to safeguard against bullying at work.

Originality/value

To this date, only a few studies have examined mediating and moderating variables (Nielsen and Einersen, 2018) and none include AWB as a mediator of the relationship between workplace bullying and burnout. This study answers the call for further empirical research from those who have argued that more information is needed to understand the workplace bullying phenomenon and contributes to the growing debate on this topic and its effects on employees.

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Management Research Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-8269

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Article
Publication date: 6 October 2021

Promila Agarwal

Drawing from the conservation of resources (COR) theory, this paper aims to examine the interaction among high-performance work systems (HPWS), growth mindset and need for…

Abstract

Purpose

Drawing from the conservation of resources (COR) theory, this paper aims to examine the interaction among high-performance work systems (HPWS), growth mindset and need for achievement to explain burnout among employees.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors used SPSS PROCESS to test the research model on a sample of 341 employees from the manufacturing sector. The authors followed random sampling process to select organizations and employees within the organization.

Findings

The findings reveal a positive relationship between HPWS and job burnout. The study also confirms the interactive effect of HPWS, growth mindset and the need for achievement on burnout.

Research limitations/implications

The study explains the boundary conditions of HPWS and resolves the discrepancy associated with the negative effect of HPWS on employees. The results both confirm and expand the COR theory.

Originality/value

This is the first study to reveal the role of individual characteristics in understanding the positive relationship between HPWS and burnout. The study points out that the belief system and how need for achievement influence resource conservation strategies.

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International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

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Article
Publication date: 4 October 2021

Rinki Dahiya and Juhi Raghuvanshi

Work values are a representation of people’s priorities as they reflect what is pertinent for them and what they want to accomplish. In light of this, the purpose of this…

Abstract

Purpose

Work values are a representation of people’s priorities as they reflect what is pertinent for them and what they want to accomplish. In light of this, the purpose of this study is to understand the priorities given to work values (extrinsic and intrinsic) by employees and also to explore whether these work values vary with the levels of work engagement and job burnout.

Design/methodology/approach

The study was based on the survey responses of 386 officers working in Indian manufacturing organisations engaged in different areas.

Findings

The findings reveal that security officers give much priority to extrinsic work values than intrinsic work values (IWVs). Moreover, IWVs vary with different levels of work engagement along with job burnout. The security officers belonging to the engaged group differ significantly with those belonging to the job burnout group in terms of IWVs. Moreover, work values also have a negative correlation with job burnout and a positive correlation with work engagement.

Originality/value

This study explores the variation in work values of security officers working in Indian manufacturing organisations with changes in levels of job burnout and work engagement, which is a novel contribution in the field. The findings also advocate that it is crucial for human resource managers, supervisors and key people in organisations to find out employees showing early signs of job burnout (exhaustion or disengagement) or early stages of strain and frustration as the priorities of work values of the employees are affected by these parameters. Such identified employees should be provided with required managerial support and necessary work resources immediately.

Details

International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2005

Aspasia Togia

The purpose of the present study is to measure levels of burnout among Greek academic librarians and to assess its relation with certain background characteristics.

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2256

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the present study is to measure levels of burnout among Greek academic librarians and to assess its relation with certain background characteristics.

Design/methodology/approach

The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was administered to 136 academic librarians across Greece.

Findings

Findings suggested that respondents experienced low levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and moderate levels of personal accomplishment. Of the background characteristics, age, number of years as a librarian and participation in decision‐making were found to be independent of experienced burnout. Direct contact with library users seemed to enhance feelings of personal accomplishment. In addition, employees with short‐term contracts reported higher levels of emotional exhaustion in comparison to their colleagues holding lifetime positions.Research limitations/implications – Future research can focus on different types of libraries where the predominance of different organizational characteristics might have a different impact on individual burnout. Another direction for future research is the study of the specific job conditions that might contribute to burnout.

Originality/value

Provides valuable results concerning burnout among library professionals in Greece.

Details

Library Management, vol. 26 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-5124

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Article
Publication date: 27 April 2010

C. David Shepherd, Gaia Marchisio, Sussie C. Morrish, Jonathan H. Deacon and Morgan P. Miles

The purpose of this paper is to conceptually and empirically explore the antecedents and consequences of entrepreneurial burnout – that is burnout related to the process…

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1627

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to conceptually and empirically explore the antecedents and consequences of entrepreneurial burnout – that is burnout related to the process of discovery or creation of attractive economic opportunities, the assessment of these opportunities, and the decision on the exploitation of opportunities.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is a survey of entrepreneurs in New Zealand who were alumni of a university sponsored executive development course for owner‐managers of small‐ and medium‐sized enterprises.

Findings

It is found that role stress is positively related to burnout and that burnout has a negative impact on organizational commitment, organizational satisfaction, and relative perceived firm performance. In addition, implications for entrepreneurs are offered with the objective of providing suggestions to mediate the negative consequences of entrepreneurial burnout.

Research limitations/implications

The present study is limited by culture – the sample was drawn from New Zealand entrepreneurs; survivor bias – only successful owner‐managers who self‐selected for executive education were in the sampling frame; and the limits of the metrics. The first additional questions would be how widespread is the problem, and how does that vary by type of entrepreneurial endeavor? The secondary research priority concerns the antecedents of burnout in the entrepreneurial context.

Practical implications

Entrepreneurial burnout may have significant social and economic costs that can be minimized with proper treatment and prevention.

Originality/value

Burnout has not been extensively explored in the context of entrepreneurs.

Details

Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1471-5201

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Article
Publication date: 6 September 2021

Wajeeha Mushtaq, Ahmad Qammar, Imran Shafique and Zafar-Uz-Zaman Anjum

The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of cyberbullying at work on employee creativity with moderating role of family social support (FSS) and mediating…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of cyberbullying at work on employee creativity with moderating role of family social support (FSS) and mediating role of job burnout.

Design/methodology/approach

Using convenience sampling technique, data were collected from 212 employees working in manufacturing sector. The partial least square-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was used to test the hypotheses.

Findings

Results reveal that cyberbullying has found to be negatively associated with employee creativity and positively linked with job burnout. Furthermore, job burnout has negative connection with employee creativity; however, job burnout does not mediate the link between cyberbullying and creativity.

Research limitations/implications

This study provides comprehensive insights in the literature about the negative workplace context (cyberbullying) as antecedent, job-linked psychological exhaustion (job burnout) as mediation and generation of original thoughts by employees (employee creativity) as consequence.

Originality/value

Examination of FSS as coping strategy and job burnout as underlying mechanism between the cyberbullying and employee creativity is the novelty of the present research.

Details

foresight, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6689

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Article
Publication date: 26 July 2021

Talat Islam, Muhammad Ali, Saqib Jamil and Hafiz Fawad Ali

This study aims to investigate individual-related consequences of workplace bullying among the health-care section. Specifically, this study examined the mediating role of…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate individual-related consequences of workplace bullying among the health-care section. Specifically, this study examined the mediating role of burnout between workplace bullying and nurses’ well-being. Moreover, passive avoidant leadership is examined as a conditional variable between workplace bullying and burnout.

Design/methodology/approach

This study collected data from 314 nurses working in various hospitals through a questionnaire-based survey using Google Form in two waves.

Findings

Structural equation modeling confirmed the negative effect of workplace bullying on nurses’ well-being, whereas burnout mediates this relationship. In addition, passive avoidant leadership was identified as a conditional variable that strengthens the positive association between workplace bullying and burnout.

Research limitations/implications

Although data for the study were collected in two waves, still cross-sectional design limits causality.

Practical implications

This study suggests management to focus on developing and implementing counter-bullying rules to avoid the adverse consequences of workplace bullying (e.g. capital loss, recruitment costs, burnout, well-being, etc.). In addition, leaders/supervisors must be trained to fulfill their responsibilities to reduce negative consequences.

Originality/value

Studies on workplace bullying in high-power distance cultures are scant. Therefore, drawing upon conservation of resource theory, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that has investigated the moderating role of passive avoidant leadership on the association between workplace bullying and burnout.

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International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4902

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Article
Publication date: 5 August 2021

Gulden Gumusburun Ayalp

The construction industry has always been regarded as a stressful and task-driven industry with high levels of work pressure. When the stressful situations are prolonged…

Abstract

Purpose

The construction industry has always been regarded as a stressful and task-driven industry with high levels of work pressure. When the stressful situations are prolonged, job burnout becomes unavoidable for construction professionals. The purpose of the present paper is to investigate the critical predictors of burnout among civil engineers at construction sites in Turkey and identify the impact of those determined burnout predictors on various burnout dimensions.

Design/methodology/approach

The possible causes of burnout for civil engineers at construction sites were determined using an extensive literature review and were further studied using a questionnaire. The obtained data were analysed statistically using SPSS 22 and LISREL 8.7 software. Correlation analysis, exploratory and confirmatory analysis, and structural equation modelling were performed on this collected data, and a structural model was developed.

Findings

Three critical factors affecting burnout levels of civil engineers in construction sites were determined; among them “organisational injustice” and “competitive pricing and lack of contract management” were identified as the critical predictors of burnout in the emotional-exhaustion and cynicism dimensions. Based on these predictors, potential solutions and recommendations are proposed that are anticipated to decrease the burnout among civil engineers at construction sites.

Originality/value

Although there are several works of research regarding the burnout among construction professionals, there is limited research that has provided insight into the specific factors causing burnout among civil engineers. This research presents a structural model of the predictors obtained by a confirmatory factor analysis for decreasing the burnout level of civil engineers at construction sites. The current study represents the first comprehensive quantitative determination of the factors and predictors of burnout among civil engineers at construction sites in Turkey.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

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