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Article
Publication date: 16 August 2019

Zhihua Tao, Guanting Liu, Yuanxun Li and Hua Su

The adsorption and acceleration behavior of 3-mercaptopropyl sulfonate (MPS) were investigated by electrochemical tests for microvia filling by copper electroplating.

Abstract

Purpose

The adsorption and acceleration behavior of 3-mercaptopropyl sulfonate (MPS) were investigated by electrochemical tests for microvia filling by copper electroplating.

Design/methodology/approach

The synergistic effects of one suppressor of propylene oxide ethylene oxide propylene oxide named PEP and MPS as the accelerator during copper electroplating were also investigated by electrochemical methods such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy cyclic voltammetric stripping (CVS) and Galvanostatic measurements (GMs).

Findings

The research results suggest that the adsorption of MPS onto the Cu-RDE metal surface was a spontaneous process and the adsorbing of MPS on cathode was proposed to physical-chemistry adsorption in the plating formula. There was no potential difference (i.e. ?? = 0) of GMs until MPS was injected into the plating solution suggest that copper deposition is not diffusion-controlled in the presence of PEP–Cl–JGB.

Originality/value

A new composition of plating bath was found to be effective to perform bottom-up copper filling of microvias in the fabrication of PCB in electronic industries. The adsorption of MPS into the Cu-RDE metal surface was a spontaneous process and the adsorbing of MPS on cathode was studied by EIS and the results proposed to physical-chemistry adsorption in the plating formula. An optimal plating solution composed of CuSO4, H2SO4, chloride ions, PEP, MPS and JGB was obtained, and the microvia could be fully filled using the plating formula.

Article
Publication date: 12 January 2022

Xushan Zhao, Yuanxun Wang, Haiou Zhang, Runsheng Li, Xi Chen and Youheng Fu

This paper aims to summarize the influence law of hybrid deposited and micro-rolling (HDMR) technology on the bead morphology and overlapping coefficient. A better bead topology…

281

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to summarize the influence law of hybrid deposited and micro-rolling (HDMR) technology on the bead morphology and overlapping coefficient. A better bead topology positively supports the overlapping deposited in multi-beads between layers while actively assisting the subsequent layer's deposition in the wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM). Hybrid-deposited and micro-rolling (HDMR) additive manufacturing (AM) technology can smooth the weld bead for improved surface quality. However, the micro-rolling process will change the weld bead profile fitting curve to affect the overlapping coefficient.

Design/methodology/approach

Weld bead contours for WAAM and HDMR were extracted using line lasers. A comparison of bead profile curves was conducted to determine the influence law of micro-zone rolling on the welding bead contour and fitting curve. Aiming at the optimized overlapping coefficient of weld bead in HDMR AM, the optimal HDMR overlapping coefficient curve was proposed which varies with the reduction based on the best surface flatness. The mathematical model for overlapping in HDMR was checked by comparing the HDMR weld bead contours under different rolling reductions.

Findings

A fitting function of the bead forming by HDMR AM was proposed based on the law of conservation of mass. The change rule of the HDMR weld bead overlapping spacing with the degree of weld bead rolling reduction was generated using the flat-top transition calculation for this model. Considering the damming-up impact of the first bead, the overlapping coefficient was examined for its effect on layer surface flatness.

Originality/value

Using the predicted overlapping model, the optimal overlapping coefficients for different rolling reductions can be achieved without experiments. These conclusions can encourage the development of HDMR technology.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 28 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 27 September 2021

Xushan Zhao, Yuanxun Wang, Guilan Wang, Runsheng Li and Haiou Zhang

This paper aims to summarize the influence law of hybrid deposited and micro-rolling (HDMR) technology on the shaping strain and residual stress. And the rolling parameters…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to summarize the influence law of hybrid deposited and micro-rolling (HDMR) technology on the shaping strain and residual stress. And the rolling parameters combination was further optimized to guide the actual production.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper proposed a three-dimensional coupled thermo-mechanical model of the HDMR process. The validated model is used to investigate the influences of rolling parameters on stress and plastic strain (the distance between the energy source and roller [De–r], the rolling compression [cr] and the friction coefficient [fr]). The orthogonal optimization of three factors and three levels was carried out. The influence of rolling parameters on the plastic strain and residual stress is analyzed.

Findings

The simulation results show that HDMR technology can effectively increase the shaping strain of the weld bead and reduce the residual tensile stress on the weld bead surface. Furthermore, the influence of rolling parameters on stress and strain is obtained by orthogonal analysis, and the corresponding optimal combination is proposed. Also, the rolling temperature significantly affects the residual stress, and the rolling reduction has a substantial effect on the plastic deformation.

Research limitations/implications

Owing to the choice of research methods, this paper failed to study microstructure evolution.

Originality/value

This paper provides a reference principle for the optimal selection of rolling parameters in HDMR.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 28 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 August 2021

Tengjiang Yu, Haitao Zhang, Junfeng Sun, Yabo Wang, Shuang Huang and Dan Chen

Using typical structure of asphalt pavement in Harbin area of China, and the formula of generalized friction coefficient between base and surface layers of asphalt pavement in…

Abstract

Purpose

Using typical structure of asphalt pavement in Harbin area of China, and the formula of generalized friction coefficient between base and surface layers of asphalt pavement in cold area is established.

Design/methodology/approach

Through structural characteristics analysis of asphalt pavement in cold area, the generalized formula of friction coefficient between base and surface layers of asphalt pavement in cold area is derived. The formula can quickly calculate the friction coefficient between layers of asphalt pavement.

Findings

Based on quantitative analysis to the contacting state between layers of asphalt pavement in cold area, the relationships between generalized friction coefficient and resilient modulus of asphalt mixtures, temperature shrinkage coefficient and temperature have been established.

Originality/value

The findings can enrich the description methods about the contacting state between layers of asphalt pavement, and have a certain theoretical and practical value. Through the application of the formula of generalized friction coefficient between layers, it can provide a technical basis for the asphalt pavement design, construction and maintenance in cold area.

Details

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology , vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1726-0531

Keywords

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