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Article
Publication date: 27 April 2018

Kevin Walby, Alex Luscombe and Randy K. Lippert

Most existing literature on K9 units has focused on the relationship between police handler and canine, or questions about use of force. The purpose of this paper is to…

Abstract

Purpose

Most existing literature on K9 units has focused on the relationship between police handler and canine, or questions about use of force. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between private donations to public police departments, an increasingly accepted institutional practice in the policing world, and K9 units. Specifically, the authors examine rationales for sponsoring and financially supporting K9 units in Canada and the USA.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors focus on four main themes that emerged in analysis of media articles, interview transcripts, and the results of freedom of information requests.

Findings

These four rationales or repertoires of discourse are: police dogs as heroes; dogs as crime fighters; cute K9s; and police dogs as uncontroversial donation recipients.

Originality/value

After drawing attention to the expanding role of police foundations in these funding endeavors, the authors reflect on what these findings mean for understanding private sponsorship of public police as well as K9 units in North America and elsewhere. The authors draw attention to the possibility of perceived and actual corruption when private, corporate monies become the main channel through which K9 and other police units are funded.

Details

Policing: An International Journal, vol. 41 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 22 August 2010

Julie Schnobrich‐Davis and William Terrill

The purpose of this paper is to examine an interagency collaboration (The Metropolitan Law Enforcement Council – Metro‐LEC), consisting of 42 law enforcement agencies that…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine an interagency collaboration (The Metropolitan Law Enforcement Council – Metro‐LEC), consisting of 42 law enforcement agencies that provide mutual aid and assistance to member agencies in times of need.

Design/methodology/approach

In total, four sources of data (personnel interviews, written survey, organizational documents and participant observation) were used as part of a case study method, to assess the administrative and operational functioning of the Metro‐LEC.

Findings

In sum, the findings conclude that the organization is meeting the needs of the member agencies, with few unmanageable impediments.

Research limitations/implications

Since the current study relies on a case study from a single collaborative agency, the findings come with caution, in terms of generalizability.

Originality/value

This psprt contributes to the literature on police interagency collaboration and is the first known study on a Law Enforcement Council (LEC).

Details

Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1979

P.A. White

Summary Corrosion is not a new phenomenon. It is only recently, however, that the damage it causes has been fully recognised. The cost must not only be measured in the…

Abstract

Summary Corrosion is not a new phenomenon. It is only recently, however, that the damage it causes has been fully recognised. The cost must not only be measured in the metal destroyed, but the enormous cost of replacement, maintenance and repair.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 26 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 17 July 2018

Wanli Song, Hongliang Li, Jintao Ma, Zhichao Hu and Pei Shi

This paper aims to develop a new magnetorheological polishing (MRP) device with roller and investigate the polishing mechanism of MRP fluids using this new device.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to develop a new magnetorheological polishing (MRP) device with roller and investigate the polishing mechanism of MRP fluids using this new device.

Design/methodology/approach

The principle of MRP process with roller is discussed, and then the structure of the polishing device is designed in detail. The polishing experiments of K9 glass are carried out using MRP device with roller.

Findings

A series of tests are performed to evaluate the effect of the excitation gaps, working gap and polishing time on the polishing characteristics, and the optimized polishing parameters can be obtained. The surface roughness Ra of the sample is reduced from 359 to 38 nm under optimized polishing parameters.

Originality/value

MRP method with roller is proposed in this paper, and the MRP device with roller can reduce the surface roughness Ra significantly. After being polished, the circular ring-shaped polishing belt disappears on the workpiece surface, which means it has great potential for polishing.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 70 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 June 2019

Tuba I. Agartan

The purpose of this paper is to investigate physicians’ response to reforms in Turkey on the basis of their experience of the changes in the daily work environment. It…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate physicians’ response to reforms in Turkey on the basis of their experience of the changes in the daily work environment. It aims to bridge the gap between health policy and sociology of professions literatures to explain why some public-sector physicians have opposed the recent reforms.

Design/methodology/approach

The research adopts a qualitative methodology including semi-structured interviews and content analysis. The fieldwork involves collecting information through written documents and interviews with 23 physicians working in public tertiary hospitals in one large city.

Findings

Physicians’ response combines a concern with material interests, previously conceptualized in terms of erosion of autonomy, with anxiety over damage to their professional image and social status. The particular reform discourse adopted by policymakers disrupts the existing constructions of harmony in the professional discourse between the public and professional interests, and between social value and material interests.

Research limitations/implications

One major limitation of this paper is its exploratory nature and analysis based on one case study. Future studies that adopt a cross-country comparative approach could help addressing concerns of limited generalizability.

Originality/value

Earlier social science literature on health reforms has explained physicians’ opposition in terms of protecting their professional self-interest and fighting against any regulation that could limit their income or autonomy. The paper adopts a broader definition of interests that goes beyond this materialist conception and includes subjective ideas about interests such as values and beliefs about how they serve the public interest. This definition allows us to unpack the relationship between interest and autonomy.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 39 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

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Article
Publication date: 3 December 2018

Kanwal Jit Singh, Inderpreet Singh Ahuja and Jatinder Kapoor

This review paper reveals the literature on ultrasonic, chemical-assisted ultrasonic and rotary ultrasonic machining (USM) of glass material. The purpose of this review…

Abstract

Purpose

This review paper reveals the literature on ultrasonic, chemical-assisted ultrasonic and rotary ultrasonic machining (USM) of glass material. The purpose of this review paper is to understand and describe the working principle, mechanism of material removal, experimental investigation, applications and influence of input parameters on machining characteristics. The literature reveals that the ultrasonic machines have been generally preferred for the glass and brittle work materials. Some other non-traditional machining processes may thermally damage the work surface. Through these USM, neither thermal effects nor residual stresses have been generated on the machined surface.

Design/methodology/approach

Various input parameters have the significant role in machine performance characteristics. For the optimization of output response, several input parameters have been critically investigated by the various researcher.

Findings

Some advance types of glasses such as polycarbonate bulletproof glass, acrylic heat-resistant glass and glass-clad polycarbonate bulletproof glass still need some further investigation because these materials have vast applications in automobile, aerospace and space industries.

Originality/value

Review paper will be beneficial for industrial application and the various young researcher. Paper reveals the detail literature review on traditional ultrasonic, chemical assisted ultrasonic and rotary USM of glass and glass composite materials.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 15 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 May 2020

Brenda Vose, J. Mitchell Miller and Stephanie Koskinen

This study aims to advance the existing analytic model to include staff allocation information at the district level. Maintaining adequate size of staff is essential to…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to advance the existing analytic model to include staff allocation information at the district level. Maintaining adequate size of staff is essential to law enforcement agencies' ability to ensure social order, fight crime and, increasingly, deliver a widening range of social services. Review of the scientific literature on police size of force and staffing calculation models indicates that this line of inquiry (i.e. manpower analysis) is attentive to population size and workload demands but generally inattentive to how service demands are affected by community-level variables. Current staffing calculation models specify number of staff needed for a jurisdiction but do not inform the allocation of personnel across districts within the jurisdiction.

Design/methodology/approach

To address this problem, the current study illustrates an enhanced analytic model to provide law enforcement staffing recommendations for a southern coastal county. An integrated per capita-workload manpower analysis model first factors the minimum number of law enforcement deputies needed per population size served and recent history workload demands and then executes the six-step workload model process. This study enhances staffing analysis by adding an additional seventh arithmetical step indicating the staffing needs by districts across a jurisdiction.

Findings

The results from the integrated per capita-workload analysis indicate the need to hire additional deputies to meet current and future demands.

Originality/value

Discussion centers on the need to include drivers of police services identified but not measured in this study's application of the hybrid manpower analysis model and its replication potential.

Details

Policing: An International Journal, vol. 43 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 August 2014

Barbara J. Cooke and David P. Farrington

Offender-led dog-training programmes (DTPs) are increasingly used throughout US correctional facilities. The rather sparse literature on these programmes is outlined in…

Abstract

Purpose

Offender-led dog-training programmes (DTPs) are increasingly used throughout US correctional facilities. The rather sparse literature on these programmes is outlined in this manuscript, including the reported benefits of participation. The purpose of this paper is to examine the opinions of programme coordinators and staff from 13 programmes.

Design/methodology/approach

The perceived effects were measured using an open-ended questionnaire, with attention paid to those benefits reported in the extant literature.

Findings

Respondents noted improvements in several factors including impulsivity, self-efficacy, empathy, social skills, emotional intelligence, and employability.

Practical implications

It is argued that DTPs should be implemented in other countries including the UK, and that well-designed, larger scale evaluations are needed.

Originality/value

Though potentially limited by sample size and self-selection biases, these findings expand on the existing literature by supporting existing reports as well as expanding the breadth of the DTPs that have been studied.

Details

Journal of Forensic Practice, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-8794

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 March 1999

Abstract

Details

Structural Survey, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-080X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1984

T. CSENDES

In this paper properties and dynamical behaviour of a theoretical biological model, the chemoton are discussed. The chemoton features the general, common properties of the…

Abstract

In this paper properties and dynamical behaviour of a theoretical biological model, the chemoton are discussed. The chemoton features the general, common properties of the unicellular living beings. Since the reaction‐kinetical function of the chemoton is governed by a set of nonlinear differential equations, the study of its dynamical behaviour required computer simulation. This was carried out by using CSMP programs. The results proved that the model is capable of stable functioning, growing and multiplication.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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