Search results

1 – 10 of 209
To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 13 May 2019

Nanna Charlotte Lord-Mallam

The phenomenon of “women in combat” is not such a novel one; it however has shattered the dominant perception of women as peaceful and nonviolent people. Indeed, it…

Abstract

The phenomenon of “women in combat” is not such a novel one; it however has shattered the dominant perception of women as peaceful and nonviolent people. Indeed, it resulted in critical questions being raised as to why women are involved in patterns of extreme violent behavior, such as suicide bombers. In the wake of insurgent activities by an Islamist group in Nigeria (Boko Haram (BH)) in recent times, the feminization of terror that has come to characterise the activities of this group has generated much concern. Although there may not be easy answers as to why women are involved in terrorism in Nigeria, the threat that such a scenario poses to security is real, deserving a credible and scientific explanation. To investigate this phenomenon, data was gathered by the survey method, which conforms more to a qualitative research design. The data sources were determined through purposeful sampling technique and instruments such as interviews, focused group discussions (FGDs), and non-participant personal observation. Applying the feminist theory of international relations (IR) as the tool for analysis, the author seeks to unravel the hidden propositions about gender. Among the findings was evidence that the shift by BH to include women in its operations was in response to increased pressure on its male operatives. Since deception is key to the tactics employed by BH, the eradication of terror in Nigeria could be brought about by the identification and prevention of possible deceptive moves by the insurgents.

Details

The Impact of Global Terrorism on Economic and Political Development
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-919-9

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 13 May 2019

Nidhi Chowdhary and Sourav Kumar Das

The threat of terrorism is not just limited to a particular nation, rather it has affected the economies of several developed and developing nations. In this study, we…

Abstract

The threat of terrorism is not just limited to a particular nation, rather it has affected the economies of several developed and developing nations. In this study, we have tried to analyze how terrorism has been sought to be tackled and how it can be tackled. In this context, we present the extent to which the method adopted by the USA after the 9/11 attacks, which is popularly called the Global War on Terror (GWOT), has been successful in eliminating terrorism from the world. Only qualitative methodology has been used in this chapter, and most of it has been derived from secondary sources. Through this study, we seek to show that the successes of GWOT have been limited in nature, in spite of tall claims. In fact, what the US has achieved by GWOT in the name of success is the killing of the leaders of some terrorist organizations, successful disruption of their sanctuaries, passing several legislations in order to launch counterterrorism operations, and the freezing the finances of these terrorist organizations by banning some of their charity-based organizations. This chapter lists the gains obtained as a result of GWOT and also highlights what may be called the failures of this global endeavor. Such a proposition aims at showing why GWOT is not only but possibly the best solution to eradicate terrorism. The unexpected outcomes, however, have been many, not only for terrorism but also for international politics, thereby impacting international organizations and also the third-world nations.

Details

The Impact of Global Terrorism on Economic and Political Development
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-919-9

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 13 May 2019

Abstract

Details

The Impact of Global Terrorism on Economic and Political Development
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-919-9

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 27 July 2020

Bjardianto Pujiono, Margono Setiawan, Sumiati and Risna Wijayanti

The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of transglobal leadership and organizational culture on job performance with inter-employee trust as a moderating…

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of transglobal leadership and organizational culture on job performance with inter-employee trust as a moderating variable in Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan (PPATK) Indonesia.

Design/methodology/approach

The population was 308 staff members of PPATK, which consists of regular and temporary employees; all of them have different backgrounds. Temporary employees are from the Ministry of Finance, General Attorney, Police Department, Bank of Indonesia, Ministry of Communication and Information and BSSN and National Bureau of Statistics. PPATK also hires some employees based on employment contracts, for example: receptionists, security, drivers, cleaning services and technicians. This group of employees did not participate as respondents in this study because they were not involved in financial transaction reports or analysis.

Findings

Leadership style and organizational culture influence job performance. Inter-employee trust is moderating the influence of transglobal leadership and organizational culture toward job performance.

Originality/value

In organizations, the implementation of culture on methods for developing behavior, which means organizational culture, will affect the behavior of individuals who work in the organization. Synergy between individuals and organizational culture will improve job performance, because the goals of organizational culture are applied in a transglobal context, likely to produce positive performance and organizational development outcomes. Facilitate the vision and mission of the organization and one of them is developing human resource competencies.

Details

International Journal of Public Leadership, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4929

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 29 May 2020

Shuaib Ahmed Soomro, Olivier Roques and Akhtiar Ali

This study aims to investigate the impact of fear of terror (FOT) on employee organizational commitment (OC) working in terror-induced areas through examining the role of

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the impact of fear of terror (FOT) on employee organizational commitment (OC) working in terror-induced areas through examining the role of rumination as a mediator and perceived organization support (POS) as a moderator.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors develop a model in which the mediating role of rumination in the FOT relationship is conditional to the values of OC. Using a sample size of 268 respondents, questionnaires were used to collect data from Pakistan during a period when terrorist attacks were at a peak. Results from the hierarchical regression analyses provided support for the developed model.

Findings

Overall, the statistical model is significant (p < 0.05); the authors found negative relationships between FOT and OC. The authors found that FOT positively led to rumination, which then negatively led to OC. It was also found that POS significantly moderated FOT and OC.

Practical implications

This study revealed that FOT is a deterring factor that changed employees’ OC. It further revealed that organizations providing support to employees working in terrorist-ridden areas showed positive commitment. This paper discusses the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

Originality/value

This paper provides an examination of the relationship between FOT and employee OC. It expands our knowledge of the stress theory and terror management theory for employees working in discontinuous areas.

Details

Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-6599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Expert briefing
Publication date: 15 February 2016

Islamic State threat in Indonesia.

Details

DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-DB208442

ISSN: 2633-304X

Keywords

Geographic
Topical
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 March 2003

Jean Marie McGloin

The Good Friday Agreement of 1998 was the explicit base for the politically shared, though tenuous, internal government of Northern Ireland. This ensuing process has…

Abstract

The Good Friday Agreement of 1998 was the explicit base for the politically shared, though tenuous, internal government of Northern Ireland. This ensuing process has highlighted the centrality of the national police, as a country or state attempts to shift towards a contemporary, pluralistic democracy. To clarify, the police force, which was previously an instrument of control, must now become an organization that strives for the consent and support of the public. Using Mawby’s models of policing as an organizational framework, this article focuses attention on the policing paradigms of Northern Ireland over the course of its social history. It puts forth the argument that, despite some strategic changes, it is only upon the heels of the Good Friday Agreement and the consequent governmental change that the police force has begun to shift its operational paradigm away from the colonial model toward an Anglo‐Saxon paradigm.

Details

Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 24 October 2003

Ann Larabee

The attacks of 11 September 2001 created a crisis of legitimacy for the U.S. nation state. To overcome a catastrophic event that threatened national identity, the Bush…

Abstract

The attacks of 11 September 2001 created a crisis of legitimacy for the U.S. nation state. To overcome a catastrophic event that threatened national identity, the Bush administration evoked fear as the spiritual root of patriotism and the basis of a renewed security state. The modern rhetoric of crisis management was combined with a nostalgic rhetoric of national community. In the new civil defense, all citizens were enlisted to relentlessly examine their fears so that bodies, minds, neighborhoods, and ultimately the nation state could be free of terror. These conditions led to authoritarian efforts to reach deep into citizens’ private lives and purge the body politic of ill-defined invaders, damaging democratic community.

Details

Terrorism and Disaster: New Threats, New Ideas
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-227-6

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 4 January 2016

Anastasia Suhartati Lukito

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the functions of financial intelligent investigations by the Indonesian financial intelligent unit in conjunction with the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the functions of financial intelligent investigations by the Indonesian financial intelligent unit in conjunction with the participating reporting parties, to consider the obstacles and challenges to reduce money laundering cases in Indonesia, realizing that the role of the financial intelligent investigations not only conducted by Indonesian Financial Intelligent Unit itself but the active participation from reporting parties such as banking institution. The function of financial intelligent unit in supervising and monitoring cash financial transactions is importance in fight against economic crimes, particularly in the anti-money laundering regime.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper explores the Indonesian laws on prevention and eradication on money laundering crime and analyzing the importance role of financial intelligent investigations and disruption of money laundering crime.

Findings

The financial intelligent investigations will become an important strategy to combating the economic crime such as money laundering and corruption. The new perspective is needed to developing the good synergy in the financial intelligent unit and reporting parties to maximizing the eradication of money laundering cases.

Practical implications

The paper can be a source to explore about the money laundering eradication based on Indonesia legal perspective.

Originality/value

This paper gives contributions by encouraging the financial intelligent unit in conjunction with all the financial institutions to disrupt any money laundering activities, which is associated to other predicate crimes and attempting to conceal the illegal funds derived from illegal activities that commonly happened in Indonesia.

Details

Journal of Money Laundering Control, vol. 19 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-5201

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 11 September 2015

Willem de Lint

Post-9/11 a first order terrorism narrative has been widely asserted. In this chapter, I explore the development of second order terrorism narrative or ideal-type.

Abstract

Purpose

Post-9/11 a first order terrorism narrative has been widely asserted. In this chapter, I explore the development of second order terrorism narrative or ideal-type.

Methodology/approach

The chapter begins by providing a brief synopsis of three highly mediated Australian counter-terrorism operations and of shortcomings in incident counting. It also relies on some U.S. research on counter-terrorism prosecutions in support.

Findings

In first order terrorism, crime appears as a spectacular irruption or original sin on a tabula rasa of innocence and there is a clean division between us and them, non-state and state, victim and offender. In the second order terrorism narrative there is a contrasting claim that 9/11 is blowback, in kind, for U.S.-led interventions and does not offer a clean division between how we and they behave, blurs non-state and state culpability in big crimes, and sees victims and offenders trading places over time. As we adjust our perspective from the presumptive first order to second order event-acts, terrorism and counter-terrorism, event-act and interdiction, is merged as one.

Originality/value

The concept may be useful in accounting for assumptions pertaining to this category of crime, including its relation with precaution and security.

Details

Terrorism and Counterterrorism Today
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-191-0

Keywords

1 – 10 of 209