Search results

1 – 10 of 11
Article
Publication date: 1 August 2001

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger and Nora E. Shahbeek

A sample of 535 Arab women in Qatar (an Arab Gulf country) was interviewed to obtain their attitudes towards eight fads related to weight reduction, and the effect of educational…

1055

Abstract

A sample of 535 Arab women in Qatar (an Arab Gulf country) was interviewed to obtain their attitudes towards eight fads related to weight reduction, and the effect of educational level and obesity on these attitudes. In general 20 per cent to 54 per cent of women believed in these fads and 50.6 per cent to 45.1 per cent did not know whether or not these fads are correct. The education level of women has a significant effect on the belief of the attitude statements. Highly educated women were more likely to disagree on the attitudes related to weight reduction than low and middle education women. Obese women were more likely to believe in these fads than overweight and non‐obese women. Health education programmes should focus on correcting several fads related to weight reduction as a part of any programme to prevent and control obesity in the Arab community.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 31 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 April 2007

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Reshma D'souza Varghese and Jassim H. Al‐Jedah

This paper seeks to determine the proximate, mineral, sterol composition, and fatty acid profile of pizzas commonly consumed in Bahrain.

638

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to determine the proximate, mineral, sterol composition, and fatty acid profile of pizzas commonly consumed in Bahrain.

Design/methodology/approach

Five different types of pizza were purchased from various food outlets in Manama city, the capital of Bahrain. Proximate composition was determined by measuring the moisture, ash, fat, protein (N × 6.25), crude fiber, and carbohydrate content. The elements Ca, Mg, Na, Fe, Zn, Cu, and Mn were measured using the flame system, while fatty acids were analyzed by gas liquid chromatography (GLC) as their methyl esters, and sterols in the extracted fat were determined quantitatively by GLC.

Findings

On a fresh weight basis the dishes contained 47.50‐63.22 per cent w/w moisture, 8.25‐13.45 per cent w/w protein (N × 6.25), 8.43‐11.35 per cent w/w fat, and 11.76‐28.75 per cent w/w carbohydrates. The energy value ranged from 187.43‐259.60kcal (784.20‐1,086.18kJ)/100g, while a significant variation in the fiber and ash content was not observed. Of the minerals tested sodium (4,301.0‐5,315.3ppm), calcium (1,431.3‐2,143.2ppm), iron (9.10‐22.712ppm), and zinc (10.85‐17.65ppm) were the most prominent, while potassium, magnesium, and manganese were considerably lower. Analysis of sterol composition showed that cholesterol (9.87‐20.91mg/100g) and β‐sitosterol (5.91‐9.65mg/100g) were the most prominent sterols, whilst the presence of campesterol and stigmasterol was low. The main fatty acids present were oleic (22.10‐32.40mg/100g) and palmitic acid (24.0‐26.7mg/100g), while considerable amount of linoleic, stearic, and myristic acids were also present.

Originality/value

Despite the popular misconception regarding the nutritional value of fast foods like pizzas, the pizza commonly consumed in Bahrain could be a considerable source of nutrition and make nutritional contribution to the diet, if eaten in moderation.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 37 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 24 July 2007

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Jassim H. Al‐Jedah and Reshma D'Souza

The aim of this study is to determine the nutritional profile of foods provided by the governmental school canteens in Bahrain.

798

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to determine the nutritional profile of foods provided by the governmental school canteens in Bahrain.

Design/methodology/approach

Nine types of foods commonly provided in 45 schools in Bahrain were analyzed for their proximate, mineral and heavy metal composition. Proximate composition was determined by measuring the moisture, ash, fat, protein (N × 6.25), crude fiber and carbohydrate content. Minerals and heavy metals were measured using flame or atomic absorption spectroscopy. Fatty acids were analyzed by gas liquid chromatography (GLC), as their methyl esters and sterols in the extracted fat were determined quantitatively by GLC.

Findings

Proximate analysis indicated protein content in the range of 8.14‐12.52 g/100 g, while fat content was below 10 g/100 g in all the foods, except thymes bakery (16.87 g/100 g). Consequently, thymes bakery also had higher energy values (376.15 kcal/100 g). Carbohydrates ranged between 33.86 and 47.29 g/100 g and fiber was high in the broad beans sandwich (1.16 g/100 g). Liver sandwich had considerable amount of iron (43.8 ppm), zinc (23.8 ppm) and potassium (3,360 ppm), while pizza was a good source of calcium (2,190 ppm). Lead was detected in 89 per cent of the foods, the highest being in pizza (0.234 ppm), being but contamination was well within the permitted limit. Aluminum was detected in 78 per cent of the foods, the highest level being observed in the chicken sandwich (10.8 ppm).

Originality/value

The results of this study can be utilized to improve the nutritive value of foods provided in the school feeding programme in the country.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 September 2008

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Jassim H. Al‐Jedah and Reshma D'souza

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the commonly consumed fast foods in Bahrain with respect to proximate, mineral, sterol composition and their fatty acid profile.

1121

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the commonly consumed fast foods in Bahrain with respect to proximate, mineral, sterol composition and their fatty acid profile.

Design/methodology/approach

Foods were purchased from the most frequented fast food outlets in Manama city, the capital of Bahrain. Similar types of foods were pooled into one sample. Proximate composition was determined in duplicate by the standard procedure of the AOAC. Mineral concentrations were determined by using either electro thermal or flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer and fatty acids were analyzed by gas liquid chromatography (GLC) as per standard procedure.

Findings

Proximate analysis showed a wide variation in the composition and nutritive value. Moisture, fat, protein, carbohydrate and fiber contents ranged from 30.35‐54.02, 8.74‐17.33, 4.41‐18.23 (n×6.25), 12.14‐43.81 and 0.56‐3.43 %w/w respectively. The range in the energy value was between 215.0‐349.0 Kcal/100 g. Most of the foods were rich in sodium, calcium, iron, and zinc being in the range of 4315.0‐7890.9, 337.1‐1893.1, 3.25‐82.26, and 4.88‐22.62 ppm respectively while potassium, magnesium, copper and manganese were present to a lesser extent. Cholesterol levels were negligible in the vegetable dishes but high in dishes with meat and dairy products (<1.00‐35.47 mg/100 g). Considerable levels of β‐sitosterol (4.96‐20.20 mg/100 g) were present. The most prominent fatty acids were oleic (32.9‐50.4 mg/100 g), linoleic (5.0‐33.6 mg/100 g) and palmitic acid (16.8‐24.9 mg/100 g).

Originality/value

It is essential that calorie‐dense foods with minimal nutritional content must return to their role as occasional discretionary items in an otherwise balanced diet.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 110 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 May 2013

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Mariam Al‐Mannai and Khaldoon Al‐Roomi

Hypertension is one of important risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which represents 30 per cent of annual total deaths in Bahrain. Studies on factors associated with…

557

Abstract

Purpose

Hypertension is one of important risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which represents 30 per cent of annual total deaths in Bahrain. Studies on factors associated with hypertension in Bahrain are very limited. The present paper aimed to highlight some social and lifestyle factors that may be associated with hypertension in Bahraini community.

Design/methodology/approach

A cross‐sectional household survey was carried out using a multistage sampling technique to select 514 Bahraini adults aged 30‐79 years. A pretested validated questionnaire was used. History of hypertension and diabetes was determined by positive response to previous diagnosis of these diseases.

Findings

The risk of occurrence of hypertension was greater in older people, women, illiterate people, non‐smokers, those who did not walk regularly, those who watched television daily, obese people, those who had a history of diabetes and those who consumed vegetables more than four times a week. However, age, gender, education, obesity and diabetes were the main risk factors statistically associated with hypertension using bivariate analysis (p<0.01). When multiple logistic regression was used, only age (p<0.01) and obesity (p<0.05) were found to be statistically significant.

Originality/value

Social, lifestyle and dietary factors should be considered in any intervention programme to prevent and control hypertension in Bahraini community.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 43 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2004

Khawla M. Al‐Madani, Jacqueline Landman and Abdulrahman O. Musaiger

The objective of this study was to evaluate nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices in Bahrain. A cross‐sectional survey was carried out in 1998. Highly statistically…

1306

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices in Bahrain. A cross‐sectional survey was carried out in 1998. Highly statistically significant differences (p < 0.0001) were observed between practitioners and students in relation to knowledge concerning recommended daily allowance. The results suggest that more attention should be given to nutrition in medical curricula for undergraduates and postgraduates.

Details

Health Education, vol. 104 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0965-4283

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2004

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger and Nadia Abdulraoof

Data on 203 Emirati men were taken to study the differences among smokers, ex‐smokers and non‐smokers in food intake. Results revealed that there was no statistically significant…

440

Abstract

Data on 203 Emirati men were taken to study the differences among smokers, ex‐smokers and non‐smokers in food intake. Results revealed that there was no statistically significant association between smoking and frequency intake of some common foods. However, smokers were less likely to consume fruits and vegetables, and more likely to consume tea and fish than other groups. Intervention programmes to control smoking should take into consideration the dietary habits and lifestyle of smokers to reduce the risk of chronic diseases among them.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 34 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 March 2018

Reema Tayyem, Sabika Allehdan, Hiba Bawadi, Georgianna Tuuri, Mariam Al-Mannai and Abdulrahman Obaid Musaiger

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the associations between adolescents’ perceptions of their parents’ and peers’ opinions about body weight and their actual weight status.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the associations between adolescents’ perceptions of their parents’ and peers’ opinions about body weight and their actual weight status.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 795 Jordanian adolescents, 15-18 years of age, were recruited in this study. Adolescents completed a questionnaire to evaluate their perceptions: about how their parents’ and peers’ viewed their weight, regarding any criticism of their parents and peers about their weight and if their parents compared their weight against their siblings.

Findings

The study found that the majority of non-overweight adolescents thought their parents and peers considered them to have a normal weight (94.9 and 94.6 per cent for boys, 76.6 and 85.5 per cent for girls, respectively). For obese girls, 83.4 per cent thought their parents and 91.7 per cent thought their peers perceived them as overweight. The risk of being obese was significantly related to the amount of parental criticism perceived by adolescent girls with OR = 3.9 (95 per cent CI: 1.6-9.4; P = 0.01), while perception of peer criticism showed an increased trend of risk for obesity in boys. Adolescents’ perceptions regarding parental comparisons between their body weights against their siblings’ body weight was found to increase the risk for obesity significantly among girls.

Originality/value

The current study highlights that most of the obese adolescents perceived that their parents and peers underestimated their actual weight status. While obese boys were more likely to report being criticized about their body shape by their peers, obese girls indicated that they received more criticism about their weight from their parents.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 48 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 October 2013

Abdulrahman Obaid Musaiger and Nisreen Zagzoog

– The main purpose of this study was to explore the differences in dietary habits and lifestyle between girls in government and private schools in Saudi Arabia.

580

Abstract

Purpose

The main purpose of this study was to explore the differences in dietary habits and lifestyle between girls in government and private schools in Saudi Arabia.

Design/methodology/approach

A cross-sectional multistage stratified survey was carried out on schoolgirls aged 12-19 years. The total sample was 512 girls (291 and 221 girls from government and private schools, respectively). A pretested questionnaire was used to collect the data.

Findings

The findings revealed that girls in private schools were significantly more likely to consume vegetables, fruits, red meat, and chicken than those in government schools. Furthermore, private schoolgirls were less prone to watch television and use the internet daily than girls in government schools.

Originality/value

Intervention for promoting healthy lifestyles in schoolchildren should not exclude private schools.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 43 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 February 2024

Elizabeth Dodge, Fatmah Almoayad, Miral Mansour, Amrita Sidhu, Anusha Sajja, Nada Benajiba and Basil H. Aboul-Enein

Burdened by undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and overweight and obesity as a consequence of both internal conflict and the global nutrition transition, Iraq is in need…

Abstract

Purpose

Burdened by undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and overweight and obesity as a consequence of both internal conflict and the global nutrition transition, Iraq is in need of adequate public health nutrition education to mitigate nutrition-related outcomes and risks. To address nutrition-related health outcomes, trained nutrition professionals are warranted. This paper examines current nutrition-affiliated programs offered across post-secondary institutions in Iraq.

Design/methodology/approach

An electronic review of universities and colleges’ websites, department webpages and academic programs’ homepages and resources of all the private and public universities in Iraq was conducted to find programs related to nutrition, nutrition sciences and dietetics.

Findings

All identified programs belonged to the governmental sector, were administered and financed by the Iraqi Government and were under the purview of the Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education. The review highlighted a predominant focus on food sciences in agricultural departments rather than public health or clinical nutrition. Advanced education in topics such as human metabolism, medical nutrition therapy and public health nutrition are required to adequately address over- and undernutrition in Iraq.

Originality/value

The current state of public health and nutrition-related postsecondary education in Iraq warrants an increased emphasis on clinical and public health nutrition education. Despite a commendable focus on food science studies, the country’s ongoing challenges with obesity, nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases and conflict-associated food insecurity signal an urgent need for balancing this focus with grounding in postsecondary training in public health nutrition.

Details

International Journal of Health Governance, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-4631

Keywords

1 – 10 of 11