Search results

1 – 10 of over 2000
Book part
Publication date: 10 August 2017

Rob Haile, Lilian Magalhães and Debbie Laliberte Rudman

Although Black individuals are disproportionately affected by hypertension as evidenced by higher prevalence and lower control rates, few studies have investigated this…

Abstract

Although Black individuals are disproportionately affected by hypertension as evidenced by higher prevalence and lower control rates, few studies have investigated this disparity from the lens of those most affected by this condition. This chapter explores how Black men make sense of their hypertension and how they negotiate this condition within their everyday lives, illuminating how racism and power dynamics embedded within their environments affect their experiences living with hypertension.

Critical Race Theory tenets were utilized alongside a narrative design to elicit stories of hypertension experiences of four Black men living in Ontario, Canada. Eight semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted, transcribed, and thematically analyzed to illuminate how participants create meaning in regard to their hypertension.

Participants’ experiences with discrimination, isolation, and migration raise awareness of how power relations embedded within social, political, and historical contexts can affect hypertension experiences.

The findings of this study are bounded by its narrative context, and the characteristics of the individuals who shared their experiences.

This study highlights the importance of how discussions concerning hypertensive minority men should be broadened to include the voices of such men, as well as the structures that discriminate against and oppress minority individuals.

Details

Health and Health Care Concerns Among Women and Racial and Ethnic Minorities
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-150-8

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 31 December 2020

Tashi Dendup, Pandup Tshering and Tandin Dorji

This study examined the risk factors associated with hypertension in Bhutan.

Abstract

Purpose

This study examined the risk factors associated with hypertension in Bhutan.

Design/methodology/approach

The cross-sectional data of 30,889 adults from the National Health Survey of Bhutan was used in this study. Multivariable regression accounting for the complex survey design was performed to identify the risk factors. The backward elimination approach was applied in the multivariable analysis.

Findings

The prevalence of hypertension was 17%. Increasing age, being female, being previously married, higher wealth status, past alcohol use, having diabetes, loneliness, health service use and low vegetable intake was associated with increased hypertension risk, whereas, higher education level, being employed and residing in the eastern region was associated with reduced risk. Age, gender, education, wealth status, diabetes status, loneliness and health service use were common factors in all the regions. Marital status and vegetable intake were associated with hypertension in the western and central regions, and alcohol use in the eastern and central regions.

Originality/value

Affecting around one-sixth of the population, hypertension is a significant public health problem in Bhutan. Interventions to improve health education and access, motivate healthy lifestyles, and reduce harmful alcohol use, and strategies to create health-promoting social and built environments are needed to curb the hypertension epidemic and its consequences.

Details

Journal of Health Research, vol. 35 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0857-4421

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1992

Rachel Fleishman, Eric Peritz and Bonnie Leibel

Describes a methodological study to evaluate the quality of care for an elderly population in the treatment of hypertension from a fairly simple analysis of medical…

Abstract

Describes a methodological study to evaluate the quality of care for an elderly population in the treatment of hypertension from a fairly simple analysis of medical records in primary care, with or without the use of additional information from patients, and shows how this type of data can be used to point out shortcomings in primary care. The data derive from a community survey of elderly people in one area of Jerusalem and relied on personal interviews, blood pressure measurements and an analysis of medical records over a period of four years. The measures used are: the percentage of persons without blood pressure (BP) measurement in a given year; the maximum “gap” between consecutive BP measurements in a given year; the rate of BP measurement per clinic visit; the percentage of hypertensives treated; and the percentage of hypertensives under control. The prevalence rates for hypertension in this elderly population vary between 40 per cent and 59 per cent according to the definition used. Using a simple and straightforward analysis of sick‐fund records several shortcomings in the surveillance and control of hypertension were detected. Calculation of the percentage of untreated hypertensives required a separate information source ‐ the screening. A BP survey is an important complement to an analysis of records. An ongoing evaluation of the quality of care of hypertensives in an elderly population should be based on screening, interviews with patients and analysis of the physician′s records. These provide an overall picture of the care in each medical practice enabling the physician to improve the quality of care provided to his or her patients.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1997

Rachel Fleishman

Describes a study designed to develop instruments for examining the quality of routine care of hypertension among the elderly and, using non‐medical predictors of quality…

580

Abstract

Describes a study designed to develop instruments for examining the quality of routine care of hypertension among the elderly and, using non‐medical predictors of quality ‐ such as elderly patient and doctor variables and doctor‐patient interaction variables ‐ to explain the variance in the quality of care. The study population comprised 352 elderly people (92 per cent) in one Jerusalem neighbourhood who were members of Israel’s largest sick fund. Interviews, screening, observation and examination of records were the sources of information. Multivariate analysis was performed. The findings indicated a plethora of deficiencies in the quality of routine care, mostly in the quality of surveillance and the control of hypertension. It was found that the outcome of care is primarily a result of the physician‐patient interaction, rather than of a lack of patient compliance. Proposes a national programme using the instruments developed.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 June 2020

Dongxiang Zhao, Qiping Zhang and Feicheng Ma

Online health communities (OHCs) are attracting more and more healthy consumers, including patients, their families, caregivers and the general public. This paper aims to…

Abstract

Purpose

Online health communities (OHCs) are attracting more and more healthy consumers, including patients, their families, caregivers and the general public. This paper aims to explore the themes and characteristics of patient-generated content (PGC) in Chinese OHCs.

Design/methodology/approach

Baidu Tieba for hypertension was selected as the research site. Online ethnography (netnography) approach was utilized to explore the PGC and health communication in the online hypertension community. The final database included 300 randomly sampled threads and their 3,187 reply posts and was further analyzed from three perspectives: health information needs, attitudes and psychological reactions to hypertension and social support exchange.

Findings

The members' health information needs were mainly concentrated on five aspects: causes, symptoms, measuring instrument, tests and diagnosis and treatment. Their attitudes and psychological reactions to hypertension varied with the context, for example, disease stage, health condition. Within the health communication, three types of social support – information support, emotional support and network support – were generated, transmitted and exchanged among members.

Practical implications

OHCs are able to serve as important source of health information and tool for health education. The implications and suggestions for health promotion of individuals, health information services optimization of OHCs and national health strategy plans were also discussed.

Originality/value

This is the first netnography study in information field on Chinese online hypertension community. This study provides a new perspective to explore the needs, attitudes and social support behaviors of Chinese hypertension population and also enables the Chinese experience of using OHCs to reduce health disparities to come to the world.

Article
Publication date: 17 May 2013

Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Mariam Al‐Mannai and Khaldoon Al‐Roomi

Hypertension is one of important risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which represents 30 per cent of annual total deaths in Bahrain. Studies on factors associated…

547

Abstract

Purpose

Hypertension is one of important risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which represents 30 per cent of annual total deaths in Bahrain. Studies on factors associated with hypertension in Bahrain are very limited. The present paper aimed to highlight some social and lifestyle factors that may be associated with hypertension in Bahraini community.

Design/methodology/approach

A cross‐sectional household survey was carried out using a multistage sampling technique to select 514 Bahraini adults aged 30‐79 years. A pretested validated questionnaire was used. History of hypertension and diabetes was determined by positive response to previous diagnosis of these diseases.

Findings

The risk of occurrence of hypertension was greater in older people, women, illiterate people, non‐smokers, those who did not walk regularly, those who watched television daily, obese people, those who had a history of diabetes and those who consumed vegetables more than four times a week. However, age, gender, education, obesity and diabetes were the main risk factors statistically associated with hypertension using bivariate analysis (p<0.01). When multiple logistic regression was used, only age (p<0.01) and obesity (p<0.05) were found to be statistically significant.

Originality/value

Social, lifestyle and dietary factors should be considered in any intervention programme to prevent and control hypertension in Bahraini community.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 43 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 25 March 2010

Yuriy Pylypchuk

Purpose – To examine the effects of health insurance types on the use of prescribed medication that treat patients with hypertension, diabetes, and asthma. The study…

Abstract

Purpose – To examine the effects of health insurance types on the use of prescribed medication that treat patients with hypertension, diabetes, and asthma. The study distinguishes between individuals with private health maintenance organization (HMO) plans and private non-HMO plans. The study also distinguishes between people with health insurance and drug coverage and people with health insurance and no drug coverage.

Methods – Joint discrete factor models are estimated to control for endogeneity of each type of coverage.

Findings – The main findings suggest that the effect of health insurance varies across patients with different conditions. The strongest and most significant effect is evident among patients with hypertension while the weakest and least significant is among patients with asthma. These findings suggest that patients with asymptomatic conditions are more likely to exhibit moral hazard than patients with conditions that impose immediate impairment. Additional results suggest that, relative to the uninsured and people with health insurance but no drug coverage, patients with drug coverage are more likely to initiate drug therapy and to consume more medications.

Originality – The results of the study indicate that moral hazard of drug utilization is condition specific. The variation in “silence” of conditions’ symptoms could be a key reason for difference in insurance effects among patients with hypertension, diabetes, and asthma.

Details

Pharmaceutical Markets and Insurance Worldwide
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-716-5

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 18 May 2021

Hasriani, Elly Lilianty Sjattar and Rosyidah Arafat

This review aims to describe the effectiveness of education with the transtheoretical model (TTM)-based on the self-care behavior of hypertension patients.

1571

Abstract

Purpose

This review aims to describe the effectiveness of education with the transtheoretical model (TTM)-based on the self-care behavior of hypertension patients.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature search was carried out on four databases: PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane and Grey literature to identify studies reported in English which were published in the last ten years. The literature search was conducted from November 13 to December 10, 2020.

Findings

Based on the six studies that have been analyzed, TTM is effective in changing the stage of change and behavior of hypertension patients. These behavioral changes have an impact on the patient's controlled blood pressure. Various types of TTM-based educational interventions can be used, but the tailored behavior intervention is the most appropriate one with a minimum intervention duration of six months. Educational intervention is carried out through combine counseling and education using electronic media.

Originality/value

This review presents the effectiveness of transtheoretical-based health education in changing the self-care behavior of hypertension patients accompanied by evidence-based on its implementation. There is a high and unclear risk of bias on several items influence this systematic outcome. Nevertheless, this review can still provide an overview of the effectiveness of education based on the TTM in hypertension patients about the quality results of the reviewed studies.

Details

Journal of Health Research, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0857-4421

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 29 April 2021

Saowaluck Sukpattanasrikul, Supreeda Monkong, Sirirat Leelacharas, Orapitchaya Krairit and Chukiat Viwatwongkasem

This study aims to examine the effects of a self-management program (SMP) on self-care behavior, blood pressure and quality of life among older adults with uncontrolled…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the effects of a self-management program (SMP) on self-care behavior, blood pressure and quality of life among older adults with uncontrolled hypertension.

Design/methodology/approach

A quasi-experimental design with repeated measures was conducted in two primary care units in Krabi, Thailand. One hundred and fifty-six older adults with uncontrolled hypertension were selected based on the inclusion criteria and divided into experimental and control groups with 78 participants in each. The experimental group received the SMP, including the intervention related to the self-management process (from the 1st to 4th weeks) and a follow-up phase (from the 5th to 16th weeks). The control group received standard care. The outcomes were measured over time, including self-care behavior (baseline, 4th and 16th weeks), blood pressure (baseline, 4th, 8th, 12th and 16th weeks) and quality of life (baseline and 16th week).

Findings

The generalized estimating equations showed that the SMP, compared with the control group, statistically significantly improved self-care behavior (p < 0.001), decreased blood pressure (p < 0.001) and improved quality of life (p < 0.001) at the 16th week.

Originality/value

The SMP improved the self-care behavior, decreased blood pressure and improved the quality of life among older adults with uncontrolled hypertension. Registered nurses could administer this program for long-term benefits and help reduce the burden on primary care services.

Details

Journal of Health Research, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0857-4421

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 6 December 2018

Nanthakan Woodham, Surasak Taneepanichskul, Ratana Somrongthong and Nanta Auamkul

Hypertension is a common disease among elderly. Adherence to antihypertensive medication is a key predictor of optimal blood pressure control that prevents the risk of…

2008

Abstract

Purpose

Hypertension is a common disease among elderly. Adherence to antihypertensive medication is a key predictor of optimal blood pressure control that prevents the risk of cardiovascular disease and potentially death. The purpose of this paper is to assess adherence to antihypertension and identify associated factors among the elderly in a rural area, Buengkan province, Thailand.

Design/methodology/approach

A health facilities based cross-sectional study was conducted in Buengkan district. A simple random sampling method was used to select 408 participants. A structured questionnaire adapted from the World Health Organization STEPwise approach was used to collect data. The medication adherence level was identified by pill count with percentage ⩾70 defined as good adherence. Descriptive and summary statistics were used. Bivariate analysis was done using Pearson’s χ2 test, and multivariable analyses were also carried out.

Findings

A total of 408 (143 males and 265 females) elderly hypertension patients with uncontrolled blood pressure participated in this study. Most of the participants were found to have lower adherence to medication treatment (86.8 percent), whereas the remaining ones (13.2 percent) were found to have good adherence. The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that having a daughter as a care taker (adjust odd ratio=7.99, 95% confidence interval: 1.23–51.778) was significantly associated with high medical adherence.

Originality/value

Hypertension medication adherence among elderly patients with uncontrolled blood pressure was poor. Having a care taker, especially a daughter, is a key to improve adherence. Effective strategy to improve adherence should focus on and involve family participation into the program.

Details

Journal of Health Research, vol. 32 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2586-940X

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 2000