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Growth kinetic and composition of the interfacial layer for RF sputtering Al2O3 layer on germanium

Siti Kudnie Sahari (Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia)
Muhammad Kashif (Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia)
Norsuzailina Mohamed Sutan (Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia)
Zaidi Embong (Faculty of Science, Technology and Human Development, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Malaysia)
Nik Amni Fathi Nik Zaini Fathi (Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia)
Azrul Azlan Hamzah (Institute of Microengineering and Nanotechnology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia)
Rohana Sapawi (Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia)
Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis (Institute of Microengineering and Nanotechnology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia)
Ibrahim Ahmad (Department of Electronics and Communication, Universiti Tenaga Nasional Malaysia, Kajang, Malaysia)

Microelectronics International

ISSN: 1356-5362

Article publication date: 2 May 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The quality of GeOx–Ge interface and the equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) are the main issues in fabricating high-k/Ge gate stack due to the low-k of GeOx interfacial layer (IL). Therefore, a precise study of the formation of GeOx IL and its contribution to EOT is of utmost importance. In this study, the GeOx ILs were formed through post-oxidation annealing of sputtered Al2O3 on the Ge substrate. The purpose of this paper is to report on growth kinetics and composition of IL between Al2O3 and Ge for HCl- and HF-last Ge surface.

Design/methodology/approach

After wet chemical cleaning with HCl or HF, Al2O3 was grown onto the Ge surface by RF sputtering. Thickness and composition of IL formed after post-anneal deposition at 400°C in dry oxygen ambience were evaluated as a function of deposition time by FESEM and characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively.

Findings

It was observed that the composition and thickness of IL were dependent on the starting surface and an aluminum germinate-like composition was formed during RF sputtering for both HF- and HCl-last starting surface.

Originality/value

The novelty of this work is to investigate the starting surface of Ge to IL growth between Al2O3/Ge that will lead to the improvement in Ge metal insulator field effect transistors (MISFETs) application.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the Ministry of Education and Universiti Malaysia Sarawak for supporting this work under FRGS/TK04(02)/1082/2013(28).

Citation

Sahari, S.K., Kashif, M., Mohamed Sutan, N., Embong, Z., Nik Zaini Fathi, N.A.F., Hamzah, A.A., Sapawi, R., Yeop Majlis, B. and Ahmad, I. (2017), "Growth kinetic and composition of the interfacial layer for RF sputtering Al2O3 layer on germanium", Microelectronics International, Vol. 34 No. 2, pp. 64-68. https://doi.org/10.1108/MI-12-2015-0099

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited