Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2011 by Emerald Group Publishing Limited
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NEW PERSPECTIVES AND METHODS IN TRANSPORT AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION RESEARCH
NEW PERSPECTIVES AND METHODS IN TRANSPORT AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION RESEARCH
Monash University, Australia
United Kingdom – North America – Japan
India – Malaysia – China
Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley BD16 1WA, UK
First edition 2011
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited
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List of Authors
Graham Currie holds the chair of public transport at the Institute of Transport Studies (ITS), Monash University, Australia where he researches and provides training in public transport planning. He leads the Public Transport Research Group at ITS and has published over 100 conference papers and some 50 leading research journal papers in the fields associated with public transport. He specialises in developing sustainable transport strategies for local government. He is the chair of the research subcommittee of the US Transportation Research Board committee on Light Rail Transit and is a member of the Bus Transit and Transit Development and Planning committees at TRB. Professor Currie has led numerous research projects in public transport in all states and territories of Australia as well as internationally. He also specialises in research on transport for disadvantaged groups and published a book on transport disadvantage in Australia called No Way To Go — Transport and Social Disadvantage in Australian Communities in 2007. He has developed and directs the world first research clearinghouse in the field of social issues in transport (SORT) at www.sortclearinghous.info which is used by researchers from over 133 countries to access research in the field.
Alexa Delbosc has a BA from Lewis & Clark College, USA and an MA in social psychology from Harvard University, USA. She is a research fellow at the Institute of Transport Studies, Monash University. Alexa graduated with a research-based Master of Social Psychology from Harvard University. She has worked as a research analyst for Museum Victoria. She is presently a research fellow in the Institute of Transport Studies (Melbourne, Australia) researching the social implications of public transport and transport disadvantage. She is the research fellow working primarily on the collaborative Australian Research Council project ‘‘Investigating Transport Disadvantage, Social Exclusion and Well-being in Metropolitan, Regional and Rural Victoria’’ which is the subject of this book.
David A. Hensher is a professor of Management, and Founding Director of the Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies (ITLS) at the University of Sydney. He is one of the world’s leading research publishers particularly in the field of transport planning and has published over 425 research papers in the leading international transport journals and key journals in economics as well as 11 books. David is a fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia (FASSA), Recipient of the 2009 IATBR (International Association of Travel Behaviour Research) Lifetime Achievement Award, recipient of the 2006 Engineers Australia Transport Medal for lifelong contribution to transportation, recipient of the 2009 Bus NSW (Bus and Coach Association) Outstanding Contribution to Industry Award, member of Singapore Land Transport Authority International Advisory Panel (Chaired by Minister of Transport), past president of the International Association of Travel Behaviour Research and a vice-chair of the International Scientific Committee of the World Conference of Transport Research. David is the executive chair and co-founder of The International Conference in Competition and Ownership of Land Passenger Transport (the Thredbo Series), now in its 20th year. David is on the editorial boards of 10 of the leading transport journals and area editor of Transport Reviews.
Ray Kinnear is the deputy director of Public Transport at the Department of Transport in Victoria, responsible for Strategic Planning and Development. Ray holds an Engineering degree and a master degree in Transport Planning. He has more than 30 years experience in transport, including 10 years in senior management in the delivery of public transport services with the Public Transport Corporation and 15 years in planning and policy development in his current role.
Karen Lucas is a senior research fellow with the Transport Studies Unit at Oxford University Over the past 10 years, she has established an international reputation for her pioneering research looking at the role of transport in social exclusion and has published extensively on this topic. Her specialist research interest is in making evident the links between the social and environmental aspects of sustainable development, with a particular focus on meeting the needs of people living in deprived and excluded communities within developed societies. Karen has been a policy advisor on transport and social exclusion to national and local government in the United Kingdom and abroad and is associate editor for the Journal of Transport Geography and a member of its Editorial Board.
Julia Markovich is a postdoctoral fellow at the School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP), Queen’s University, Canada. She recently completed her DPhil in Geography at the University of Oxford, where she examined the traditional urbanist movement in the United Kingdom. She is currently working on a book regarding the professionalisation of planning in Canada.
Jenny Morris is an Urban Geographer, with a long-standing interest in the social impacts of transport and urban planning, covering several broad research topics – including accessibility, mobility, personal safety, equity and social inclusion. Jenny’s research activity includes studies on the travel behaviour of school children, women and older people, survey methodology, liveable suburbs, rural and regional transport, travel demand management strategies, the future demand for public transport and social inclusion. Although now occupying a research role in the Victorian Department of Transport, Jenny has previously held senior positions with responsibility for integrated planning and transport policy.
Janet R. Stanley is a chief research officer, Monash Sustainability Institute, Monash University. Before this appointment, Janet was senior manager, Research and Policy at the Brotherhood of St Laurence. Janet’s current research interests are in relation to sustainability, climate change mitigation and adaptation, social policy, transport, equity, bushfire arson, social exclusion, social capital, community development and project evaluation. She is on the Ministerial Advisory Council for Minister Gavin Jennings. Janet has many publications and speaks widely in Australia and internationally. Books: Currie, G., Stanley, J., Stanley, J., (eds) (2007) No Way to Go: Transport and Social Disadvantage in Australian Communities. Stanley, J.R. & Goddard, C.R. (2002) In the Firing-Line: Violence and Power in Child Protection Work, Wiley. She is presently writing a book on social policy and climate change.
John K. Stanley is an economist and transport policy specialist, He is an adjunct professor and Bus Industry Confederation senior research fellow in Sustainable Land Transport at the Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies, University of Sydney. Before taking this role, he spent nine years as executive director of Bus Association Victoria, after eight years as deputy chair of Australia’s National Road Transport Commission. He is a board member of VicUrban, the Victorian Government’s development agency, and of Victoria’s Alpine Resorts Co-Ordinating Council. John has published extensively on transport economics and policy matters. He has been awarded an Australian Centenary Medal for services to public transport and conservation.
Dianne A. Vella-Brodrick is a registered psychologist and a member of the Australian Psychological Society (APS) and the APS College of Health Psychologists. She is currently a senior lecturer in Psychology at Monash University, Australia. Dr. Vella-Brodrick is a co-founder of the Emotion and Well-Being Research Unit, at the School of Psychology and Psychiatry at Monash University. She is an Editor in Chief of the Psychology of Well-Being: Theory, Research and Practice journal. She has co-directed the 1st and 2nd Australian Positive Psychology and Well-Being Conferences held in 2008 and 2010, respectively. She also founded the Positive Psychology Network in Melbourne, and is on the Executive Board (Secretary) of the International Positive Psychology Association (IPPA). Dr. Vella-Brodrick has developed the Mental, Physical and Spiritual Well-Being Scale and her current research projects focus on the development and evaluation of interventions aimed at enhancing well-being.
- SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION
- 1.1. Introduction
- SECTION 2. RESEARCH IN CONTEXT
- 2.1. Transport Disadvantage: A Review
- 2.2. Social Exclusion
- 2.3. Contemporary Perspectives on Well-Being
- SECTION 3. METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
- 3.1. Study Approach Overview
- 3.2. Measuring Social Exclusion
- 3.3. Measuring Well-Being
- 3.4. Exploring Transport Issues
- SECTION 4. FIELD SURVEY RESULTS
- 4.1. Field Survey Sampling Results
- 4.2. Field Survey Results
- SECTION 5. NEW ANALYTICAL PERSPECTIVES
- 5.1. Piecing it Together: A Structural Equation Model of Transport, Social Exclusion and Well-Being
- 5.2. Taking it Apart: Disaggregate Modelling of Transport, Social Exclusion and Well-Being
- 5.3. What Leads to Social Inclusion? An Examination of Trips, Social Capital and Well-Being
- 5.4. Economic Modelling
- SECTION 6. INTERNATIONAL AND POLICY PERSPECTIVES
- 6.1. International Perspectives
- 6.2. Transport Planning and Policy Perspectives
- 6.3. Public Policy Perspectives: A View from Outside Government
- SECTION 7. CONCLUSIONS
- 7.1. Conclusions