What Leads to Social Inclusion? An Examination of Trips, Social Capital and Well-being
New Perspectives and Methods in Transport and Social Exclusion Research
ISBN: 978-1-78-052200-5, eISBN: 978-1-78-052201-2
Publication date: 20 October 2011
Purpose — This chapter presents research findings in relation to the place of the ability to be mobile in promoting social inclusion.
Approach — A model outlining the relationships between social exclusion, well-being (satisfaction with life), bonding and bridging social capital, sense of community and trips, was explored. The difficulty of measuring complex intangibles in social science was recognised and a number of possible approaches to social capital were examined.
Findings — Despite the different ways of organising the data on social capital, the findings showed the same trends. It was found that the number of trips was important for the relationship between social capital and sense of community on social exclusion and well-being. Bonding and bridging social capital are important for both increasing social inclusion and well-being, both of which are strongly correlated. The number of trips taken by a person acts as a mediating variable to increase bridging social capital and decrease social exclusion. This research illustrates both the complexities and importance of definitions and measurement of social science concepts and the importance of considering their role in transport planning, where their use is new. This research adds a new area of understanding about the role of transport. It moves beyond a narrow view of travel needs and experiences, to the onset of understanding how transport can also facilitate intermediate goals related to social capital and social inclusion and how these social aspects then lead to enhanced well-being.
Stanley, J.R. and Vella-Brodrick, D.A. (2011), "What Leads to Social Inclusion? An Examination of Trips, Social Capital and Well-being", Currie, G. (Ed.) New Perspectives and Methods in Transport and Social Exclusion Research, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 187-200. https://doi.org/10.1108/9781780522012-013
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