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Article
Publication date: 15 January 2024

Villy Abraham

A growing body of research suggests the detrimental impact animosity will likely have on destination image and intentions to visit. The purpose of this study is to conduct a…

Abstract

Purpose

A growing body of research suggests the detrimental impact animosity will likely have on destination image and intentions to visit. The purpose of this study is to conduct a state-of-the-art literature review to account for observed mixed findings by putting forth research propositions to be tested in future studies. This paper also aims to develop a future research agenda based on gaps identified in the literature.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic quantitative method is adopted to review the consumer animosity literature published in tourism journals.

Findings

This paper identifies several gaps in the literature and suggests several avenues for future research.

Originality/value

To the best of the author’s knowledge, this paper is the first to conduct a state-of-the-art review of the literature dating back to the seminal consumer animosity research conducted in a tourist setting in 2014.

目的

越来越多的研究表明, 敌意可能会对目的地形象和访问意图产生不利影响。本文的主要目的是进行先进的文献综述, 通过提出在未来研究中测试的研究命题来解释观察到的混合结果。本文还旨在根据文献中发现的空白制定未来的研究议程。

设计/方法论/途径

采用系统的定量方法来回顾旅游期刊上发表的消费者敌意文献。

研究结果

本文指出了文献中的几个空白, 并提出了未来研究的几个方向。

原创性/价值

据作者所知, 本文是第一篇自 2014 年在旅游学科中进行的开创性消费者敌意研究以来的文献回顾。

Objetivo

Un número creciente de investigaciones sugiere el impacto perjudicial que probablemente tendrá la animadversión en la imagen de los destinos y en las intenciones de visitarlos. El objetivo principal del presente ensayo es llevar a cabo una revisión bibliográfica actualizada que refleje los resultados mixtos observados, planteando propuestas de investigación que se pondrán a prueba en futuros estudios. El ensayo también pretende desarrollar una futura agenda de investigación basada en las lagunas identificadas en la bibliografía.

Diseño/metodología/enfoque

se adopta un método cuantitativo sistemático para revisar la literatura sobre la animadversión de los consumidores publicada en revistas de turismo.

Resultados

El ensayo identifica varias lagunas en la bibliografía y sugiere varias vías para futuras investigaciones.

Originalidad/valor

Hasta donde sabe el autor, este ensayo es el primero que realiza una revisión actualizada de la bibliografía que se remonta a la investigación seminal sobre la animadversión del consumidor realizada en un entorno turístico en 2014.

Article
Publication date: 18 December 2020

Villy Abraham, Kerstin Bremser, Mercedes Carreno, Lynda Crowley-Cyr and Maria Moreno

This paper aims to report on the findings emerging from an international study focused on the COVID-19 pandemic impact on travel attitudes and behavioral intentions .

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to report on the findings emerging from an international study focused on the COVID-19 pandemic impact on travel attitudes and behavioral intentions .

Design/methodology/approach

An online survey created with SurveyMonkey was distributed to a sample of 216 international travelers who were at least 18 years of age.

Findings

The findings suggest that attribution theory (locus of control) may account for international travel. Individuals attributing the spread of COVID-19 to their own countries (internal locus of control) are more likely to travel abroad. Statistically significant differences are observed between various generational cohorts concerning perceived travel risk, domestic and international travel.

Originality/value

The impact of a health crisis on domestic and international travels conceptualized in a single model is absent from the literature. The authors propose a model to account for the influence of pandemics on tourists’ attitudes and intentions to travel and whether attribution of blame influences travel destination choices (domestic or international).

摘要

研究目的

本研究旨在报告一项国际研究的发现——该研究主要关注2019冠状病毒(COVID-19)疫情对出行态度和行为意图的影响。

设计/研究方法/路径

通过向216名18岁以上的国际旅行者发放一份由Survey Monkey(“调查猴子”——美国知名网络调查公司)创建的在线调查问卷, 收集样本信息。

研究结果

研究结果表明, 归因理论(控制点)可用于解释与国际旅行相关的行为。将2019冠状病毒(COVID-19)的传播归因于本国(内部控制点)的个体选择出国旅行的概率更高。不同世代的人群在旅行风险感知以及对国内和国际旅行的态度方面, 存在统计学上的显著性差异。

独创性/价值

在现有文献中, 尚未观察到借助单一模型将新冠疫情所致健康危机对国内和国际旅行的影响概念化的研究。因此我们设计了一个模型, 用于阐释新冠疫情对游客出行态度和行为意向的影响, 并揭示归因差异是否影响(国内或国际)旅行目的地的选择。

Resumen

Propósito

En el presente trabajo se muestran los resultados de un estudio internacional centrado en el impacto de la pandemia de COVID 19 sobre las actitudes e intenciones de viaje.

Diseño/Metodología/Enfoque

Se diseñó una encuesta online mediante la aplicación SurveyMonkey que fue distribuida a una muestra de 216 viajeros internacionales mayores de 18 años.

Resultados

Los resultados sugieren que la teoría de la atribución (locus de control) puede ser aplicada para explicar los viajes internacionales. Las personas que atribuyen la propagación de COVID 19 as sus propios países (locus de control interno) tienen más probabilidades de viajar al extranjero. Se observan diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las distintas cohortes generacionales en relación con la percepción de riesgo en los viajes, tanto nacionales como internacionales.

Originalidad/Valor

La conceptualización en un único modelo del impacto de una crisis sanitaria sobre los viajes tanto internacionales como nacionales está ausente de la literatura. Se propone un modelo que pretende explicar la influencia de las pandemias en las actitudes e intenciones de los turistas para viajar y si la atribución de culpas influye en la elección de destino, ya sea nacional o internacional.

Article
Publication date: 17 January 2024

Lior Solomovich and Villy Abraham

The present study’s aims are twofold: 1) to contribute to theory development by accounting for both personality and trust in the conceptualization of technology acceptance using…

Abstract

Purpose

The present study’s aims are twofold: 1) to contribute to theory development by accounting for both personality and trust in the conceptualization of technology acceptance using the technology acceptance model (TAM) as the theoretical framework; and 2) to explore the influence of ChatGPT-integrated chatbots on tourism behavior.

Design/methodology/approach

The target population for this study was travelers who previously used technology (website/ app) to plan their holiday abroad. An online survey questionnaire created with Google Forms was distributed via a panel company (iPanel). A screening question was included to filter out respondents who have not previously used technological means to plan their holiday abroad. A panel company (iPanel) was hired to collect data from a convenience sample of 305 Israeli tourists who met the above criterion between August 22 and 27, 2023, and were at least 18.

Findings

A significant and positive relationship was observed between trust in ChaptGPT and perceived usefulness. Furthermore, a significant and positive association was observed between perceived ease of use and intentions to use ChatGPT-integrated chatbots to plan future holidays. Post hoc analyses suggest that perceived ease of use mediates the relationship between extraversion and trust, trust mediates the relationship between perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness and age moderates the relationship between perceived ease of use and behavioral intentions.

Research limitations/implications

Data was collected from a convenience sample of Israeli travelers. Hence, generalizations to other countries, nationalities and cultures should be treated carefully; the study is cross-sectional and thus represents respondents’ beliefs and behavioral intentions at a particular time; and the study is based on one of several theoretical frameworks that can be used to conceptualize behaviors associated with using AI by tourists.

Practical implications

The findings of the present study point to the importance of accounting for tourists’ personal factors, such as personality and age, in developing AI products in the tourism industry. chief executive officers and relevant shareholders would benefit from conducting market research to obtain insights into the factors that may enhance or hamper tourists’ adoption of AI-based technology for planning their holidays abroad.

Originality/value

Previous work falls short of accounting for personality traits and trust in a single model using the TAM framework. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study empirically investigating tourism behavior related to ChatGPT based chatbots as a tool to plan future holidays abroad. Furthermore, the possible role of age as a moderating variable was overlooked in past research.

目的

本研究的目标有两个:1)采用技术接受模型作为理论框架, 通过考虑技术接受概念化中的个性和信任来促进理论发展; 2)探讨ChatGPT集成的聊天机器人对旅游行为的影响。

设计/方法/途径

本研究的目标人群是以前使用技术(网站/应用程序)计划出国度假的旅行者。使用 Google Forms 创建的在线调查问卷通过小组公司 (iPanel) 分发。其中包含一个筛选问题, 以筛选出之前未使用技术手段计划出国度假的受访者。聘请了一家调查公司(iPanel)来收集 305 名以色列游客的便利样本数据, 这些游客在 2023 年 8 月 22 日至 27 日期间符合上述标准, 且年龄至少为 18 岁。

研究结果

在 ChaptGPT 的信任度和感知有用性之间观察到显着且积极的关系。此外, 观察到易用性与使用集成 ChatGPT 的聊天机器人来计划未来假期的意向之间存在显着且正相关的关系。事后分析表明, 感知的易用性调节了外向性和信任之间的关系; 信任调节感知易用性和感知有用性之间的关系, 年龄调节感知易用性和行为意愿之间的关系。

原创性

以前的工作未能在单个模型中使用技术接受模型框架来解释个性特征和信任。这是第一项实证研究, 调查与 ChatGPT 集成聊天机器人相关的旅游行为, 作为规划未来出国度假的工具。此外, 过去的研究忽视了年龄作为调节变量的可能作用。

研究局限性/影响

1)数据是从以色列旅行者的便利样本中收集的。因此, 应该谨慎对待对其他国家、民族和文化的概括; 2)该研究是横断面的, 因此代表了受访者在特定时间的信念和行为意愿; 3)该研究基于几个理论框架之一, 该框架可用于概念化游客使用 ChatGPT 集成聊天机器人来计划未来出国度假的意向。

实际影响

本研究的结果表明, 在开发用于旅游业的基于 ChatGPT 的聊天机器人时, 考虑游客的个人因素(例如个性和年龄)的重要性。首席技术官和相关股东将受益于进行市场研究, 以深入了解可能增强或阻碍游客采用基于 ChatGPT 的聊天机器人来规划未来出国度假的因素。

Objetivo

Los objetivos del presente ossib son dos: 1) contribuir al ossibleo de la teoría incorporando la personalidad y confianza en la conceptualización de la aceptación de la tecnología empleando el Modelo de Aceptación de la Tecnología como marco teórico; 2) analizar la influencia de los chatbots integrados en ChatGPT en el comportamiento turístico.

Diseño/metodología/enfoque

La población objetivo de este ossib fueron los viajeros que anteriormente utilizaban tecnología (página web/aplicación) para planificar sus vacaciones en el extranjero. Se distribuyó un cuestionario online creado con Google Forms a través de una empresa de paneles (iPanel). Se incluyó una pregunta de selección para filtrar a los encuestados que no habían utilizado previamente medios tecnológicos para planificar sus vacaciones en el extranjero. Se contrató a una empresa de paneles (iPanel) para recopilar datos de una muestra de conveniencia de 305 turistas israelíes que cumplieron el criterio anterior entre el 22 y el 27 de ossib de 2023, y con una edad ossib de 18 años.

Resultados

Se identificó una relación ossibleon y ossible entre la confianza en ChaptGPT y la utilidad percibida. Además, se evidenció una asociación ossibleon y ossible entre la facilidad de uso percibida y la intención de ossible chatbots integrados en ChatGPT para planificar futuras vacaciones. Los análisis post-hoc sugieren que la facilidad de uso percibida media la relación entre la ossibleon y la confianza; la confianza media la relación entre la facilidad de uso percibida y la utilidad percibida, y la edad modera la relación entre la facilidad de uso percibida y las intenciones de comportamiento.

Limitaciones/implicaciones de la investigación

1) los datos se recopilaron de una muestra de conveniencia de viajeros israelíes. Por tanto, las generalizaciones a otros países, nacionalidades y culturas deben tratarse con cuidado; 2) el ossib es transversal y, por tanto, representa las creencias y las intenciones de comportamiento de los encuestados en un momento determinado; 3) el ossib se basa en uno de los diversos marcos teóricos que pueden emplearse para conceptualizar la intención de los turistas de ossible chatbots integrados en ChatGPT para planificar futuras vacaciones en el extranjero.

Implicaciones ossible

Los resultados del presente ossib señalan la importancia de tener en cuenta los factores personales de los turistas, como la personalidad y la edad, en el ossibleo de chatbots basados en ChatGPT para su uso en la industria turística. Los directores de tecnología y los stakeholders relevantes se beneficiarían de investigación de mercado para obtener información sobre los factores que pueden mejorar o dificultar la adopción de chatbots basados en ChatGPT por parte de los turistas para planificar futuras vacaciones en el extranjero.

Originalidad

Los trabajos anteriores no tienen en cuenta los rasgos de personalidad y la confianza en un único modelo utilizando ossible TAM. Este es el primer ossib que investiga empíricamente el comportamiento turístico relacionado con los chatbots basados en ChatGPT como herramienta para planificar las futuras vacaciones en el extranjero. Además, en investigaciones anteriores no se ossible el ossible papel de la edad como variable moderadora.

Article
Publication date: 17 September 2021

Kerstin Bremser, Lynda Crowley-Cyr, Villy Abraham, Maria J. Moreno-Martin and Mercedes Carreño

This paper uses a supplemented health belief model (HBM) to explain the risk perception of COVID-19 coronavirus infection by potential and actual domestic and international…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper uses a supplemented health belief model (HBM) to explain the risk perception of COVID-19 coronavirus infection by potential and actual domestic and international travelers (from primarily European countries) in the early pre-vaccine phase of the pandemic and its influence on their travel intentions, decisions, and actions. With a health crisis of this magnitude, it is vital to understand the effect of COVID-19-associated containment measures and safety industry strategies in abating public fear and apprehension associated with non-essential travel.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors used a sequential transformative design consisting of a (QUAN + Qual) survey to explore the HBM dimensions. The questions in the quantitative part of the survey were disseminated online examine perceptions of the severity and susceptibility of the disease, travel risks and willingness to travel. The questions in the qualitative face-to-face survey examined, how international/cross-border travelers (from Spain and Germany) perceive the benefits and barriers of personal protective behavior and the potential influence of cues to action.

Findings

Results suggest that despite potential fear arousal and confusion associated with this infectious disease, people were willing to travel during periodic on-and-off travel restrictions and perceive the benefits of such travel as outweighing barriers like wearing masks, social distancing and other containment measures.

Research limitations/implications

The conceptual model enabled the capture of real-time traveler's feelings about the benefits of traveling in the presence of the coronavirus and their perceptions of COVID-19 safety strategies used at destinations. This study adds to the lack of existing knowledge about potential psychological factors influencing travel decisions and behavior, including self-protective behavior. As borders reopen and we progress towards tourism and hospitality recovery, the results of this study can assist organizations, including health officials and governments, by reminding them of the likelihood of residual public fear when planning their COVID-19 safety strategies.

Originality/value

Given the scarcity of COVID-19 research on people's travel intentions and behavior following periods of social isolation due to lockdowns and border closures, this study captures sample public perceptions at two stages early in the pandemic. It is the first to apply all of the HBM dimensions with the addition of travel risk as a construct to investigate people's travel intentions and behaviors without vaccinations or treatments and to include cues to action in the investigation.

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Insights, vol. 5 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 21 February 2020

Villy Abraham and Yaniv Poria

Drawing on the theories of social identity and realistic conflict theory, the purpose of this study is to enrich the literature by proposing and testing a model conceptualizing…

Abstract

Purpose

Drawing on the theories of social identity and realistic conflict theory, the purpose of this study is to enrich the literature by proposing and testing a model conceptualizing the relationships between animosity, an antecedent (tourists’ perception of a heritage site) and demand variables (e.g. length of stay).

Design/methodology/approach

Data collected for the study is based on a combination of qualitative (20 interviews) and quantitative research (n = 330) methods.

Findings

The study demonstrates that animosity should be integrated into tourism research. The study provides relevant insights indicating that animosity harbored toward locals is crucial to the understanding of tourists’ behavior.

Research limitations/implications

The study provides relevant insights indicating that animosity harbored toward locals is crucial to the understanding of tourists’ behavior.

Practical implications

Managerial implications for those entrusted with the promotion of tourism and site management are suggested in areas at the heart of a conflict.

Originality/value

The study of animosity challenges the common view in heritage tourism which focus on positive emotions harbored by tourists. In the present study, the authors focus on the consequences of negative emotions.

摘要

目的

采用社会认同和现实冲突等理论来尝试充实文献, 具体做法为:提出并测试模型以确立憎恶、先行条件(游客对遗产地的感知)、需求变量(例如停留时间)之间的关系。

构思/方法/途径

结合定性(20次访谈)和定量(n = 330)两种研究方法, 为本项研究收集数据。

研究结果

研究表明:应将憎恶纳入旅游业研究中。本次研究提供的相关见解表明:游客对当地人怀有的敌意, 对于理解游客行为至关重要。

独创性/价值

遗产旅游业的普遍观点侧重于研究游客所怀有的积极情绪, 对其敌意情感的研究对这一普遍观点提出了挑战。在本项研究中, 我们侧重于负面情绪产生的后果。

关键词

憎恶、遗产地、西岸、行为意图、犹太定居者、巴勒斯坦人

文章类型

研究论文

Propósito

Basándonos en las teorías de la identidad social y la teoría realista del conflicto, intentamos enriquecer la literatura proponiendo y probando un modelo que conceptualice las relaciones entre la animosidad, un antecedente (percepción que tienen los turistas de un sitio patrimonial) y las variables de demanda (por ejemplo, la duración de la estadía).

Diseño/Metodología/Enfoque

Los datos recopilados para el estudio se basan en una combinación de métodos de investigación cualitativa (20 entrevistas) y cuantitativa (n = 330).

Hallazgos

El estudio demuestra que la animosidad debe integrarse en la investigación turística. El estudio proporciona información relevante que indica que la animosidad contra los lugareños es crucial para comprender el comportamiento de los turistas.

Originalidad/Valor

El estudio de la animosidad desafía la visión común en el turismo patrimonial que se enfoca en las emociones positivas que albergan los turistas. En este estudio nos centramos en las consecuencias de las emociones negativas.

Palabras clave

Animosidad, sitios patrimoniales, cisjordania, intenciones de comportamiento, colonos judíos, palestinos.

Tipo de papel

Trabajo de investigación

Details

Tourism Review, vol. 75 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1660-5373

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 May 2018

Villy Abraham and Abraham Reitman

The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of consumer animosity on conspicuous consumption in two research settings: Israel and Russia. The study also examines: the…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of consumer animosity on conspicuous consumption in two research settings: Israel and Russia. The study also examines: the relationship between susceptibility to norm influence (SNI) and consumer animosity, whether SNI affects consumers’ willingness to buy (WTB) products from a country toward which they harbor animosity, and the relationship between consumer animosity and WTB in contexts differing in the level of animosity harbored toward a target country.

Design/methodology/approach

To probe generalizability, the hypothesized model was tested in two different contexts: Study 1 was conducted in Israel using the context of the Holocaust and Study 2 was conducted in Russia using the context of the recent political discord with the USA. A convenience sample of Israeli-Jewish (n=264) and Russian (n=259) consumers yielded a total of 523 questionnaires.

Findings

In both contexts, the results from the SPSS and AMOS analyses indicated a negative and significant relationship between consumer animosity and conspicuous consumption. Moreover, SNI was positively associated with consumer animosity. Finally, the study findings point to a negative association between consumer animosity and WTB, regardless of the level of animosity.

Originality/value

The research findings suggest that consumer animosity may be a stronger predictor for the consumption of conspicuous products than for the consumption of necessity goods.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 June 2022

Kerstin Bremser and Villy Abraham

Risk perception and ethnocentrism are recognized as significant psychological factors influencing tourism behaviors. However, the impact of tourist ethnocentrism (TE) on tourism…

Abstract

Purpose

Risk perception and ethnocentrism are recognized as significant psychological factors influencing tourism behaviors. However, the impact of tourist ethnocentrism (TE) on tourism and hospitality-related behaviors has mainly been overlooked in previous research. Hence, the objective of the present study is to propose a comprehensive TE model by exploring the influence of TE and risk perception on the domestic hospitality and tourism industry in Israel.

Design/methodology/approach

A convenience sample of 204 Israeli respondents 18 years of age or older took part in the study. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to assess hypothesized relationships in the proposed model.

Findings

The data confirmed five out of the eight hypotheses tested. The study findings suggest that TE is unrelated to willingness to pay (WTP) a price premium for local travel or dine in local restaurants. Similarly, the authors found no association between risk perception and willingness to dine in local restaurants.

Originality/value

The current investigation contributes to the literature by proposing a model conceptualizing the influence of both TE and risk perception on hospitality (i.e. dine in a local restaurant) and tourism (i.e. domestic travel). The present research findings contribute to the tourism ethnocentrism literature and shed new light on social identity theory (SIT) by pointing to the importance of considering value for money in future conceptualizations and suggest monetary considerations may overshadow other in-group considerations as conceptualized in SIT.

Details

EuroMed Journal of Business, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1450-2194

Keywords

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