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Article
Publication date: 2 August 2021

Zhiyong Li, Tingting Huo, Yuhong Shao, Qingxue Zhao and Mingmin Huo

This study aims to present a holistic synopsis of the current scientific structure of inbound tourism research and suggest further research directions.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to present a holistic synopsis of the current scientific structure of inbound tourism research and suggest further research directions.

Design/methodology/approach

A 30-year bibliometric analysis was conducted using the Web of Science Core Collection database through CiteSpace, covering 568 Social Sciences Citation Index articles.

Findings

This study systematically identifies the evolution of scientific structures and emerging research trends in the inbound tourism field. The findings show that: co-authorship patterns reveal a trend of international cooperation; the evolution of research themes is consistent with the development of the macro-environment and inbound tourism industry, the most recent focus being on sustainable development of destinations; varied multivariate data analysis methods dominate current empirical analysis; there exist three major research dimensions in the inbound tourism field; and unilateral political factors in destinations and bilateral linkage factors affecting inbound tourism demand have aroused research interest increasingly.

Practical implications

This study helps scholars and practitioners understand the current issues and needs of the inbound tourism industry and develops a future research agenda to promote the industry’s continuous development.

Originality/value

This study is the first attempt to provide insights into the theoretical development of inbound tourism over the past three decades from the perspective of a knowledge-based platform and further facilitate sustainable development of the industry.

目的

本篇论文旨在全面地梳理入境旅游研究的整体知识架构, 进而提出未来研究方向。

设计/方法/途径

本篇论文基于文献计量法, 运用CiteSpace对从Web of Science Core Collection数据库中检索得到的30年间568篇社会科学引文索引文献进行分析。

发现

本篇论文系统地梳理了入境旅游领域知识架构的演化和新兴研究趋势, 填补了现有研究空白。结果揭示:(1)作者协作模式展现出国际化合作趋势; (2)入境旅游领域研究主题的演化趋势与宏观环境和国际旅游的发展阶段相吻合, 并且目的地可持续发展的研究成为热点; (3)目前实证分析主要采用各种多元数据分析方法; (4)入境旅游领域的研究可以归纳为三个主要研究方向; (5)单边政治因素和国家双边联系因素对入境旅游需求的影响逐渐成为近年研究热点。

实践意义

本篇论文提出了未来研究方向, 有助于学界和业界人士掌握入境旅游产业的现状和需要, 从而推动该产业的可持续发展。

独创性

本篇论文首次从知识平台视角出发, 揭示了过去三十年间入境旅游的理论发展情况。

关键词 入境旅游, 文献计量法, 知识架构, 知识平台, 未来研究方向, CiteSpace

文章类型 :研究型论文

Propósito

El objetivo de este estudio es presentar una sinopsis holística de la actual estructura científica de la investigación turística entrante y sugerir nuevas direcciones de investigación.

Diseño/metodología/enfoque

Se condujo un análisis bibliométrico de 30 años utilizando la base de datos de recopilación de datos de la red de ciencias básicas a través de CiteSpace, que abarcó 568 artículos del Índice de Citación de Ciencias Sociales.

Resultados

Este estudio identifica sistemáticamente la evolución de estructuras científicas y las tendencias de investigación emergentes en el campo del turismo entrante. Las conclusiones muestran que: i) las pautas de coautoría han revelado una tendencia a la cooperación internacional; ii) la evolución de los temas de investigación es coherente con el desarrollo del macro-entorno y de la industria del turismo entrante, centrándose más recientemente en el desarrollo sostenible de los destinos; iii) los diversos métodos de análisis de datos multivariados predominan en el análisis empírico actual; iv) existen tres grandes dimensiones de investigación en el ámbito del turismo entrante; y v) los factores políticos unilaterales en los destinos y los factores de vinculación bilateral que afectan a la demanda turística entrante han despertado un interés cada vez mayor a la investigación.

Implicaciones prácticas

Este estudio ayuda a los académicos y los profesionales a entender problemas y necesidades actuales de la industria turística entrante y desarrollar una futura guía de investigación para fomentar el desarrollo continuo de la industria.

Originalidad/valor

Este estudio es el primer intento de proporcionar información sobre el desarrollo teórico del turismo entrante en las últimas tres décadas, desde la perspectiva de la plataforma basada en un conocimiento y facilitar aún más el desarrollo sostenible de la industria.

Palabras clave

Turismo entrante, Bibliométrica, Estructura científica, Plataforma basada en el conocimiento, Agenda de investigación futura, CiteSpace

Tipo de papel

Revisión bibliográfica

Details

Tourism Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1660-5373

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 March 2015

John R. Hamilton, Singwhat Tee and Murray C. Prideaux

The inbound event tourists drawn to an Australian destination to participate in one of 14 annual international auto racing (AR) events can be sectioned to release each…

Abstract

Purpose

The inbound event tourists drawn to an Australian destination to participate in one of 14 annual international auto racing (AR) events can be sectioned to release each group’s behavioural perspectives around their tourism-related impacts on the destination. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Inbound event tourists attending the destination are surveyed during the three-day major event. Each respondent displays non-uniform, personally driven agendas and varying degrees of local tourism acceptance.

Findings

Inbound event tourists self-select into one of six psychologically framed AR sport groupings, and exhibit micro-differences that can then be used to align local tourism around future.

Research limitations/implications

The authors do not consider locals attending this international series AR event, but project their destination tourism and event impacts to be less than those of inbound event tourists. Totally, 90 per cent of inbound AR event tourists each fit one of six motive groups and each group exhibits behaviours, decision-making and spending patterns which can be later optimized in preparation for the destination’s next major event.

Practical implications

AR attendees self-select into just one behavioural attendance motive. Group approaches unlock new understanding of event attendees and their behaviours. Inbound event tourists spend 2 to 1 on the destination’s tourism vs its major event. Destinations targeting inbound event tourists should grow their spend ratio by bundling local tourism offerings into short length-of-stay requirements offering conservatively priced (under $100/activity), adventure focused, tourism options.

Originality/value

This study links inbound event tourist groupings; acquisitions; stay patterns and spending. It captures the economic components and their relative impact on the destination. By combining all the sub-groups of inbound (and local) AR event attendees, a better representation of their economic impact on the destination can be determined.

Details

The TQM Journal, vol. 27 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2731

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 November 2016

Jing Ma and Shuo Liu

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the institutions play a role in tourism development and international recognition, specifically the influence of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the institutions play a role in tourism development and international recognition, specifically the influence of marketization on the international tourists’ inbound arrivals in different Chinese provinces.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper constructs a demand model of tourism and empirically analyzes the relationship between marketization and inbound tourism demand with the panel data of the provinces of China and NERI Index of Marketization.

Findings

Marketization does have an influence on inbound tourism demand of China. Specially, the relationship between government and market, the development of product market, the market intermediary organizations and the legal system environment can increase the demand of the foreign tourists to visit China, although the magnitudes are different.

Practical implications

This paper argues that the qualities of marketization intuitions are important in increasing inbound tourism, given that it can bring better tourism experience and improve the international recognition. Strengthening the legislation and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of consumers can attract more international travelers to China. Market distribution of competitive economic resources, reducing political intervention into corporate activities and relieving tax burdens of enterprises can improve the competitiveness and the service qualities of Chinese domestic tourism firms.

Originality/value

This paper leads the discussions of institutions and tourism. It combines the consumer theory and uses static and dynamic panel data models to analyze the influencing factors of Chinese tourism. It argues that Chinese inbound tourism shall develop with the systemic marketization progress in China.

Details

Nankai Business Review International, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-8749

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 May 2021

Xiaozhong Tang, Naiming Xie and Aqin Hu

Accurate foreign tourist arrivals forecasting can help public and private sectors to formulate scientific tourism planning and improve the allocation efficiency of tourism

Abstract

Purpose

Accurate foreign tourist arrivals forecasting can help public and private sectors to formulate scientific tourism planning and improve the allocation efficiency of tourism resources. This paper aims to address the problem of low prediction accuracy of Chinese inbound tourism demand caused by the lack of valid historical data.

Design/methodology/approach

A novel hybrid Chinese inbound tourism demand forecasting model combining fractional non-homogenous discrete grey model and firefly algorithm is constructed. In the proposed model, all adjustable parameters of the fractional non-homogenous discrete grey model are optimized simultaneously by the firefly algorithm.

Findings

The data sets of annual foreign tourist arrivals to China are used to verify the validity of the proposed model. Experimental results show that the proposed method is effective and can be used as a useful predictor for the prediction of Chinese inbound tourism demand.

Originality/value

The method proposed in this paper is effective and can be used as a feasible approach for forecasting the development trend of Chinese inbound tourism.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 21 July 2020

Saad Ahmed Javed, Muhammad Ikram, Liangyan Tao and Sifeng Liu

Tourism industry is a highly complex system surrounded by many uncertainties because of its innumerable connections with other supporting systems. Considering tourism, a…

Abstract

Purpose

Tourism industry is a highly complex system surrounded by many uncertainties because of its innumerable connections with other supporting systems. Considering tourism, a grey system, the current study proposes optimistic–pessimistic method (OPM). This technique can aid in improving forecast accuracy of four tourism-related indicators, inbound tourism to China, outbound tourism from China, revenues collected through inbound tourism and expenses incurred on outbound tourism.

Design/methodology/approach

The study integrates OPM into EGM and then using the secondary data collected from the World Bank database, predicts the four tourism-related indicators. The mean absolute percentage error steered the performance of the models.

Findings

One of the main contributions of the study lies in its overall evaluation of one of the major travel and tourism countries of the world in light of four crucial indicators. The study highlights, four tourism-related indicators' recent information, contains more valuable information about the future.

Originality/value

OPM represents a novel application of concept of whitenization of interval grey number in grey forecasting theory.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 8 August 2008

Jennifer C.H. Min

The objective of this research is to assess whether two events, the 9‐21 Earthquake in 1999 and the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome outbreak in 2003, had a temporary or…

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this research is to assess whether two events, the 9‐21 Earthquake in 1999 and the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome outbreak in 2003, had a temporary or long‐term impact on the inbound tourism demand from Japan. Furthermore, a comparative study is conducted to assess whether intervention analysis produces better forecasts compared with forecasts without intervention analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

The data adopted in this study consist of monthly visitor arrivals from Japan to Taiwan for the period January 1979‐September 2006. The first 321 observations ( January 1979‐September 2005) are used to develop two tentative models, with and without intervention analyses, and then compare with the known values (October 2005‐September 2006) for accuracy testing.

Findings

Experimental results show that the effect of both disasters on Japanese inbound tourism presented only temporarily, and the forecasting efficiency of ARIMA with intervention is superior to that of a model without intervention.

Research limitations/implications

The study had difficulty accurately delineating the rebound in Japanese tourist based on monthly data. There are other factors that might influence a rebound, such as people' fading memories or the purpose of visitation. The geographic proximity of Taiwan to Japan could also account for perceived risk factors.

Practical implications

The results indicate that the Japanese inbound arrivals sharply dropped following both of the two disastrous occurrences, suggesting that the Japanese tourists are likely to be responsive to prompt marketing strategies and messages. The practical implication for tourism operators include the usefulness of reinforcing the package holiday by establishing an attractively priced travel package or offering a package with a variety of highly desirable or unique features to increase competition.

Originality/value

This study is a first attempt in the tourism literature to model Japanese demand for travel to Taiwan after these two traumatic crises.

Details

International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6182

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 23 March 2012

Wu‐Chung Wu, You‐De Dai and Hsiou‐Hsiang Jack Liu

Data collection from inbound tourists is a repetitive activity. This paper's main purpose is to show that, unless something useful about the nature of change is being…

Abstract

Purpose

Data collection from inbound tourists is a repetitive activity. This paper's main purpose is to show that, unless something useful about the nature of change is being established, repetitious collection of data from, for example, inbound visitors results in ineffective accumulation of data. The paper also aims to elucidate what it means for data to be ineffective for practical application or theory development.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach was to examine three years of data from inbound visitors to Taiwan to consider what would make data collection more effective.

Findings

Collecting many specific variables relating to travel by inbound tourists can result in recognizing segments and other matters important for applied research or theory development. Analysis shows detailed information can have limited use and high cost when different details apply to different segments. After identifying segments to study, effective information collection can require segment specific questioning, special sampling and segment specific studies.

Originality/value

While various countries conduct special studies, annual collection of a wide variety of information from inbound tourists is a common practice. This research provides new perspectives on why some data collection practices should be modified.

Details

International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6182

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 1 October 2008

Chi-Chur Chao, Bharat R. Hazari, Jean-Pierre Laffargue and Eden S.H. Yu

Purpose – This chapter shows that in the presence of tourism, the traditional policy prescription, free trade in goods and the standard Pigouvian tax on pollution, is not…

Abstract

Purpose – This chapter shows that in the presence of tourism, the traditional policy prescription, free trade in goods and the standard Pigouvian tax on pollution, is not optimal for a small open economy.

Methodology/approach – The general-equilibrium analysis is employed to study environmental regulations for a small open economy with tourism.

Findings – Foreign tourists consume mainly local non-traded goods in the tourist-receiving economy. Inbound tourism converts formally non-traded goods into tradables, generating a tourism terms-of-trade effect. Owing to this favourable effect, positive tariffs and stricter pollution taxes can actually improve welfare of domestic residents. The optimal rates of tariffs and pollution taxes are derived and explained for the economy with tourism. These positive rates are confirmed by simulations.

Originality/value of chapter – The presence of tourism can alter the welfare implications of the traditional trade policy.

Details

Globalization and Emerging Issues in Trade Theory and Policy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84663-963-0

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 November 2013

Chandana (Chandi) Jayawardena

This paper aims to present practical answers to the strategic question: “How might post-war Sri Lanka develop inbound tourism?” It attempts to capture the essence of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present practical answers to the strategic question: “How might post-war Sri Lanka develop inbound tourism?” It attempts to capture the essence of contributions by 12 experts on aspects on tourism of Sri Lanka, for the Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes (WHATT) issue on Sri Lanka in 2013.

Design/methodology/approach

Having analyzed the key findings and recommendations made in eight preceding papers on the same theme issue, the author integrates innovative suggestions in order to provide a succinct response to the strategic question.

Findings

While providing an overview of the key trends and challenges of tourism in post-war Sri Lanka, this paper proposes innovative solutions to those challenges. At the end of the paper 11 final concluding suggestions which have incorporated 71 suggestions from other sections of this paper are made to all policy makers and stakeholders of tourism industry of Sri Lanka. Based on relevant discussions, conclusions, suggested innovative solutions and assumptions, the paper provides a helicopter view of the potential for future tourism development in Sri Lanka up to the year 2026.

Originality/value

This paper provides fresh perspectives on many relevant issues by analyzing inputs, viewpoints, comments, and suggestions from subject experts. These inputs make this paper valuable to the readers. Industry professionals, consultants, researchers, academics and students with interests in tourism in Sri Lanka or similar tourism destinations around the world would benefit from this paper.

Details

Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, vol. 5 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-4217

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 November 2013

H.M.S. Samaranayake, Nizam Lantra and Chandana (Chandi) Jayawardena

– This paper aims to provide a backdrop for the Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes (WHATT) theme issue on tourism in Sri Lanka.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide a backdrop for the Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes (WHATT) theme issue on tourism in Sri Lanka.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is written in the context of a strategic question: “how might post-war Sri Lanka develop inbound tourism?” A narrative approach is taken to cover a period of 46 years.

Findings

26 years of war affected tourism in Sri Lanka resulting in low demand, low prices and a reputation as a cheap destination. Turnaround came when the war ended in 2009. In 2012 Sri Lanka passed two milestones in its tourism history by emerging as a “million tourist destination” and a “billion dollar export income earner”. Sri Lanka is now aiming to attract 2.5 million tourists by 2016.

Practical implications

Tourism in Sri Lanka has the potential to emerge as a major export income earner. To further develop tourism, Sri Lanka must develop a long-term tourism master plan with inputs from all stake holders. Authors suggest that such a master plan is needed to achieve a target of 4.5 million tourist arrivals by 2024.

Originality/value

This paper learns from the past and plans for the future. A former Chairman and a former Director of the national tourism authority of Sri Lanka joined hands with an international hospitality and tourism educator to co-write this paper to advocate for a holistic plan in further development of tourism in Sri Lanka.

Details

Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, vol. 5 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-4217

Keywords

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