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Case study
Publication date: 1 January 2011

Soon-Yau Foong and Beng-Seng Ho

Strategic management (competitive strategy and supply chain management) and management accounting (product pricing and costing techniques).

Abstract

Subject area

Strategic management (competitive strategy and supply chain management) and management accounting (product pricing and costing techniques).

Study level/applicability

Final year of business undergraduate programme and MBA programme.

Case overview

This case illustrates how emergence of generic products had threatened the survival of DCPM and forced its management to urgently review the company's existing approach to pricing of its main herbicide product. The case presents opportunities for readers to discuss the deficiencies of DCPM's existing product costing approach and recommend modifications to meet the price and gross profit margin targets specified. It also highlights issues relating to supply chain management and human resource practices that might have to be improved to enhance DCPM's long-term competitiveness.

Expected learning outcomes

To understand the effects of globalisation and emergence of generic products on intensity of market competition for branded products. To identify deficiencies of the current product costing system of DCPM for pricing decision. To apply alternative contemporary approach to product costing and pricing of Metrix and the other value-added services. To identify measures to enhance supply chain management and inventory management in DCPM. To assess DCPM's human resources practices. To evaluate the effectiveness of DCPM's existing competitive strategy and formulate new competitive strategy to sustain DCPM's long-term competitiveness.

Supplementary materials

Teaching notes.

Details

Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Case Study
ISSN: 2045-0621

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 5 February 2002

Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo and Yvan Pho

We present direct econometric tests of the induced innovation hypothesis. We test whether the price of herbicides relative to labor, machinery, and land, as well as…

Abstract

We present direct econometric tests of the induced innovation hypothesis. We test whether the price of herbicides relative to labor, machinery, and land, as well as research stocks, affects the direction of technological change and long-run substitution of herbicides for labor, machinery, and land, in U.S. agriculture. In the long run, a decrease in the price of herbicides relative to labor induces a strong labor-saving and herbicide-using bias in technological change. Public research induces labor-saving, machinery-saving, land-saving, and herbicide-using biases. Exogenous changes in scientific knowledge and/or spillovers from other sectors are labor and machinery saving and herbicide using.

Details

Economics of Pesticides, Sustainable Food Production, and Organic Food Markets
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76230-850-7

Article
Publication date: 30 March 2012

Thomas Payne and Mike Hoxley

In the UK, Japanese knotweed is an invasive, non‐native plant that has the potential to cause significant damage to buildings, foundations and development sites if left to…

1562

Abstract

Purpose

In the UK, Japanese knotweed is an invasive, non‐native plant that has the potential to cause significant damage to buildings, foundations and development sites if left to establish. The plant's bamboo‐like stems can push their way through tarmac and expose weaknesses or cracks in concrete. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current problems caused by Japanese knotweed within the UK and to ascertain the extent to which the knotweed legislation provides clear enough guidelines and measures, and, if not, how this could be addressed.

Design/methodology/approach

A literature review and interviews have investigated the current and future eradication and control techniques available for Japanese knotweed. The primary and secondary research conducted has incorporated the views and opinions of experienced Japanese knotweed experts. Case studies of sites infested with knotweed have also been carried out.

Findings

The study has identified and recommended that both public and professional awareness of Japanese knotweed still needs to be increased, throughout the UK. A detailed identification card has therefore been produced as part of this study, in order to show the different growth stages of the invasive plant, throughout the year. The study has demonstrated that an eradication technique must be carefully chosen and tailored to suit each infested site after a full site survey. The semi‐structured interviews have established that the current legislation, guidance notes and also the “Knotweed Code of Practice” produced by the Environmental Agency, provide adequate guidance on controlling Japanese knotweed. The research highlighted that knotweed spreading from neighbouring properties was a potential problem, but in practice, neighbours usually reach mutual agreement to avoid high legal costs.

Originality/value

Japanese knotweed is an increasing problem in the UK and this research will increase the awareness of those instructed to inspect property or development sites where infestation may have occurred. Professionals within the construction industry including surveyors, estate agents, developers and project managers will all find this paper of benefit.

Details

Structural Survey, vol. 30 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-080X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2001

Mark P. Leach, Luiz Mesquita and W. David Downey

Large agricultural producers often demand seed with high yielding genetics along with specialty traits specific to their particular needs. Dairyland Seed Company prides…

1411

Abstract

Large agricultural producers often demand seed with high yielding genetics along with specialty traits specific to their particular needs. Dairyland Seed Company prides itself on its superior genetics and a research program that adds specialty traits while retaining the qualities of the original variety. Dairyland sources specialty trait technology from two competing suppliers – DuPont and Monsanto. Each of these suppliers is currently pursuing a strategy of forward integration through aggressive marketing programs and acquisitions. The implications for access to future technologies and long‐term survival are profound, and leave Dairyland and other smaller seed companies with strategic decisions to make. This paper examines a channel of distribution for agricultural biotechnologies and the decisions faced by a small, reputable seed company when dealing with its large multinational biotechnology suppliers. Who should Dairyland be partnering with, and can Dairyland balance supplier dependency in an attempt to avoid being eliminated from the channel?

Details

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1993

C. Nurizzo, R. Marforio and P. Butelli

Herbicides are groundwater pollutants found where intensiveagricultural practices are performed. This is the case in NorthernItaly: atrazine, symazine, bentazone…

Abstract

Herbicides are groundwater pollutants found where intensive agricultural practices are performed. This is the case in Northern Italy: atrazine, symazine, bentazone, molinate, and others were found in many aquifers over the last five years. Presents the first results of a series of pilot plant tests using low ozone doses (prior to GAC adsorption) to reduce oxidation by‐products formation. Tests were carried out utilizing a transportable emergency plant used by the Civil Protection Agency, based on ozone oxidation and GAC adsorption. Herbicides influent concentrations were up to 1.8 μg/l and ozone doses between 0.4 and 1.7 mg/l. Tested molecules displayed different behaviour but, with the exception of bentazone, contact time seemed to be the basic parameter for the removal of these compounds, some of which appeared to be quite resistant to ozone oxidation at these concentrations.

Details

Environmental Management and Health, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-6163

Keywords

Expert briefing
Publication date: 22 May 2019

Agrochemicals and health.

Article
Publication date: 1 July 1998

Bruce A. Auld

Weeds are any plants growing where they are not wanted. Their most profound effect is in reducing agricultural production. Chemical weed control is the most common method…

Abstract

Weeds are any plants growing where they are not wanted. Their most profound effect is in reducing agricultural production. Chemical weed control is the most common method of attacking weeds. However there are several disadvantages in using herbicides including non‐target damage and environmental contamination. Biological weed control using natural enemies of weeds, insects or microorganisms, offers several advantages over chemical and mechanical control of weeds. The use of exotic organisms, usually insects, which reproduce and spread of their own accord (“classical biocontrol”) and the use of endemic organisms applied in high numbers (“inundative biocontrol”), usually fungi (“mycoherbicides” or “bioherbicides”), is discussed.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 25 no. 6/7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 October 2015

Suha Hassan Amhed, Rashida Mohamed Ahmed Abusin, Migdam Elsheikh Abdelgani and Abdel Gabar ELTayeb Babiker

– The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of the herbicide triclopyr, nitrogen and their combinations on Striga incidence and sorghum growth.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of the herbicide triclopyr, nitrogen and their combinations on Striga incidence and sorghum growth.

Design/methodology/approach

A greenhouse study was undertaken in season 2013. Sorghum cv Wad Ahmed, urea and triclopyr were employed. Treatments were arranged in a randomized complete design with four replicates.

Findings

Nitrogen alone suppressed the parasite completely early in the season. Triclopyr at 0.3 and 0.4 kg a.e. ha−1 reduced Striga emergence by 92.9 and 58.3 per cent early and late in the season, respectively. Triclopyr at 0.3 kg a.e. ha−1 applied subsequent to nitrogen at 43.8 kg ha−1 effected poor control of the parasite. Unrestricted Striga parasitism reduced sorghum height and chlorophyll content by 50.38 and 16.62 per cent, respectively. Triclopyr, nitrogen and their combination improved sorghum growth considerably.

Originality/value

The results suggest that the herbicide when applied subsequent to nitrogen afforded the most consistent performance and resulted in the highest suppression of the parasite.

Details

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, vol. 12 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-5945

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 14 March 2019

Piraya Aungudornpukdee

The purpose of this paper is to explore environmental contamination from pesticide use in a Khao Kho Sub-district, Khao Kho District in Phetchabun Province, Thailand.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore environmental contamination from pesticide use in a Khao Kho Sub-district, Khao Kho District in Phetchabun Province, Thailand.

Design/methodology/approach

The study area was made up of four villages: Kanok Ngam, Lao Lue, Lao Neng and Phet Dam, all mostly highland areas whose inhabitants are mainly from the hill tribes. The 548 participants were recruited with inclusion criteria being that they must be living in the area over one year and are agriculturists or relevant who use pesticides. The data collection was divided into two parts: first, population data using a questionnaire; and second, samples of environmental media including agricultural products gathered to analyze the contamination of pesticides. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Findings

The most planted crop was rice (53.52 percent). Regarding agricultural chemical uses, the study found that the majority of participants used herbicides (76.83 percent). In terms of herbicide uses, Glyphosate is the most used (39.59 percent). Furthermore, insecticide consumption uses were higher in Phet Dam village than the other villages. The most common uses were Carbaryl (20.66 percent), followed by β-Betoefluthrin (15.49 percent).

Originality/value

There were glyphosate and derivatives of glyphosate (Aminomethyl Phosphonic Acid) in soil and sediment samples, while herbicides and insecticides were not found in water and agricultural samples. Because these environmental contaminants are a major cause for health problems amongst producers and consumers alike, agriculturists should be supported by relevant organizations to increase organic crop cultivation methods and organic farming networks.

Details

Journal of Health Research, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2586-940X

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 27 August 2014

Damian Tago, Henrik Andersson and Nicolas Treich

This study contributes to the understanding of the health effects of pesticides exposure and of how pesticides have been and should be regulated.

Abstract

Purpose

This study contributes to the understanding of the health effects of pesticides exposure and of how pesticides have been and should be regulated.

Design/methodology/approach

This study presents literature reviews for the period 2000–2013 on (i) the health effects of pesticides and on (ii) preference valuation of health risks related to pesticides, as well as a discussion of the role of benefit-cost analysis applied to pesticide regulatory measures.

Findings

This study indicates that the health literature has focused on individuals with direct exposure to pesticides, i.e. farmers, while the literature on preference valuation has focused on those with indirect exposure, i.e. consumers. The discussion highlights the need to clarify the rationale for regulating pesticides, the role of risk perceptions in benefit-cost analysis, and the importance of inter-disciplinary research in this area.

Originality/value

This study relates findings of different disciplines (health, economics, public policy) regarding pesticides, and identifies gaps for future research.

Details

Preference Measurement in Health
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-029-2

Keywords

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