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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2005

Rashmi H. Assudani

To examine the various discourses on “knowledge” and to understand what knowledge means – is it a process of leveraging resources, is it a resource, or is it both – a process and

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Abstract

Purpose

To examine the various discourses on “knowledge” and to understand what knowledge means – is it a process of leveraging resources, is it a resource, or is it both – a process and a resource? Further, the purpose of the paper is to propose a framework for knowledge management.

Design/methodology/approach

The literature on “knowledge” is reviewed and “knowledge” is analyzed along the epistemological dimensions. The synthesis seeks to integrate the disparate ways in which “knowledge” has been conceptualized in the management literature.

Findings

The framework on knowledge management recognizes and establishes linkages between both attributes of knowledge – knowledge as a process and as a resource. It recognizes knowledge as an input resource (“knowledge of”), knowledge as an output resource (“knowledge from”), and knowledge as a process linking the “knowledge of” to the “knowledge from”.

Practical implications

A very useful source for practitioners and students interested in the field of knowledge management.

Originality/value

This paper is among the early works to organize the literature and to clarify the alternative thoughts that exist towards defining knowledge. The framework offers the literature in a very understandable and usable form for all those who are centrally or peripherally related to knowledge management.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2013

C.R. Raghunath, U. Raghunath, H.S. Yeshaswini and H. Rashmi

The purpose of this paper is to detail various aspects of laminates and their current developments in order to enable the selection and development of appropriate laminate systems…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to detail various aspects of laminates and their current developments in order to enable the selection and development of appropriate laminate systems for use in high performance avionics interconnection applications.

Design/methodology/approach

Electronic packaging must provide circuit support, heat dissipation, signal distribution, manufacturability, serviceability, power distribution and data for performance simulation over the required frequency range in avionics applications. Innovations in packaging technology have made a big impact on the types of laminates that can be used in printed circuit boards destined for these applications. The “environments” in which aircraft are required to operate have changed due to global security threats and the laminates traditionally used are not designed for this role. Aircraft systems are expected to withstand disturbances due to unexpected threats. Various factors which determine the performance of laminates are evaluated.

Findings

The safety of aircraft is critically dependent on the interconnection technology in which laminates have a major role. Under global security threats, passenger safety, emergency landing and timely information to the pilot is of paramount importance. Hence, research programs need to be initiated to develop new innovative laminate systems, since traditional laminates have limitations in these applications.

Research limitations/implications

The availability of data on the performance of laminates used in interconnection technology under various security threats is limited.

Originality/value

The paper describes how new laminates for high performance interconnection technology in avionics applications can be developed.

Article
Publication date: 21 December 2023

Avinash Chopra, Gokulananda Patel and Chandan Kumar Sahoo

One of the most decisive objectives of human resource management (HRM), essential for business performance, is to attract, maintain and engage a qualified workforce. This study…

Abstract

Purpose

One of the most decisive objectives of human resource management (HRM), essential for business performance, is to attract, maintain and engage a qualified workforce. This study aims to identify and prioritize the antecedents of employer branding, which are considered extremely important by potential applicants when they choose to join a particular employer.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have adopted a popular multicriteria decision-making technique fuzzy analytical hierarchy process, to prioritize the identified antecedents. The modified Delphi techniques with the 22 experts have been conducted to validate the identified antecedents. Structured questionnaires were discussed, and their reliability was assessed using the expert’s opinion.

Findings

Results of this study indicate that potential applicants consider career advancement opportunities as the most important enabler that persuades them to join a particular employer. Future employees are also motivated to join if they are offered attractive compensation packages, which are distinct from competitors. Furthermore, corporate social responsibility is evolving as an antecedent of employer branding as potential candidates are attracted to employers who are socially responsible.

Practical implications

Employer branding can serve as a strategic HRM technique for any business seeking to attract, recruit, retain and involve outstanding employees, as the success of the organization is determined by how its image is built, communicated and promoted. This study provides insights for HR managers and practitioners who can think of developing an effective employer brand communication that offers a distinct and in-imitable image and reputation as an employer of choice.

Originality/value

This study is unique, as it offers meaningful visions to HR practitioners and experts for designing employer branding strategies for attracting potential applicants to join their organizations.

Details

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 39 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

Keywords

Content available

Abstract

Details

Critical perspectives on international business, vol. 5 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-2043

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 23 October 2009

Rashmi H. Assudani

Despite increase in industry use of dispersed teams, understanding has lagged on how to manage knowledge effectively and efficiently in a dispersed structure. The main purpose of

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Abstract

Purpose

Despite increase in industry use of dispersed teams, understanding has lagged on how to manage knowledge effectively and efficiently in a dispersed structure. The main purpose of this paper is to map this domain by reviewing two streams of literatures ‐ the knowledge‐based view of the firm and the dispersed work. The aim, also, is to examine the implications of dispersed knowledge work on firms, especially knowledge intensive firms that are increasingly conducting dispersed work.

Design/methodology/approach

The literatures are reviewed and analyzed to examine why accessing and creating knowledge is problematic in dispersed work arrangements.

Findings

The findings raise the issue of understanding the important dynamics of the fit between the structure (dispersed versus face‐to‐face) and the strategy for managing dispersed knowledge (codification versus personalization strategy).

Practical implications

The paper is a useful resource for managers seeking to discern the social and technological interventions needed for conducting knowledge work in different types of knowledge‐intensive firms.

Originality/value

This paper is among the early works to organize the two streams of literatures. The paper shows that virtual work may not necessarily be virtuous for all kinds of dispersed knowledge work. In order to realize the virtues of geographic distance, firms need to consider their competitive strategies and their outcomes of interest.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 13 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 4 April 2024

Kwang-Jing Yii, Zi-Han Soh, Lin-Hui Chia, Khoo Shiang-Lin Jaslyn, Lok-Yew Chong and Zi-Chong Fu

In the stock market, herding behavior occurs when investors mimic the actions of others in their investment decisions. As a result, the market becomes inefficient and speculative…

Abstract

In the stock market, herding behavior occurs when investors mimic the actions of others in their investment decisions. As a result, the market becomes inefficient and speculative bubbles form. This study aims to investigate the relationship between information, overconfidence, market sentiment, experience and national culture, and herding behavior among Malaysian investors. A total of 400 questionnaires are distributed to bank institutions' investors. The survey design based on cross-sectional data is analyzed using the Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Model. The results indicate that information, market sentiment, experience, and national culture are positively related to herding behavior, while overconfidence has no effect. With this, the government should strengthen regulations to prevent the dissemination of misleading information. Moreover, investors are encouraged to overcome narrow thinking by expanding their understanding of different cultures when making investment decisions.

Details

Advances in Pacific Basin Business, Economics and Finance
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83753-865-2

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 August 2018

Cuiming Du, Yanxia Xing, Liangpeng Hao, Peng Hu and Songgang Chai

This paper aims to investigate and document the effects of copper-clad laminate (CCL) inorganic filler on the hole performance in printed circuit boards drilling process.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate and document the effects of copper-clad laminate (CCL) inorganic filler on the hole performance in printed circuit boards drilling process.

Design/methodology/approach

Drilling of brittle laminates can result in hole cracking, layer-to-layer delamination and drill-bit wear and tool breakage. Adding large amount of fillers not only shortens the life of the drilling tool but also affects the drilling properties significantly regarding hole quality. This paper introduces the influence of filler content, type, hardness, particle size and the compounding method in the manufacture of the CCL on the drilling performance.

Findings

The filler content, filler type, hardness of filler, particle size of filler and the compounding method used for the filler have a great influence on the drilling properties of CCL. The higher the filler content, the larger the particle size and the more the hardness of the filler, the worse the drilling properties. The combination of hard particles like silica with softer particles can improve the drilling performance of CCL.

Originality/value

The paper describes what affects the drilling performance of CCL and how this knowledge can be used to design CCL with good drilling performance.

Article
Publication date: 25 April 2024

Andrei Bonamigo, Andrezza Nunes, Lucas Ferreira Mendes, Marcela Cohen Martelotte and Herlandí De Souza Andrade

This study aims to examine the impact of Lean 4.0 practices on value co-creation in the dairy ecosystem.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the impact of Lean 4.0 practices on value co-creation in the dairy ecosystem.

Design/methodology/approach

Data collection were carried out through a questionary application with 126 professionals linked to the dairy ecosystem, including milk producers, milk cooperatives and milk transporters. The data were analyzed using Cluster Analysis, Mann-Whitney test and Chi-Square test.

Findings

A strong relation was found between the use of Lean 4.0 tools and the increase in operational performance, in addition to milk quality. Moreover, it can be noted that the use of digital technologies from Industry 4.0 has a strong relation with dairy production optimization, in other words, it is possible to be more efficient in the dairy process via Lean 4.0 adoption.

Research limitations/implications

The study is limited to analyzing the Brazilian dairy ecosystem. The results presented may not reflect the characteristics of the other countries.

Practical implications

Once the potential empirical impacts of the relation between Lean 4.0 and value co-creation are elucidated, it is possible to direct strategies for decision-making and guide efforts by researchers and professionals to deal with the waste mitigation present in the dairy sector.

Social implications

Lean 4.0 proves to be a potential solution to improve the operational performance of the dairy production system. Lean 4.0, linked to value co-creation, allows the integration of the production sector with consumers, through smart technologies, so new services and experiences can be provided to the consumer market. Additionally, the consumer experience can be stimulated based on Lean 4.0, once the quality specification is highlighted based on data science and smart management control.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that analyzes the interrelationship between the Lean 4.0 philosophy and the value co-creation in the dairy ecosystem. In this sense, the study reveals the main contributions of this interrelation to the dairy sector via value co-creation, which demonstrates a new perspective on the complementarity of resources, elimination of process losses and new experiences for the user through digital technologies integrated with the Lean Thinking approach.

Details

International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-4166

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 March 2023

Lipsa Jena and Umakanta Nayak

The study aims to examine the relationship between organizational career development (OCD) and employee retention (ER) with job satisfaction (JS) and organizational engagement as…

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Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to examine the relationship between organizational career development (OCD) and employee retention (ER) with job satisfaction (JS) and organizational engagement as the mediating variables and employee empowerment (EE) as moderating variable between the relationship of OCD and JS.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 422 respondents – employees working in information technology (IT) company in India – were collected and subjected to analysis through structural equation modelling (SEM).

Findings

There is a positive relationship between OCD and ER, where JS and organizational engagement acts as mediating variables. The study also shows the existence of moderating impact of EE in the relationship between OCD and JS.

Originality/value

The contribution of the study comes from establishing the role played by JS, organizational engagement and EE in the relationship between OCD and ER.

Details

International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, vol. 26 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1093-4537

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 April 2023

Lipsa Jena and Umakanta Nayak

The study examines the mediating mechanisms of job engagement (JE) and organizational engagement (OE) in the relationship between organizational career development (OCD) and…

Abstract

Purpose

The study examines the mediating mechanisms of job engagement (JE) and organizational engagement (OE) in the relationship between organizational career development (OCD) and retention of millennial employees.

Design/methodology/approach

Data from a total of 422 employees working in information technology organizations in India were collected through a structured questionnaire survey and subjected to analysis using structural equation modelling (SEM) with a confidence level of 95 percent. The convenience sampling technique for collecting data and descriptive research design was used in the study.

Findings

Results of SEM indicate that there is a positive relationship between OCD and employee retention (ER), which is mediated by JE and OE partially.

Originality/value

The study contributes by establishing the mediating role played by JE and OE in the relationship between OCD and ER.

Details

Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-4323

Keywords

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