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Abstract

Details

Quantitative and Empirical Analysis of Nonlinear Dynamic Macromodels
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-44452-122-4

Article
Publication date: 19 December 2022

Zeliha Can Ergün, Efe Caglar Cagli and M. Banu Durukan Salı

This study aims to investigate the interconnectedness across the risk appetite of distinct investor types in Borsa Istanbul. This study also examines the causal impact of…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the interconnectedness across the risk appetite of distinct investor types in Borsa Istanbul. This study also examines the causal impact of global implied volatility indices on the risk appetite of these investor groups.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use a novel time-varying frequency connectedness framework of Chatziantoniou et al. and a new time-varying Granger causality test with a recursive evolving procedure by Shi et al. over June 2008 and July 2022.

Findings

The results show a high level of interconnectedness across the risk appetite of different investor types. The sizable spillovers to domestic types of investors either occur from professional or foreign investors, indicating the long-term dominant effect of foreign and more qualified investors on the domestic investors in Borsa Istanbul. The authors provide significant evidence of causality from the global implied volatility to the Borsa Istanbul risk appetite indices, which are getting stronger after the COVID-19 outbreak.

Originality/value

Unlike the previous studies, the authors analyze the risk appetite sub-indices of various types of investors to reveal behavioral distinctions and interconnectedness across them. The authors use a novel econometric framework to assess investors’ risk appetite in different investment horizons in a time-varying system. Together with volatility index (VIX), the authors also use volatilities of oil (OVX), gold (GVZ) and currency (EVZ), considering the information transmission not only from stock markets but also energy, metals and currency markets. The present data set covers significant financial crises, socioeconomic events and the COVID-19 outbreak.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 4 July 2019

Reyhan Can and Işın Dizdarlar

This study is concerned with markets operating in Turkey in the Istanbul Stock Exchange (BIST), which have been observed and studied in relation to herd behavior. During…

Abstract

This study is concerned with markets operating in Turkey in the Istanbul Stock Exchange (BIST), which have been observed and studied in relation to herd behavior. During the research part of the study, the existence of herd behavior was investigated with the help of the daily closing price data of the firms in BIST between January 2011 and December 2017. In the research section of the study, the authors used regression analysis. In the analysis, the authors used the index value of the BIST whole Index. The average value of the index value of BIST whole Index was taken. Then, according to this average, 1% percentile and 5% percentile were taken. In the periods in the 1% percentile (at the dates) the result was that herd behavior was present. The herd behavior was observed for the periods (for dates) included in the percentile of 1%. On the other hand, the results of the analysis for the 5% percentile show that the herd behavior is only seen in the upper extremes.

Book part
Publication date: 10 February 2020

Gokce Sinem Erbuga

In recent years, there has been considerable interest in corporate governance literature as a result of massive corporate scandals. In today’s world, almost all companies…

Abstract

In recent years, there has been considerable interest in corporate governance literature as a result of massive corporate scandals. In today’s world, almost all companies are exposed to the danger of fraud. Much work on the business risk of corporate fraud has been carried out; however, researchers still have tough discussions on the most effective methods to adopt to tackle fraud. In accordance with previous studies, it is possible to say that companies which obey the corporate governance codes to the letter can minimize the risk of fraud. The importance of this chapter lies in that it helps to explain the evidence that although the deterrent measures company can undertake may well, to a certain extent, work out the problem of fraud, they are way far from eliminating corporate crimes in establishing “corporate governance.” The latter is the key term that defines the public responsibility of corporates binding themselves to the rule of law. Corporate governance has been discussed as one of the effective ways of calling the attention of large firms to social problems and urging them to take necessary actions. The reason that companies cannot eliminate fraud is strictly linked to the evidences of critical organization studies that question the epistemic assumptions of mainstream strand of the same field. Some studies show that the subject is not rational decision-making, neither does it follow the interest, nor is it a pure homo economicus so that rationality is effective in deterring corporate frauds to a certain extent.

Details

Contemporary Issues in Audit Management and Forensic Accounting
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-636-0

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 1 March 2021

Harjum Muharam, Aditya Dharmawan, Najmudin Najmudin and Robiyanto Robiyanto

This study aims to analyze the herding behavior in Southeast Asian stock markets. A cross-sectional absolute deviation of the returns approach is used to identify the…

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the herding behavior in Southeast Asian stock markets. A cross-sectional absolute deviation of the returns approach is used to identify the presence of herding. Individual stocks and market returns were employed on each stock market on a daily basis during the period of January 2008 to December 2014 from five countries selected to obtain the necessary data. The samples observed consisted of stocks having higher liquidity and larger market capitalization for each stock market. The results suggest that there is significant evidence of herding behavior found in Kuala Lumpur and Philippines Stock Exchanges. In addition, there is no evidence of herding behavior in Indonesia, Singapore, and Thailand Stock Exchanges.

Details

Recent Developments in Asian Economics International Symposia in Economic Theory and Econometrics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-359-8

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 November 2022

Clio Ciaschini and Maria Cristina Recchioni

This work aims at designing an indicator for detecting and forecasting price volatility and speculative bubbles in three markets dealing with agricultural and soft…

Abstract

Purpose

This work aims at designing an indicator for detecting and forecasting price volatility and speculative bubbles in three markets dealing with agricultural and soft commodities, i.e. Intercontinental Exchange Futures market Europe, (IFEU), Intercontinental Exchange Futures market United States (IFUS) and Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). This indicator, designed as a demand/supply odds ratio, intends to overcome the subjectivity limits embedded in sentiment indexes as the Bull and Bears ratio by the Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

Design/methodology/approach

Data evidence allows for the parameter estimation of a Jacobi diffusion process that models the demand share and leads the forecast of speculative bubbles and realised volatility. Validation of outcomes is obtained through the dynamic regression with autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) error. Results are discussed in comparison with those from the traditional generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH) models. The database is retrieved from Thomson Reuters DataStream (nearby futures daily frequency).

Findings

The empirical analysis shows that the indicator succeeds in capturing the trend of the observed volatility in the future at medium and long-time horizons. A comparison of simulations results with those obtained with the traditional GARCH models, usually adopted in forecasting the volatility trend, confirms that the indicator is able to replicate the trend also providing turning points, i.e. additional information completely neglected by the GARCH analysis.

Originality/value

The authors' commodity demand as discrete-time process is capable of replicating the observed trend in a continuous-time framework, as well as turning points. This process is suited for estimating behavioural parameters of the agents, i.e. long-term mean, speed of mean reversion and herding behaviour. These parameters are used in the forecast of speculative bubbles and realised volatility.

Details

Review of Behavioral Finance, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1940-5979

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 September 2022

Laura Gonzalez

Peer-to-peer (P2P) lending facilitates direct online lending and aims to provide financial inclusion and investment returns. Lender goals range from for-profit to…

Abstract

Purpose

Peer-to-peer (P2P) lending facilitates direct online lending and aims to provide financial inclusion and investment returns. Lender goals range from for-profit to pro-social and objective information is limited, which highlights the need to examine heuristics.

Design/methodology/approach

This study examines 1,347 lending decisions by finance students on a mock P2P site. Testimonials were used to randomly condition the financially literate lenders towards for-profit or pro-social decision-making. Each investor evaluated three loans. The three loan applications were identical except for a female or male headshot (vs an icon) and random reports of 50% funding for the female or male loan in 3 days (vs 11 days for opposite gender and 7 for icon). Previous research surveys students on a mock platform (Gonzalez, 2020) and reports similar heuristics and lifelike decisions in student and general population samples (Gonzalez and Komarova, 2014).

Findings

Lenders randomly conditioned towards pro-social lending state lower trust in borrowers. However, pro-social investors state lower risk in P2P lending and higher financial literacy. Second, pro-social investors are more confident when lending to borrowers highly trusted by other lenders, especially if the popular loan applicant is female. Third, pro-social conditioning increases lending to male applicants when the popular loan applicant is female. Fourth, pro-social investors who have experienced financial trauma have greater confidence in bad loan recovery.

Originality/value

This is the first study of heuristics in pro-social vs for-profit P2P lending. In addition, it shows that testimonials can effectively condition lending goals and affect trust and risk perceptions.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 49 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 8 November 2021

Agustin Palupi

This study aims to obtain empirical evidence and analyzes factors that are affecting earnings response coefficient (ERC). Manufacturing companies are used in this…

Abstract

This study aims to obtain empirical evidence and analyzes factors that are affecting earnings response coefficient (ERC). Manufacturing companies are used in this research, which are listed on the Indonesian Stock Exchange from 2016 to 2018. This study used panel data consisting of 114 firm years data. This research is using multiple regression method to examine the effect of independent variable to the dependent variable ERC. The result of this study shows that income smoothing (IS) and systematic risk (SR) have an effect on ERC; while IS, SR, and Firm Growth have an effect on Earnings Announcement; meanwhile, earnings persistence, audit quality, firm size, and leverage have no effect on Earnings Announcement. Implication of the research indicates that investors assess earnings quality of the company for their investment decision. These findings contribute to market reaction on earnings announcement and market-based accounting researches.

Details

Environmental, Social, and Governance Perspectives on Economic Development in Asia
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80117-594-4

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 5 July 2022

Tanzina Hossain and Pallabi Siddiqua

Determining the impact of behavioral influences on the stock market has significant implications for investment analysis and portfolio management. Behavioral biases are…

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Abstract

Purpose

Determining the impact of behavioral influences on the stock market has significant implications for investment analysis and portfolio management. Behavioral biases are parameters that need to be considered in investment decision-making. The purpose of this study is to inform Bangladeshi investors about behavioral biases that they may encounter when making investment decisions in the prevailing frontier environment.

Design/methodology/approach

Through the chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, paired-samples t-test and descriptive analysis based on the facts collected from 281 respondents of the Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE), the study has found that individual investors of Bangladesh often make investment decisions emotionally rather than based on theories.

Findings

The result shows that risk aversion and risk perception are the two most influential emotional dimensions that impact investors' decisions. The findings are consistent with the other researchers and highlight the fact that investors hardly act according to the norms recommended in the financial theories.

Research limitations/implications

The findings are grounded on a small portion of investors at DSE on some particular days, which is not sufficient to study individual investors' entire complex decision-making behavior from various angles. Many respondents were reluctant and even confused to disclose their behavioral aspects. These, along with biased and careless answers, may impede the identification of the actual scenario of the behavioral responses in decision-making that demand further study.

Originality/value

The novelty of this study is unique in that it examined investors of the DSE, who are considered to be a representative in a frontier market like Bangladesh. Since this market is not very resilient, small investors need to be aware of the biases of behavioral factors to survive.

Details

PSU Research Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-1747

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 August 2022

Garrison Hongyu Song

The size effect that there exist return differences between small market-cap firms and large market-cap counterparts in the stock market has become one of the most…

Abstract

Purpose

The size effect that there exist return differences between small market-cap firms and large market-cap counterparts in the stock market has become one of the most controversial capital market anomalies. This paper aims to interpret this effect, including both the size premium and the size discount.

Design/methodology/approach

A dynamic capital mobility model (DCMM) is proposed, and the model’s explanatory ability is validated via simulation.

Findings

This study’s simulation results indicate that the observed size effect can be originated from the combination of the pure size effect and the investors’ herding behavior. Although the size premium, that average returns of small firms are higher than those of large firms, is more prevalent in the stock market, this study’s model implies that the size discount is also possible, which is largely an empirical issue. The pure size effect per se cannot reproduce the size premium. Only if the herding effect dominates the pure size effect would there exist the size premium.

Originality/value

Although the literature provides miscellaneous explanations for the size effect, they are still inconclusive. So far there has been no theory to directly investigate the size effect and to explicitly explore the impact of investors’ trading behavior on the size effect. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this paper fills in this gap and proposes a DCMM to interpret the size effect for the first time. In addition, while the literature focuses on the size premium only, this study covers not only the size premium but also the size discount.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

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