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1 – 10 of over 8000
Article
Publication date: 5 February 2021

Effnu Subiyanto

This study aims to shed light on defining precisely variables of logistics costs model in Indonesia’s cement projects and generally other projects scientifically. The…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to shed light on defining precisely variables of logistics costs model in Indonesia’s cement projects and generally other projects scientifically. The variables have previously so far been identified based on pragmatism and practical experience without rigorous scientific and empirical findings. The models are deeply awaited by every project practitioner, especially project controllers, in Indonesia.

Design/methodology/approach

Data for the period 2010–2018 of eight cement projects were taken in quarterly and tested with a statistical tool EVIEWS10 to develop a robust proposed model. Investigating models were done by literature studies and empirical studies, and the results had been examined by statistical tests to be determined as robust or not-robust models. The certain period taken due to the availability data of the cement projects in which after 2018 was unavailable because the cement product is overcapacity in Indonesia.

Findings

The model proposed is resulted by synthesizing logistics literature and empirical from the cement projects in which the model consists of foreign logistics costs, domestic manufacture, and domestic logistics costs as the best findings to develop logistics model for the cement projects with a-10 independent variable. It significantly found the variable of foreign logistics costs have taken higher portions in the model, and therefore must be prior carefully anticipated.

Practical implications

To guide investors to alert with several important variables of logistics in Indonesia. As education that to invest in Indonesia, the best logistics model must prior be known to anticipate further uncertainty.

Originality/value

This study is advanced applied research of logistics models developed by author for future possibility implementation in the sector beyond cement projects.

Details

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2053-4620

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2003

Georgios I. Zekos

Aim of the present monograph is the economic analysis of the role of MNEs regarding globalisation and digital economy and in parallel there is a reference and examination…

67391

Abstract

Aim of the present monograph is the economic analysis of the role of MNEs regarding globalisation and digital economy and in parallel there is a reference and examination of some legal aspects concerning MNEs, cyberspace and e‐commerce as the means of expression of the digital economy. The whole effort of the author is focused on the examination of various aspects of MNEs and their impact upon globalisation and vice versa and how and if we are moving towards a global digital economy.

Details

Managerial Law, vol. 45 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0558

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2006

Marcus Einbock

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the consequences of the newly introduced Austrian road pricing system on companies.

1904

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the consequences of the newly introduced Austrian road pricing system on companies.

Design/methodology/approach

As road pricing offers a good opportunity for infrastructure owners to generate revenues, the system was introduced in January 2004. Trucks and buses are now charged per kilometre driving on Austrian motorways with the amount depending on the number of axles. Therefore, enterprises whose trucks and buses use motorways are confronted with higher transport costs. These costs can be generally divided into direct and indirect ones. The main cost categories concerning indirect costs are costs for pre‐financing, for bad debts losses and for toll‐control. The paper assesses these kinds of costs and evaluates the cost effects in different branches. Further, empirical evidence based on a survey conducted in autumn 2003 is included, where enterprises were asked about their expectations concerning consequences of road pricing on their company. A major part of the paper discusses the changes in the planning system of enterprises. There exist a lot of strategies and measures reducing the total systems costs after introducing such a road pricing. Some of these strategies are presented more in detail. Besides description and evaluation, the strategies are faced with results generated by the survey.

Findings

This road toll systems leads to different effects on enterprises in Austria. At first accounting is confronted with a new cost type. Toll costs can be separated into direct and indirect toll costs. Both result in an increase of transport costs depending on the industry and partly the region. Higher transport costs can have an influence on the competitive ability in Austria and in foreign countries compared to inland and foreign companies. It is a general goal to reduce the toll‐based rise of logistics system costs that cannot be equated with minimising toll costs. Enterprises can pursue strategies in the field of procurement and distribution, changing the logistics network or in the scope of transportation and packing.

Originality/value

The paper points to an interesting implication of the system, which is an intensified use of logistics service providers to improve efficiency in transportation and logistics.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 36 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1993

Joseph Scully and Stanley E. Fawcett

Today′s changing global business environment requires firms todevelop a better approach to global manufacturing operations. Ofparticular importance is the interaction…

Abstract

Today′s changing global business environment requires firms to develop a better approach to global manufacturing operations. Of particular importance is the interaction between logistics and manufacturing activities. A survey of 101 senior manufacturing and materials managers revealed both important insight into the global co‐production decision and interesting comparative data for key value‐added activities. This research also evaluated the rationale behind, and overall benefit of, global manufacturing strategies. Presents key findings.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 13 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 November 2011

Sumeet Gupta, Mark Goh, Robert Desouza and Miti Garg

Free trade agreements have been employed, either unilaterally or as a bloc, as an instrument to overcome the inefficiencies in trade brought about by the prevailing…

4016

Abstract

Purpose

Free trade agreements have been employed, either unilaterally or as a bloc, as an instrument to overcome the inefficiencies in trade brought about by the prevailing barriers and regulatory measures. During the tenth summit the leaders of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) agreed to integrate their priority sectors with a vision to developing an ASEAN economic community whereby there would be a free flow of goods, services, investment and a freer flow of capital, equitable economic development, and reduced poverty and socio‐economic disparities. This market would have no price discrimination for commodities and against foreign goods, services, capital and labor. The purpose of this paper is to assess the current state of the cross‐border trade in logistics services among ASEAN. The extent of the ease of cross‐border trade is measured in terms of trade friendliness. The trade friendliness is a measure of the openness of ASEAN towards conducting free cross‐border trade.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses a series of semi‐structured interviews with 35 logistics and related firms operating in ASEAN.

Findings

It was found that the unwieldy customs procedures and inspections, lack of coordination, and arbitrary rulings are some barriers to freer cross‐border trade within ASEAN.

Practical implications

In this paper, the authors have identified several barriers that influence logistics services across ASEAN. ASEAN must address these barriers before any further attempt of freer trade can be made.

Originality/value

Studies have been conducted for the USA and Europe but not for the Asia‐Pacific. The Asia‐Pacific is a growing region for global trade and therefore assessing the trade openness or friendliness in the logistics sector is useful for taking further policy initiatives for developing an ASEAN economic community.

Details

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, vol. 23 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-5855

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 27 September 2011

Shams Rahman and Yen‐Chun Jim Wu

This study aims to investigate differences among Chinese manufacturers‐cum‐suppliers in their logistics services provided to different local and foreign customers and…

4441

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate differences among Chinese manufacturers‐cum‐suppliers in their logistics services provided to different local and foreign customers and assess the management areas that they must address in order to satisfy the logistics requirements of their customers.

Design/methodology/approach

A questionnaire‐based survey was conducted amongst managers of manufacturing firms in four industries, automotive, telecommunication and computer, household appliance, and electronics, located in the Shanghai region of China. A five‐point Likert scale (1 – least important, 5 – most important) was used to measure the importance of services provided, and assess customer satisfaction level, impact on management of manufacturers, and difficulties and challenges faced by the manufacturers.

Findings

The results indicate that foreign customers place significant emphasis on different services from those of their local counterparts. Results also indicate that many challenges need to be addressed by the manufacturers with respect to HR, customer service, and IT integration. A significant difference between manufacturers' satisfaction levels with local and foreign customers is also noticeable.

Practical implications

Since third‐party logistics (3PL) industry in China is still in its infancy. Most of the Chinese manufacturing firms have to provide major logistics services to their customers. Hence further growth of the Chinese economy depends to a large extent on the ability of the manufacturing firms to provide efficient and effective logistics services. The findings of this study demonstrate that in order for the outsourced manufacturers in China to provide logistics services to local and foreign customers, they are required to restructure their organizations and adjust their operation strategies.

Originality/value

This study is a rare attempt to discuss outsourced manufacturers in China in adjusting their logistics strategies and operations to meet the demands from both local and foreign customers after China's admission to the World Trade Organization.

Details

Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, vol. 16 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-8546

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1990

Gordon Wills, Sherril H. Kennedy, John Cheese and Angela Rushton

To achieve a full understanding of the role ofmarketing from plan to profit requires a knowledgeof the basic building blocks. This textbookintroduces the key concepts in…

13562

Abstract

To achieve a full understanding of the role of marketing from plan to profit requires a knowledge of the basic building blocks. This textbook introduces the key concepts in the art or science of marketing to practising managers. Understanding your customers and consumers, the 4 Ps (Product, Place, Price and Promotion) provides the basic tools for effective marketing. Deploying your resources and informing your managerial decision making is dealt with in Unit VII introducing marketing intelligence, competition, budgeting and organisational issues. The logical conclusion of this effort is achieving sales and the particular techniques involved are explored in the final section.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 28 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1998

David Pollitt

Summarizes several strategic briefings, conference presentations and reports on the topic of logistics management. Covers in turn logistics in China and Japan, including a…

4436

Abstract

Summarizes several strategic briefings, conference presentations and reports on the topic of logistics management. Covers in turn logistics in China and Japan, including a profile of Braun Electric; methods of improving the supply chain, highlighting new technology, the “bullwhip effect” of distorted information and a case study of Tektronix; logistics in retailing, including direct mail in Japan, home shopping and distribution networks; and applications of the Internet in the logistics field, focusing on “knowledge logistics” (electronic publishing). Concludes with a summary of research conducted by McKinsey which suggests that doing business in a world of plentiful and cheap interactions will require new skills and new ways of thinking and those who anticipate and understand the fundamental nature of the changes will be best placed to exploit the opportunities.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 28 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2008

Chin‐Shan Lu, Chun‐Hsiung Liao and Ching‐Chiao Yang

This study aims to empirically identify investment incentive preference segments for international logistics zones from the manufacturer's perspective.

2372

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to empirically identify investment incentive preference segments for international logistics zones from the manufacturer's perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

Eight critical investment incentives were identified, based on the following factors: cost, agglomeration, resource, port, policy, political stability, location and transport, and economic. Cluster analysis was subsequently performed to group respondents on the basis of their factor scores. Three groups or segments were identified: firms that preferred political stability and location factors; those which preferred low‐cost and port‐related factors; and those which preferred agglomeration effect and resource factors. Six factors, i.e. cost, agglomeration effect, resource, port, policy, and political stability, differed significantly across the three segments.

Findings

Results suggest that political stability is the most important incentive, followed by corporate tax incentives, government administration efficiency, labor cost, and energy cost.

Originality/value

This study is a first attempt to understand investment incentive preferences for an international logistics zone from the manufacturers' perspective and to segment investors into different groups.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 28 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Beth Davis-Sramek, Konstantin Krotov and Richard Germain

The purpose of this paper is to examine a traditional information technology (IT) integration-performance framework in the transition economy of Russia, which has…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine a traditional information technology (IT) integration-performance framework in the transition economy of Russia, which has undergone significant and tumultuous institutional shifts. The research incorporates variables not previously utilized in the supply chain literature but underscore significant roles in the context of the Russian institutional environment to examine the drivers of IT integration.

Design/methodology/approach

The Moscow-based, Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) was contracted to collect data from Russia manufacturing firms with 100 or more employees, and the effort resulted in 769 responses from Russian private sector firms. This primary survey data were combined with two secondary data sets to test the model using structural equation modeling.

Findings

Overall, the results indicate that firms in developed economies must pay special attention to specific contextual nuances in transition economy firms that can affect their ability to successfully navigate this significantly different supply chain environment. Specifically, the results show that spatial distance from Moscow hampers a firm’s ability to integrate its logistics IT capabilities, suggesting that “modern” logistics IT (and possibly supply chain practice in general) initiate from the Moscow core and spread outward. Further, results find that growth in the number of foreign competitors in a firm’s primary industry over the prior five-year period associates with greater integrated logistics IT. It appears that increasing foreign competition creates a sense of urgency for managers within Russian firms to focus on cost reduction and improvements in logistics efficiencies by way of greater IT integration.

Originality/value

A significant portion of research related to supply chain management and firm performance takes place in the economically developed West, but there are questions about whether these findings are applicable in transition economies that have a significantly different set of institutional dynamics. This research highlights how the unique contexts in transition economies such as Russia can present challenges for firms as they adapt to the realities of global market dynamics.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 46 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

Keywords

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