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Article
Publication date: 25 September 2009

Lindsay Mitchell and George Boak

The purpose of this article is to review the use of competence frameworks in the UK healthcare sector and to explore characteristics of the sector that may influence the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to review the use of competence frameworks in the UK healthcare sector and to explore characteristics of the sector that may influence the success of projects to develop new frameworks.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper draws on project reports and evaluations of practice in a range of recent projects to develop new competence frameworks.

Findings

There are a number of competence frameworks in use in the UK healthcare sector, principally the NHS, designed for a range of purposes. There are many potential benefits of such frameworks. The main characteristics of the UK healthcare sector that can present difficulties to the development, and ultimate use, of such competence frameworks are the size, complexity, professionalisation and extent of other simultaneous change in the sector. Potential difficulties caused by these characteristics can be ameliorated by measures to align the development of the framework with priorities, interests and concerns of practitioners and stakeholder bodies. A case study of effective implementation of a framework demonstrates the benefits of integrating the competences with other measures to deliver a new service.

Practical implications

The paper gives practical guidance for those who intend to develop and implement competence frameworks in healthcare and other complex environments.

Originality/value

The paper applies established organisational change concepts to the specific issue of developing new frameworks of competence. The article provides high originality and high value to those who commission and those who develop competence frameworks.

Details

Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 33 no. 8/9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0590

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1995

Roger Stuart, John E. Thompson and Jeanette Harrison

Forms a part of a larger project aimed at developing a framework ofmanagerial competence applicable to top teams in small – tomedium‐sized enterprises in Northern Ireland…

Abstract

Forms a part of a larger project aimed at developing a framework of managerial competence applicable to top teams in small – to medium‐sized enterprises in Northern Ireland. Reports on an investigation into the development of a process of “translation”, whereby cross‐company competence frameworks could be transformed into company‐specific frame‐works. A systematic, ten‐step translation process emerged, involving drawing out reactions to, and checking understanding of the generalizable frameworks, modifying framework items through additions, deletions, aggregation, disaggregation, and changes to the small print; identifying priorities; drawing out examples from practice; distinguishing actual from ideal; introducing a time dimension; challenging underlying reasoning and implications; and finally, checking the fit of the adapted frameworks. The developed translation process maintained the integrity of the generalizable frameworks while enabling full account to be taken of specific company differences. The process also served as a means of identifying individual team, and organization development issues, and laid the ground for the introduction of competence‐based management development initiatives.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1996

John E. Thompson, Roger Stuart and Philip R. Lindsay

Presents the research frame, methods and results of a study of top team competences in small‐ to medium‐sized enterprises sponsored by the Training and Employment Agency…

Abstract

Presents the research frame, methods and results of a study of top team competences in small‐ to medium‐sized enterprises sponsored by the Training and Employment Agency in Northern Ireland. Explores a “postulated” framework of competence using a modified version of repertory grid with 31 successful companies who have a working top team. The results confirmed the framework and give core competences at two linked levels: competence domains, areas of activity regarded as an important focus for performance excellence and competences, integrated sets of behaviour which can be directed towards successful goals achievement within competence domains. Validation of the results is given by the outcomes of follow‐up interviews and the comparison with other work. Holds that the results emphasize a radical insight into the notion of managerial competence in the smaller company.

Details

Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-3946

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1997

Philip R. Lindsay and Roger Stuart

In the face of increasingly demanding business environments, organizations must carefully examine themselves to assess their “fitness” to compete and sustain success…

Abstract

In the face of increasingly demanding business environments, organizations must carefully examine themselves to assess their “fitness” to compete and sustain success within their marketplaces. Such assessments lead senior management to challenge previously held beliefs about what is meant by “competence” and to reconstrue them in the light of future requirements. Managerial competences can help managers address this task. However, many competence approaches to organizational competence and change seem too narrowly focused and static in nature. Senior managers require models which cater for the dynamism of their business world. Outlines the framework identified by Stuart and Lindsay (1996). Illustrates its use in helping managers to systematically explore change requirements to achieve “competence” through a client assignment. Indicates how outputs from application of the framework inform and strengthen the development of HR systems and processes to support change in pursuit of organizational competence.

Details

Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 21 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0590

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Book part
Publication date: 1 December 2004

Stephen P. Fitzgerald

Collaborative forms range from co-located teams engaged in short term local projects, to international joint ventures, to worldwide networks of organizations and citizens…

Abstract

Collaborative forms range from co-located teams engaged in short term local projects, to international joint ventures, to worldwide networks of organizations and citizens linked together to generate global social change. In order to discern patterns that transcend the breadth of forms (including virtual), a new term is introduced that encompasses the entire spectrum: collaborative entity (CE). The diverse and far-ranging CE literature is then integrated into the Collaborative Capacity (CC) Framework. That framework is comprised of ten broad constructs and their interrelationships that, when considered together, capture fundamental aspects of all CEs. The CC Framework provides a bridge-building language to help facilitate inter-disciplinary, multi-dimensional dialogue, research, and perspectives on fostering collaborative capacity.

Details

Complex Collaboration: Building the Capabilities for Working Across Boundaries
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-288-7

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1997

Roger Stuart and Philip Lindsay

Work on managerial competence has largely been characterized by being narrowly focused, fragmented and confusing in its terminology. Further, it has often failed to deal…

Abstract

Work on managerial competence has largely been characterized by being narrowly focused, fragmented and confusing in its terminology. Further, it has often failed to deal with issues of organizational specificity and the widely different contexts for managerial performance. Additionally, the work has mainly been located in and applied to lower level managers in the larger, often multinational organizations. Finally, the focus of much competence work has been on individual managers and has often taken little account of teamworking. Describes a contextually embedded framework of managerial competence which is targeted on top teams in small to medium‐sized enterprises. The framework identifies and distinguishes the key foci for clearly defining managerial competence, and beyond that, serves to locate existing competency frames in a single and coherent whole. The framework also explicitly recognizes organizational context as an important influence on ‐ indeed determinant of ‐ managerial competence in situ. Uses the concept of a lens of organizational competence to bridge environmental and organizational cultural variables with top team concerns and capabilities.

Details

Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0590

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Article
Publication date: 25 September 2009

Jonathan Winterton

The purpose of this article is to explore diversity in competence models across Europe and consider the extent to which there is sufficient common ground for a common…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to explore diversity in competence models across Europe and consider the extent to which there is sufficient common ground for a common European approach to underpin the European Qualifications Framework.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses a literature review and interviews with policy makers.

Findings

Despite the central role of competence in policy initiatives, conceptual approaches to competence vary not only between but also within different member states. This diversity embodies not only language issues but also fundamental cultural differences in approaches to skill formation. Whether the models have sufficient common ground to permit a “best‐fit” European‐wide approach is open to question, although this is clearly an essential prerequisite for removing barriers to labour mobility. Despite initiatives like the European Qualifications Framework there is still no consensus for adopting a common competence model and policy discussions continue to reveal confusion.

Research limitations/implications

The focus on policy discussions at the European level may be a limitation, and readers should see this as the introductory scene setting to more detailed discussions in the following papers of important developments within member states. Beyond this, much is happening at the level of sectors and occupations that is the focus for practical implementation.

Practical implications

The paper highlights the urgent need to develop a coherent conceptual underpinning for competence descriptors in qualifications frameworks that will work as a best‐fit approach across Europe. Without this, occupational and inter‐sector mobility will be hindered.

Originality/value

The paper offers the most comprehensive assessment of European approaches to competence to date.

Details

Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 33 no. 8/9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0590

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Article
Publication date: 8 December 2020

Diane Aparecida Reis, André Leme Fleury and Marly Monteiro Carvalho

Emerging digital ventures and related breakthrough innovations result in new challenges for the development of entrepreneurial competences and demand new perspectives for…

Abstract

Purpose

Emerging digital ventures and related breakthrough innovations result in new challenges for the development of entrepreneurial competences and demand new perspectives for entrepreneurship research. In this context, policy-makers and organizations are increasingly interested in fostering entrepreneurial competences to improve the success of policies and venture capital investments. This paper aims at identifying the core relevant entrepreneurial competences, mapping the current literature and the main clusters and going beyond toward a meta-competence framework.

Design/methodology/approach

The research approach is a literature review, combining bibliometric, network and content analysis. The sampling process was conducted in the Scopus and Web of Science databases. The bibliometrics and content analysis were performed with a computer aid approach applying VosViewer1.6, Ucinet and NetDraw 2.139. The content analysis approach was performed considering a detailed coding schema developed. Finally, toward the meta-competences framework, the study applied quantitative analysis on the coding schema, particularly cross-tabulation, core-periphery and network analysis.

Findings

The results show the state of the art concerning entrepreneurial competences. The research identified a list of 98 entrepreneurial competences. Finally, the study proposes a meta-competence framework and clusters the 33 core entrepreneurial competences previously identified.

Originality/value

The proposed conceptual framework exploring meta-entrepreneurial competences offers an original contribution with implications for theory and practice. The research contributes to broadening the understanding of the entrepreneurial competences, helping on the creation, design, development and improvement of entrepreneurship educational initiatives, which are important to entrepreneurs' educators. The proposed framework contributes by providing relevant knowledge for the policy-makers' strategy formulation processes. As implications for the practice, the proposed framework can allow better assessment process for incubators and accelerators, besides more robust ventures considering learning trails based on meta-competences frameworks.

Details

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2554

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Article
Publication date: 21 October 2020

Chris Darling and Krishna Venkitachalam

Extant literature on strategic environment analysis confirm broad evidence of studies on competences in the context of private sector organizations. Nevertheless, there is…

Abstract

Purpose

Extant literature on strategic environment analysis confirm broad evidence of studies on competences in the context of private sector organizations. Nevertheless, there is a growing interest and evidence of strategic competence in public sector organizations seeking to deliver improved performance. This paper attempts to determine the strategic competences of a National Health Service (NHS) unit for better organizational performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on the qualitative analysis of empirical evidence collected in a UK based NHS case study organization, we arrive at a strategic competence performance framework for the health unit using research carried out through interviews with employees and partner organization members.

Findings

By examining a UK-based qualitative case study, the proposed framework puts forward four strategic competence pillars vital for delivering organizational performance and effectively managing the environment of NHS unit's operations. The four strategic competences that are identified to foster NHS unit's performance are strategic leadership, staff engagement, knowledge transfer and partnership working.

Originality/value

The study examines the environment in which a UK based NHS health unit operates and identify the different strategic competences to deliver organizational performance.

Details

Journal of Strategy and Management, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-425X

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2018

Aggeliki Tsohou and Philipp Holtkamp

Information security policies (ISPs) are used by organizations to communicate rules on the use of information systems (IS). Research studies show that compliance with the…

Abstract

Purpose

Information security policies (ISPs) are used by organizations to communicate rules on the use of information systems (IS). Research studies show that compliance with the ISPs is not a straightforward issue and that several factors influence individual behavior toward ISP compliance, such as security awareness or individual perception of security threats. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the competencies associated with users’ ISP compliance behavior.

Design/methodology/approach

In order to reveal the competencies that are associated with the users’ ISP compliance behavior, the authors systematically analyze the ISP compliance literature and the authors develop an ISP compliance competency model. The authors then target to explore if IS users are equipped with these competencies; to do so, the authors analyze professional competence models from various industry sectors and compare the competencies that they include with the developed ISP compliance competencies.

Findings

The authors identify the competencies associated with ISP compliance and the authors provide evidence on the lack of attention in information security responsibilities demonstrated in professional competence frameworks.

Research limitations/implications

ISP compliance research has focused on identifying the antecedents of ISP compliance behavior. The authors offer an ISP compliance competency model and guide researchers in investigating the issue further by focusing on the professional competencies that are necessary for IS users.

Practical implications

The findings offer new contributions to practitioners by highlighting the lack of attention on the information security responsibilities demonstrated in professional competence frameworks. The paper also provides implications for the design of information security awareness programs and information security management systems in organizations.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the paper is the first study that addresses ISP compliance behavior from a professional competence perspective.

Details

Information Technology & People, vol. 31 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-3845

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