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Article
Publication date: 15 November 2022

Patience Usoro Usip, Edward N. Udo and Ini J. Umoeka

The purpose of this paper is to apply the earlier enhanced personal profile ontology (e-PPO) developed by the authors as a case study for the appraisal of the lecturers in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to apply the earlier enhanced personal profile ontology (e-PPO) developed by the authors as a case study for the appraisal of the lecturers in the department of computer science, University of Uyo, Uyo for the purposes of promotions. The developed e-PPO was a sample smart résumé for the selection of the best among three personnel using linguistic variables and formal rules representing the combination of the criteria and subcriteria was illustrated which was used to allocate competent personnel for software requirement engineering tasks. The need for the use of the smart resume for appraisal purposes was pointed out in the conference paper, calling for the applicant’s data to be inputted into the enhanced personal profile ontology (e-PPO) for personnel appraisa.

Design/methodology/approach

Appraisal is a regular review of employees’ performances and their overall contribution to the organization they are working for. The availability of a web application for personnel appraisal requires PPO which includes both static and dynamic features. Personal profile is often modified for several purposes calling for augmentation and annotation when needs arise. Resume is one resulting extract from personal profile and often contain slightly different information based on needs. The urgent preparation of resume may introduce bias and incorrect information for the sole aim of projecting the personnel as being qualified for the available job. Religious and gender biases may sometimes be observed during appointments of new personnel, which may not be the case during appraisals for promotions or reassignment of tasks because such biases become insignificant given the fact that job targets and the skills needed are already set and the appraisals passes through several phases that are not determined by a single individual. This work therefore applied the earlier developed e-PPO for appraisal of the academic staff of the department of computer science, university of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria. A mixed approach of existing ontologies like Methontology and Neon have been followed in the creation of the e-PPO, which is a constraint-based semantic data model tested using Protégé inbuilt reasoner with its updated plugins. Upon application of e-PPO on personnel appraisals, promotion and selection of employee for specific assignments in any organization is possible using the smart resume.

Findings

The use of the smart resume reduces the numerous task that would have been taken up by the human resource team, thereby reducing the processing time for the appraisals. The appraisal task is done void of biases of any kind such as gender and religion.

Originality/value

This work is an extension of the original work done by the authors.

Details

International Journal of Web Information Systems, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1744-0084

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 24 October 2022

Yumei Luo and Jian Mou

This paper aims that mobile health (mHealth) applications have emerged as a key tool to support public health. However, there are only a few studies examining the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims that mobile health (mHealth) applications have emerged as a key tool to support public health. However, there are only a few studies examining the influences of health-related ascribes on continuance intention to use mHealth apps and how these influences are contingent on gender in the mHealth app using context.

Design/methodology/approach

This study takes the protection motivation theory as a theoretical framework to examine the ordered relationship between threat and coping appraisals and their impacts on continuance intention to use mHealth apps. In addition, this study further extends the literature on gender differences into the mHealth app's context to investigate the moderating role of gender. The suggested hypotheses are confirmed by a structural equation modeling approach and multigroup investigation employing survey data of 345 users of Spring Rain Doctor in China, a typical mHealth app.

Findings

The findings suggest that the impact of perceived disease threat on user's continuance intention is mediated entirely by coping appraisals. Furthermore, the three coping appraisals' impacts are contingent upon gender. Specifically, response efficacy is more crucial for male users in forecasting continuance intention, whereas self-efficacy and response cost have a more salient influence on continuance intention for female users.

Originality/value

This study examines the ordered influences of threat and coping appraisal, moderated by gender, on continuance intention on use mHealth apps. These findings could contribute to relevant theoretical and practical implications.

Details

Journal of Electronic Business & Digital Economics, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2754-4214

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1993

Peter Dove and Sally Brown

Explores some key issues in appraisal for staff in institutions ofhigher education. Considers the need to address specifically the issuesof equal opportunities in appraisal

1114

Abstract

Explores some key issues in appraisal for staff in institutions of higher education. Considers the need to address specifically the issues of equal opportunities in appraisal, and makes a case for team appraisal. Examines the problems of unwilling appraisers chosen by post rather than person and proposes that there should be an Ombudsperson for dissatisfied appraisees. Discusses the ethics of appraisal, together with the varying appraisal agendas of different constituencies of staff. Consideration is given to the real purposes of appraisal and the policy of delegation to the lowest level. Deplores the proposals to link appraisal to performance‐related pay and argues for the retention of appraisal′s developmental focus.

Details

Education + Training, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0040-0912

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1989

Luis R. Gomez‐Mejia

The objectives of performance appraisal are outlined, and theproblems with performance evaluation are examined. Race, age and sexdiscrimination are discussed in relation…

1540

Abstract

The objectives of performance appraisal are outlined, and the problems with performance evaluation are examined. Race, age and sex discrimination are discussed in relation to Equal Employment Opportunity Commission guidelines. A performance appraisal model is laid down with step by step guidelines. The model is assessed against the key objectives of performance appraisal.

Details

Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-3946

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1986

Clive Fletcher

From the organisation's point of view, feedback assists effective learning. From the individual's viewpoint it can satisfy any personal need for information on progress…

1356

Abstract

From the organisation's point of view, feedback assists effective learning. From the individual's viewpoint it can satisfy any personal need for information on progress and facilitate social comparison with others. Whether criticism achieves any beneficial effects is dependent on the amount of critical feedback; a balanced review of performance, covering strengths and weaknesses; clear, relevant feedback content emphasising the performance of the individual; the availability of other sources of feedback; the extent of subordinate participation in the interview; and the relationship between the manager and the subordinate. Self‐appraisal may be a more robust approach and may overcome many of the problems normally encountered in discussing performance. There is ample evidence for its effectiveness.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1977

James Walker, Clive Fletcher, Richard Williams and Keith Taylor

Over recent years there has been a move towards more open appraisal, with the individual appraised being shown the written assessment of him, but there is little evidence…

Abstract

Over recent years there has been a move towards more open appraisal, with the individual appraised being shown the written assessment of him, but there is little evidence to indicate what effects this change in practice may have had on the value of the appraisals. The survey of appraisal schemes in private and public sector organizations reported in this paper attempts to gauge the influence of greater openness on the standards of written appraisals and on the amount of reliance organizations place upon them in deciding such matters as promotion.

Details

Personnel Review, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

Article
Publication date: 13 February 2017

Clinton Longenecker and Laurence Fink

The purpose of this paper is to identify the specific steps organizations can take to create value-added appraisal systems.

4262

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the specific steps organizations can take to create value-added appraisal systems.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors synthesize 30 years of their research, including countless focus groups and surveys with managers at all levels, to identify the specific steps organizations can take to create value-added appraisal systems.

Findings

The paper explains ten key lessons for improving any organization’s performance appraisal system.

Practical implications

The authors believe that the lessons described in this paper can be applied in all organizations, and not to apply these lessons invites ineffective and potentially destructive appraisal practices.

Originality/value

The paper provides a unique set of lessons that organizations can use to design or re-design their performance appraisal systems and practices.

Details

Strategic HR Review, vol. 16 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1475-4398

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2002

Debbie Wall, Maurice Conlon, Ron Cullen and Aidan Halligan

Effective appraisal is one of the key underpinning systems to allow the practical implementation of clinical governance. Between March and July 2002, over 800 GPs have…

883

Abstract

Effective appraisal is one of the key underpinning systems to allow the practical implementation of clinical governance. Between March and July 2002, over 800 GPs have attended the national GP “Training the Appraisers” Programme, funded by the Department of Health, and run by the NHS Clinical Governance Support Team (CGST) in partnership with Edgecumbe Consulting Ltd. The one day programme, which includes practical “real life” appraisal sessions for GPs, is well on the way to meeting its remit of training 900 GP appraisers (an average of three appraisers per PCT) in 2002. Once they have completed the course, trained appraisers can begin the process of conducting the first round of appraisals in their local primary care organisations. The GP Appraisal Programme recognises the potential of an effective system of appraisal to develop over time, so that patients can be confident that their family doctor is supported in taking regular, structured steps to ensure they are identifying and fulfilling their professional development needs and thereby enhancing the delivery of high quality care.

Details

British Journal of Clinical Governance, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1466-4100

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1999

Nelda Spinks, Barron Wells and Melanie Meche

Examines the role of appraisals as a way of improving productivity and effectiveness within successful organizations. Identifies ways in which appraisals help both…

9023

Abstract

Examines the role of appraisals as a way of improving productivity and effectiveness within successful organizations. Identifies ways in which appraisals help both employers and employees. Suggests that there is room for improvement in most performance appraisals and discusses various ideas. Computer software is one of the ways in which performance appraisals can be dealt with more proficiently. This article evaluates the three leading software programs available currently and provides a comparison of the features. Concludes that the products do not solve all the problems encountered in performance appraisals, but do give structure to the process and make this sort of appraisal easier to conduct.

Details

Career Development International, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1362-0436

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1992

Tichatonga J. Nhundu

Findings of studies on self‐appraisals conducted mainly innon‐educational settings indicate that self‐ratings are generouslyinflated, do not correlate with other sources…

Abstract

Findings of studies on self‐appraisals conducted mainly in non‐educational settings indicate that self‐ratings are generously inflated, do not correlate with other sources, and show less reliability than ratings from counter‐positions. Reports on self‐appraisals in an educational setting using perceptions of teacher interns and their supervisors. Self – and supervisor appraisals were found to be significantly correlated, with self‐appraisals showing less leniency than corresponding supervisor appraisals. In addition, self‐appraisals were a better predictor of job satisfaction than supervisor appraisals.

Details

Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 30 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-8234

Keywords

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