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Article
Publication date: 4 September 2007

Arthur J. Sementelli and Charles F. Abel

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how mechanistic and organic metaphors might be fused through the application of cultural imagery.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how mechanistic and organic metaphors might be fused through the application of cultural imagery.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is a theoretical examination of metaphor and its application in public organizations. Specifically, this paper examines the possibility that images from popular culture might offer some insights. Selected metaphors linked by elective methodological affinities are examined in order to determine potential significance of the Robocop metaphor for guiding research in organizations.

Findings

The popular culture image Robocop from 1980s films can help us detect what is not being included in most theoretical analyses of public organizations, while simultaneously helping us to purge the negative connotations of the Robocop image.

Research limitations/implications

The popular culture image can help us to understand change in public organizations.

Originality/value

It is one of the few, if any, papers using popular culture images to bridge metaphor and imagery in the study of organizational change.

Details

Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 20 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0953-4814

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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2019

Ahreum Lee and Hokyoung Ryu

The purpose of this paper is to explore how people differently create meaning from photos taken by either a lifelogging camera (LC) (i.e. automatic capture) or a mobile…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore how people differently create meaning from photos taken by either a lifelogging camera (LC) (i.e. automatic capture) or a mobile phone camera (MC) (i.e. manual capture). Moreover, the paper investigates the different changes in the interpretative stance of lifelog photos and manually captured photos over time to figure out how the LC application could support the users’ iconological interpretation of their past.

Design/methodology/approach

A 200-day longitudinal study was conducted with two different user groups that took and reviewed photos taken by either a LC or a MC. The study was structured in two phases: a photo collection phase, which lasted for five days (Day 1‒Day 5), and a three-part semi-structured interview phase, which was conducted on Days 8, 50 and 200.

Findings

Results revealed that the interpretative stance of the LC group changed greatly compared to the MC group that kept a relatively consistent interpretative stance over time. A significant difference between the two groups was revealed on Day 200 when the lifelog photos provoked a more iconological and less pre-iconographical interpretative stance. This stance allowed the viewers of lifelog photos to systemically interpret the photos and look back upon their past with different viewpoints that were not recognized before.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to further understand the dynamic change in interpretative stance of lifelog photos compared to manually captured photos through a longitudinal study. The results of this study can support the design guidelines for a LC application that could give opportunities for users to create rich interpretations from lifelog photos.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 44 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

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Book part
Publication date: 30 November 2017

Tammar B. Zilber

How can we take multimodalities (the discursive, material, spatial, visual, emotional, embodied, etc.) of institutions seriously? In contemplating the implications of the…

Abstract

How can we take multimodalities (the discursive, material, spatial, visual, emotional, embodied, etc.) of institutions seriously? In contemplating the implications of the “multimodal turn” (broadly defined) for institutional inquiry and theory, I first situate it within its intellectual current in the social sciences more broadly. I then use three ethnographic vignettes from Israeli high-tech conferences, all centering on “place” (as a – presumably first and foremost – geographical and material reality) to highlight the shortcomings of a “weak” multimodal approach and the promise of a “strong” one. Finally, I suggest ways to capture multiple modalities within an integrated account and discuss the challenges entailed in an institutional inquiry undertaken to acknowledge, and conceptualize, non-linguistic realities.

Details

Multimodality, Meaning, and Institutions
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-330-4

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Article
Publication date: 29 April 2021

Alondra D. Garza, Amanda Goodson and Cortney A. Franklin

The current study examined police response, specifically identification and arrest decisions, to nonfatal strangulation occurring within the context of intimate partner violence.

Abstract

Purpose

The current study examined police response, specifically identification and arrest decisions, to nonfatal strangulation occurring within the context of intimate partner violence.

Design/methodology/approach

Data for the present study were derived from a sample of 117 possible nonfatal strangulation case reported to a police agency located in one of the fifth largest and most diverse US cities. A series of logistic regression models were employed to examine the role of victim, suspect and case characteristics on officer formal identification of strangulation and officer arrest decisions.

Findings

Results revealed that 14% of all intimate partner violence (IPV) cases reported to the police agency involved possible nonfatal strangulation and less than half of all possible nonfatal strangulation cases were formally identified as such by officers. The odds of formal identification of strangulation by police increased when strangulation was manual and when victims reported difficulty breathing. Injury and formal identification increased the odds of arrest.

Originality/value

This study is the first to examine predictors of police formal identification and arrest decisions in nonfatal strangulation occurring within intimate partner violence incidents.

Details

Policing: An International Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 October 2011

Jean‐Marie Boussier, Tatiana Cucu, Luminita Ion and Dominique Breuil

This paper claims that the parking policy is one of the most obvious tools for reducing traffic congestion, pollutant emissions and conflicts between transportation…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper claims that the parking policy is one of the most obvious tools for reducing traffic congestion, pollutant emissions and conflicts between transportation network users. The purpose of this paper is to propose and implement a strategy, via a simulation tool, for the sharing of parking places between light cars and vans for goods delivery.

Design/methodology/approach

Temporal and spatial dynamic booking of on‐street parking places is described by using the multi‐agent paradigm. Main agents concerned by the sharing of parking places, their rules and interactions are implemented. Behavioral models and learning process of cognitive agents based on stated preferences collected beside the network users are designed for capturing multi‐agent interactions.

Findings

By coupling a 2D traffic simulation tool and the Copert III methodology, it is possible to simulate the traffic and environmental consequences of several scenarios for different infrastructures, occupancy rate of the places reserved for goods delivery and durations of the delivery process.

Research limitations/implications

Several points are under development: a 3D environment will capture with more realism the behavior of agents in a larger spatial scale and in real time. The behavioral models will be designed by stated preferences obtained from surveys containing questions coupled with pictures of possible scenarios.

Practical implications

Applied in a real context, the sharing of parking places strategy shows benefits for traffic and for the environment. A decision maker can use this strategy for simulating scenarios, in the context of an urban area in particular.

Originality/value

The paper demonstrates how a simulation tool based on strategy of parking place sharing can satisfy constraints of transportation network users.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 41 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 31 January 2020

Sandhya Kumari Teku, Koteswara Rao Sanagapallea and Santi Prabha Inty

Integrating complementary information with high-quality visual perception is essential in infrared and visible image fusion. Contrast-enhanced fusion required for target…

Abstract

Purpose

Integrating complementary information with high-quality visual perception is essential in infrared and visible image fusion. Contrast-enhanced fusion required for target detection in military, navigation and surveillance applications, where visible images are captured at low-light conditions, is a challenging task. This paper aims to focus on the enhancement of poorly illuminated low-light images through decomposition prior to fusion, to provide high visual quality.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, a two-step process is implemented to improve the visual quality. First, the low-light visible image is decomposed to dark and bright image components. The decomposition is accomplished based on the selection of a threshold using Renyi’s entropy maximization. The decomposed dark and bright images are intensified with the stochastic resonance (SR) model. Second, texture information-based weighted average scheme for low-frequency coefficients and select maximum precept for high-frequency coefficients are used in the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) domain.

Findings

Simulations in MATLAB were carried out on various test images. The qualitative and quantitative evaluations of the proposed method show improvement in edge-based and information-based metrics compared to several existing fusion techniques.

Originality/value

In this work, a high-contrast, edge-preserved and brightness-improved image is obtained by the processing steps considered in this work to get good visual quality.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

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Article
Publication date: 21 August 2017

Kamil Topal and Gultekin Ozsoyoglu

The purpose of this study is to detect these reviews’ complex emotions, visualize and analyze them. Movie reviewers’ moviescores and reviews can be analyzed with respect…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to detect these reviews’ complex emotions, visualize and analyze them. Movie reviewers’ moviescores and reviews can be analyzed with respect to their emotion content, aggregated and projected onto a movie, resulting in an emotion map for a movie. It is then possible for a moviegoer to choose a movie, not only on the basis of movie scores and reviews, but also on the basis of aggregated emotional outcome of a movie as reflected by its emotion map displaying certain emotion map patterns desirable for the moviegoer.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use the hourglass of emotion model to find the emotional scores of words of a review, then they use singular value decomposition to reduce the data dimension into singular scores. Once, they have the emotional scores of reviews, the authors cluster them by using k-means algorithm to find similar emotional levels of movies. Finally, the authors use heat maps to visualize four dimensions in a figure.

Findings

The authors are able to find the emotional levels of movie reviews, represent them in single scores and visualize them. The authors look the similarities and dissimilarities of movies based on their genre, ranking and emotional statuses. They also find the closest emotion levels of movies to a given movie.

Originality/value

The authors detect complex emotions from the text and simply visualize them.

Details

Information Discovery and Delivery, vol. 45 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-6247

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 12 September 2016

Siti Rohajawati, Dana Indra Sensuse, Yudho Giri Sucahyo and Aniati Murni Arymurthy

This paper aims to recommend implementation of the knowledge management (KM) strategy for a mental health organisation, an area that has, to date, limited attention in…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to recommend implementation of the knowledge management (KM) strategy for a mental health organisation, an area that has, to date, limited attention in literature based on the factors that influence KM success.

Design/methodology/approach

A mixed-methods research was conducted to identify the organisational culture, resources, enablers and the influential factors of mental health knowledge management (MHKM). The data were collected in five referral mental hospitals and were analysed using quantitative, qualitative and triangulation methods.

Findings

The organisational culture has become a great barrier. Forty-three influential factors were identified. Otherwise, based on culture, resources, enablers and strengthen, weakness, opportunities and threaten (SWOT) analysed were adopted to propose ten of the critical success factors and were recommended into an implementation strategy.

Research limitations/implications

The paper has proven that KM is a new and emerging discipline in Indonesia, especially on mental health care. This will contribute to the governmental policy of KM implementation and enforce the quality of services.

Practical implications

This result has the potential to leverage interdisciplinary KM research. It supports a mental health organisation in applying KM.

Originality/value

This study is probably the first to analyse factors that are of influence in an MHKM initiative programme.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 20 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 15 June 2021

Romi Jain and Joseph Tse-Hei Lee

This introductory essay historicizes the evolution of China’s geopolitical strategy from the Maoist era (1949–1976) to the present. It examines the Chinese strategic…

Abstract

Purpose

This introductory essay historicizes the evolution of China’s geopolitical strategy from the Maoist era (1949–1976) to the present. It examines the Chinese strategic thinking in four spatial settings: Eurasia, maritime Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and the wider Indo-Pacific region. The Chinese strategic concerns are comparable across these regions, but the ability to pursue security interests is contingent on many circumstantial factors. This study refers to some snapshots of the ongoing regional disputes to discuss the continuities and breakpoints in China’s strategic outreach in a multipolar world.

Design/methodology/approach

This study draws on the scholarly literature and policy papers to examine the interrelated forces that shape China’s rise to regional dominance: how Beijing has co-opted a series of global and regional crises for its rise to domination; how China, the USA and neighbouring countries have adjusted and adapted to a new changing international order; and how major powers in littoral and maritime Asia respond to an increasingly assertive Chinese state.

Findings

This study documents the combination of smart, soft and sharp power that China has deployed, since the global financial crisis of 2008, to enforce its dominance against the USA across the Pacific Rim and Eurasia. It argues that General Secretary of the Chinese Communist PartyXi Jinping initially launched the Belt and Road Initiative to respond to former US President Barak Obama’s policy of rebalancing Asia, and he has expanded these expansionary projects to counter US President Donald Trump’s “America First” doctrine, thereby asserting Chinese influence abroad and tightening control against discontented populations at home.

Research limitations/implications

Many Western policy analysts are wondering whether a rising China will be a “status quo” state or a revisionist state that attempts to challenge the existing world order. The lack of clarification from Beijing has prompted Washington to shift from a longstanding strategy of diplomatic engagement to that of geostrategic containment to balance against China.

Originality/value

The strategic goals of China in the early 21st century pertain to security reassurance, access to energy resources and national image building. Since the global financial crisis of 2008, China has become immensely confident of its own socio-economic accomplishments and scornful of what it perceives as an American conspiracy to undermine its rise to power. Following in the footsteps of the USA in the post-Second World War era, Japan in the 1980s and Taiwan in the 1990s, Beijing has used international commercial activities and business contracts to achieve specific political, strategic and diplomatic objectives.

Details

Social Transformations in Chinese Societies, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1871-2673

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 10 December 2020

Romi Jain and Joseph Tse-Hei Lee

Abstract

Details

Social Transformations in Chinese Societies, vol. 16 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1871-2673

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