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Article
Publication date: 16 August 2021

Parveen Ali, Peter Allmark, Andrew Booth, Julie McGarry, Helen B. Woods and Farah Seedat

The purpose of this paper is to estimate the accuracy and effectiveness of screening tools and subsequent interventions in the detection and treatment of intimate partner…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to estimate the accuracy and effectiveness of screening tools and subsequent interventions in the detection and treatment of intimate partner violence (IPV) in non-high-risk settings (defined here as those in which routine IPV screening does not take place in the UK, such as in general practice).

Design/methodology/approach

Rapid review as defined by Grant and Booth – it is used under time or financial constraint to assess what is known using systematic review methods. Medline, PsycINFO, Embase and Cochrane Library databases to May 2019 were searched for “intimate partner violence” and synonyms plus terms related to screening and interventions. A Medline update was performed in August 2020. Data were extracted with the help of a predesigned tool and were synthesised to answer the two study aims. Data were mixed quantitative and qualitative.

Findings

The search yielded 10 relevant papers on screening (6 on accuracy and 4 on effectiveness) and 13 on intervention. These showed evidence of the effectiveness of simple screening tools and of subsequent interventions. However, the evidence was insufficient to support a change in UK guidelines which currently do not recommend their use outside of current high-risk environments.

Originality/value

Clinicians outside of high-risk areas should consider the use of some IPV screening tools and interventions but only within research protocols to gather further evidence.

Details

Journal of Criminal Psychology, vol. 11 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2009-3829

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 July 2021

Parveen Ali, Peter Allmark, Andrew Booth, Farah Seedat, Helen B Woods and Julie McGarry

This paper aims to estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the UK general population and in the low-risk clinical population and to identify the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the UK general population and in the low-risk clinical population and to identify the methodological challenges presented by this task.

Design/methodology/approach

A rapid review of the evidence was conducted. Data were extracted with the help of pre-designed tools and were synthesised to answer the two study aims. The data extracted was both qualitative and quantitative.

Findings

In the general population, crime survey data gave a range of past-year IPV prevalence from 1.8% to 4.5%. This was higher in women than men (2.5%–6.3% vs 0.9%–2.7%). In both the general and low-risk clinical population, there was little data on pregnant women or gay men and lesbians. No significant relationships between IPV and ethnicity were found. Different surveys used different definitions of IPV and domestic violence, making it difficult to give an accurate estimate. There were also problems with data accuracy.

Originality/value

This research is original and contributes to the knowledge about IPV screening and if prevalence studies help.

Details

Journal of Criminal Psychology, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2009-3829

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2003

Andrew Booth

Evidence‐based information practice is an important paradigm that is now emerging in mainstream information work from within healthcare information. This paper aims to…

943

Abstract

Evidence‐based information practice is an important paradigm that is now emerging in mainstream information work from within healthcare information. This paper aims to provide an introduction to the concept before considering the imperative for practitioners to use insights from research within their professional practice and day‐to‐day decision making. The importance of a focused question and a systematic approach to critical appraisal are rehearsed and similarities with the domain of information systems are briefly considered. The paper concludes with state‐of‐the‐art observations from a recent conference in Canada and recommendations for further development of the paradigm. The objective is to achieve the eventual extinction of the concept through complete integration as simply another tool for reflective practice.

Details

VINE, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-5728

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1958

FELIX LIEBESNY

I am going to talk both as a user and a perpetrator of translations, since, in the Patent Department of the Mond Nickel Company Limited, the Information Section has to…

Abstract

I am going to talk both as a user and a perpetrator of translations, since, in the Patent Department of the Mond Nickel Company Limited, the Information Section has to abstract and translate patents and other legal documents as well as technical and scientific articles from, and occasionally into, foreign languages. A large part of this work is done within the department but the incessant pressure, due to the necessity of working to definite dates—a very common problem in patent work—forces us to send out some work to outside translators. We have thus acquired a considerable store of experience on the economic or L.s.d. side of translation work.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 10 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

Article
Publication date: 1 July 2006

Andrew Booth

The paper seeks to provide an overview and update of thinking in relation to the theory and practice of formulation of answerable research questions within evidence based…

19710

Abstract

Purpose

The paper seeks to provide an overview and update of thinking in relation to the theory and practice of formulation of answerable research questions within evidence based information practice.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper reviews the healthcare and information literature on question formulation, augmented by structured and purposive internet searches.

Findings

Although a few key authors have published extensively on all aspects of the evidence‐based information practice process, including question formulation, there is little in the way of empirical research.

Research limitations/implications

In the absence of an empirical research base from within the specific domain of information practice, this conceptual paper extrapolates findings from healthcare research to general librarianship.

Practical implications

This article models the process of question formulation using a proposed conceptual framework (SPICE) and encourages practitioners to identify their own practice‐based questions.

Originality/value

This is the first article specifically to address question formulation for a general (i.e. non‐health) library audience.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 24 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2000

Andrew Booth

Healthcare is a knowledge industry evidenced by substantial resources invested in staff development and the production of research evidence. This article examines…

Abstract

Healthcare is a knowledge industry evidenced by substantial resources invested in staff development and the production of research evidence. This article examines knowledge management within the NHS in terms of explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge. It concludes that whilst progress with explicit knowledge is significant management of tacit knowledge is far less developed.

Details

VINE, vol. 30 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-5728

Article
Publication date: 1 May 2006

Andrew Booth

The purpose of this paper is to explore conceptual and practical links between performance measurement and evidence‐based library and information practice (EBLIP) and to…

5066

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore conceptual and practical links between performance measurement and evidence‐based library and information practice (EBLIP) and to identify lessons to be learned from evidence‐based healthcare.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents a selective review of key writings in EBLIP for reference to performance measurement.

Findings

The paper finds that performance measurement may variously be viewed as one small, but essential, stage of EBLIP or an overarching approach to utilisation of data of which research‐derived evidence is a single source

Research limitations/implications

Similarities and potential linkages between the two activities are currently underdeveloped and need to be explored through rigorous empirical research.

Practical implications

The stages of EBLIP are modelled in relation to a single case study of reference checking.

Originality/value

This is the first article to develop explicit links between these two areas of information practice, following in passim mentions at previous conferences.

Details

Performance Measurement and Metrics, vol. 7 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-8047

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 1999

Nigel Ford, Dave Miller, Alan O’rourke, Jane Ralph, Edward Turnock and Andrew Booth

The emergence of evidence‐based medicine has implications for the use and development of information retrieval systems which are not restricted to the area of medicine…

937

Abstract

The emergence of evidence‐based medicine has implications for the use and development of information retrieval systems which are not restricted to the area of medicine. ‘Evidence‐based’ practice emphasises the retrieval and application of high quality knowledge in order to solve real‐world problems. However, information seeking to support such evidence‐based approaches to decision making and problem solving makes demands on retrieval systems which they are not well suited at present to satisfy. A number of approaches have been developed in the field of medicine that seek to address these limitations. The extent to which such approaches may be applied to other areas is discussed, as are their limitations.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 55 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1997

Andrew Booth

Although in many decision‐making contexts it may be a problem actually to find any evidence there are already a number of topics where the challenge is presented by the…

Abstract

Although in many decision‐making contexts it may be a problem actually to find any evidence there are already a number of topics where the challenge is presented by the bewildering array of sources and formats in which published findings are made available. By focusing on just one of these areas, nicotine replacement therapy, and by exploring characteristics such as usability and authoritativeness with a group of health professionals, the author attempts to highlight some important issues in both finding and evaluating the evidence. The results of this opportunistic preliminary investigation are presented together with some suggestions for further research and implications for health information professionals in their quest for evidence.

Details

Journal of Clinical Effectiveness, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-5874

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1957

ANDREW D. BOOTH

The present paper is intended to form an introduction to the ideas of machine translation; it is in no sense a complete account of the work which has been carried out at…

Abstract

The present paper is intended to form an introduction to the ideas of machine translation; it is in no sense a complete account of the work which has been carried out at Birkbeck College and elsewhere and which interested readers can study in more detail in a book which is in course of publication.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 9 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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