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How accurate and useful are published UK prevalence rates of intimate partner violence (IPV)? Rapid review and methodological commentary

Parveen Ali (Health Sciences School, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK)
Peter Allmark (Health Sciences School, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK)
Andrew Booth (School of Health and Related Research, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK)
Farah Seedat (National Screening Committee, Public Health England, London, UK)
Helen B Woods (School of Management, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK)
Julie McGarry (Queen’s Medical Centre Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK)

Journal of Criminal Psychology

ISSN: 2009-3829

Article publication date: 12 July 2021

Issue publication date: 21 July 2021

716

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the UK general population and in the low-risk clinical population and to identify the methodological challenges presented by this task.

Design/methodology/approach

A rapid review of the evidence was conducted. Data were extracted with the help of pre-designed tools and were synthesised to answer the two study aims. The data extracted was both qualitative and quantitative.

Findings

In the general population, crime survey data gave a range of past-year IPV prevalence from 1.8% to 4.5%. This was higher in women than men (2.5%–6.3% vs 0.9%–2.7%). In both the general and low-risk clinical population, there was little data on pregnant women or gay men and lesbians. No significant relationships between IPV and ethnicity were found. Different surveys used different definitions of IPV and domestic violence, making it difficult to give an accurate estimate. There were also problems with data accuracy.

Originality/value

This research is original and contributes to the knowledge about IPV screening and if prevalence studies help.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The study was part-funded by the UK National Screening Committee.

Citation

Ali, P., Allmark, P., Booth, A., Seedat, F., Woods, H.B. and McGarry, J. (2021), "How accurate and useful are published UK prevalence rates of intimate partner violence (IPV)? Rapid review and methodological commentary", Journal of Criminal Psychology, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 129-140. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCP-11-2020-0048

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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