Index

International Perspectives on Crowdfunding

ISBN: 978-1-78560-315-0, eISBN: 978-1-78560-314-3

Publication date: 20 July 2016

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

(2016), "Index", Méric, J., Maque, I. and Brabet, J. (Ed.) International Perspectives on Crowdfunding, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 265-269. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78560-315-020151021

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016 Emerald Group Publishing Limited


INDEX

Action for Microfinance in Africa (AMAF)
, 24

African Private Equity and Venture Capital Association (AVCA)
, 25

Alternative financing method
, 83

Arboribus
, 140–145

Australia
, 87

Australian Small Scale Offerings Board (ASSOB)
, 230

Bank of Central African States (BEAC)
, 22

Banking Commission of Central Africa (COBAC)
, 22

Behavioural Finance approach
, 135

Benefit corporations
, 137

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)
, 174

Broker-dealer license
, 85

Canada
, 86

Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA)
, 86

Capital assembly

in crowdfunding platforms
, 103–104

narrative and entrepreneurial
, 104–106

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
, 132

Cash management
, 131, 138

Cash surpluses
, 131, 136, 147

Catarse
, 152, 153, 163

CEMAC. See Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)

CF. See Crowdfunding (CF)

CFP. See Crowdfunding platforms (CFP)

COBAC. See Banking Commission of Central Africa (COBAC)

Combat fraud
, 13–14

Community benefits
, 5

Community funding
, 24

Corporate finance
, 130

Corporations and Market Advisory Committee (CAMAC)
, 87

Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme
, 174

Cross-side network effects
, 6–7

Crowd
, 203, 204–211

democratic power of
, 207–208

with generosity
, 210–211

impulsiveness of
, 205–207

indifference of
, 211

online
, 212–215

suggestibility of
, 209–210

wisdom of
, 204–205

Crowdfunding (CF)

academic authors
, xxvii–xxix

academic institutions
, xxix–xxxi

academic literature on
, xxvi–xxvii

in Australia
, 87

backers and campaign duration
, 112, 121

in Canada
, 86

complexity
, xxii

computer-mediated phenomenon
, 38

context
, 108

contextualized methods
, xviii–xix

in continental Europe
, 88–97

data collection and variables
, 108–110

define
, 170

descriptive statistics
, 110–111

donation-based model
, xxiii–xxiv

equity-based model
, xxiv–xxv

European Commission
, 82

fad phenomenon
, xvi–xvii

framework for
, 159–165

funding target, pledge and ratio
, 112, 120–121

gender effects
, 122–123

limitations
, 124

micro-payment providers
, xxii

microfinance or lending-based models
, xxv–xxvi

in New Zealand
, 87–88

participants and platforms
, 39–40

participation, motivations and deterrents for
, 48–60

platforms types
, xxiii

professionalization of
, 60–61

proliferation of
, 61

properties
, xxi

psychological experience
, 47–48

publicizing
, 44–45

questions and recommendations
, 252–253

reciprocate resources
, 46

reward-based model
, xxiii–xxiv

reward-levels
, 112–114, 121–122

social phenomenon
, xix–xx

sustainable or temporary social phenomenon
, xvii

thematic research
, xxxi–xxxiii

in United Kingdom
, 86–87

in United States
, 84–85

visual pitch
, 114–119, 122

work involved in
, 40–48

Crowdfunding Exemption
, 86

Crowdfunding platforms (CFP)

capital assembly in
, 103–104

competition
, 15–17

design strategies
, 9–12

entrepreneurs
, 102

governance strategies
, 12–15

narrative framework
, 103

Crowdfunding projects
, 215

Crowdgiving
, 83, 92

Crowdlending
, 83, 87, 92, 131

Crowdlending return
, 135

Crowdpractices
, xv–xvi

Crowdsourcing
, 202

CSA. See Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA)

Design strategies, crowdfunding platforms

attracting other groups
, 11–12

choice of crowdfunding model
, 9–11

Disseminate information
, 13

Donation-based crowdfunding
, 23, 197

Donation-based model
, xxiii–xxiv

Draft legislation
, 94–97

Drive crowdfunders
, 239

e-platforms
, 85

East Africa Venture Capital Association (EAVCA)
, 24

Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)
, 22

Ego-networks
, 154

Egocentric perspective
, 131

Entrepreneurial capital assembly
, 104–106

Entrepreneurial narrative

co-created
, 108

crowdfunding campaign
, 124

hero entrepreneur
, 105

novel products and business models
, 105

and resource assembly
, 120

video pitches
, 108

Equity crowdfinancing, Gabon

institutional behavior
, 29–30

social value
, 25–27

tontine social behavior
, 27–28

Equity-based crowdfunding
, 23, 84, 221–222

Equity-based model
, xxiv–xxv

European Commission
, 4

Facebook
, 155, 156, 158, 159, 161, 162, 163

FDA. See French Development Agency (FDA)

Financial Conduct Authority (FCA)
, 86

Financial innovation
, 130, 131, 132–134

Financial Market Authority
, 87

Financing small businesses

financial resources
, 23

Gabon
, 22

French Development Agency (FDA)
, 23

French law
, 90–91

Fundavlong
, xv

Gabon

crowdfunding system
, 32

equity crowdfinancing

institutional behavior
, 29–30

social value
, 25–27

tontine social behavior
, 27–28

very small businesses (VSB)
, 30

Governance strategies, crowdfunding platforms

combat fraud
, 13–14

contributors
, 14

disseminate information
, 13

provision point mechanism
, 14

trusted intermediaries
, 15

Great Depression in
, 1933, 223

Harmonize crowdfunding regulation
, 97

Homo investor
, 135

India Census data
, 171

Indian MSME

capital availability
, 173–177

method of study
, 177–182

MSMED Act
, 171–172

Information asymmetry
, 15

Institutional trading platform (ITP)
, 174

Islamic crowdfunding

empirical analysis of
, 191–193

in France
, 190

importance of
, 195

market of
, 193–194

platforms and islamic contracts
, 194–195

theoretical viewpoint
, 188–189

Islamic finance
, 187

Italian law
, 88–91

Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)
, 68

Italy

empirical investigation of
, 71–73

hybrid ventures
, 69

NGO accountability
, 69

non-profit organizations
, 72

public-private collaborations
, 69

results and main implications
, 73–77

social entrepreneurship
, 68–70

social finance
, 69

social networks
, 70

successful crowdfunding
, 70–71

ITP. See Institutional trading platform (ITP)

Jumpstart our Business Startups Act (JOBS Act)
, 4, 85, 180, 220, 222

alternatives to
, 229–230

development and contents
, 223–226

equity-based crowdfunding
, 226–228

improvement
, 231–232

Kickstarter
, 152, 153, 156

Large-scale charity
, 203

Legal framework

in Australia
, 87

in Canada
, 86

in continental Europe
, 88–97

in New Zealand
, 87–88

in United Kingdom
, 86–87

in United States
, 84–85

Lemon effect
, 12

Lending-based crowdfunding
, 23

Marketing and communication
, 203

Matamba Anonaka Technology Holdings (MATHS)
, 24

MCC. See Mondragon Group (MCC)

MCH. See Mutual cash holding (MCH)

MFI. See Microfinance institutions (MFI)

Micro-financial operations
, 203

Micro-payment providers
, xxii

Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME)
, 171

See also Indian MSME

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act
, 171

Microfinance institutions (MFI)
, 24

Microfunding modes
, 25

Mondragon Group (MCC)
, 132, 136, 139, 140–145

Monetary and Financial Code
, 92, 93

Multisided platforms

distinct groups of consumers
, 5–6

intermediation, added value of
, 7–8

network effects
, 6–7

Muslim countries
, 190–191

See also Islamic crowdfunding

Mutual cash holding (MCH)
, 131, 140–145

Narrative and crowdfunding
, 106–108

Narrative and entrepreneurial capital assembly
, 104–106

Neo-institutional theory
, 23, 30–33

Network effects
, 6–7

New Zealand
, 87–88

Non-unitary financing transaction
, 83

Online crowds
, 203, 211–215, 212–215

Online social media mechanisms
, 103

PCO. See Psychological contracts in organizations (PCO)

Peer to peer (P2P)
, 131, 132

online interactions
, 222

Petrobras Funarte Dance Award
, 152

Portfolio Selection Theory
, 134

Price discrimination
, 10, 11

Profit-sharing model
, 10

Provision point mechanism
, 14

Psychological contracts in organizations (PCO)

aspects of
, 243–250

in crowdfunding projects
, 238–242

perspective of
, 250–254

Resource assembly
, 103, 105

Reward-based crowdfunding
, 23

Reward-based model
, 10

Rewards-based crowdfunding
, 103

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
, 4, 85, 225

Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS)
, 86

Sharia compliant

business model
, 196–197

crowdfunding concept
, 186–187

Islamic finance
, 187–188

Sharia-compatible crowdfunding
, 193

Small and medium enterprises (SME) funds
, 173

Social impact bond
, 137

Social network

analysis
, 153

approach
, 154–159

centralization
, 157

clustering
, 157–158

cohesion
, 156–157

coordination model
, 155

extension
, 156

flow model
, 155

power
, 158–159

Tontines
, 27, 28, 31

Traditional financial models
, 134–136

Transactions emerge
, 83

Transferability
, 244–246

Trocobuy
, 136, 139, 140–145

United Kingdom
, 86–87

United States
, 84–85

US digital experimenter
, 202

Venture capital and microfinance credit
, 23–25

Venture capital companies (VCC)
, 176

Venture Capital funds
, 173

Venture Capitals for Africa (VC4A)
, 24

Within-side network effects
, 6–7

Zeitgeist
, 202, 203