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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1971

THE VERY WORD ‘SECURITY’ conjures up a multitude of dramatic and political legends. Security is Callan, James Bond, M15, international rows and the violation of airspace…

Abstract

THE VERY WORD ‘SECURITY’ conjures up a multitude of dramatic and political legends. Security is Callan, James Bond, M15, international rows and the violation of airspace. It is perhaps an unfortunate paradox that security in the industrial context is concerned with much more prosaic problems.

Details

Industrial Management, vol. 71 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-6929

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Article
Publication date: 2 March 2021

Saad Zighan, Ziad Alkalha, David Bamford, Iain Reid and Zu'bi M.F. Al-Zu'bi

The purpose of this study is to investigate the structural changes needed for project-based organisations (PBOs) to synthesise their project operations and services…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the structural changes needed for project-based organisations (PBOs) to synthesise their project operations and services following the servitisation strategy. It addresses the question of how PBOs should change their organisational structure fitting with service provision strategy.

Design/methodology/approach

This study followed an exploratory research method using a single in-depth case with evidence collected from 51 project managers from five different industry sectors: construction, oil and gas, IT, logistics and health care

Findings

Capitalising on organisational design theory, it has been found that successfully extending PBOs' outcomes into a system of both project output and extra services requires an adjustment of organisational structure that creates greater value for both companies and customers. This required adjustment has been divided into five main categories: (1) collaboration cross-project and customers; (2) flexible workflow, (3) decentralised decision-making, (4) wide span of control and (5) project governance. However, the findings indicate that success can only be ensured by particular mutually coordinated organisational designs with a suitable balance of products and services

Practical implications

This study presents vital indicators to PBOs practitioners when deploying servitisation within their operational strategy by adjusting the organisation's design.

Social implications

Servitisation could add both economic and social values for a diverse set of project stakeholders. However, the sustainability performance of servitisation in servitised project-based organisations is an outcome of reducing the discrepancy between project operation and service provision activities.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the body of knowledge and proposes a structural alteration process in PBOs to help align project operations and service provision activities. It explains how project-based organisations reconfigure their resources to provide services.

Details

Journal of Service Theory and Practice, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2055-6225

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1990

ONE of the rising stars in the machine tool rebuild business is Saville Machine Tools of Halifax. In mid‐1989 the company moved into its new 28,000ft2 factory. This was…

Abstract

ONE of the rising stars in the machine tool rebuild business is Saville Machine Tools of Halifax. In mid‐1989 the company moved into its new 28,000ft2 factory. This was the culmination of nine years of consistent growth.

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Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 62 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1996

Graham P. Cornish

The term “library management” covers many different aspects of the way that a library is operated and conjures up different concepts in the minds of different people…

Abstract

The term “library management” covers many different aspects of the way that a library is operated and conjures up different concepts in the minds of different people, depending on their own interests, agendas and requirements. Research into the subject is even more difficult to define because the application of research in one field can be vital to the development of another. Some researchers would not consider their research central to library matters at all, whereas the practising librarian might well see it as casting new light on a difficult area of understanding or development.

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Library Management, vol. 17 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-5124

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1994

Shelagh Fisher and Jennifer Rowley

Management information facilities transform the library management system into a much more effective management tool. Three levels of management can be identified …

Abstract

Management information facilities transform the library management system into a much more effective management tool. Three levels of management can be identified — operational, tactical and strategic — and each of these has its own unique management information needs. Earlier work on the use of management information in libraries and the development of management information systems demonstrates that progress in these areas has been slow. Management information systems comprise three components: facilities for handling ad hoc enquiries; facilities for standard report generation; and management information modules, or report generators that support the production of user‐defined reports. A list of standard reports covering acquisitions, cataloguing, circulation control, serials and inter‐library loans is provided. The functions of report generators are explored and the nature of enquiry facilities reviewed. Management information tools available in library management systems form a valuable aid in decision making. These should be further exploited and further developed.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2007

Johannes Lohner and Norbert Konrad

This article reviews the international literature of the last two decades on self‐injurious behaviour in prisons and jails and introduces the risk factors associated with…

Abstract

This article reviews the international literature of the last two decades on self‐injurious behaviour in prisons and jails and introduces the risk factors associated with this behaviour. Studies from a variety of countries investigated different samples (e.g. in jails or prisons; female or male inmates). We only chose those studies using a control group of inmates without self‐injurious behaviour. The findings on potential risk factors for self‐injurious behaviour are largely contradictory because of the differences in sample selection and dependent variables (deliberate self‐harm without suicidal intent vs. suicide attempts). We also discuss some methodological problems in predicting self‐injurious behaviour.

Details

International Journal of Prisoner Health, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1744-9200

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 November 2012

Francisco J. Arenas‐Márquez, José A.D. Machuca and Carmen Medina‐López

The purpose of this paper is to describe a computer‐assisted learning experience in operations management (OM) higher education that entailed the development of…

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2154

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe a computer‐assisted learning experience in operations management (OM) higher education that entailed the development of interactive learning software, its evaluation in an experimental environment and the formal analysis of the teaching method's influence on student perceptions.

Design/methodology/approach

The software design follows the constructivist focus based on widely‐accepted educational technology principles. Objective tests of knowledge and subjective appraisal of the learning process were used in the experiment to compare two educational scenarios (computer‐assisted learning and on‐site class). Students' perceptions of the software's technical and teaching features are also analyzed.

Findings

The study shows that the teaching method can significantly affect students' perceptions of the learning process. The findings also confirm the pedagogical effectiveness of the software that was designed and that information communication technologies (ICT)‐based methods are an alternative to traditional methods used in OM education.

Research limitations/implications

The experiment involved strict control over various potential threats to validity. From a statistical point‐of‐view, the conclusions can only be generalized in the population analyzed. Nevertheless, the features of the software and the student profile allow the main conclusions to be generalized to other OM environments.

Practical implications

The use and evaluation of interactive software in OM educational environments are reflected on, with emphasis on the influence that the teaching methodology has on students' attitudes to the learning process. It is of interest for researchers interested in improving teaching through the use of ICT.

Originality/value

There are very few studies on interactive self‐learning software for OM and its effects on student perceptions. This paper is a new contribution to this field.

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Article
Publication date: 18 December 2009

Sussie Morrish

This paper aims to investigate how effectuation and causation logic influences portfolio formation among entrepreneurs.

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1584

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate how effectuation and causation logic influences portfolio formation among entrepreneurs.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology used was a case study with 15 participants.

Findings

There is evidence of effectuation reasoning during the preliminary and early stages of venture and portfolio development. Portfolio entrepreneurs tend to adopt causation logic as ventures and portfolios mature.

Research limitations/implications

The study is exploratory and looks at cases of successful portfolio entrepreneurs only.

Practical implications

The findings will allow researchers and business mentors to provide more specific advice for other entrepreneurs such as nascent and novices, and potentially reduce the incidence of business failure.

Originality/value

The paper provides an understanding of how business portfolios develop from an entrepreneur's perspective.

Details

Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1471-5201

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 27 May 2014

Adriana Roseli Wünsch Takahashi, Mariane Lemos Lourenço, Josué Alexandre Sander and Carla Patricia da Silva Souza

This study aims to understand how the development of teaching and research competencies affects graduate (MS and PhD level – called stricto sensu courses in Brazil…

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1275

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to understand how the development of teaching and research competencies affects graduate (MS and PhD level – called stricto sensu courses in Brazil) management professors' work-family relations.

Design/methodology/approach

This research is a case study about work-family conflicts in academic careers. The data collection and analysis occurred during the period between June 2009 and January 2012. The population is composed of 45 professors: 33 men and 12 women, corresponding, respectively, to 73 and 27 per cent of the professors in the programs. Eleven female professors and 26 male professors were interviewed in this research. Analysis of work-family conflicts was performed by means of open questions based on three conflict dimensions: time, strain and behavior.

Findings

Investment in the development of teaching competencies brings conflicts into work-family relations. Among the three conflict dimensions considered, time stood out. When the conflict dimension was analyzed, more specifically in terms of behavior, it was evident that men perceive the effects of work-family conflicts to a lesser extent, as women suffer more from the triple impact (work, family and studies).

Research limitations/implications

Context of a sector within a determined place.

Practical implications

This text highlights the importance and current theme of gender and career for researchers and academy. Thus, this paper contributes so society can reflect on the roles men and women hold in the distribution of the responsibilities, highlighting the importance of balancing their division between couples, in family routines and in childcare. Such balance can improve a family's life, providing better conditions so women can manage their careers.

Social implications

Likewise, this paper supports public policies that improve the life quality of women or those who will adopt children, such as policies that incentive public and private organizations to extend maternity leave for mothers and adoptive couples, and public policies that contribute so women can proceed in their careers and therefore can contribute to the advancement of society and their own bio-psycho-social development. This text also brings implications in order that organizations design policies that allow all employees to better balance work-time and other life activities in general.

Originality/value

By selecting the graduate MS/PhD (stricto sensu) educational sector in particular, it was possible to learn the challenges, difficulties, achievements and limits inherent to the profession (professors), just as it was possible to verify existing conflicts, many times experienced and debated in organizational routines but not identified and shown by academic research in this sector.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2001

Peter Brophy

The use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in education is changing learning itself in significant ways. The possibilities afforded by networked learning…

Abstract

The use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in education is changing learning itself in significant ways. The possibilities afforded by networked learning are exciting commentators around the world and leading to great interest in concepts such as the “virtual university”, driven forward by policy emphases on lifelong learning. Having examined these developments, the paper analyses the key issues within learning itself, including learning models and learning styles, and relates these to current developments in networked learning. Research into information behaviour is then examined within the same context and in turn this is linked to the development of generic information skills. This leads to a discussion of “Networked Learner Support” and conclusions on the need for collaborative approaches if students are to receive a rich experience of learning within a constructivist pedagogy.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 57 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

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