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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2000

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Assembly Automation, vol. 20 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2001

Brian Rooks

The automated guided vehicle (AGV), one of the popular new technologies of the 1980s, is now seen more as a part of automated handling systems not a standalone concept. It…

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1235

Abstract

The automated guided vehicle (AGV), one of the popular new technologies of the 1980s, is now seen more as a part of automated handling systems not a standalone concept. It is now applied across a range of industries and several applications are described. At Denso Manufacturing, AGVs are used as tugs to tow trailers delivering components to production lines, while at Perkins Engines they carry both part kits and finished engines to and from assembly dressing lines. At Kodak they handle heavy paper rolls serving coating machines. These applications use the traditional embedded wire navigation technology. Other guidance techniques are described including the more flexible laser scanner, which is being applied in a Belgian fruit and vegetable market to transport pre‐packed products to dispatch lines. Details are also given of an automatic docking system and a standard pallet truck that is available as a complete automated package with laser guidance.

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Assembly Automation, vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

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Article
Publication date: 30 April 2019

Florian Gebreiter and Nunung Nurul Hidayah

The purpose of this paper is to examine conflicting institutional demands on individual frontline employees in hybrid public sector organisations. Specifically, it…

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2901

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine conflicting institutional demands on individual frontline employees in hybrid public sector organisations. Specifically, it examines the competing accountability pressures professional and commercial logics exerted on academics at a business school, how individual lecturers responded to such pressures, and what drove these responses.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper draws on a case study of an English business school and is informed by the literatures on institutional logics and hybrid organisations.

Findings

The paper shows that the co-existence of professional and commercial logics at the case organisation exerted competing accountability pressures on lecturers. It moreover shows that sometimes deliberately and purposefully, sometimes ad hoc or even coincidentally, lecturers drew on a wide range of responses to these conflicting pressures, including compliance, defiance, combination and compartmentalisation.

Originality/value

The paper sheds light on individual level responses to competing institutional logics and associated accountability pressures, as well as on their drivers. It also highlights the drawbacks of user, customer or citizen accountability mechanisms, showing that a strong emphasis on them in knowledge-intensive public organisations can have severe dysfunctional effects.

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Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. 32 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3574

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1999

Eli Noy

The article describes a new approach to the cost/benefit aspect of management control systems which will help managers decide which control system is worthwhile improving…

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3100

Abstract

The article describes a new approach to the cost/benefit aspect of management control systems which will help managers decide which control system is worthwhile improving and how. The new concept is based on two ideas: defining the purpose of a control system as: “Triggering corrective action that will prevent losses which came out of deviation from planned path”; and breaking up the control cycle into five steps and relating separately to each step for improving the present system and its cost/benefit performance.

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Managerial Auditing Journal, vol. 14 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-6902

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Article
Publication date: 2 March 2015

Shaista E. Khilji, Brian Keilson, Farah Yasmine Shakir and Binod Krishna Shrestha

Scholars have argued that it is important to investigate how authentic leadership is manifested in different cultures (Avolio et al., 2005; Gardiner, 2011; Shamir and…

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1227

Abstract

Purpose

Scholars have argued that it is important to investigate how authentic leadership is manifested in different cultures (Avolio et al., 2005; Gardiner, 2011; Shamir and Eilam, 2005). Hence the purpose of this paper is to capture a cross-cultural view of authentic leadership, using a sample of South Asian leaders.

Design/methodology/approach

Because of a dearth of qualitative empirical evidence, the authors adopted a “life story” approach to collect data. A total of 14 leaders from India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka were interviewed to share their leadership experiences.

Findings

Findings indicate that the concept of authentic leadership is culturally relevant. It emerged as a multi-dimensional construct constituting self-concept, follower development, organizational outcomes and culture (Meacham, 2007), and contextual knowledge. The authors propose a cross-cultural model of authentic leadership.

Research limitations/implications

Research limitations include researchers’ possible biases in design of data and an assumption that leaders interviewed were authentic. Despite these limitations, the study provides valuable insights about authentic leadership to strengthen its theoretical foundation.

Social implications

Organizational and social problems in South Asian are often attributed to a leadership deficit (Khan, 2014; Khilji, 2013; National Post, 2014; Sardesai, 2013). This study provides evidence of transformative authentic leaders in South Asia who are engaged with their and followers’ authentic growth, and are building authentic cultures for positive organizational outcomes.

Originality/value

The value of the present research is in providing qualitative empirical evidence from South Asia, and proposing a cross-cultural model of authentic leadership.

Details

South Asian Journal of Global Business Research, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2045-4457

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2021

Lan Luo, Limao Zhang, Xian Zheng and Guangdong Wu

This paper proposes a novel hybrid simulation approach that incorporates the structural equation model (SEM) and system dynamics (SD) to investigate the impacts of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper proposes a novel hybrid simulation approach that incorporates the structural equation model (SEM) and system dynamics (SD) to investigate the impacts of leadership dynamics on project performance under different scenarios.

Design/methodology/approach

SEM is used to identify and validate a correlation between leadership variables and project performance statically. On this basis, the SD model is constructed to depict a system model connecting the leadership and project performance. Different scenarios are simulated to dynamically model the variation in leadership on the evolution of project performance.

Findings

Results indicate that (1) leadership can be divided into personal ability, relationship atmosphere and organizational strategy in complex construction projects; (2) personal ability, relationship atmosphere and organizational strategy positively correlate with project performance over time; and (3) L1 (stress management ability), L7 (team building) and L17 (institution support) are the leading factors influencing project performance and should be paid more attention under limited resources.

Originality/value

This research contributes to (1) the state of the knowledge by proposing a hybrid methodology that can systematically model the impacts of leadership dynamics on project performance over time and (2) the state of the practice by gaining a better understanding of the strategy of resource distribution for enhancing project performance in complex construction projects.

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Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

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Book part
Publication date: 1 July 2015

Nicolò Pecora and Alessandro Spelta

One of the main lessons of the recent financial crisis is that the network structure of the banking system has to be taken into account to assess systemic risk.In this…

Abstract

One of the main lessons of the recent financial crisis is that the network structure of the banking system has to be taken into account to assess systemic risk.

In this chapter, we analyze the topological properties of the network of the Euro Area banking sector with the primary aim of assessing the importance of a bank in the financial system with respect to ownership and control of other credit institutions.

The network displays power law distributions in both binary and weighted degree metrics indicating a robust yet fragile structure and a direct nexus between an increase of control diversification and a rise in the market power. Therefore, while in good time the network is seemingly robust, in bad times many banks can go into distress simultaneously. This behavior opens a narrow for Central bank’s actions. In particular, we investigate whether the Single Supervisory Mechanism introduced by the European Central Banks and based on banks’ total asset is a good proxy to quantify their systemic importance. Results indicate that not all the financial institutions with high value of total asset are systemically important but only few of them.

Details

Monetary Policy in the Context of the Financial Crisis: New Challenges and Lessons
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-779-6

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Book part
Publication date: 21 October 2019

Joanna Radomska, Przemysław Wołczek and Susana Costa e Silva

The manager of the 21st century is expected to succeed in an environment strongly characterized by unprecedented volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity (VUCA)…

Abstract

The manager of the 21st century is expected to succeed in an environment strongly characterized by unprecedented volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity (VUCA). In fact, today’s business environment consists of contradictory pressure and tensions, where competitive advantage could be gained by ambidextrous activities. The concept of ambidexterity has already been discussed by many scholars, but still little is known about managerial practice and actions that are useful for finding the balance between the paradoxes that have been identified at that level. Although there are different tensions, dynamic and evolving according to the changes observed in the environment: more volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous, the pressure to remain flexible and simultaneously maintain the plan of development, seems to be essential. In recent research studies, networking perspective is mentioned as one of areas worth exploring while analyzing the concept of ambidexterity. For that reason, the main goal of this chapter is to investigate if networking is one of the factors useful for managing ambidexterity. To gain deeper insight, we investigated further, searching for the factors essential for managing ambidexterity: we compared the research results between companies of different sizes to identify any regularities. We focused on ambidexterity reflected by managerial practice where stability/plans and flexibility are implemented simultaneously. We investigated 150 managers using paper-and-pencil interviewing. Our research results confirmed that networking could be one of the main approaches having an impact on ambidextrous activities. However, we cannot conclude that companies are obliged to apply a networking perspective to be ambidextrous, although it could be recommended. Further analysis of companies of different sizes revealed the relationship between ambidexterity and networking in case of small and large companies, and no relation in medium-sized enterprises.

Details

International Business in a VUCA World: The Changing Role of States and Firms
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-256-0

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Article
Publication date: 15 February 2021

Carlos León and Javier Miguélez

From a financial stability viewpoint, this paper aims to study cyclical interdependencies arising from the cross-holding of securities in the Colombian financial system.

Abstract

Purpose

From a financial stability viewpoint, this paper aims to study cyclical interdependencies arising from the cross-holding of securities in the Colombian financial system.

Design/methodology/approach

Cross-holding of securities in financial systems occurs when two financial institutions hold securities issued by each other or when more than two financial institutions hold securities issued by each other in a circular structure. Securities cross-holding is key for financial stability because of potential contagion arising from cyclical interdependencies in the connective architecture of financial systems. The presence of cyclical interdependencies is studied based on network analysis. The data set is a multilayer network that comprises bonds, certificates of deposit and equity issued and held by Colombian financial institutions from 2016 to 2019.

Findings

Results show that the extent of securities’ cyclical interdependencies is particularly low and stable – even when cross-holding across different types of securities is considered.

Research limitations/implications

The monetary value of exposures and their size with respect to financial institutions’ balance sheets are not considered. Studying the impact on the financial system’s solvency is a compulsory research path.

Practical implications

The network topology suggests that increased potential contagion by cyclical interdependencies and feedback effects from securities cross-holding is rather limited.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first time that cyclical interdependencies arising from the securities cross-holding are studied. From a financial stability perspective, the methodology is general and promising for monitoring and analytical purposes.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 38 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

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Article
Publication date: 17 September 2019

Imaduddin Sahabat, Tumpak Silalahi, Ratih Indrastuti and Marizsa Herlina

The financial turbulence resulting from the global financial crisis sparked the interest in improving understanding of financial risks. The transmission of financial…

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251

Abstract

Purpose

The financial turbulence resulting from the global financial crisis sparked the interest in improving understanding of financial risks. The transmission of financial institution failures can be determined from the prevailing network structures between banks. The purpose of this study is to identify relationship between payment system network characteristics and financial system condition.

Design/methodology/approach

The characteristics of the interbank network structure in the payment system are identified using a graph theory and the relationship between the network characteristics of interbank transactions in the payment system and financial system stability is examined using a vector auto regression model.

Findings

This study shows that the connectedness of large-value payment transaction is more segmented compared to that of retail value payments. A significant relationship is observed between the characteristics of the network and the large-value payment transactions.

Research limitations/implications

This study found the connectedness of large-value transactions is more segmented when compared to retail-value transactions. It also shows a causal effect of the network characteristic on the financial system stability.

Originality/value

Unlike existing studies, this study considers both the connectedness in large-value transactions and retail-value transactions.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 37 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

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