To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Do demographic factors matter in university-industry knowledge exchange? A study based on Sri Lankan university system

I.M.S. Weerasinghe (Department of Business Management, Faculty of Management Studies, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka)
H.H. Dedunu (Department of Accountancy and Finance, Faculty of Management Studies, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka)

Journal of Knowledge Management

ISSN: 1367-3270

Article publication date: 29 June 2020

Issue publication date: 21 June 2021

358

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to identify the effect of demographic factors on the relationship between academic contribution and university–industry knowledge exchange in Sri Lanka.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is of quantitative and explanatory type , which applied the deductive research method, and is conducted with minimum interference of researcher taking individual academics as the unit of analysis. The study collected data from 178 academics randomly through a structured questionnaire designed to analyze through statistical package for the social sciences and analysis of a moment structure statistical software. A structural equation model is applied to collected data to explore the moderating impact of the demographic factor on the university–industry knowledge exchange.

Findings

Overall involvement of academic staff in joint research, contract research, human resource mobility and the training with industry were was low in Sri Lanka. However, all four independent variables significantly associated with the knowledge exchange process from which only joint research and training had a statistically significant effect on university–industry knowledge exchange . Concerning demographic factors, only the quality of academic research significantly moderated the relationship between academic contribution and university–industry knowledge exchange process in Sri Lanka.

Research limitations/implications

This study considered only the university side of the university–industry knowledge exchange process.

Practical implications

This paper implies that gender, age and area of specialization did not have significant power to moderate the relationship between academic contribution and university–industry knowledge exchange process.

Originality/value

There is a lack of research literature discussing the moderating effect of demographic factors on the university–industry knowledge exchange process. In Sri Lanka, money and commercial benefits that received through industry partnerships had not been valued by academics. The majority considered the connection with industry and exchange knowledge as a responsibility that they should perform in return to free education received from grade one to graduation.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This project is awarded a grant from the Rajarata University of Sri Lanka; hence, we should thank the university at first and would like to thank all who helped us to collect data and information for this study.

Citation

Weerasinghe, I.M.S. and Dedunu, H.H. (2021), "Do demographic factors matter in university-industry knowledge exchange? A study based on Sri Lankan university system", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 25 No. 5, pp. 973-988. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKM-02-2020-0092

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles