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The relationship between quality of work life and work-life-balance mediating role of job stress, job satisfaction and job commitment: evidence from India

Alex Aruldoss (Department of Commerce (Bank Management) and Business Administration (Computer Applications), St. Joseph’s College of Arts and Science (Autonomous), Cuddalore, India)
Kellyann Berube Kowalski (Department of Management and Marketing, Charlton College of Business, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts, USA)
Satyanarayana Parayitam (Department of Management and Marketing, Charlton College of Business, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts, USA)

Journal of Advances in Management Research

ISSN: 0972-7981

Article publication date: 1 August 2020

Issue publication date: 19 January 2021

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between quality of work-life (QWL) and work-life balance (WLB).

Design/methodology/approach

Using a structured survey instrument, this paper gathered data from 445 respondents in cosmopolitan city in southern part of India. First psychometric properties of the instrument were tested, and then hierarchical regression was used as a statistical technique for analyzing the data.

Findings

The hierarchical regression results indicated that QWL is (1) negatively related to job stress, (2) positively related to job satisfaction and (3) positively related to job commitment. The results also indicated that (1) job stress is negatively related to WLB, (2) job satisfaction is positively related to WLB and (3) job commitment is positively related to WLB. The results also show partial mediation of job stress, job satisfaction, and job commitment in the relationship between QWL and WLB.

Research limitations/implications

Since the present research is based on self-report measures, the limitations of social desirability bias and common method bias are inherent. However, sufficient care is taken to minimize these limitations. The research has implications for human resource managers in work organizations.

Practical implications

This study contributes to both practicing managers and the literature on human resource management. The study suggests that employers need to be aware of the importance of quality of work-life and work-life balance in achieving organizational effectiveness.

Social implications

The study is expected to contribute to the welfare of the society in terms of identifying the antecedents of work-life balance.

Originality/value

This study provides new insights about the effects of QWL on WLB through mediating variables. This is a conceptual model developed and tested and first of its kind in India.

Keywords

Citation

Aruldoss, A., Kowalski, K.B. and Parayitam, S. (2021), "The relationship between quality of work life and work-life-balance mediating role of job stress, job satisfaction and job commitment: evidence from India", Journal of Advances in Management Research, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 36-62. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAMR-05-2020-0082

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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