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Article
Publication date: 7 May 2019

Zhaoqiang Wang, Jun Cheng, Hong Ji, Shan Hu and Hao Chen

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of single parameters for temperature characteristics of oil film in port plate pair and the relationship of calculated…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of single parameters for temperature characteristics of oil film in port plate pair and the relationship of calculated results and experimental results under different viscosity.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper established the mathematical model of oil film of port plate pair, calculated the energy equation of port plate pair, simulated for the oil film and temperature distribution and selected different kinds of lubricants to analyze the calculated value and the experimental value.

Findings

The results show: temperature rise of port plate pair is reduced with the increase of oil viscosity; temperature rise of port plate pair is decreased with rise of initial oil film thickness; temperature rise of port plate pair is increased with the rise of cylinder body speed, inclination angle and sealing belt width; and through the comparison of calculated value and experimental value, under the same viscosity and cylinder speed, experimental results are bigger.

Originality/value

This paper used the methods that the temperature of port plate pair was calculated numerically, and the results were consistent with experimental results, so it can get high precision.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 71 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 3 August 2010

Saleh A. Wasimi

The purpose of this paper is to assess the extent of climate change likely to be manifested in the MENA region using statistical tools as well as outputs from…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the extent of climate change likely to be manifested in the MENA region using statistical tools as well as outputs from physics‐based General Circulation Models (GCMs).

Design/methodology/approach

Atmospheric temperature and precipitation primarily capture climate change features and are considered the drivers of other manifestations of climate change such as rises in sea‐level, tropical cyclone intensities, severe floods, prolonged droughts, and retreating ice. Data on atmospheric temperature and precipitation have been statistically analysed for trend, distribution and variability in this study. Long‐range prediction is then made using time series analysis. Long‐range projections have also been made by many investigators using physics‐based GCMs and the Fourth Assessment Report of IPCC provides a summary. IPCC projections are not indisputable because of some inherent limitations of GCMs. A comparative study is made between statistical predictions and IPCC projections, as well as forecasts from some GCMs specifically applied to the region, to develop a more reliable forecast scenario. Water resources projects are quite vulnerable to changes in atmospheric temperature and precipitation amounts. The various aspects of planning, design and management of water resources projects which are likely to be influenced by climate change are discussed.

Findings

There is considerable variability in atmospheric temperature and precipitation in recent observations but if the variability is filtered out and the underlying trend extrapolated it is found that there is in general an agreement between IPCC projections and statistical predictions. For rise in atmospheric temperature projections made from many GCMs applied to the region, as well as projections summarised in the Fourth Assessment Report of IPCC, appear to be good estimates to be included in design considerations. For precipitation, statistical predictions are perhaps a better choice because GCM projections are less reliable with precipitation since associated meteorological processes occur at a much smaller scale than the grid size of a GCM. For low‐lying coastal regions sea‐level rise and more frequent extreme climatic events such as tropical cyclones add to the dimensionality of design considerations especially for infrastructure design.

Originality/value

This paper presents a comparative study of possible climate change in the long‐term between physics‐based model projections and statistical predictions. This should provide greater insight into climate change that is expected in MENA and reduce uncertainty, thereby instilling greater confidence in water resources planners and practitioners to incorporate climate change aspects into decision making. This research is believed to be particularly helpful because of scant research work done on this part of the globe on climate change.

Details

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-8692

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Article
Publication date: 19 June 2020

Srinath Sridhar and Rajeswari Sellamani

The purpose of this paper is to find out the optimal level as well as the influence of end mill cutter geometrical and machining parameters while machining metal matrix…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to find out the optimal level as well as the influence of end mill cutter geometrical and machining parameters while machining metal matrix composite. End milling is carried out on Al 356/SiC metal matrix composites (MMC) using high-speed steel (HSS) end mill cutter. The optimum level of input parameters such as helix angle, nose radius, rake angle, cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut are calculated for minimum temperature rise.

Design/methodology/approach

L27 Taguchi orthogonal design, signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio, are applied for conducting experiments, and to find the optimal level of input parameters for minimum temperature rise, respectively. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) is used to analyze the significance of input parameters on temperature rise.

Findings

It is found that the optimal combination of helix angle 400, nose radius 0.8 mm, rake angle 80, cutting speed 30 m/min, feed rate 0.04 mm/rev and depth of cut 0.5 mm have generated minimum temperature rise. From ANOVA analysis, it is found that rake angle influence is more on output performance followed by cutting speed and nose radius compared with other machining and geometrical parameters.

Originality/value

The influence of geometrical parameters such as helix angle, nose radius and rake angle of end mill cutter on temperature rise while machining MMC has not been explored previously.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

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Article
Publication date: 22 November 2011

Christopher J. Caisse, John Coonrod and Allen F. Horn

The purpose of this paper is to quantify the effects of thermal conductivity (TC), dielectric constant and dissipation factor (DF) of circuit laminates on the temperature

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to quantify the effects of thermal conductivity (TC), dielectric constant and dissipation factor (DF) of circuit laminates on the temperature rise with active components and RF trace heating.

Design/methodology/approach

Temperature rise measurements were made on surface mounted chip resistors (to simulate active components) at various dissipated power levels, with and without “via farms”. The RF heating temperature rise of 50 ohm microstrip transmission lines on 0.5 mm laminates was also measured by the same method.

Findings

The chip resistor temperature rise correlated with the independently measured TC of the laminate materials. The use of a “via farm” substantially reduced the temperature rise in all materials, but the higher TC laminates still conferred a measurable advantage. The trace temperature rise due to RF heating correlated with both TC and DF.

Research limitations/implications

It was shown that the one‐dimensional heat transfer model does not accurately calculate the temperature rise due to significant in‐plane heat spreading, particularly with lower TC materials.

Originality/value

This paper details how temperature rise of both active components and 50 ohm transmission lines is affected by the thermal and electrical properties of the circuit laminate.

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1944

H. Rissik

A FREQUENTLY recurring problem, more particularly in the sphere of electrical engineering practice, is the determination of the equivalent rating of a machine or piece of…

Abstract

A FREQUENTLY recurring problem, more particularly in the sphere of electrical engineering practice, is the determination of the equivalent rating of a machine or piece of apparatus under conditions of intermittent loading. By equivalent rating is to be understood the value of the continuous load, whether expressed in terms of current or power, which will produce the same final temperature rise as is actually produced by the given intermittent load.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 16 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 8 February 2016

Yan Yin, Xingming Xiao, Jiusheng Bao, Jinge Liu, Yuhao Lu and Yangyang Ji

The purpose of this study is to establish a new temperature set for characterizing the frictional temperature rise (FTR) of disc brakes. The FTR produced by braking is an…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to establish a new temperature set for characterizing the frictional temperature rise (FTR) of disc brakes. The FTR produced by braking is an important factor which directly affects the tribological properties of disc brakes. Presently, most existing researches characterize the FTR only by several static parameters such as average temperature or maximum temperature, which cannot reflect accurately the dynamic characteristics of temperature variation in the process of braking. In this paper, a new temperature parameter set was extracted and the influences of braking conditions on these parameters were investigated by experiments.

Design/methodology/approach

First, several simulated braking experiments of disc brakes were conducted to reveal the dynamic variation rules and mechanisms of the FTR in braking. Second, the characteristic parameter subset of the FTR was extracted with five significant parameters, namely, initial temperature, average temperature, end temperature, maximum temperature and the ratio of maximum temperature time. Furthermore, the fitting parameter subset of the FTR was constructed based on the temperature rise curve. Finally, the influence and mechanisms of initial braking velocity and braking pressure on the new temperature parameter set were investigated through braking experiments.

Findings

This paper extracted a new temperature parameter set including a characteristic parameter subset and a fitting parameter subset and revealed the influences of braking conditions on it by experiments.

Originality/value

The results showed that the new temperature parameter set extracted in this paper can characterize the dynamic characteristics of disc brake’s FTR variations more objectively and comprehensively. The research results will provide a theoretical basis for extracting the fault feature of friction properties.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 68 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Yi Chen, Yihua Yao, Qinfen Lu, Xiaoyan Huang and Yunyue Ye

With the popularization of permanent magnet linear synchronous machines (PMLSMs) in recent years, the temperature rise has attracted increasingly attention since excessive…

Abstract

Purpose

With the popularization of permanent magnet linear synchronous machines (PMLSMs) in recent years, the temperature rise has attracted increasingly attention since excessive heat generated in the windings could deteriorate the electromagnetic performance. In order to solve this problem, adopting water-cooled system is an effective method. The purpose of this paper is to investigate a 12-slot/11-pole (12S/11P) water-cooled double-sided PMLSM, which adopts the all teeth wound concentrated winding and shifted armature ends.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on 2D finite element analysis (FEA), the thermal performances, such as temperature distribution, the optimization of water flow rate and the influence of demagnetization, are investigated under the condition of continuous duty. Then the maximum current density and average thrust force are calculated for PMLSMs with or without water-cooled system. Finally, the detailed comparison is made between single-sided PMLSM and double-sided PMLSM.

Findings

With water-cooled system, the thermal performance of PMLSM can be improved, such as an efficient decrease of temperature rise, restriction of permanent magnet demagnetization and a dramatic increase of the maximum thrust force. It is found that the water flow rate has a significant impact on temperature rise, which can be optimized according to demands.

Originality/value

Electromagnetic and thermal coupled analysis is proposed in this paper. It can approximately predict thermal performance and save the manual iteration time at the same time. This method also can provide as a reference of thermal analysis for other PMLSMs.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 9 November 2015

Mokhtar Bouazza and Noureddine Benseddiq

The purpose of this paper is to investigate an analytical modeling for the thermoelastic buckling behavior of functionally graded (FG) rectangular plates (FGM) under…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate an analytical modeling for the thermoelastic buckling behavior of functionally graded (FG) rectangular plates (FGM) under thermal loadings. The material properties of FGM are assumed to vary continuously through the thickness of the plate, according to the simple power-law distribution. Derivations of equations are based on novel refined theory using a new hyperbolic shear deformation theory. Unlike other theories, there are only four unknown functions involved, as compared to five in other shear deformation theories. The theory presented is variationally consistent and strongly similar to the classical plate theory in many aspects. It does not require the shear correction factor, and gives rise to the transverse shear stress variation so that the transverse shear stresses vary parabolically across the thickness to satisfy free surface conditions for the shear stress. In addition, numerical results for a variety of FG plates with simply supported edge are presented and compared with those available in the literature. Moreover, the effects of geometrical parameters of dimension the length to width aspect ratio (a/b), the plate width to thickness ratio (b/h), and material properties index (k) on the FGM buckling temperature difference are determined and discussed.

Design/methodology/approach

In the current paper, the application of the refined theory proposed by Shimpi is based on the assumption that the in-plane and transverse displacements consist of bending and shear components in which the bending components do not contribute toward shear forces and, likewise, the shear components do not contribute toward bending moments. The most interesting feature of this theory is that it accounts for a quadratic variation of the transverse shear strains across the thickness, and satisfies the zero traction boundary conditions on the top and bottom surfaces of the plate without using shear correction factors. It is extended to the analysis of buckling behavior of ceramic-metal FG plates subjected to the three types of thermal loadings, namely; uniform temperature rise, linear temperature change across the thickness, and nonlinear temperature change across the thickness. The material properties of the FG plates are assumed to vary continuously through the thickness of the plate, according to the simple power-law distribution. Numerical results for a variety of FG plates with simply supported edges are given and compared with the available results, wherever possible. Additionally, the effects of geometrical parameters and material properties on the buckling temperature difference of FGM plates are determined and discussed.

Findings

Unlike any other theory, the theory presented gives rise to only four governing equations. Number of unknown functions involved is only four, as against five in case of simple shear deformation theories of Mindlin and Reissner (first shear deformation theory). The plate properties are assumed to be varied through the thickness following a simple power-law distribution in terms of volume fraction of material constituents. The theory presented is variationally consistent, does not require shear correction factor, and gives rise to transverse shear stress variation such that the transverse shear stresses vary parabolically across the thickness satisfying shear stress free surface conditions.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, there are no research works for thermal buckling analysis of FG rectangular plates based on new four-variable refined plate theory (RPT). The novelty of this paper is extended the use of the above-mentioned RPT with the addition of a new function proposed by Shimpi for thermal buckling analysis of plates made of FG materials. Unlike any other theory, the number of unknown functions involved is only four, as against five in the case of other shear deformation theories. The theory takes account of transverse shear effects and parabolic distribution of the transverse shear strains through the thickness of the plate, hence it is unnecessary to use shear correction factors. The plates subjected to the two types of thermal loadings, namely; uniform temperature rise and nonlinear temperature change across the thickness. Numerical results for a variety of FG plates with simply supported edges are given and compared with the available results.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 11 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

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Article
Publication date: 8 March 2011

Sudipto Ray and S.K. Roy Chowdhury

Although dependence of contact surface temperatures between rough sliding bodies on surface topography is more explicitly described in terms of three‐dimensional (3D…

Abstract

Purpose

Although dependence of contact surface temperatures between rough sliding bodies on surface topography is more explicitly described in terms of three‐dimensional (3D) topographic parameters, no work has yet been reported on this aspect. The paper seeks to carry out experiments to systematically correlate the 3D surface parameters to the contact temperature rise.

Design/methodology/approach

The surface temperatures at the contact between a relatively smooth zinc sulphide pin held against a rotating mild steel disc of varying surface topography were measured using an infrared thermal imaging system under different load and sliding velocity conditions. The main objective was to study the effect of 3D surface roughness parameters on the contact temperature rise.

Findings

The results indicate a rise in maximum contact temperature with the increase in a number of 3D parameters, such as, average surface roughness Sa, ten‐point height parameter Sz, skewness of the surface height distribution Ssk, mean summit curvature Ssc, and developed interfacial area ratio parameter Sdr while temperature was found to decrease with increasing values of another set of parameters, such as, kurtosis of the 3D surface texture Sku, summit density of the surface Sds, surface bearing index Sbi, core fluid retention index Sci, valley fluid retention index Svi, and root mean square slope of the surface Sdq.

Practical implications

In any sliding system, with mixed or boundary lubricated conditions, it can be attempted to find the optimum value of the roughness parameters so that on suitable processing of the surfaces a lower contact temperature rise can be achieved.

Originality/value

No work has yet been reported on the effect of 3D roughness parameters on contact temperature.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 63 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 4 March 2014

H.C. Garg and Vijay Kumar

The changing technological scenario necessitated hybrid journal bearings to operate under severe conditions of heavy load and high speed resulting into temperature rise of…

Abstract

Purpose

The changing technological scenario necessitated hybrid journal bearings to operate under severe conditions of heavy load and high speed resulting into temperature rise of the lubricant fluid-film and bearing surface. To predict the performance of a bearing realistically, theoretical model must consider the combined influence of the rise of temperature and non-Newtonian behavior of the lubricant. The aim of the present paper is to study the effect of viscosity variation due to temperature rise and non-Newtonian behavior of the lubricant on performance of constant flow valve compensated multiple hole-entry hybrid journal bearings.

Design/methodology/approach

Finite element method has been used to solve Reynolds equation along with restrictor flow equation, 3D energy equation and 3D conduction equation using suitable iterative technique. The non-Newtonian lubricant has been assumed to follow cubic shear stress law.

Findings

The thermohydrostatic rheological performances of symmetric and asymmetric hole-entry hybrid journal bearing configurations are studied. The computed results illustrate that variation of viscosity due to rise in temperature and non-Newtonian behavior of the lubricant affects the performance of hole-entry hybrid journal bearing system quite significantly.

Originality/value

In the present work, the influences of the viscosity variation due to temperature rise and non-Newtonian behavior of the lubricant on the performance characteristics of non-recessed hole-entry hybrid journal bearing with symmetric and asymmetric configurations compensated with constant flow valve restrictors have been investigated for generating the design data to be used by bearing designer. The design data computed in the present thesis are a contribution in field of knowledge of bearing design.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 66 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

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