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Trend in tropopause warming and its influence aircraft performance

Mehmet Necati Cizrelioğullari (Faculty of Tourism, Cyprus Science University, Kyrenia, Turkey)
Tapdig Veyran Imanov (Vocational School of Aviation, Cyprus Science University, Kyrenia, Turkey)
Tugrul Gunay (Faculty of Tourism, Cyprus Science University, Kyrenia, Turkey)
Aliyev Shaiq Amir (National Aviation Academy Azerbaijan, Baku, Azerbaijan)

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology

ISSN: 0002-2667

Article publication date: 15 February 2023




Temperature anomalies in the upper troposphere have become a reality as a result of global warming, which has a noticeable impact on aircraft performance. The purpose of this study is to investigate the total air temperature (TAT) anomaly observed during the cruise level and its impact on engine parameter variations.


Empirical methodology is used in this study, and it is based on measurements and observations of anomalous phenomena on the tropopause. The primary data were taken from the Boeing 747-8F's enhanced flight data recorder, which refers to the quantitative method, while the qualitative method is based on a literature review and interviews. The GEnx Integrated Vehicle Health Management system was used for the study's evaluation of engine performance to support the complete range of operational priorities throughout the entire engine lifecycle.


The study's findings indicate that TAT and SAT anomalies, which occur between 270- and 320-feet flight level, have a substantial impact on aircraft performance at cruise altitude and, as a result, on engine parameters, specifically an increase in fuel consumption and engine exhaust gas temperature values. The TAT and Ram Rise anomalies were the focus of the atmospheric deviations, which were assessed as major departures from the International Civil Aviation Organizations–defined International Standard Atmosphere, which is obvious on a positive tendency and so goes against the norms.

Research limitations/implications

Necessary fixed flight parameters gathered from the aircraft's enhanced airborne flight recorder (EAFR) via Aeronautical Radio Incorporated (ARINC) 664 Part 7 at a certain velocity and altitude interfacing with the diagnostic program direct parameter display (DPD), allow for analysis of aircraft performance in a real-time frame. Thus, processed data transmits to the ground maintenance infrastructure for future evaluation and for proper maintenance solutions.


A real-time analysis of aircraft performance is possible using the diagnostic program DPD in conjunction with necessary fixed flight parameters obtained from the aircraft's EAFR via ARINC 664 Part 7 at a specific speed and altitude. Thus, processed data is transmitted to the ground infrastructure for maintenance to be evaluated in the future and to find the best maintenance fixes.



Cizrelioğullari, M.N., Imanov, T.V., Gunay, T. and Shaiq Amir, A. (2023), "Trend in tropopause warming and its influence aircraft performance", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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