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Article

P. Olivier, A. van der Merwe and I. DuRand

Scrip dividend schemes provide shareholders with the option to choose shares instead of a cash dividend. Scrip dividends became popular in South Africa after the…

Abstract

Scrip dividend schemes provide shareholders with the option to choose shares instead of a cash dividend. Scrip dividends became popular in South Africa after the introduction of Secondary Tax on Companies (STC) in 1993. Thus far, no guidance on the recognition, measurement or disclosure of scrip dividends has been issued by the South African Institute of Chartered Accountants (SAICA). This article proposes disclosure regarding scrip dividend schemes that will provide relevant information to the users of financial statements. The proposed disclosure is based on the assumption that entities recognise and measure scrip dividends in accordance with the re‐investment method, as opposed to the capitalisation issue method.

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Article

James Millen

The extent of the ‘boom’ on the Stock Market — fuelled by confidence in the improvement in the rate of inflation figures and a strengthening pound — in the five weeks to…

Abstract

The extent of the ‘boom’ on the Stock Market — fuelled by confidence in the improvement in the rate of inflation figures and a strengthening pound — in the five weeks to August 11 came as a surprise to many. Despite the widespread gains in most sectors, the prospect of a sustained drive forward into new high‐ground from the FT 30‐Share Index was considered unlikely — and certainly the forward momentum was substantially checked by the announcement of the disappointing balance of payment figures for July.

Details

Industrial Management, vol. 78 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-6929

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Article

P. Olivier and I. DuRand

Scrip dividends have become increasingly popular in South Africa since the introduction of secondary tax on companies (STC) in the 1993 budget. To date there is no…

Abstract

Scrip dividends have become increasingly popular in South Africa since the introduction of secondary tax on companies (STC) in the 1993 budget. To date there is no accounting standard in South Africa that prescribes a particular accounting treatment for scrip dividends; therefore, different accounting approaches are used in South Africa to account for scrip dividends. These different approaches do not always meet the substance over form principle, as required by Generally Accepted Accounting Practice (GAAP). The result is that the information disclosed to the users of the financial statements differs from company to company. This study proposes an accounting treatment for scrip dividend schemes in South Africa. It concludes that the reinvestment approach is the most acceptable accounting treatment for scrip dividend schemes in South Africa.

Details

Meditari Accountancy Research, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1022-2529

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Article

Thomas McCluskey, Bruce Burton and David Power

This study aims to provide a modern perspective on the role of dividends in smaller developed countries such as Ireland by examining views regarding the determinants of…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to provide a modern perspective on the role of dividends in smaller developed countries such as Ireland by examining views regarding the determinants of payout levels, the role of taxation and the relevance of conventional signalling theory.

Design/methodology/approach

The study employs semi‐structured interviews with the financial directors of 20 leading Irish companies.

Findings

The results suggest support for the notion that dividend policy affects share valuations. However, views regarding this issue – and the role of taxation and signalling theory – vary markedly between quoted and unquoted firms as well as depending on firms' dividend histories.

Research limitations/implications

The study suffers from the problem that in interview‐based research the participants are necessarily a self‐selecting group. Notwithstanding this point, the evidence suggests that the views of managers in a nation with a small, but highly developed, stock market are in line with those in countries with much larger exchanges. Further research could usefully extend the analysis and establish whether similar views exist in other countries with relatively small stock markets, but where the exchange is in an “emerging” rather than “developed” state.

Originality/value

The contribution of the paper comes from the uniqueness of the Irish setting: the Irish market is relatively small but, unlike many similarly sized markets, it is highly‐developed, with long‐term historical links to the London Stock Exchange. The results, therefore, provide evidence about the extent to which earlier findings based on the world's largest developed markets also prevail in those that are more modestly sized.

Details

Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1176-6093

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Article

Friday Kennedy Ozo, Thankom Gopinath Arun, Philip Kostov and Godfrey Chidozie Uzonwanne

The purpose of this paper is to provide an additional insight into the dividend puzzle by investigating the field practice of dividend policy in an emerging market such as…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide an additional insight into the dividend puzzle by investigating the field practice of dividend policy in an emerging market such as Nigeria. It also aims to contribute to the literature on industry-related dividend effect by examining whether managerial views on dividend policy vary between financial and non-financial firms.

Design/methodology/approach

The study employs semi-structured interviews with the financial managers of 21 Nigerian listed firms. The interviewees were divided into two broad groups of financial vs non-financial firms based on the industry classification of the firms.

Findings

The findings suggest that, despite differences in institutional environment, the dividend-setting process in Nigerian companies is similar in many extents to those in the USA and other developed markets. Nigerian companies exhibit dividend conservatism and typically focus on current earnings, stability of earnings and availability of cash when determining their current dividend levels. However, unlike in prior studies, the interviewees suggest that their companies do not have a target payout ratio; instead, they target the dividend per share when determining the disbursement level. Nevertheless, views regarding these issues vary significantly between financial and non-financial firms.

Originality/value

This paper adds to the extant literature that has examined the behavioural aspects of dividend policy using interviews, especially in the context of less-developed markets such as Nigeria. The study also updates and extends prior evidence on an industry-related effect on managerial perceptions of dividend policy.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 41 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Keywords

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Article

James Millen

As the leaves began to fall with the advent of October, so did the hopes and aspirations of many investors who, two short weeks before, had been encouraged into supposing…

Abstract

As the leaves began to fall with the advent of October, so did the hopes and aspirations of many investors who, two short weeks before, had been encouraged into supposing that with the FT 30‐Share Index at its 1978 peak of 535.5 the sky was the limit.

Details

Industrial Management, vol. 78 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-6929

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Article

Abimbola Adedeji and Richard Baker

Evidence reported by Geczy, Minton and Schrand (1997) showed that foreign exchange risk had a significant influence on the use of currency derivatives but that interest…

Abstract

Evidence reported by Geczy, Minton and Schrand (1997) showed that foreign exchange risk had a significant influence on the use of currency derivatives but that interest cover and financial leverage did not. In this study, we suggest that the reason why foreign exchange risk was significant but interest cover and financial leverage were not significant in the evidence was because currency derivatives were used to measure the dependent variable. We verify the validity of this suggestion by testing the influence of interest cover and financial leverage on the use of interest rate derivatives. Our sample comprises 140 firms in the UK, 48 of which use interest rate derivatives. Evidence observed shows that interest cover and financial leverage have a significant influence on the use of interest rate derivatives and that foreign exchange risk does not. We also compare the previous evidence referred to above with our results to determine whether there is a difference between the factors that motivate firms to use currency derivatives or interest rate derivatives. The result of the comparison indicates that dependence on overseas product and capital markets, tax, institutional shareholding and economies of scale are the factors that motivate firms to use currency derivatives. The result also indicates that high interest cover (i.e. interest/profit before interest and tax)or total debt ratio, economies of scale and directors’ shareholding are the factors that motivate firms to use interest rate derivatives.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 28 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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Case study

Susan Chaplinsky, Luann J. Lynch and Paul Doherty

This case is one of a pair of cases used in a merger negotiation. It is designed to be used with “British Petroleum, Ltd.” (UVA-F-1263). One-half of the class prepares…

Abstract

This case is one of a pair of cases used in a merger negotiation. It is designed to be used with “British Petroleum, Ltd.” (UVA-F-1263). One-half of the class prepares only the British Petroleum (BP) case, and one-half uses this case. BP and Amoco are considering a merger, and are in the process of negotiating a merger agreement. Macroeconomic assumptions, particularly forecasting future oil prices in an uncertain environment, and assumptions about Amoco's ability to reduce exploration and production costs make Amoco's future cash flows difficult to predict.

Details

Darden Business Publishing Cases, vol. no.
Type: Case Study
ISSN: 2474-7890
Published by: University of Virginia Darden School Foundation

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Case study

Susan Chaplinsky, Luann J. Lynch and Paul Doherty

This case is one of a pair of cases used in a merger negotiation. It is designed to be used with “Amoco Corporation” (UVA-F-1262). One-half of the class prepares only the…

Abstract

This case is one of a pair of cases used in a merger negotiation. It is designed to be used with “Amoco Corporation” (UVA-F-1262). One-half of the class prepares only the Amoco case, and one-half uses this case. BP and Amoco are considering a merger, and are in the process of negotiating a merger agreement. Macroeconomic assumptions, particularly forecasting future oil prices in an uncertain environment, and assumptions about Amoco's ability to reduce exploration and production costs make Amoco's future cash flows difficult to predict.

Details

Darden Business Publishing Cases, vol. no.
Type: Case Study
ISSN: 2474-7890
Published by: University of Virginia Darden School Foundation

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Article

Michael Firth

The purpose of this paper is to discuss briefly the types of research that have been undertaken, to reference a number of American and British studies and to summarise…

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to discuss briefly the types of research that have been undertaken, to reference a number of American and British studies and to summarise some work in this general area that has been completed by the author whilst at Bradford University and subsequently at Stirling University.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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