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Article
Publication date: 3 July 2017

Gaetano R. Lotrecchiano, Mary Kane, Mark S. Zocchi, Jessica Gosa, Danielle Lazar and Jesse M. Pines

The purpose of this paper is to describe the use of group concept mapping (GCM) as a tool for developing a conceptual model of an episode of acute, unscheduled care from illness…

153

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe the use of group concept mapping (GCM) as a tool for developing a conceptual model of an episode of acute, unscheduled care from illness or injury to outcomes such as recovery, death and chronic illness.

Design/methodology/approach

After generating a literature review drafting an initial conceptual model, GCM software (CS Global MAXTM) is used to organize and identify strengths and directionality between concepts generated through feedback about the model from several stakeholder groups: acute care and non-acute care providers, patients, payers and policymakers. Through online and in-person population-specific focus groups, the GCM approach seeks feedback, assigned relationships and articulated priorities from participants to produce an output map that described overarching concepts and relationships within and across subsamples.

Findings

A clustered concept map made up of relational data points that produced a taxonomy of feedback was used to update the model for use in soliciting additional feedback from two technical expert panels (TEPs), and finally, a public comment exercise was performed. The results were a stakeholder-informed improved model for an acute care episode, identified factors that influence process and outcomes, and policy recommendations, which were delivered to the Department of Health and Human Services’s (DHHS) Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response.

Practical implications

This study provides an example of the value of cross-population multi-stakeholder input to increase voice in shared problem health stakeholder groups.

Originality/value

This paper provides GCM results and a visual analysis of the relational characteristics both within and across sub-populations involved in the study. It also provides an assessment of observational key factors supporting how different stakeholder voices can be integrated to inform model development and policy recommendations.

Details

Leadership in Health Services, vol. 30 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1879

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 December 2019

Raffaella Gualandi, Cristina Masella and Daniela Tartaglini

Improving hospital patient flow has become a policy priority, to effectively balance the increasing demands of an unknown and variable volume of patients with limited available…

1558

Abstract

Purpose

Improving hospital patient flow has become a policy priority, to effectively balance the increasing demands of an unknown and variable volume of patients with limited available hospital resources. A systematic literature review was conducted in order to identify actions, actors involved and enablers in improving hospital patient flow. The paper aims to discuss this issue.

Design/methodology/approach

Searches were conducted in Scopus, Web of Science, MEDLINE and The Cochrane Library for quantitative and qualitative empirical primary studies with patients (adults) receiving inpatient acute hospital care. The study protocol was based on PRISMA-P guidance. A critical appraisal of included studies was performed by using the Quality Improvement Minimum Quality Criteria Set.

Findings

In total, 38 key papers were identified. A wide range of actions are reported, but most studies focus on one or a few departments instead of a whole hospital. Process efficiency is most often used as a performance indicator, clinical outcomes are poorly analyzed, and patients’ expectations and experience are rarely considered. Top-management commitment and front-line staff involvement are considered key factors for the success of implementations. Patient involvement in the process improvement is rarely mentioned.

Originality/value

Achieving improvements in hospital patient flow requires the design and implementation of complex, multifaceted and coordinated interventions. This study may be of value to healthcare managers, helping them to act effectively in their context, and to researchers of future studies including the different variables and the patient’s perspective.

Details

Business Process Management Journal, vol. 26 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-7154

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 14 October 2019

Alfred Ogle and David Lamb

Purpose: An examination of the uptake and application of Robotic, Artificial Intelligence and Service Automation (RAISA) technologies by the events industry…

Abstract

Purpose: An examination of the uptake and application of Robotic, Artificial Intelligence and Service Automation (RAISA) technologies by the events industry.

Design/methodology/approach: Academic and practitioner literature review and analysis pertaining to the relevance of RAISA in events.

Findings: The events industry has tended to rely on automation in staging and event production and the application of RAISA in events has been limited but holds great potential for the future. Whereas, in the hospitality and tourism industries RAISA has been applied across a range of service functions. For example, in such industries, artificial intelligence, machine learning and service robotics technologies have become commonplace. Nonetheless, the same level of adoption of RAISA in events is less evident particularly in front-of-house operation, due largely to the incompatibility with the raison d'être of event attendance – the purposive congregation of people seeking an event experience.

Research limitations/implications: The findings are the views of the authors and are therefore reliant upon existing events management literature on RAISA and their interpretation of this information and its application to the events industry.

Practical implications: RAISA has the capacity to play a crucial technical function in the events industry. However, it needs to be acknowledged that an event is essentially an experiential product which is simultaneously delivered and consumed in a particular setting/venue. RAISA applications and techniques avail event management immense sustainability and growth potential.

Social implications: Events are expressions of human social interactions and activities. Given the recent trend in sports media consumption as a substitute for live event attendance compounded by barriers to event attendance such as heightened terrorism threat and high expense/cost, there is a real risk of degradation of the social significance of the events industry. The prudent uptake of RAISA has the potential to emolliate the barriers to attendance while facilitating effective marketing and industry sustainability.

Originality/value: This chapter provides a new perspective in focusing on the potential applicability of RAISA in event management practice.

Details

Robots, Artificial Intelligence, and Service Automation in Travel, Tourism and Hospitality
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-688-0

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 29 August 2012

Robert Reid

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed psychological disorder of childhood. Prevalence of ADHD currently is estimated at 5% among…

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed psychological disorder of childhood. Prevalence of ADHD currently is estimated at 5% among school-age children making it a serious concern for educators. One aspect of ADHD, however, that has received comparatively little attention is the academic difficulties that are commonly associated with ADHD. This chapter provides an overview of the extent and nature of academic problems of students with ADHD. First, a theoretical perspective on academic deficits of students with ADHD drawn from Barkley's (2006) theoretical work is presented. Second, the academic status of students with ADHD is discussed. Third, drawing on longitudinal studies, the academic trajectory of students with ADHD is examined. Fourth, possible causal factors for academic problems and core deficit areas of working memory and executive functions are discussed. Next, progress in academic interventions for ADHD is assessed and promising interventions are noted. Finally, some possible directions for future intervention research are provided.

Details

Classroom Behavior, Contexts, and Interventions
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78052-972-1

Article
Publication date: 17 January 2024

Oleksandra Hanchukova, Natalia Velikova and Olena Motuzenko

This paper aims to explore the emerging wine market of Ukraine. Specifically, the study examines Ukrainian consumer attitudes toward local wines and provides profiles of various…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the emerging wine market of Ukraine. Specifically, the study examines Ukrainian consumer attitudes toward local wines and provides profiles of various groups of local wine consumers.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected via an online survey of Ukrainian wine consumers (N = 325). Factor and cluster analyses were performed to assess general attitudes toward local wine. Descriptive statistics and analyses of differences (t-tests and chi-square tests) were also used for further data exploration.

Findings

The findings indicate that quality perceptions, price sensitivity and reputation play a vital role in shaping local consumers’ attitudes toward Ukrainian wine. Three distinct consumer segments were identified. Local Skeptics exhibit reserved opinions about local wine. Local ambassadors show the highest level of enthusiasm and support for local wines. Local non-connoisseurs are the least involved and knowledgeable about wine; thus, their opinions about the local wine industry are not formed yet. This is the group that merits the utmost attention from wine marketers.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this paper is the first research attempt to identify different types of wine consumers based on their attitudes and perceptions toward local wines in Ukraine.

Details

International Journal of Wine Business Research, vol. 36 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1062

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 July 2016

Maria Hullgren and Inga-Lill Söderberg

The purpose of this paper is to investigate driving forces behind mortgage rate choice among homeowners in a market of no mortgage rate spread. The study reported on was conducted…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate driving forces behind mortgage rate choice among homeowners in a market of no mortgage rate spread. The study reported on was conducted in Sweden, a country relatively spared both from effects of the subprime crisis and the on-going Euro-crisis. A number of potentially influential factors, such as respondents’ risk aversion, financial vulnerability, experience, expectations as well as the impact of media and bank advisors are examined and a number of demographic factors controlled for.

Design/methodology/approach

The study reported on is based on data from a national randomized survey conducted in Sweden in 2012. An empirical analysis is carried out on a sample of 474 households with mortgages. A logistic regression is performed to test a model based on hypothesized factors.

Findings

The study shows that consumers choosing fixed rate mortgages (FRMs) have high LTV and high risk aversion and perceive their choice as having been influenced by bank advisors. This is in line with earlier findings. Lower levels of – or no – FRMs (more adjustable rate mortgages) seems to be attractive for the wealthier with higher education and previous experience of home owning. Other factor negatively affecting the choice of FRMs are: being younger; being influenced by media; and perceiving oneself as financially vulnerable.

Research limitations/implications

To summarize, this paper contributes to research in two major ways: first, the Swedish case is modeled against a review of international research on mortgage rate choice. Second, a number of consumer-related factors are investigated, and their relative contribution as drivers of a choice of FRMs are tested. This gives input to more theoretical research conceptualizing a model for the understanding of how consumer mortgage rate choices are made.

Practical implications

The results should serve as an alarm bell for the industry, as the consumers described – the youngest mortgage holders, the financially vulnerable with low repayment capacity and those easily influenced by reports in media – are a potential threat to stable development of long term customer relations and mortgage portfolios.

Social implications

The results gives reason for policy makers to address the question and reasons to call for more studies of the preferences and choices of the younger consumers.

Originality/value

This study represents an investigation into some factors not often studied in relation to mortgage rate choice. It also highlights the Swedish case and puts it in an international context.

Details

International Journal of Bank Marketing, vol. 34 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-2323

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 August 2022

Anh T.T. Tran, An D. Le, Phuong Bui L.A., Vuong V. Le and Lanh T. Vu

Food festivals are prevalent for those passionate about food experience globally. More importantly, feedback from food reviewers on mass media platforms has been becoming a…

1037

Abstract

Purpose

Food festivals are prevalent for those passionate about food experience globally. More importantly, feedback from food reviewers on mass media platforms has been becoming a critical factor in facilitating the decision-making process of tourists in particular cities. Moreover, stimulating local tourism activities, thanks to food festivals, prove advantageous to the well-being of local habitants. The purpose of this paper is to provide readers with a general overview of food festival research trends in tourist cities, as tourism has the potential to contribute to targets in Goals 8, 12 and 14 on sustainable consumption and production and the sustainable use of resources, respectively, (UNWTO: World Tourism Organization).

Design/methodology/approach

This study searched and filtered documents from the Scopus and Web of Science databases, as well as used bibliometric analysis and other mathematical and statistical methods, to better understand the food festival research context between 1970 and 2021. The carriers with mathematical and statistical methods. VOSviewer algorithm was used to identify critical input for visualizing bibliometric networks and to create a framework for this academic food festival research.

Findings

The findings are primarily related to pre and post-COVID-19 research on food festivals worldwide. Furthermore, using an inductive approach, this paper reveals the impact of food festivals in cities and tourist behaviors. According to the findings, the food festival research trends are about “food festivals,” “slow food festivals” and “local food festivals.” Factor analysis is one of the most common analyses in this type of research. Other studies could use the findings and limitations to select appropriate themes and analysis approaches for their research topics.

Research limitations/implications

Research data sets are mainly from articles that may not account for all actual trends during this pandemic.

Originality/value

This review expects to provide insights into food festivals and help future researchers to recognize several research gaps such as the lack of research on food festival manufacturers and producers or the consistency in visitors' aspect research of quality service, visitors' loyal intentions, satisfaction and culinary experience. The tourism industry can find research trends of food festivals and issues following COVID-19 to find their management styles to fit the context of the post-COVID-19 pandemic, facilitating organizing a safe and effective food festival.

Details

International Journal of Tourism Cities, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-5607

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 October 2014

Emanuele Teti, Francesco Perrini and Linda Tirapelle

The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether the implementation of a defined competitive strategy – differentiation or cost leadership – brings about different value…

2877

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether the implementation of a defined competitive strategy – differentiation or cost leadership – brings about different value creation levels, where “value” is defined in a twofold perspective as “shareholder value” vs “stakeholder value” and “social capital”.

Design/methodology/approach

A sample of 169 European companies is investigated. Simple linear regressions and t-tests for the equality of means are conducted.

Findings

While no significant differences are found in the creation of value for the shareholders, firms following differentiation strategies generate considerably higher value for all the stakeholder groups than companies pursing cost leadership strategies. Results also show that size and reputational considerations play a significant role in explaining the different stakeholder value performances.

Research limitations/implications

Some data such as off-balance sheet items could have influenced the calculation of the discriminant values for strategy classification.

Practical implications

Although the two groups manage to achieve comparable levels of profitability, the differentiators, presumably because of their structural outward-facing orientation, seem to be better positioned to meet the challenges of the next wave of growth, which resides in the substantial interconnection between economic and societal value. Companies need a better understanding of how the stakeholder value theory and social capital can influence value creation and long-term success.

Originality/value

In light of the importance of competitive strategy as a value-creation tool, the paper sheds new light on the relationship between competitive strategies and value creation.

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