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Book part
Publication date: 17 October 2014

J. Barkley Rosser

Political economies evolve institutionally and technologically over time. This means that to understand evolutionary political economy one must understand the nature of the…

Abstract

Political economies evolve institutionally and technologically over time. This means that to understand evolutionary political economy one must understand the nature of the evolutionary process in its full complexity. From the time of Darwin and Spencer natural selection has been seen as the foundation of evolution. This view has remained even as views of how evolution operates more broadly have changed. An issue that some have viewed as an aspect of evolution that natural selection may not fully explain is that of emergence of higher order structures, with this aspect having been associated with the idea of emergence. In recent decades it has been argued that self-organization dynamics may explain such emergence, with this being argued to be constrained, if not overshadowed, by natural selection. Just as the balance between these aspects is debated within organic evolutionary theory, it also arises in the evolution of political economy, as between such examples of self-organizing emergence as the Mengerian analysis of the appearance of commodity money in primitive societies and the natural selection that operates in the competition between firms in markets.

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Entangled Political Economy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-102-2

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Article
Publication date: 18 June 2018

John Goodier

Abstract

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Reference Reviews, vol. 32 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0950-4125

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Article
Publication date: 23 May 2011

Elizabeth Wakely and Jerome Carson

The paper reviews Darwin's health problems and suggests they may have been a “creative malady”.

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Abstract

Purpose

The paper reviews Darwin's health problems and suggests they may have been a “creative malady”.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors look at Darwin's upbringing, his career and achievements, evidence for mental illness and his status as a historical recovery hero.

Findings

In addition to the published literature, Darwin himself acknowledged that his health problems enabled him to dedicate his life to his scientific research.

Originality/value

The authors combine their perspectives as a historian and psychologist to interpret the literature on Darwin's illness.

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Mental Health and Social Inclusion, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-8308

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Book part
Publication date: 21 November 2022

James H. Rutherford

A multidimensional understanding of human nature based on biology can provide a very useful framework of analysis and bring some understanding and coherence to the very fragmented…

Abstract

A multidimensional understanding of human nature based on biology can provide a very useful framework of analysis and bring some understanding and coherence to the very fragmented perspectives within moral, political, and legal philosophy. A useful four-part framework of analysis can be based on the evolution of the brain as described by Paul MacLean (1973, 1990) and Sir John Eccles (1989). A similar pattern of development of our mental and moral capacities through experience in childhood was also described by Jean Piaget (Inhelder & Piaget, 1958) and Lawrence Kohlberg (1981). This multidimensional understanding of human nature considers the individual, social, rational, and metaphysical perspectives. Because this four-part multidimensional understanding of human nature is based on a naturalized epistemology related to the development of our mental capacities in both evolution and through experience, this pattern can be seen across a wide variety of disciplines. Medical ethics, US constitutional democracy, and legal philosophy will be used as examples of the usefulness of this multidimensional understanding of human nature.

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Biopolitics at 50 Years
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80262-108-2

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Book part
Publication date: 10 August 2015

Philip J. Stern

Ever since its introduction into the vernacular of imperial historiography over a half century ago, the concept of “informal empire” has had a profound influence on how historians…

Abstract

Ever since its introduction into the vernacular of imperial historiography over a half century ago, the concept of “informal empire” has had a profound influence on how historians have understood the size and nature of British expansion in the modern world. While offering a crucial corrective to definitions of empire that had focused exclusively on “formal” colonial holdings, such a division has also obscured other frameworks through which we might understand the contours of imperial power, while also underscoring traditional bifurcations between early modern and modern forms of empire. This paper suggests instead an approach that privileges schema that take into account the different institutional and constitutional forms that shaped imperial expansion, and specifically argues that the corporation was one such form, in competition with others including the monarchical and national state. Looking specifically at the early modern East India Company and its modern legacies, particularly George Goldie’s Royal Niger Company, it also suggests that institutional approaches that de-emphasize distinctions between behavioral categories, such as commerce and politics, allow the possibility of excavating deep ideological connections across the history of empire, from its seventeenth-century origins through the era of decolonization.

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Chartering Capitalism: Organizing Markets, States, and Publics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-093-7

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1996

John Darwin

Outlines an approach to management which questions conventional rationality, and suggests that dynamic capability in organizations needs to be based on new thinking drawn from…

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Abstract

Outlines an approach to management which questions conventional rationality, and suggests that dynamic capability in organizations needs to be based on new thinking drawn from science, logic and ideas drawn from cultures beyond the Anglo‐Saxon. Begins by exploring the modern paradigm on which much management theory is based. This paradigm sees the organization as a machine, and the role of the manager as controller. Traces the origins of this approach to scientific thinking which is now outdated, and proposes an alternative ‐ the wisdom paradigm. Stresses that this is not “either‐or” ‐ the wisdom paradigm does not replace the modern paradigm ‐ it expands management thinking and suggests principles more attuned to managing in uncertainty. Develops these principles in a second article.

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Career Development International, vol. 1 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1362-0436

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Book part
Publication date: 25 September 2013

Albert Somit and Steven A. Peterson

Purpose – This chapter makes sense of the volume and suggests avenues for future research. Design/methodology/approach – This chapter reflects…

Abstract

Purpose – This chapter makes sense of the volume and suggests avenues for future research.

Design/methodology/approach – This chapter reflects upon some of the challenges facing biology and politics; it offers two case studies of areas calling for more research and discussion.

Findings – Some evolutionary theorists criticize religion. In the process, they undermine the ability to reach out to religious people about the value of evolutionary theory. Two case studies – group selection and genetic bases of political behavior – are examined to illustrate ongoing issues that call for further attention

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The world of biology and politics: Organization and research areas
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-728-3

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1996

John Darwin

The second of two articles suggests that dynamic capability in organizations needs to be based on new thinking drawn from science, logic and ideas drawn from cultures beyond the…

528

Abstract

The second of two articles suggests that dynamic capability in organizations needs to be based on new thinking drawn from science, logic and ideas drawn from cultures beyond the Anglo‐Saxon. This thinking is brought together in the Wisdom Paradigm, which does not replace the Modern Paradigm ‐ it expands management thinking and suggests principles more attuned to managing in uncertainty. Outlines some of the key themes of the Wisdom Paradigm and uses these to develop the concepts of organizational intelligence and dynamic poise.

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Career Development International, vol. 1 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1362-0436

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2000

John Darwin, Joanne Duberley and Phil Johnson

During the 1990s the contract has become a key feature in the restructuring of the UK public sector. Currently available literature demonstrates an awareness that the…

Abstract

During the 1990s the contract has become a key feature in the restructuring of the UK public sector. Currently available literature demonstrates an awareness that the implementation of contracting must entail new forms of management control and organizational structure which involve new patterns of intra‐ and extra‐organizational relationships. However, there is little consideration of the nature of the relationships which are developing between contractors and clients nor the factors that influence those behavioural processes. This paper reports on research funded by ESRC into contracts in ten local authorities in the UK. Analysis was undertaken to identify the nature of the contracts and the factors which both clients and contractors felt had led them to develop a particular type of relationship. This is followed by an exploration of the literature on partnerships, summarising the implications for the nature of the relationship between the client and contractor, based in particular on the distinction between transactional and relational contracting. It is shown that “textbook” approaches provide a useful heuristic, but do not reflect the subtleties of the interactions which develop during contracts. The overall implications are then considered, and related to theories of fair process and trust. The practical implications for public sector contracting (in particular best value) and for partnership activity are then outlined.

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International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

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Article
Publication date: 20 July 2012

Ilfryn Price

Management fashions can be, and have been, conceptualized as narrative elements competing for replication and resources in the wider managerial discourse. Most wax and wane…

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Abstract

Purpose

Management fashions can be, and have been, conceptualized as narrative elements competing for replication and resources in the wider managerial discourse. Most wax and wane through a life cycle. Some achieve an extended place and even a transition to quasi‐ permanent institutions. Facilities/Facility Management (FM) is one such example, the purpose of this paper is to explore this.

Design/methodology/approach

The case draws FM's history since 1968 and asks whether it is compatible with recent and classic Darwin, thoughts on cultural evolution as a selection process between competing discourses.

Findings

Several properties of that history are argued as compatible with the theoretical stance taken particularly the mutation of the syntactic content to suit local circumstances and the dilution of the term's intent. Success attributes in the selective competition include contingency, securing an organizational home and mutability (what was represented became, more operational, less virulent but in the process more transmissible). In spreading globally the signifier/meme FM also proved mutatable to local managerial discourses.

Originality/value

The study supports a developing paradigm that it is possible to view organizations as ecologies of variously, memes, signifiers, narratives, representations or discourses. All five terms are shown to have been used to make similar significations by different authors. It shows how a natural history of narrative memes can be constructed.

Details

International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

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