Search results

1 – 10 of over 9000
Article
Publication date: 11 September 2017

Ibrahim Dolapo Raheem and Joseph O. Ogebe

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of industrialization and urbanization on CO2 emissions in 20 African countries for the period 1980 to 2013.

1302

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of industrialization and urbanization on CO2 emissions in 20 African countries for the period 1980 to 2013.

Design/methodology/approach

In order to correct for cross-sectional dependence, this study adopts the use of pooled mean group. Also, the study contributes to the literature by estimating the direct, indirect and total effects of industrialization and urbanization on carbon emission.

Findings

The results show that industrialization and urbanization directly increase environmental degradation. Interestingly, industrialization and urbanization were also found to reduce environmental degradation through their indirect effects on per capita income. In general, the authors conclude that the indirect effect of industrialization will overcrowd the direct effect, and this will lead to a decline in the overall effect of industrialization on carbon emission. Also, the positive direct effect of urbanization outweighs the negative indirect effect, thus the overall effect of urbanization will endanger carbon emission in the long run.

Originality/value

The existing studies on emission, industrialization and urbanization have typically been biased toward Africa. This present study filled this gap. The choice of African countries is based on the notion that the continent is desirous of expanding her industrialization level. This has coincidentally led to the increase in urbanization growth rate as well as income level of former rural dwellers. The second contribution of this study is the “effects decomposition” into direct, indirect and total effects. This is to reveal some inherent information that might be missing.

Details

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, vol. 28 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7835

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 July 2013

Abolghasem Mahdavi and Hamid Azizmohammadlou

This article aims to take into consideration the mechanism in which the process of industrialization affects social capital in Iran.

1438

Abstract

Purpose

This article aims to take into consideration the mechanism in which the process of industrialization affects social capital in Iran.

Design/methodology/approach

In order to investigate the way in which industrialization affects social capital, a system of simultaneous equations has been introduced and then coefficients have been estimated using the three stages least squares method and the panel data of the 30 provinces of the country during the 2001‐2006 period.

Findings

The results show that industrialization has a significant effect on the level and composition of social capital in Iran. Although industrialization has improved the level of income through which bridging social capital has increased, a large part of this effect has been balanced out as a result of worsening the income distribution due to industrialization. Since industrialization has increased migration from non‐industrial to industrial regions, bonding social capital has been weakened while bridging social capital in the immigrant accepting regions has been strengthened. The increase of specialization in economic activities and division of labor resulting from industrialization have also improved bridging social capital and worsened bonding social capital. Industrialization has increased the demand for education. However, due to the non‐efficient and individual‐based trainings, this variable does not show a significant effect on the level and composition of social capital.

Originality/value

This research has tried to provide a more comprehensive theoretical explanation and introduced two more mechanisms through which industrialization can affect social capital. The subject of this paper is related to both economic and social affairs. Industrialization is one of the most important issues in the field of economic development and social capital is the completely relevant subject to cultural changes. Investigation of the social capital status and determinants can provide a suitable basis to analyse the cultural and social changes.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 40 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 2002

Bülent Yilmaz

In this study, industrialisation has been evaluated in the context of social change theory. Industrialisation as a period of social change is the source of public library…

2480

Abstract

In this study, industrialisation has been evaluated in the context of social change theory. Industrialisation as a period of social change is the source of public library development. The public library has emerged as a result of the changes in educational and cultural structure caused by industrialisation. Public libraries emerged as supporting elements of basic and adult diffused education effort. The change in thoughts, attitudes and values by the effect of urbanisation made public libraries a part of the new culture that is social life. The public library is a product of social change.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 54 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 30 November 2017

Eva Boxenbaum, Thibault Daudigeos, Jean-Charles Pillet and Sylvain Colombero

This chapter examines how proponents of industrialization used multiple modes of communication to socially construct the rational myth of industrialization in the French…

Abstract

This chapter examines how proponents of industrialization used multiple modes of communication to socially construct the rational myth of industrialization in the French construction sector after World War II. We illuminate the respective roles of visual and verbal communication in this process. Our findings suggest that actors construct rational myths according to the following step-by-step method: first, they use visuals to suggest associations between new practices and valuable purposes; then they use verbal text to establish the technical rationality of certain practices; and lastly, they employ both verbal and visual communications to convey their mythical features.

Details

Multimodality, Meaning, and Institutions
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-332-8

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 March 2022

Murat Ali Yülek and Betül Gür

This study aims to illustrate the developmental and modernizational state management policies in the early Turkish Republic in the 1930s through the establishment of…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to illustrate the developmental and modernizational state management policies in the early Turkish Republic in the 1930s through the establishment of state-owned cotton textile factories in underdeveloped regions of the country. It analyzes the state’s industrial-cum-social engineering policies and their micro-level role in Turkish economic development.

Design/methodology/approach

To illustrate the government’s role in regional industrialization and modernization, this study uses an in-depth case analysis conducted in a sample of textile plants based on a microhistorical approach.

Findings

Turkey is considered among late developing countries. Following the War of Independence at the beginning of the 20th century, the new government focused on regional industrialization and social transformation through state-owned universal banks[1] acting as state agents of industrialization and modernization. Primary among them, Sümerbank constructed industrial plants in underdeveloped towns which subsequently became the nuclei of growing industrial centers of private enterprise. Sümerbank plants were also micro-level tools of westernization-based modernization of the society under the social engineering objectives of the new government.

Originality/value

This study uses a specific industrial policy measure (establishment of industrial plants) in explaining the state’s role in industrialization, regional development and social engineering. It sheds new light on the literature on state-led industrial-cum-modernization policies during earlier phases of economic development. It contributes to the international literature on the history of state management of economic and social development.

Details

Journal of Management History, vol. 28 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1751-1348

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 16 July 2021

Kezia H. Mkwizu and Gladness L. Monametsi

This paper aims to explore the impacts and challenges of the Southern African Development Community’s industrialization agenda on the industrialization of two Sub-Saharan…

1247

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the impacts and challenges of the Southern African Development Community’s industrialization agenda on the industrialization of two Sub-Saharan African states, Botswana and Tanzania.

Design/methodology/approach

The study adopts the documentary research method by carefully analyzing relevant policy documents, conference papers, reports, and journals.

Findings

While there is an impact on policy provisions targeted towards industrialization, there are challenges such as poor policy implementation that, if not addressed, could dampen efforts by policymakers in achieving the goal of industrializing the countries.

Practical implications

Governments should ensure equal synergy relations amongst institutions tasked with implementation. Increase investment in research and development (R&D) and human capital as drivers of innovation are needed for industrialization.

Originality/value

This paper adds to the discourse on industrialization. It also highlights challenges faced by countries whose policies have had minimal impact on industrialization.

Details

Public Administration and Policy, vol. 24 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1727-2645

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 August 2021

Taeyoung Park and Jun youn Kim

This study aims to investigate the evolution of eight Asian countries’ innovation policy instruments during three economic development phases. Another goal is to examine…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the evolution of eight Asian countries’ innovation policy instruments during three economic development phases. Another goal is to examine common and different policy instruments of Japan, Korea and China, which have already reached the post-catch-up stage, to provide lessons to less-developed and developing Asian countries.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses a qualitative research methodology, in particular a narrative approach. For triangulation, this paper uses a wide range of secondary data. The authors selected eight Asian countries by using various criteria, including income level and market size, and examined each country in terms of innovation performance and evolution of innovation policy instruments. The evolution of innovation policy in each country is investigated during three economic development phases: pre-industrialization, industrialization and catch-up and post-catch-up.

Findings

The findings show, first, that a higher research and development (R&D) expenditure as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), R&D activities dominated by private research organizations and more vigorous patent activities by residents than nonresidents are the most critical factors for becoming a high-income country. Second, innovation policy should be suitable for attaining aims, which are different at each economic development stage. Third, seven lessons from three prosperous Asian countries are crucial for economic development: securing political stability; increasing R&D expenditures; facilitating the acquisition, diffusion and internalization of technology; encouraging government–industry–university collaborations; using the selection and concentration strategy; changing the governmental role from regulator to facilitator; and establishing a legal framework.

Originality/value

It is difficult to find research that systematically compares three or more Asian countries’ innovation policies over the long term. This study fills this gap and helps scholars and field workers increase their understanding of innovation policy in eight Asian countries. It also contributes to providing lessons for practitioners that could help developing and less-developed Asian countries establish a suitable innovation policy for each economic development stage.

Details

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2053-4620

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1995

Seth Accra Jaja

Argues the importance of foreign aid for industrial developmentprogrammes in Africa. Suggests desirable management and administrativeobjectives and outcomes of foreign aid…

1237

Abstract

Argues the importance of foreign aid for industrial development programmes in Africa. Suggests desirable management and administrative objectives and outcomes of foreign aid for industrial development in terms of discussion of the strategic adaptation to foreign aid culture and “tame” industrial development base in Africa. Argues that African countries should make effective use of foreign aid received from the developed countries. But for this to take place, African countries should examine foreign aid in terms of commodities that can be bought and sold. Suggests that foreign aid should be “project‐tied” and its implementation closely monitored. Discusses the effects of foreign aid on industrial development in Africa.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 22 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 September 2019

Kashif Munir and Ayesha Ameer

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the long-run as well as short-run nonlinear effect of foreign direct investment (FDI), economic growth (EG) and industrialization

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the long-run as well as short-run nonlinear effect of foreign direct investment (FDI), economic growth (EG) and industrialization on environmental degradation (carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions) in Pakistan.

Design/methodology/approach

The study applies a nonlinear autoregressive distributive lag methodology to examine the long-run and short-run relationship among the variables. FDI, EG and industrialization are decomposed into positive and negative variations to examine the nonlinear relationship with CO2 emissions. Granger causality test is used to examine the direction of causality among the variables. The study uses annual time-series data of Pakistan from 1975 to 2016.

Findings

An increase in FDI has a positive and significant effect on CO2 emissions in the long run, while a decrease in FDI has a negative and insignificant effect on CO2 emissions. An increase in EG has a positive and significant effect, while a decrease in EG has a negative and insignificant effect on CO2 emissions in the long run. An increase in industrialization has a positive and significant effect on CO2 emissions, while a decrease in industrialization has a negative and insignificant effect on CO2 emissions. Unidirectional causality flows from CO2 emissions to a positive partial sum of FDI, EG, industrialization and a negative partial sum of EG in the short run.

Practical implications

The government has to establish the environmental regulation for industrial sectors. Research and development centers are required at government and private levels to control pollution through new technologies. Regulations and restrictions are required on the foreign investor to adopt friendly environmental policies.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the existing literature by analyzing the nonlinear effects of FDI, industrialization and EG on environmental pollution in Pakistan. The main significance of this investigation is to provide the essential evidence, information and better understanding to key stakeholders of the environment.

Details

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, vol. 31 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7835

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 9000