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International joint ventures (IJV) management teams exhibit organizational commitment to multiple organizations: to the IJV, to the domestic parent, and to the foreign…
International joint ventures (IJV) management teams exhibit organizational commitment to multiple organizations: to the IJV, to the domestic parent, and to the foreign parent. Conflicting loyalties occur when there is an unbalanced commitment to these entities. An empirical study found that almost one third of the IJV managers sampled perceived conflicting loyalties in the IJV management team. The negative consequences of conflicting loyalties are discussed, and suggestions are offered for mitigating their effects.
This paper examines some of the trends, issues and challenges associated with tourism development in Jamaica. It argues that for the tourism product to be more competitive, there is a need to rethink the kind of tourism product currently on offer to the world. It is being suggested that Jamaican tourism planners, drawing on the experiences of a number of countries, should concentrate more on the culture and history of Jamaica, making sure they involve different segments of civil society in the development process. Only then will tourism reach its full potential and become a sustainable industry in the country.
Fieldwork is one of the hallmarks of anthropology. Almost all students of anthropology have geographical and cultural specializations, ranging from a small group to a…
Fieldwork is one of the hallmarks of anthropology. Almost all students of anthropology have geographical and cultural specializations, ranging from a small group to a nation. Their interest areas are often identified or marked by real or putative boundaries; and it is within these boundaries that anthropologists have “founded” their own villages and tribes — “my village”, “my tribe.”
This paper will investigate some of the theoretical and methodological problems associated with the way ‘culture’ is defined and studied in organizational settings. In…
This paper will investigate some of the theoretical and methodological problems associated with the way ‘culture’ is defined and studied in organizational settings. In short we raise the fundamental question of how culture is understood and explained, i.e., how does one actually ‘discover’ the culture of an organization? The paper will consider these issues in the context of research conducted by the authors on organizational mergers in which culture is defined as a network of communication rules/norms.
February 16, 1967 Building — Safety regulations — Application — Neon lighting installation — Workman repairing installation affixed to cinema — Whether “repair or maintenance of building” — Whether installation part of building — Building (Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations, 1948 (S.I. 1948 No. 1145), regs. 2(1), 24(1).
In this chapter, we develop a conceptual framework on how cultural value can be lost in conflict and created by the arts, artists and arts organisations again and how the…
In this chapter, we develop a conceptual framework on how cultural value can be lost in conflict and created by the arts, artists and arts organisations again and how the arts may also help victims of conflict. We explore examples of the different ways that the effects of cultural engagement are manifested and articulated in the depiction of armed conflict, especially looking at the civil war in Syria (2011–present as of 2020) and discuss three stages in the life-cycle of cultural value. Our conceptual framework of cultural value in the depiction of armed conflict is based on the multifaceted private, public, intrinsic and instrumental benefits of the arts as well as the cultural value created by arts, artists and arts organisations. We discuss universal value at the first stage of a potential loss of cultural value. The second stage addresses the politics of aesthetic value, as the cultural value created by artists and artistic activities which may evolve during armed conflict with examples of two international war artists, John Keane and Ben Quilty. Finally, we review social value as the impact of the cultural value created in overcoming armed conflict as well as restoring and transforming impaired individuals, communities and societies. Within this context, we reinforce the notion of cultural value as an alternative framework for understanding the value constructs surrounding the creation of art in this chapter.
The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, to show how the financial power of the fossil fuel industries and the prevalence of religious ideology in Congress are the…
The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, to show how the financial power of the fossil fuel industries and the prevalence of religious ideology in Congress are the two major obstacles preventing the U.S. government from taking action to slow down global warming. Then to evaluate various approaches to ‘satisfying our energy needs’, by showing a crucial dynamic behind our insatiable drive to consume energy, and to propose some ways of circumventing the current obstacles.
The approach is through a comprehensive study of the relevant evidence and academic literature, interwoven with philosophical reflections on their significance.
The findings are as follows: a major root of the current problem is the dysfunctional political system in the United States, which is corrupted by vast infusions of money from the fossil fuel industries and the dogmatic religious beliefs of Republicans in key positions on Congressional committees.
The implications are several. The proposed technological solutions to the ‘energy problem’ – nuclear power, carbon sequestration, fracking for natural gas and geo-engineering – only address the symptoms and ignore the dynamic that underlies them, exemplified in the story of Prometheus. If we continue to be driven by the Promethean spirit, we risk being subject to excruciating punishment as a result. The solution to our problems is a transition to clean and renewable sources of energy, accompanied by the kind of reduction in material desires that evidently makes for lives that are more fulfilled.
The value of the philosophical perspective on this topic is that it highlights questions of value that otherwise remain inexplicit.