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Article
Publication date: 16 September 2019

Yupei Wu, Di Guo, Huaping Liu and Yao Huang

Automatic defect detection is a fundamental and vital topic in the research field of industrial intelligence. In this work, the authors develop a more flexible deep…

Abstract

Purpose

Automatic defect detection is a fundamental and vital topic in the research field of industrial intelligence. In this work, the authors develop a more flexible deep learning method for the industrial defect detection.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors propose a unified framework for detecting defects in industrial products or planar surfaces based on an end-to-end learning strategy. A lightweight deep learning architecture for blade defect detection is specifically demonstrated. In addition, a blade defect data set is collected with the dual-arm image collection system.

Findings

Numerous experiments are conducted on the collected data set, and experimental results demonstrate that the proposed system can achieve satisfactory performance over other methods. Furthermore, the data equalization operation helps for a better defect detection result.

Originality/value

An end-to-end learning framework is established for defect detection. Although the adopted fully convolutional network has been extensively used for semantic segmentation in images, to the best knowledge of the authors, it has not been used for industrial defect detection. To remedy the difficulties of blade defect detection which has been analyzed above, the authors develop a new network architecture which integrates the residue learning to perform the efficient defect detection. A dual-arm data collection platform is constructed and extensive experimental validation are conducted.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 40 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 11 February 2019

Darlington A. Akogo and Xavier-Lewis Palmer

Computer vision for automated analysis of cells and tissues usually include extracting features from images before analyzing such features via various machine learning and…

Abstract

Purpose

Computer vision for automated analysis of cells and tissues usually include extracting features from images before analyzing such features via various machine learning and machine vision algorithms. The purpose of this work is to explore and demonstrate the ability of a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to classify cells pictured via brightfield microscopy without the need of any feature extraction, using a minimum of images, improving work-flows that involve cancer cell identification.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology involved a quantitative measure of the performance of a Convolutional Neural Network in distinguishing between two cancer lines. In their approach, they trained, validated and tested their 6-layer CNN on 1,241 images of MDA-MB-468 and MCF7 breast cancer cell line in an end-to-end fashion, allowing the system to distinguish between the two different cancer cell types.

Findings

They obtained a 99% accuracy, providing a foundation for more comprehensive systems.

Originality/value

Value can be found in that systems based on this design can be used to assist cell identification in a variety of contexts, whereas a practical implication can be found that these systems can be deployed to assist biomedical workflows quickly and at low cost. In conclusion, this system demonstrates the potentials of end-to-end learning systems for faster and more accurate automated cell analysis.

Details

Journal of Industry-University Collaboration, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2631-357X

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Article
Publication date: 18 May 2020

Mohamed Marzouk and Mohamed Zaher

This paper aims to apply a methodology that is capable to classify and localize mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) elements to assist facility managers…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to apply a methodology that is capable to classify and localize mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) elements to assist facility managers. Furthermore, it assists in decreasing the technical complexity and sophistication of different systems to the facility management (FM) team.

Design/methodology/approach

This research exploits artificial intelligence (AI) in FM operations through proposing a new system that uses a deep learning pre-trained model for transfer learning. The model can identify new MEP elements through image classification with a deep convolutional neural network using a support vector machine (SVM) technique under supervised learning. Also, an expert system is developed and integrated with an Android application to the proposed system to identify the required maintenance for the identified elements. FM team can reach the identified assets with bluetooth tracker devices to perform the required maintenance.

Findings

The proposed system aids facility managers in their tasks and decreases the maintenance costs of facilities by maintaining, upgrading, operating assets cost-effectively using the proposed system.

Research limitations/implications

The paper considers three fire protection systems for proactive maintenance, where other structural or architectural systems can also significantly affect the level of service and cost expensive repairs and maintenance. Also, the proposed system relies on different platforms that required to be consolidated for facility technicians and managers end-users. Therefore, the authors will consider these limitations and expand the study as a case study in future work.

Originality/value

This paper assists in a proactive manner to decrease the lack of knowledge of the required maintenance to MEP elements that leads to a lower life cycle cost. These MEP elements have a big share in the operation and maintenance costs of building facilities.

Details

Construction Innovation , vol. 20 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1471-4175

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Article
Publication date: 3 August 2020

Chunyan Zeng, Dongliang Zhu, Zhifeng Wang, Zhenghui Wang, Nan Zhao and Lu He

Most source recording device identification models for Web media forensics are based on a single feature to complete the identification task and often have the…

Abstract

Purpose

Most source recording device identification models for Web media forensics are based on a single feature to complete the identification task and often have the disadvantages of long time and poor accuracy. The purpose of this paper is to propose a new method for end-to-end network source identification of multi-feature fusion devices.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper proposes an efficient multi-feature fusion source recording device identification method based on end-to-end and attention mechanism, so as to achieve efficient and convenient identification of recording devices of Web media forensics.

Findings

The authors conducted sufficient experiments to prove the effectiveness of the models that they have proposed. The experiments show that the end-to-end system is improved by 7.1% compared to the baseline i-vector system, compared to the authors’ previous system, the accuracy is improved by 0.4%, and the training time is reduced by 50%.

Research limitations/implications

With the development of Web media forensics and internet technology, the use of Web media as evidence is increasing. Among them, it is particularly important to study the authenticity and accuracy of Web media audio.

Originality/value

This paper aims to promote the development of source recording device identification and provide effective technology for Web media forensics and judicial record evidence that need to apply device source identification technology.

Details

International Journal of Web Information Systems, vol. 16 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1744-0084

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Article
Publication date: 9 May 2020

Minghua Wei

In order to solve the problem that the performance of the existing local feature descriptors in uncontrolled environment is greatly affected by illumination, background…

Abstract

Purpose

In order to solve the problem that the performance of the existing local feature descriptors in uncontrolled environment is greatly affected by illumination, background, occlusion and other factors, we propose a novel face recognition algorithm in uncontrolled environment which combines the block central symmetry local binary pattern (CS-LBP) and deep residual network (DRN) model.

Design/methodology/approach

The algorithm first extracts the block CSP-LBP features of the face image, then incorporates the extracted features into the DRN model, and gives the face recognition results by using a well-trained DRN model. The features obtained by the proposed algorithm have the characteristics of both local texture features and deep features that robust to illumination.

Findings

Compared with the direct usage of the original image, the usage of local texture features of the image as the input of DRN model significantly improves the computation efficiency. Experimental results on the face datasets of FERET, YALE-B and CMU-PIE have shown that the recognition rate of the proposed algorithm is significantly higher than that of other compared algorithms.

Originality/value

The proposed algorithm fundamentally solves the problem of face identity recognition in uncontrolled environment, and it is particularly robust to the change of illumination, which proves its superiority.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-378X

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Article
Publication date: 25 March 2020

Wang Zhao and Long Lu

Facial expression provides abundant information for social interaction, and the analysis and utilization of facial expression data are playing a huge driving role in all…

Abstract

Purpose

Facial expression provides abundant information for social interaction, and the analysis and utilization of facial expression data are playing a huge driving role in all areas of society. Facial expression data can reflect people's mental state. In health care, the analysis and processing of facial expression data can promote the improvement of people's health. This paper introduces several important public facial expression databases and describes the process of facial expression recognition. The standard facial expression database FER2013 and CK+ were used as the main training samples. At the same time, the facial expression image data of 16 Chinese children were collected as supplementary samples. With the help of VGG19 and Resnet18 algorithm models of deep convolution neural network, this paper studies and develops an information system for the diagnosis of autism by facial expression data.

Design/methodology/approach

The facial expression data of the training samples are based on the standard expression database FER2013 and CK+. FER2013 and CK+ databases are a common facial expression data set, which is suitable for the research of facial expression recognition. On the basis of FER2013 and CK+ facial expression database, this paper uses the machine learning model support vector machine (SVM) and deep convolution neural network model CNN, VGG19 and Resnet18 to complete the facial expression recognition.

Findings

In this study, ten normal children and ten autistic patients were recruited to test the accuracy of the information system and the diagnostic effect of autism. After testing, the accuracy rate of facial expression recognition is 81.4 percent. This information system can easily identify autistic children. The feasibility of recognizing autism through facial expression is verified.

Research limitations/implications

The CK+ facial expression database contains some adult facial expression images. In order to improve the accuracy of facial expression recognition for children, more facial expression data of children will be collected as training samples. Therefore, the recognition rate of the information system will be further improved.

Originality/value

This research uses facial expression data and the latest artificial intelligence technology, which is advanced in technology. The diagnostic accuracy of autism is higher than that of traditional systems, so this study is innovative. Research topics come from the actual needs of doctors, and the contents and methods of research have been discussed with doctors many times. The system can diagnose autism as early as possible, promote the early treatment and rehabilitation of patients, and then reduce the economic and mental burden of patients. Therefore, this information system has good social benefits and application value.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 38 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2020

Qihang Wu, Daifeng Li, Lu Huang and Biyun Ye

Entity relation extraction is an important research direction to obtain structured information. However, most of the current methods are to determine the relations between…

Abstract

Purpose

Entity relation extraction is an important research direction to obtain structured information. However, most of the current methods are to determine the relations between entities in a given sentence based on a stepwise method, seldom considering entities and relations into a unified framework. The joint learning method is an optimal solution that combines relations and entities. This paper aims to optimize hierarchical reinforcement learning framework and provide an efficient model to extract entity relation.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is based on the hierarchical reinforcement learning framework of joint learning and combines the model with BERT, the best language representation model, to optimize the word embedding and encoding process. Besides, this paper adjusts some punctuation marks to make the data set more standardized, and introduces positional information to improve the performance of the model.

Findings

Experiments show that the model proposed in this paper outperforms the baseline model with a 13% improvement, and achieve 0.742 in F1 score in NYT10 data set. This model can effectively extract entities and relations in large-scale unstructured text and can be applied to the fields of multi-domain information retrieval, intelligent understanding and intelligent interaction.

Originality/value

The research provides an efficient solution for researchers in a different domain to make use of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to process their unstructured text more accurately.

Details

Information Discovery and Delivery, vol. 48 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-6247

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2005

Sandra Sharp

Aims to examine Leeds Library and Information Service's 56 libraries and the progress they have made in meeting targets for implementing the UK's electronic government…

Abstract

Purpose

Aims to examine Leeds Library and Information Service's 56 libraries and the progress they have made in meeting targets for implementing the UK's electronic government initiative, including the People's Network project, automation of all libraries using the Talis Library Management System and the implementation of new e‐services such as a web‐enabled catalogue, electronic data interchange book orders, self issue and community web sites.

Design/methodology/approach

This article describes the development and progress Leeds is making towards this implementation in its libraries and discusses the uses to which Talis is being put.

Findings

The library service has developed a learning plan offering different levels of access to information and communication technologies to give opportunities to all and are trying to expand on provision to learning and information technology to vulnerable and hard to reach groups.

Originality/value

This paper gives useful information on how a city's library service can introduce new e‐services.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 23 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 20 May 2019

Hongbo Gao, Guanya Shi, Kelong Wang, Guotao Xie and Yuchao Liu

Over the past decades, there has been significant research effort dedicated to the development of autonomous vehicles. The decision-making system, which is responsible for…

Abstract

Purpose

Over the past decades, there has been significant research effort dedicated to the development of autonomous vehicles. The decision-making system, which is responsible for driving safety, is one of the most important technologies for autonomous vehicles. The purpose of this study is the use of an intensive learning method combined with car-following data by a driving simulator to obtain an explanatory learning following algorithm and establish an anthropomorphic car-following model.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper proposed car-following method based on reinforcement learning for autonomous vehicles decision-making. An approximator is used to approximate the value function by determining state space, action space and state transition relationship. A gradient descent method is used to solve the parameter.

Findings

The effect of car-following on certain driving styles is initially achieved through the simulation of step conditions. The effect of car-following initially proves that the reinforcement learning system is more adaptive to car following and that it has certain explanatory and stability based on the explicit calculation of R.

Originality/value

The simulation results show that the car-following method based on reinforcement learning for autonomous vehicle decision-making realizes reliable car-following decision-making and has the advantages of simple sample, small amount of data, simple algorithm and good robustness.

Details

Industrial Robot: the international journal of robotics research and application, vol. 46 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 28 July 2020

Xisto L. Travassos, Sérgio L. Avila and Nathan Ida

Ground Penetrating Radar is a multidisciplinary Nondestructive Evaluation technique that requires knowledge of electromagnetic wave propagation, material properties and…

Abstract

Ground Penetrating Radar is a multidisciplinary Nondestructive Evaluation technique that requires knowledge of electromagnetic wave propagation, material properties and antenna theory. Under some circumstances this tool may require auxiliary algorithms to improve the interpretation of the collected data. Detection, location and definition of target’s geometrical and physical properties with a low false alarm rate are the objectives of these signal post-processing methods. Basic approaches are focused in the first two objectives while more robust and complex techniques deal with all objectives at once. This work reviews the use of Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning for data interpretation of Ground Penetrating Radar surveys. We show that these computational techniques have progressed GPR forward from locating and testing to imaging and diagnosis approaches.

Details

Applied Computing and Informatics, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2634-1964

Keywords

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