To read this content please select one of the options below:

A novel neural network architecture and cross-model transfer learning for multi-task autonomous driving

Youwei Li (Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Panyapiwat Institute of Management, Nonthaburi, Thailand)
Jian Qu (Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Panyapiwat Institute of Management, Nonthaburi, Thailand)

Data Technologies and Applications

ISSN: 2514-9288

Article publication date: 12 April 2024

33

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to achieve multi-task autonomous driving by adjusting the network architecture of the model. Meanwhile, after achieving multi-task autonomous driving, the authors found that the trained neural network model performs poorly in untrained scenarios. Therefore, the authors proposed to improve the transfer efficiency of the model for new scenarios through transfer learning.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the authors achieved multi-task autonomous driving by training a model combining convolutional neural network and different structured long short-term memory (LSTM) layers. Second, the authors achieved fast transfer of neural network models in new scenarios by cross-model transfer learning. Finally, the authors combined data collection and data labeling to improve the efficiency of deep learning. Furthermore, the authors verified that the model has good robustness through light and shadow test.

Findings

This research achieved road tracking, real-time acceleration–deceleration, obstacle avoidance and left/right sign recognition. The model proposed by the authors (UniBiCLSTM) outperforms the existing models tested with model cars in terms of autonomous driving performance. Furthermore, the CMTL-UniBiCL-RL model trained by the authors through cross-model transfer learning improves the efficiency of model adaptation to new scenarios. Meanwhile, this research proposed an automatic data annotation method, which can save 1/4 of the time for deep learning.

Originality/value

This research provided novel solutions in the achievement of multi-task autonomous driving and neural network model scenario for transfer learning. The experiment was achieved on a single camera with an embedded chip and a scale model car, which is expected to simplify the hardware for autonomous driving.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The first and second authors each contributed 50 per cent equally to this work.

Citation

Li, Y. and Qu, J. (2024), "A novel neural network architecture and cross-model transfer learning for multi-task autonomous driving", Data Technologies and Applications, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/DTA-08-2022-0307

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles