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Article
Publication date: 30 April 2021

Khairul Hidayatullah Basir and Ummi Fa’izah Abdul Rahman

This paper analyses the leadership approach and practices of the Brunei Government, in response hitherto to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper analyses the leadership approach and practices of the Brunei Government, in response hitherto to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Design/methodology/approach

A review of the available resources and existing literature on COVID-19 and crisis management in Brunei is conducted, consequently drawing lessons on effective measures of Brunei experience in combating the COVID-19 pandemic.

Findings

The main key lessons of Brunei's success factors in tackling the COVID-19 outbreak are the “Whole of Government Approach” and “Whole of Nation Approach”. It is to be noted that the approach would not be successful without the approval and full support of the monarch himself and, more importantly, the public's cooperation. Engaging in constant updates with the government's willingness to have themselves be led by recognised experts has gained public trust, which leads to the success of containing COVID-19, which resulted Brunei not needing to opt for a lockdown, which in turn did not lead Brunei to succumb to the second wave of COVID-19.

Research limitations/implications

Brunei experiences in containing novel coronavirus will help international scholars, especially in Muslim countries, to understand the lessons and develop a robust pandemic leadership model.

Practical implications

The lessons and strategies used by Brunei can be used as an exemplary approach to prepare for any future uncertainties by other countries.

Originality/value

The literature on pandemic leadership during COVID-19 in Brunei is scarce. This study might be considered as the first attempt to exhibit strong crisis leadership capacity in Brunei which resulted in the success of containing COVID-19.

Details

International Journal of Public Leadership, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4929

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 29 April 2021

Mohamed Syazwan Ab Talib and Siti Norida Wahab

Brunei Darussalam, a rentier state, aims to be one of the leading nations in the global halal industry, and logistics play a key role in realising the goal. However, even…

Abstract

Purpose

Brunei Darussalam, a rentier state, aims to be one of the leading nations in the global halal industry, and logistics play a key role in realising the goal. However, even though logistics is a vital aspect of the halal supply chain, little is known about the halal logistics scene in Brunei. Therefore, this paper aims to discuss and uncover the various strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats surrounding the country's halal logistics sector.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper employs a subjective environmental scanning approach and a SWOT analysis technique through the author's observation of Brunei's halal logistics ecosystem from both intrinsic and extrinsic lenses.

Findings

The paper argues that substantial institutional support is an apparent strength, but the lack of halal logistics experts is a distinct weakness. Meanwhile, the growing use of technology presents an opportunity for the industry, but formidable regional competition poses a significant threat.

Research limitations/implications

Despite the paper's qualitative approach, insights from it could offer a better understanding of halal logistics in Brunei and serve a platform for future research endeavours.

Originality/value

Being a rentier state that depends on a non-renewable source, this paper offers an alternative strategy to diversify the economy and venture into the halal economy.

Details

Modern Supply Chain Research and Applications, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2631-3871

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Article
Publication date: 7 May 2020

Mohamed Syazwan Ab Talib

Despite the thriving global halal industry and logistics’ vital role in the halal supply chain, knowledge and research on halal logistics remain limited, particularly in…

Abstract

Purpose

Despite the thriving global halal industry and logistics’ vital role in the halal supply chain, knowledge and research on halal logistics remain limited, particularly in Brunei Darussalam. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to understand the current state of knowledge by identifying the halal logistics constraints in Brunei Darussalam.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses the theory of constraints, inductive reasoning and support from a review of relevant academic journal articles, to uncover the hindering factors surrounding halal logistics in the country.

Findings

The paper identifies five critical issues, which occur from internal and external factors, that constraint the growth of halal logistics in Brunei Darussalam.

Research limitations/implications

The qualitative design limits this conceptual piece. However, the paper could be beneficial in informing the academic and industry circles of the potentials and challenges in Brunei Darussalam, particularly in its logistics sector.

Originality/value

This study is the first to investigate halal logistics in Brunei. The study positively contributes to the understanding of the halal logistics constraints in Brunei as well as adds to the growing body of halal logistics literature and enriching the halal research sphere.

Details

Journal of Islamic Marketing, vol. 12 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0833

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2004

Haji Suhaimi Bin Haji Abdul Karim

In Brunei Darussalam the implementation of a technical infrastructure to improve access to the digital world and various e‐government initiatives are empowering the…

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1520

Abstract

In Brunei Darussalam the implementation of a technical infrastructure to improve access to the digital world and various e‐government initiatives are empowering the country through an informed community and an efficient government. A number of ICT‐related projects have been planned and implemented under the Brunei Economic Development Council and e‐government initiatives. Digital libraries and the digital transformation of heritage information have been identified as the most viable areas to be developed in an effort to strengthen the information basis of the community. This paper describes the plans for one important project, the Virtual Library System of Brunei (VILIS Brunei), and outlines the economic sustainability issues being considered.

Details

Program, vol. 38 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

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Article
Publication date: 2 January 2009

Abul Hassan

The objective of this paper is to assess the degree to which Islamic banks in Brunei Darussalam use risk management practices (RMPs) and techniques in dealing with…

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8823

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this paper is to assess the degree to which Islamic banks in Brunei Darussalam use risk management practices (RMPs) and techniques in dealing with different types of risk.

Design/methodology/approach

The researcher developed a questionnaire which covers six aspects in the first part: understanding risk and risk management, risk assessment and analysis (RAA), risk identification (RI), risk monitoring, credit risk analysis and RMPs. The second part consists of two questions based on an ordinal scale dealing with two topics: methods of RI and risk facing the sample banks.

Findings

This study found that that the three most important types of risk that the Islamic banks in Brunei Darussalam facing are foreign‐exchange risk, followed by credit risk and then operating risk. It also found that the Islamic banks are somewhat reasonably efficient in managing risk where RI and RAA are the most influencing variables in RMPs.

Research limitations/implications

The paper's findings are limited to the RMPs of Islamic banks in Brunei Darussalam.

Originality/value

The paper explores the RMPs of the Islamic banks in Brunei Darussalam. The results can be used as a valuable feed back for improvement of RMPs in the Islamic banks in Brunei and will be of value to those people who are interested in the Islamic banking system.

Details

The Journal of Risk Finance, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1526-5943

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1998

Marty Wehner and Brian H. Kleiner

Focuses on Brunei, briefly describing its geographic, demographic, economic, political, and cultural background. Highlights the ease of doing business in Brunei

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740

Abstract

Focuses on Brunei, briefly describing its geographic, demographic, economic, political, and cultural background. Highlights the ease of doing business in Brunei, particularly for US companies. States, however, that there are certain aspects of doing business in Brunei that bear thinking about, such as the use of local labour when there is little motivation for people to work because they are so well cared for by the state. Points out that, consequently, the most motivating factor in working is to feel part of an extended family organization, which is difficult if the headquarters are on a different continent. Suggests joint ventures as a way round this. Identifies how the notion of excellence differs between the US and Brunei, highlighting also shared characteristics of the two countries’ management styles. Criticizes Brunei’s complacency, which has resulted in a lack of productivity through people, and infers that the workforce needs to be better motivated if managers are to achieve competitive advantage for their businesses. Another attempt to impose “west is best” economies that are actually doing very well on their own.

Details

Management Research News, vol. 21 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 15 June 2018

Brunei's economic diversification.

Details

DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-DB235461

ISSN: 2633-304X

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Geographic
Topical
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Article
Publication date: 11 April 2016

David Seth Jones

– The purpose of this paper is to examine the government of Brunei’s anti-corruption programme.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the government of Brunei’s anti-corruption programme.

Design/methodology/approach

A range of sources are used including online materials from Brunei government websites, reports of international organisations, press articles, conference papers, a thesis case study, journal articles, a book, chapters in books, and interviews with an officer working with the Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB) of Brunei.

Findings

The paper considers the factors that contribute to government corruption, and the measures to combat it. These include various laws to combat corruption and the work of the ACB in enforcing these laws and in undertaking major initiatives of prevention and education. The effectiveness of these measures are assessed and a number of recommendations are made of direct and indirect measures improve the programme to combat corruption. The paper points to the moderately favourable rankings and ratings that Brunei has earned in combating corruption, which is well above neighbouring countries where corruption is still widespread, but noticeably below the rankings and ratings of the least corrupt countries. However, it argues that further progress to combat corruption may be difficult, as a result of the lack accountability and limited transparency, which are essential features of Brunei’s system of government based on absolute monarchy. Also hindering further progress is the inbuilt protection of the privileges of the Malay community within the country, which protects their role in the civil service and the business sector.

Originality/value

The paper is the first scholarly examination of the anti-corruption programme in Brunei.

Details

Asian Education and Development Studies, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-3162

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Article
Publication date: 23 July 2018

Roslinawati Roslan, Siti Munawirah Panjang, Norashikin Yusof and Masitah Shahrill

The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of feedback to students by a primary teacher teaching the science topic “Life Cycle” in a Year 5 bilingual Bruneian science…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of feedback to students by a primary teacher teaching the science topic “Life Cycle” in a Year 5 bilingual Bruneian science classroom.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used a discourse analysis of one primary science teacher’s use of feedback to his students when teaching the topic “Life Cycle.” The participant was a male primary science teacher who taught a Year 5 science class in one of the government schools in the Brunei-Muara district. Direct observations and video recordings of the teacher’s three consecutive lessons on the topic “Life Cycle” were collected. The transcripts were developed from the teacher–student interactions in the three lessons. The “Questioning-based Discourse” approach (Chin, 2006) was used to analyze the different types of feedback, and the students’ cognitive processes that emerged from the lesson transcripts. The frequencies of the feedback and students’ cognitive processes were calculated using percentages.

Findings

The findings from the three lesson observations indicate that the teacher’s feedback showed a range of strategies which consisted mostly of accepting students’ answers and feedback to elicit, to focus, to probe, to clarify and to extend, respectively. The findings also reveal that the cognitive processes of the students ranged from recalling, predicting, hypothesizing, evaluating and explaining. The analysis shows that the teacher only practiced low-level questioning and the feedback given to the students was mostly for accepting the students’ answers rather than challenging students’ ideas.

Practical implications

The findings reported in this study provide useful insights into the importance of teacher–student interactions in the teaching and learning of science. The “Questioning-based Discourse” analytical framework is worthwhile to analyze the science teacher’s talk and consequently to improve teachers” skills in giving feedback that fosters productive students’ responses.

Originality/value

This paper highlights the need for science teachers to analyze their classroom talk and it recommends how to give useful feedback to students to promote higher cognitive processes amongst students. Brunei has been described as a country where there is a linguistic divide determined by the quality of the school that a student attends (Deterding and Salbrina, 2013). Improving the quality of interaction between teacher and students in such circumstances is essential.

Details

On the Horizon, vol. 26 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1074-8121

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1999

P.W Senarath Yapa

This paper analyses the professional accounting environment in Brunei Darussalam with particular reference to the organisation of practitioners. In terms of the wealth of…

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2317

Abstract

This paper analyses the professional accounting environment in Brunei Darussalam with particular reference to the organisation of practitioners. In terms of the wealth of the country, its stable economic, social and political structure, the formal regulatory structures in place and the ongoing British influence, one might expect to find a vigorous accountancy profession in place, actively pursuing a collective mobility project. However, such an expectation would be misplaced. Drawing upon the functionalist, interactionist and critical theories of the professions, as synthesised by Willmott, this paper explains the lack of a powerful accounting profession in Brunei and speculates as to whether such a profession might emerge, in particular one capable of adequately gauging and safeguarding the public interest. The paper argues the case for the negative given the prevailing market, institutional and power structures.

Details

Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3574

Keywords

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