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A comprehensive nonlinear finite element modelling and parametric analysis of reinforced concrete beams

Pandimani (Department of Civil Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, India)
Markandeya Raju Ponnada (Department of Civil Engineering, Maharaj Vijayaram Gajapathi Raj College of Engineering, Vizianagaram, India)
Yesuratnam Geddada (Department of Civil Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Kakinada, Kakinada, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 4 August 2021

Issue publication date: 11 January 2023




This study aims to present comprehensive nonlinear material modelling techniques and simulations of reinforced concrete (RC) beams subjected to short-term monotonic static load using the robust and reliable general-purpose finite element (FE) software ANSYS. A parametric study is carried out to analyse the flexural and ductility behaviour of RC beams under various influencing parameters.


To develop and validate the numerical FE models, a total of four experimentally tested simply supported RC beams are taken from the available literature and two beams are selected from each author. The concrete, steel reinforcements, bond-slip mechanism, loading and supporting plates are modelled using SOLID65, LINK180, COMBIN39 and SOLID185 elements, respectively. The validated models are then used to conduct parametric FE analysis to investigate the effect of concrete compressive strength, percentage of tensile reinforcement, compression reinforcement ratio, transverse shear reinforcement, bond-slip mechanism, concrete compressive stress-strain constitutive models, beam symmetry and varying overall depth of beam on the ultimate load-carrying capacity and ductility behaviour of RC beams.


The developed three-dimensional FE models can able to capture the load and midspan deflections at critical points, the accurate yield point of steel reinforcements, the formation of initial and progressive concrete crack patterns and the complete load-deflection curves of RC beams up to ultimate failure. From the numerical results, it can be concluded that the FE model considering the bond-slip effect with Thorenfeldt’s concrete compressive stress-strain model exhibits a better correlation with the experimental data.


The ultimate load and deflection results of validated FE models show a maximum deviation of less than 10% and 15%, respectively, as compared to the experimental results. The developed model is also capable of capturing concrete failure modes accurately. Overall, the FE analysis results were found quite acceptable and compared well with the experimental data at all loading stages. It is suggested that the proposed FE model is a practical and reliable tool for analyzing the flexural behaviour of RC members and can be used for performing parametric studies.



Future scope of research: The study can be further extended to understand the dynamic behaviour of RC beams.


, P., Ponnada, M.R. and Geddada, Y. (2023), "A comprehensive nonlinear finite element modelling and parametric analysis of reinforced concrete beams", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 150-177.



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