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Socially responsible supply chain initiatives and their outcomes: a taxonomy of manufacturing companies

Fernando Gonçalves Picasso (Department of Operations Management, Fundação Getulio Vargas's Sao Paulo School of Business Administration (FGV EAESP), Sao Paulo, Brazil)
Cristiane Biazzin (Haile College of Business, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, Kentucky, USA)
Ely Laureano Paiva (Department of Operations Management, Fundação Getulio Vargas's Sao Paulo School of Business Administration (FGV EAESP), Sao Paulo, Brazil)
Raul Beal Partyka (Department of Operations Management, Fundação Getulio Vargas's Sao Paulo School of Business Administration (FGV EAESP), Sao Paulo, Brazil)

Supply Chain Management

ISSN: 1359-8546

Article publication date: 8 September 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a taxonomy based on socially responsible practices across supply chains. The authors compare and contrast different socially responsible initiatives in manufacturing supply chains and their effect on economic performance, socially responsible outcomes and manufacturing costs.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is based on survey data collected in 262 manufacturing plants located in 15 countries. Cluster analysis is conducted to develop the research taxonomy. Moreover, socially responsible initiatives were compared on a country level. Finally, multiple regressions were performed to identify associations between performance, manufacturing and socially responsible variables.

Findings

The taxonomy was constructed based on four socially responsible corporate dimensions (legal, ethical, discretionary and economic). The results identified three clusters of manufacturing organizations that adopt different approaches to socially responsible initiatives across supply chains and their performance.

Originality/value

Previous studies explored the elements and the impacts of the go-no-go decisions in the intersection between CSR and the supply chain. The present study brings new insights by analyzing how socially responsible initiatives in supply chains and their performance are different. Moreover, the sample encompasses 15 countries, and it proposes a taxonomy and directions to support the managers’ decision-making process.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) and The Coordination for the improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), Foundations within The Brazilian Ministry of Education.

Citation

Picasso, F.G., Biazzin, C., Paiva, E.L. and Beal Partyka, R. (2021), "Socially responsible supply chain initiatives and their outcomes: a taxonomy of manufacturing companies", Supply Chain Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-11-2020-0578

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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