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Consumption Propensity and Entrepreneurship: Evidence from China

Asia-Pacific Contemporary Finance and Development

ISBN: 978-1-78973-274-0, eISBN: 978-1-78973-273-3

Publication date: 19 June 2019


Individuals who spend a large percentage of their incomes on consumption are perceived to prefer risks. Since entrepreneurs are well recognized as risk-takers, this chapter investigates whether consumption propensity is associated with entrepreneurship. Using micro-level data from Chinese Household Income Project, we find that households with a higher income–consumption ratio on average have a higher preference for risk-seeking, while they have a lower probability to be entrepreneurs. However, households who have higher consumption–income ratio and are in the top 10% of the wealth distribution are more likely to embark on entrepreneurship. In addition, we find that in-system connection (relationship with government-related units) decreases the likelihood of starting new business, while out-system connection (relationship with market units) increases it. These findings suggest that in an imperfect financial market, start-up finance and connections play important roles for entrepreneurship.



Hu, M., Liu, J. and Wang, X. (2019), "Consumption Propensity and Entrepreneurship: Evidence from China", Asia-Pacific Contemporary Finance and Development (International Symposia in Economic Theory and Econometrics, Vol. 26), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 265-286.



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