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Waqf for accelerating socioeconomic development: a proposed model with focus on Pakistan

Muhammad Ayub (Riphah Centre of Islamic Business, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Khurram Khan (Riphah Centre of Islamic Business, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Mansoor Khan (Riphah Centre of Islamic Business, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Muhammad Ismail (Department of Finance, Iqra National University, Peshawar, Pakistan)

Qualitative Research in Financial Markets

ISSN: 1755-4179

Article publication date: 2 February 2024

121

Abstract

Purpose

The unique institution of waqf that was ignored during the colonization of the Muslim areas has to be revived to play its role in shared growth, social inclusion and cohesion in society. This research paper aims to explore the role of waqf as an instrument for a sustainable growth system and to suggest a model for socioeconomic development in an economy like that of Pakistan.

Design/methodology/approach

This qualitative research is based on analytical methods to arrive at the frameworks and a model that could facilitate the revival of waqf for community development/social inclusion in economies like that of Pakistan.

Findings

As most of the OIC member states like Pakistan are facing serious financial problems due to debt servicing obligations, promoting Waqf for various socioeconomic and cultural functions is a vital requirement for such economies. The inability of the state institutions in providing necessary civic, health and education facilities to the public is causing serious harm to the balance of the society. It requires promoting a formal system of charity and using FinTech for waqf-based donations and financing the micro businesses. The perpetuity complimented by the profitability of the waqf properties makes the waqf institutions sustainable and effective when compared to individual charities.

Research limitations/implications

This is conceptual research discussing the potential of waqf in light of its historical role. Researchers may undertake empirical studies on awqaf operations in various jurisdictions and their role in the empowerment of the poor.

Practical implications

The research will provide the researchers with insight into the potential of waqf as a tool for community development. Besides, it will enable policymakers and implementation authorities to socialize charity for sustained benefits and welfare.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, it is the first major research that discusses the role of waqf in economies facing budgetary and trade deficits in the eradication of poverty and the promotion of social and economic entrepreneurship in realizing the community development targets for the economies like that of Pakistan.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

While the authors have acknowledged the HEC Pakistan for funding the research project.

Citation

Ayub, M., Khan, K., Khan, M. and Ismail, M. (2024), "Waqf for accelerating socioeconomic development: a proposed model with focus on Pakistan", Qualitative Research in Financial Markets, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/QRFM-07-2023-0161

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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