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Perceived person-organization fit and turnover intention in medical centers: The mediating roles of person-group fit and person-job fit perceptions

Ahmed Abdalla (Department of Management, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt)
Ahmed Elsetouhi (Department of Management, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt)
Abdelhakim Negm (Department of Management, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt)
Hussein Abdou (Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK)

Personnel Review

ISSN: 0048-3486

Article publication date: 23 May 2018

Issue publication date: 25 May 2018

2209

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the paper is to fill gaps in the existing fit and turnover intention (TI) literature by investigating a more comprehensive model, in which TI is proposed to be influenced by the interplays of three multidimensional types of fit including, person-organization (P-O) fit, person-group (P-G) fit, and person-job (P-J) fit.

Design/methodology/approach

Participants were selected from different specializations within Mansoura University medical centers, where each medical center was represented proportionately within the sample. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Questionnaires were provided to 850 employees who agreed to participate. Of the 850 questionnaires distributed, 385 were valid and complete (n=385). Partial least squares analysis was utilized for the analyses.

Findings

Results showed that P-O fit, P-G fit, and P-J fit were positively related to each other and negatively related to TI. Furthermore, the negative relationship between P-O fit and TI is partially mediated by P-G fit and P-J fit.

Originality/value

The present study simultaneously examines the multidimensional effects of different fit perceptions on TI. In doing so, we identify which of the fit perspectives influence TI more intensely. Moreover, the authors advance current insights by investigating the mediating roles of P-G fit and P-J fit in the relationship between P-O fit and TI.

Keywords

Citation

Abdalla, A., Elsetouhi, A., Negm, A. and Abdou, H. (2018), "Perceived person-organization fit and turnover intention in medical centers: The mediating roles of person-group fit and person-job fit perceptions", Personnel Review, Vol. 47 No. 4, pp. 863-881. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-03-2017-0085

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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